History of the Shinn Family
Author: Josiah H. Shinn
Call Number: CS71.S556
This book contains the history and genealogy of the Shinn family of New Jersey.
Bibliographic Information: Shinn, Josiah H. The History of the Shinn Family. The Genealogical and Historical Publishing Company Chicago 1903.
THE HISTORY OF
THE SHINN FAMILY
IN EUROPE AND AMERICA
BY JOSIAH H. SHINN, A. M.
Ex‑State Superintendent of Public Instruction for Arkansas; Member of the St.
Petersburg (Russia) Historical and Geographical Society; Author of
"A History of the American People"; "A History of
Arkansas"; and of "A History of Education
in the South."
THE GENEALOGICAL AND HISTORICAL PUBLISHING COMPANY.
Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1903, by The Genealogical and Historica Publishingl Company, in the Office of the Librarian of Congress at Washington, D. C.
RAND, MONALLY & CO.
To write the history of a family is a task surrounded by many difficulties. That history begins, as a rule, at a period when reading and writing were not the common heritage of mankind; it covers the lives of a line of people who, because they were not conspicuous in the world's affairs, failed to construct pedigrees, as did the greater men of history; it takes in a vast body of plain people, living by the nobler arts of peace and trade, who look with suspicion upon the blazoning of arms, crests, and pedigrees, and pass to the other extreme of keeping no record at all; it sweeps over periods of time engulfed in social, political or religious turmoil, when even the legal records are suspended; it embraces all kinds and conditions of men widely dispersed; for these and other reasons the creation of an accurate family history is difficult, if not impossible. I have tried to write such a history in these pages, and on the eve of giving it to the family at large, am free to admit that it is at best a very imperfect sketch. It represents years of labor, however, and is a creation that has absorbed my attention and affection. It is given to the family for their guidance and criticism. Wherever it is true it will obtain commendation; and wherein it departs from truth it will receive condemnation. It is launched with high hopes of a successful career.
At the outset I desire to acknowledge my indebtedness to Mr. Richard Cadbury, of Philadelphia, who copied for my use every reference in the Minute Books of the Burlington Monthly Meeting of Friends, the Springfield Minutes, the Chesterfield Minutes, the Mt. Holly Minutes, the Evesham and Upper Evesham Minutes. Without these it would have been impossible to write the story.
I am also indebted to Hon. John Clement, of Haddonfield, for a thorough investigation of the Records at Trenton, N. J., and other places; the records of wills, deeds, administration papers, court minutes and marriage license records, so far as they refer to the name Shinn, were all transcribed by him and forwarded to me as a supplement to the church records prepared by Mr. Cadbury. Both these gentlemen have passed away, but their work appears in every line of this history for the period 1678‑1800.
To Mr. Kirk Brown, of Baltimore, I am indebted for transcripts of the Minutes of Friends' Meetings at Goose Creek, Crooked Run, Hopewell, Warrenton and Fairfax.
Judge Thomas B. Jobes sent an abstract of the deed records of Monmouth and Ocean Counties. Mr. Willit Shinn has gone among the living and obtained private records, which I could not obtain.
To a lesser degree I am indebted to Mrs. Mary Graham, of Miranda, N. C.; Mr. James F. Shinn, of Norwood, N. C.; Prof. H. Frank Smith, Mr. J. C. Shinn and Dr. George W. Harkey, of Russellville, Ark.; to Dr. Quillen H. Shinn, of Cambridge, Mass.; to Mrs. Hannah A. Beal, of Agricultural College, Mich.; to Prof. Samuel Grant Oliphant, of Baltimore, Md.; to James Thornton Shinn, of Philadelphia, Pa.; to A. C. Shinn, Ottawa, Kan.; to Benjamin G. Shinn, Hartford City, Ind.; Rev. James Gallaher Shinn, Atlantic City, N. J.; to W. B. Stackhouse, Medford, N. J., and to Mrs. Mary Shinn Bennett, Fruit Hill, Ohio.
I am also under obligation to every man and woman that answered my letters, for by these letters the book was largely made.
To William Collyer Shinn, of London, and Mr. W. G. Stockley, Head Master of Mildenhall School, Suffolk, my obligation is great for valuable matter concerning the English line. The latter is not a member of the family, but has taken a greater interest in my work than anyone named Shinn. On his bicycle he has gone over Cambridge, Essex, Suffolk and Norfolk, exhuming church registers and sending their contents with fidelity and zeal.
Those who read this volume expecting to find portrayals of great leaders will be disappointed. The lives portrayed are for the most part farmers' lives. As such, they are not imposing, not eventful, and therefore not startling. They are sober, thoughtful, peaceful lives, and therefore the happiest lives. Rugged honesty and rigorous labor, uncursed by the withering touch of ambition, are the marks that adorn the men whose lives are here presented. Stranger to the so‑called "thoughts" of dawdlers and idle paragraphers, they live within their means, pay their honest debts, worship in a simple way, love one wife, and rear a family of sturdy, resolute boys and girls. These boys and girls are strong in exact proportion to their adherence to the homely morality of their parents, and deteriorate only as they exchange it for the so‑called "cult" of the ordinary magazine. The premeditated assault which these "literary" periodicals make upon a virtuous life by thousands of lines adulatory of "Captains of Success" is the Nation's plague. The farm lad, fitted for his place, and happy in his environment, is treated to picture and pun upon "hayseed" and "yawp!" is told so many imaginary stories by starving "penny‑a‑liners" about "success" and "how to rise" that he comes to believe farming the only business in which the word "success" is not known, and that a "change" in life is the beginning of the ever‑vaunted "rise."
If "poets" are God‑made, there is equal, if not greater, reason to believe that "farmers" are fashioned for their work in the council chambers of eternity. A glance at any mass of men in the heart of any assembly anywhere will satisfy the thinker that the largest part of the mass was predestined for a farmer's happy and noble life; and that the false philosophy of magazines has cheated it of its birthright. Change is not rising; although the "thrupence" writers vociferously aver it. Farmers' boys and girls, if they are sensible, will not try to rise from the farm, but on the farm. They will not change locations, seeking the will‑o'‑the‑wisp of bettering themselves, but will hammer that betterment from the old, wornout farm on which they were born. J. P. Morgan sought a broken‑down railroad that he might make it a success. There are thousands of broken‑down farms that only need a man of power to make them successful ventures. And God has given thousands of men the very power to do this, which they are vainly trying to use as preachers, lawyers, merchants and literary men. They are "misfits" and failures. The early life of the family of whom these pages are written was a triumphantly happy farm life. The aged ones everywhere started with hundreds of acres of good land, from which they harvested money, health, power and happiness; they lived simple yet noble lives. They left their children good farms, out of which, had a real philosophy been taught by the magazines and public opinion, they, too, might have harvested a greater wealth, a perfect health, more power and an equal happiness. But these descendants thought there was a better way; the fear of being a "mossback" led them away from the farm; the vicious examples of so‑called "rising in the world" exercised an evil influence on their minds; their hands lost their cunning, and their souls worshiped disastrously at the altar of strange gods. To every farmer's son and daughter who reads these words, I would say: "Unless God has visibly marked you for some other vocation, remain on the farm, and rise with it and by it." Make it by your own exertions more abounding, more habitable, more and more the royal abode of a thinking man. Greatness comes to the man who, in his own environment, does great things; and there is nothing more transcendently great than the power to turn a five‑dollar soil into the richness
of a Babylonish garden. Use your power in an environment that ennobles you, and let the poverty‑stricken mockers deride you at will. Better be a "hayseed" and create something than a "scribbler" who makes nothing but a destructive note.
With a view of stimulating every son and daughter of the family, whatever his vocation, to loftier endeavor, to nobler aspiration, and to better and truer work, this book is sent into the world. It is a birds‑eye view of the movements of a family, of which you are a part. What some have done, all may do; and what may be done, ought to be done, if we are true to ourselves.
With this in view, family pride becomes an entity of value, enlarging by bettering the world's great work.
To my son, Joseph R. L. Shinn, who for years has been my constant helper, and to Mildred Carlton Shinn, my wife, I owe whatever good this work may contain. Always faithful, always ready, always true, they have sustained me when despondent and guided me to the end.
JOSIAH H. SHINN.
CHICAGO, ILL., April, 1903.
THE FAMILY OF SHINN IN ENGLAND.
THE MEN WHO ENTERED ENOLAND WITH THE SAXONS.
The man to whom the English speaking race is most indebted for its knowledge of the men who entered England with the Saxons is John Mitchell Kemble. In two memorable works, "Codex Diplomaticus Aevi Saxoniei" (6 volumes), and "The Saxons in England" (2 volumes), he has given us as he aptly says, "The history of our childhood, the explanation of our manhood."
These researches furnish conclusive evidence of the fact that very many of the names of places in England, as disclosed by the forms in which these names appear in ancient charters, consist of a personal name in a patronymie form.
These names take two endings:
1. A nominative plural in ingas, as Ardingas, the sons or descendants of Ard;
2. A genitive plural in inga, with ton, ham, ete., annexed, as in Billingaton, the town of Billings, i. e., the sons or descendants of Billa.
The basis upon which all Teutonic society rested was the "Mark." This "Mark" was introduced by them into every province which they founded upon the ruins of Roman power.
The word has been flippantly defined as "a boundary." This is its mere external form. Among the older Teutonic races it was the name of the smallest division of land held by freemen in common. It was the first general division above the alods, or private estates of the Markmen. As such it was, as the word implies, something marked out or defined, with boundaries standing as a sign to others, and distinguishing it from all others.
As Kemble says: "It is the plot of land on which a greater or lesser number of freemen have settled for purposes of cultivation, and for the sake of mutual profit and protection. And it comprises a portion both of arable land and pasture, in proportion to the numbers that enjoy its produce."
This organization of freemen into marks extends backwards into the remotest records of our Teutonic ancestry, and was carried by them into England, when they turned their conquering footsteps into Kent, Sussex and other parts of that ses girt isle.
The territorial meaning of the word comprehended not only the whole arable and pasture land of the independent community, or tribe, but also, and more especially, the forests enclosing the arable lands, and which separated the possessions of one tribe from those of another. The mark or boundary pasture land, and the arable land enclosed by it, are inseparable.
In it resides a community of persons, headed by a chief, independent of every other mark or community in the territory.
In this way and by degrees was England settled. Bold chiefs with their followers found foothold on English shores, and planted the organization of the
mark along the entire Eastern, and almost across the entire Southern border of England. For centuries these marks existed as independent governments, having each its own laws and ruled by the original or migrating chief, or some other at the will of its freemen. Centralization came centuries afterwards:
1. By a union of marks into the ga or shire;
2. By a union of the gas into kingdoms;
3. By a union of these into a monarchy.
Or more succinctly the hundreds of petty marks or kingdoms developed naturally into the heptarchy, and thence into the monarchy.
The boundaries of the ancient marks have disappeared and are apparently lost. But it is believed by Kemble, that it is possible to reconstruct the ancient marks of England, as surely and successfully as comparative anatomy reconstructs an extinct species of animal.
But whether this be true or not it is none the less a fact, that the names of the Marks, and therefore the names of the chiefs who led their followers into these marks are not lost, but remain to the English speaking people as a genealogical tie through which they may trace an immense number of their families back into an hoary antiquity.
And into this ancient age as a historian of the "House of Shinn" I shall plunge to ascertain if possible whether that name came in with the Saxons, and to what extent it contributed to the growth of Anglo‑Saxon, English and American worth.
VALUE OF THE FORMS IN INGAS, INGA AND INGEN.
In the Anglo‑Saxon, ing is a patronymic, as in Aesing, son of Aesc. But it may represent a more geographical idea, as Leaming, people of the Leam. Between such words and genuine patronymics the line must be carefully drawn, and the best security is the genitive plural. If the word is clearly derived from a genitive plural it is a patronymic; if it is generated from a genitive singular, it is a mere local name, and does not import the idea of a family and its descendants.
But a careful study of Kemble's lists of Anglo‑Saxon patronymics, together with the German list of Foerstemann, and a consequent comparison of these with the ancient poem of Beowulf, warrants the conclusion that ing is and has been a patronymic of the Teutons from time immemorial.
With the language of Sir J. Picton in his "Ethnology of Wiltshire" we concur: "When the Saxons first invaded England, they came in tribes and families headed by their patriarchal leaders. Each tribe was called by its leader's name, with the termination ing, signifying family, and where they settled they gave their patriarchal name to the mark or central point around which they clustered."
This view is fortified by the researches of Foerstemann with regard to German names, and is adopted by Ferguson. The name contained in the forms, ingas, ings, and ingen, is simply that of a leader under whose guidance the settlements were made, and is generally that of the patriarch or head of the family.
Kemble, as Master of the Rolls, had access to the long line of charters developed by Saxon life in England, and compiled an exhaustive list of these patronymics.
Foerstemann afterwards compiled a list of the patronymics of modern Germany. Taylor followed with a set of tables for the purpose of comparing the Anglo‑Saxon Settlements with those of Germany. Ferguson followed with a table still more exhaustive in which he used first, the Anglo‑Saxon names from
Kemble's lists; then corresponding Old German from the lists of Foerstemann, with the district in which it is found, and, wherever identified, the existing name of the place; then names corresponding from the Liber Vitae, or elsewhere, to show continued Anglo‑Saxon use, with, also, Frisian names; and finally the existing English surnames to which he compared them.
As the patronymic, "Sinningas," is in Kemble's list, and also in that of Foerstemann, it may be taken as proved that the Shinns came in with the Saxons and have lived in England for more than twelve hundred years. Their prior history is wrapped up in the oblivion which surrounds the Teutonic tribes in their centuries of life North of the Rhine.
I subjoin a page of Ferguson's tables to prove the position and place of the Sinningas in Kemble's Foerstemann's and Ferguson's lists.
EARLY SAXON SETTLEMENTS COMPARED WITH THOSE OF GERMANY.
Kemble Foerstemann Locality in (L.V.) Liber Vitae English
Anglo‑Saxon. German Germany (F) Frisian Surnames
Sealfingas. Selvingen Self, Selvey.
Stubingas. Staubingen. Staubing in Stuf (A.S.) Stubbe
Secgingas. Siggingahem Belgium Sigga (L. V.) Siggs.
Specingas Speichingas. Spaichengen in Spech (Domesday) Speck
Sceaflingas. Schuffelinga. Schiflingen in Shovel
Staeningas. Steen (F.) Stean Stone
Sinningas. Siningas. Sinne (F.) Siney. Shinn.
Taedingas. Tattingas. Dettingen in Tade (F.) Tadd
Taelingas. Telingen. Bavaria. Teile (F.) Tella (L. Tall. Telling
Kemble, in his lists, gives "Sinnington," in York, as the word from which he generated "Sinningas." Foerstemann, however, found the "Sinningas" in the charters and documents of Germany. Ferguson finds its Frisian counterpart to be Sinne. The English counterparts are Siney and Shinn.
Kemble also gives "Shinfold" as one of the patronymics of Sussex. Shinfield of Berks is not so well identified. Sinningas, then, means descendants of Sinn or Sinna. The intrusion of h is explained on the same principle as that of Washington from Wassengatun. In fact, our ancestors have always had trouble with h, intruding it where it needs not be, and eliding it where it should properly appear. The intrusion of a letter may be for euphony, or to give sense to the word.
The intrusion of h in Sinn, generating the family name Shinn, may have been for euphony. If not, I take it that it was introduced not so much to give meaning to the word as to destroy the meaning which the phonetic form gave to Sinn. Whatever theologians may conclude as to the possibility of destroying evil, it is almost certain that the descendants of the original Sinn destroyed its phonetic
power, at least, by simply intruding an h. At all events, the best Anglo‑Saxon scholars give Shinn as the modern surname corresponding to the ancient patronymic "Sinningas."
THE SHINNS ON THE CONTINENT OF EUROPE.
The exact date of the landing of the Shinns in England may never be determined. We have outlined a deduction by which the name is proved to be Anglo‑Saxon, and therefore not Celtic, in either of its forms Cymric, Pictish or Gaelic.
This conclusion is fortified by the fact that the name "Schyn," or "Shyn," has been found in Frisia, Batavia, Holland and Bohemia. One of the earliest historians of the Moravians was Herman "Schyn," "Shyn" or "Schynn." He was a resident of Holland, and brought out his work about 1728. The various spellings of names need not give us much trouble, inasmuch as each record is but an effort of a different man to reproduce in type or in letters the sounds which come to his car. In an early English record of births, deaths and marriages, taken from the Church at Mildenhall, Suffolk, England, the name Shinn is spelled in three ways between 1636 and 1670. And when we remember that "Scrobsbyryg" is the ancient setting for "Shrewsbury" we must conclude that names develop into higher and more beautiful forms as do the things they represent.
And at an earlier day than that which knew Herman Shinn the "Schynns" are found among the knights of Bohemia, engaged upon both sides of the struggle known as the "Hussite Wars."
Bohemia was, in the days of Julius C‘sar, in possession of the Suevi, two of whose tribes were the Semnones and the Boii. The Cenni were the leading subtribe of the Semnones, and their descendants may still be traced in the "Sens" and "Senns," shepherds in the Alps. Thus the Saxon root word "Sinn" finds its counterpart in the Suevian "Senn," this representing the high, while that represents the low German form. This induction at least gives the name "Shinn" a high antiquity, and places it with more certainty among Teutonic words. The change from "Senn" to "Schin" is happily illustrated in the present village "Schinanach," in the Canton Aargan, Switzerland, one of the old seating places of the Cenni. One of the noble families of Switzerland is still known by the name Schein.
There are members of the family that trace the word "Shinn" to either G??elic or Pictish Celtic. Their chief reasoning is based upon the place name "Loch Shin," in Sutherlandshire, Scotland. In answer to this it may be said that the most careful examination fails to show the name "Shinn" as a surname at any time in the history of Sutherland. And the following matter will conclusively show that the place name "Loch Shin" is not a derivative of any ancient patronymic:
1. LOCH SINS (Gaelic), pronounced Sheenu, means Loch of the Stormwail (a not uncommon cry thereaway in Winter).
2. LOCH SI(TH)??IN (Gaelic), pronounced Sheein (th being silent), means Loch of the
Fairy‑Knoll, possibly from great number of cairns and tumuli (sepulchral) in that neighborhood, and which used to be ascribed to the Daoine‑sith, the Peace‑folk or Fairies. Of these the Cairns are perhaps memorials of battle. The more earthly tumuli, sometimes containing Ci??s, are certainly the burial‑mounds of the Picts, whose hut circles lie among them.
"Tandem Comes Magbragdus, e Scotia, cum magno exercitu, Liotum in Paludibus
(Ozcades auctore Thormodo Torff‘o Historiographo Regio; Hauni‘e, 1697.‑‑Lib. I, Cap. IX.)
NOTE‑‑Liot, Earl of Orkney, third son of Thorfinn Hansakliuf (Skull Cleaner), was succeeded by his brother, Hlodver, 980.
"A Scotorum Comite Finnleico, ‘stivo tempore, ad certamen in Scidense Palude ad constitutam diem, provocatus."‑‑Ib., Lib. I, Cap. X.
NOTE‑‑This refers to Earl Sigurd Hlodverson, who fell at Clontarff, near Dublin, 1014.
The editor of the Origines Parochiales Scoti?? says (volume ii, pt. 2d, p. 700) that both battles were fought in the neighborhood of Loch Shin.
In 1548 John, Earl of Sutherland, granted to Helen Stewart, the widow of the Earl of Errol, the life rent of certain lands, including the Two Largis, Shenanes (the promontory of Schena). (Reg. Mag. Sig., Lib. XXX, No. 206; Reg. Sec. Sig., Vol. XXIV, Fol. 15.)
Schennynes included in new grant of lands to Earl John in 1566. (Sutherland Charters.)
Shin or Shinn not known as a surname in Sutherland.
I am indebted for the above matter to a scholarly gentleman of Sutherland, Scotland.
Note.‑‑Lower, in his "Family Names," refers Shinn to Loch Shin. It was easier to refer than to make a proper investigation, and Lower took the easy path. Had Bowditch analyzed the word he would doubtless have taken an easier path and derived it from the human anatomy.
INTO GREATER ANTIQUITY. (Reflections.)
It would be highly interesting to trace the Shinns back through those remoter ages when the Teutons were a part of the original stock which peopled the Asiatic highlands. To do this would unfold many of the mysteries surrounding the original habitat, the breaking of the original family into great tidal waves of migrating nations, and the hidden life of these nations as they wandered to their present historic seating places. And, after all, it may be said justly that the history of words is a sure guide to the history of nations.
In a secluded valley on the upper Indus there is a state called Gilgit. Its people are reckoned among the Dards, although two languages, entirely and radically different, are spoken amongst them. These languages are the Khajuna and the Shina. The Shina is clearly Aryan. Among these people are two middle castes‑‑the Shin and Yashkun. "The pure Shin looks more like a European than any high caste Brahmin of India," says the famous English traveler, Colonel Yule. How long the Dards have occupied Gilgat is not known. In the map of Ptolemy, made in the first century, the Dard‘ are located with surprising accuracy. Upon many of the Pauranic lists of people the Dardas and Chinas frequently appear. It is more than possible that the latter are the Shin branch of the Dards. Fahian, a Chinese traveler, visited Darad‘ in the year 400, and Hwen‑Thsang in 631. The latter says: "Perilous were the roads and dark the gorges. Sometimes the pilgrim had to pass by loose cords, sometimes by light stretched iron chains. Here there were ledges hanging in mid‑air; there flying bridges across abysses; elsewhere paths cut with a chisel, or footings to climb by. Yet, even in these inaccessible regions were found great convents and miraculous images of Buddha."
Every Shin of the upper Indus claims to be of the same race as the Moghuls
of India. And the law, whatever it was, that bound them together as "Shins" in ancient India would bind together such migrating parts of the original caste as the vicissitudes of time tore from their ancient homes. The caste would, in a new environment, become a tribal name, which, under other vicissitudes, would become a proper name.
This is a mere hypothesis, and is not advanced as a settled theory. The connection of the Sinning as of England with the Cenni of Switzerland is an hypothesis hard to establish; but great as is this difficulty, it is far less onerous than the perilous attempt to connect the early Aryan Shins of the upper Indus with any European tribe or people. Yet, great as is the difficulty, it must have in it some element of truth. The people of Europe are branches torn from the Asiatic trunk, and their relationship is traced through a series of similar words. May it not be that the Shin of Gilgit, the Senn of the Alps and the Sinn of England are all words marking the lives of the same related people?
Upon no other hypothesis can the widely recurring names "Shin," in China; "Shinn," in Japan; "Shin," in India; "Shenn," in Russia; "Schyn," in Bohemia; "Schin," in Switzerland, and "Shin," "Shyn," "Schyn" and "Shinn" in the same known families in England be accounted for. At all events, it is an ancient family in England, one dating back to the incoming Angles. And whether it be part of the Suevian branch, separated from the Angle in remoter ages, its English antiquity is of the highest rank, and covers a period of fifteen centuries.
THE DOMESDAY BOOKS.
Mr. J. J. Murket, editor of the Eastern Counties Magazine, a periodical devoted to the discussion of genealogical and antiquarian problems in Eastern England, in a letter to the author, makes this remark: "The derivation of surnames is for the most part conjecture, and nothing more." The peculiar force of this sentence will become obvious as the reader proceeds with the purely linguistic argument concerning the derivation of the word Shinn.
And to the writer it has a most peculiar force, for when one sits down before the four great volumes of the venerable Domesday books and seeks to identify a word of the twentieth century with all its accretions of growth as being one and the same with a word recorded in that monumental census of England, taken in the eleventh century, he is apt to exclaim, with the writer of old, "Vanity, vanity, all is vanity!" And this is especially true when the student admits, as does the writer, a lack of critical Anglo‑Saxon scholarship. Accidental resemblances of form which, to the scholar, are not misleading, become to a novice a fruitful source of confusion and consequent error.
But the writer may consult scholarship, and in this case an honest effort has been made to gather the ripe fruits of its studies, and to compress them into a product containing the essence of its work. These scholars have classified many of these ancient root words, as has been shown in the Anglo‑Saxon patronymic Sinninga and in the place word Shinfold. An accidental reference has also been made to the possibly different derivation of Shenley and Shenfield, and causes us to remark that the Anglo‑Saxon words "scine" and "scene" have been classified as roots for that class of surnames whose variations are Shyne, Shynne, Shien, Shene, Sheen.
As to whether this philologic differentiation is borne out historically, we shall have more to say in another place. Enough has been said, however, to lead the reader to see that in the matter of Domesday identification we are to distinguish between men enrolled at that time under designations legitimately traceable to
the root word "Sinn," and to differentiate or divorce them from other men enrolled at the same time under designations traceable to the root words "Scine" and "Scene."
The reader must remember that the Domesday books were really census enrollments of the people of England, taken at four different periods of time immediately after the Conquest, and that what appears to be a simple problem when two root words are considered by themselves, comes to be an almost impossible task when rolls and lists containing thousands of root words in a semi‑barbarous language are brought into juxtaposition from which a selection is to be made.
But as the writer will, in another place, attempt to show that, historically, there has been no divorce of the derived surnames from the different root words "Sinn" and "Scine" or "Scene," the task of differentiating these words from each other in Domesday has been abandoned, and references to either or both of them grouped herein as authority for the surname "Shinn" or "Sheen" in the Domesday time.
In "Libri Vocati Exon Domesday," under "Nomenarum Personarum," we have two references‑‑"Chenias" and "Chinias" (364, 365, 369.) These, however, have been referred to the "Cheney" and "Chinn" classification. A very interesting historical argument might show this to be erroneous. In "Index Nominum Eliesis" we have "Nicholas Chenetu" (497). This has also been labeled "Cheney." In "Winton Domesday" we have many references: "Chinal" (561) and "Sinn" (536). The first is etymologically "Chinn" or "Cheney," and the second "Shin" or "Shinn." In the same book, in Herefordshire County, there were three men, named respectively, "Senlai," "Scenlai" and "Scenlei" (139 b, 135 b and 136 b). The modern word "Shenley" is admitted by all to be a derivative from "Senlai." The other two words project for the first time the A. S. roots "Scine" or "Scene" into historic view, and may be taken as roots for the modern surnames "Sheen," "Shene," "Shine," etc. In Buckinghamshire we have Semlai and Senlai. In Leicestershire, Sceneford and Sceneton. Literally, the ford of Sheen and the town of Sheen. In York, in Eurvie??shire, we have Schinestorp and Sinitun. The first is claimed by the classifiers for the list of Sheen words, while the second is unquestionably the village of Sinn or Shinn. In Shropshire there was a place named Schentune, which implies a man named Schen, Shen or Sheen. In Lincolnshire the list discloses a Schinende. The etymologists claim this for Sheen upon grounds hard to understand. It may as well be classified "Schin" or "Shinn." In Essex, Suffolk and Norfolk we have "Scenefelda," which has been universally rendered "Shenfield," or field of Sheen.
So that whatever may be the truth about the derivation of the word "Shinn," whether it rightly roots back into the ancient Anglo‑Saxon "Sinninga," or whether it is a modern variable of the derivative "Sheen," from "Scina," its ancient respectability as a surname is established by that high foundation of English authority, the great landmark of genealogical and antiquarian lore, the venerable Domesday Book of England.
SHINN, SHEEN OR SHEAHAN?
The first of these words roots back into the Saxon, and imports a tribal origin. The third roots back into the Celtic, and denotes a distinct tribal origin. It must be divorced philologically from the first two, and is not derived from them, nor they from it. They are absolutely distinct, and the families bearing them as proper names are equally distinct. Historically, however, the Celtic, Sheahan, has merged into Shinn, but I have not found a case where Shinn has merged into Sheahan.
In Anderson, Indiana, there is a family. that now spells its name Shinn. The father came direct from Ireland, and has no kin in the United States. His father was a Sheahan. There are thus two families wearing the same surname in that State whose ancestry are of distinct lines; lines absolutely divorced. Will the mutations of the future merge all of the name of Sheahan1 into that of Shinn, as is evidently the case with the Sheens?
Sheen was a good old English surname. Ferguson has somewhat prematurely written its epitaph in these words: "Some of our words contain words lost in English, but retained in German. As from Scene (Saxon), beautiful, we have the name Sheen, only lost as a word within the last two centuries."‑‑"English Surnames."
This is not exactly true, for there are still a few families who retain the surname Sheen. But a comparison of these with the very large number who used that form three hundred years ago would sustain Ferguson in placing it among the lost surnames. In vast regions where once the Sheens were numerous now only Shinns abound. Why? It will be admitted that Sheen, which denotes splendor and beauty, is a far more beautiful word than Shinn. And yet the more hideous form triumphs, and seems destined to absorb not only the Saxon, Sheen, but the Celtic, Sheahan. The Saxon is not older than the Celtic, nor is the patronymic Sinninga older than the Saxon, Scene, although it is doubtless older than the surname Sheen. Ultimate and continued domination rests upon superior power, whether we have the ability to analyze that power or not. The word Shinn contains a strength that enables it to dominate its weaker, though more euphonious, foe, the older name Sheen. And that strength seems to me to be that Sheen is not a derived surname from the Saxon Scene?? but a variation of the Saxon surname Sinn. Sheen was one of the forms into which the word Sinn, in its march from its original form to its present orthography, accidentally assumed.
Lower derives Sheen from the Anglo‑Saxon Scinian (to shine), and gives its variations‑‑Shene, Sheene, Sheen. He also gives it as the original name of Richmond Palace, not seeming to know that the Manor of Sheen, or Shene, antedated the palace, and pointed to an ancient proprietor of that name, more than to the beauty of either palace, Sheen, or Richmond. Shinn as a surname rests upon an induction that proves great age. Shinn also finds a foothold in Domesday. Sheen as a surname came in after the Conquest, although derived from a word that is as old as the Saxon Itself. The common noun sheen was certainly derived from the Saxon scene, but it may be doubted whether the surname "Sheen" came from the same source. Eminent English authorities claim that these words, Shinn
1Sh??ahan, Sh??en, Shane, Syan. These Celtic forms are common. Castle Shane
Is interchangeable with Castle Shean and Castle Syan. The steps from Shean to
Shinn and Syan to Shinn are obvious. "Castle Shane in parish, barony and County
of Monaghan belongs to the Hon. Edward Lucas," says Burke, "and this gentleman
belongs to a family of which several members migrated from England to Ireland in
the early part of the seventeenth century and acquired by purchase and royal grant
the manor of Castle Shane. Queen Elizabeth made a grant of the lands of Syan to
Ro?? Bane McMahon. He sold the lands of Sheen to Lord Blayney. They passed to
Lucas." Thus Burke in one paragraph uses three forms of the same word. Nicholas
Lucas, another member of the Lucas family in England, was one of the three ass??gnees
of Edward Byilinge, In his conveyance of his interest in the province of West Jersey
for the benefit of his creditors. Descendants of this family removed to New Jersey,
and one of them married Caleb Shinn.
The case of the Irish family at Anderson, Ind., was submitted to Mr. Thomas
Warthmell, of Stockport, England, an antiquarian of note, and an authority upon
surnames. He says: "There is no law forbidding any family changing their name,
nor one that dictates the standard orthography. D'Alton, the greatest authority of
the past in Celtic names, states distinctly that O'Sheehan is the descendant of
Sheahan, a Celtic Sept of Counties Cork and Limerick in the remote past. The new
form puts them on an Anglo‑Saxon basis, which hides their origin."
and Sheen, are as distinct as Shinn and Sheahan. These authorities assert with vehemence the tribal origin of the word Shinn, while demanding with earnestness the derivation of Sheen from Scene. I think they confound the common with the proper noun. Sheen as a common noun has force today, while Sheen as a surname is almost obsolete. In the chapters which follow, my reasons for this belief will be given in the form of historic facts, gathered from English history. For the present, I conclude this chapter with a series of variations, originating in the old Saxon word Sinn, and passing through successive mutations of pronunciation and orthography, and culminating by its own inherent power into the final form Shinn. This series is: Sinn, Senn, Sinna, Senna, Shin, Shyn, Shine, Shyne, Schin, Schyn, Schen, Shene, Schene, Schyne, Scheen, Sheen, Scheene, Sheene, Schynne, Shynne, Shinne, Schynn, Shinn.
SHINN OR SHEEN‑‑WHICH?
In the nineteenth century the spelling crystallized into Shinn in England and America; for the first twenty years of the eighteenth century it was Sheen or Shene, after which it became Shinn; in the seventeenth centnry it was Sheen or Shene; in the fourteenth and the early part of the fifteenth century it was anything that pleased the fancy of the writer, and appeared as Shyn, Shin, Shine, Shene, Sheen, Sheene, Shynn and Shynne. In the latter part of the eleventh century, as is shown by the Book of Dooms, it was Sinn, Sinne or Sinna.
In Yorkshire today the traveler may visit a modest village which bears the name Sinnington; in the period immediately after the Conquest, when the Domesday Books were written, there was a town in Yorkshire called "Sinnitun." Through eight hundred years the ancient Saxon village has held its place upon the map of the world with less change in its orthographical dress than is presented by the ancient and modern spellings of London (Lundonum). That it was a Saxon village is proven by the ending "tun"; had it been a Danish village its termination would have been "torp" or "thorp," as is attested by the other Danish towns all around it. "Sinnitun" means the town or village of the Sinnings. Sinnings means the descendants of Sinn. So that this village, recorded by the census enumerators in the eleventh century with a Saxon name, was a village before that time. and even before the invasion of the Danes, and dates its beginning deep in the Saxon glory of the fifth or sixth century. And it is the conviction of the writer that the families which appear in every century, although under different surnames, Shyn, Shin, Shen, Schin, Schyn, Shine, Shyne, Shene, Sheen, or Shinn, are the lineal descendants of Sinn, the ancient Saxon chief, who led his followers into Yorkshire in the distant centuries of the past. I have read every English county history that is to be found in the Congressional Library at Washington for the sole purpose of tracing the growth of the word "Shinn" historically. These books have not yielded the fruitage I wished, for the reason that, being written for the most part in the nineteenth century, they carry the spelling of their writers, and not that of the records from which the names were extracted. Enough has been gleaned, however, to warrant the statement heretofore made, and these gleanings will be presented in another chapter. I have had the ancient parish registers of several places exhumed, and will present their content exactly as it was written at the time. I pause to say, however, that church registers were born in the fifteenth century, and that a family that begins with their advent in the world is hoary with age and respectability. I shall also present the briefs of many wills in their fifteenth and sixteenth century dress to support my conclusion.
ORTHOGRAPHY OF NAMES.
In Nash's "History of Woreestershire," Vol. II, page 318 (IV.), the following language appears:
"Some of the individuals of the Percy family (like most of others formerly) wrote the name with the variations Percy, Peircy, Piercy, Peerciey, and so on through twenty‑three forms. Some inserted a superfluous letter or two, as they saw the same printed in a book, or were seduced by vicious pronunciation. But the variations of the name Percy are trifling when compared with the variations which other names have undergone in the same line of family title deeds, and even in books high in authority at the time."
He then sets out the spelling which eight successive generations of the noble house of Percival used in writing their names.
In temp. Hen. VIII, David Percival; in 1588, George Persyval; in 1620, Richard Percyval; in 1647, Philip Percivalle; in 1665, John Percivall; in 1698, John Percival; in 1770, John Perceval. The town of Lynn, in Domesday, is Lena and Lun; it was chartered by King John under the name Lena. Bloomfield makes the bishop of the ecclesiastical division in which the village lies spell it "Lenn." Stowe, in his "Chronicle," uses "Linne." In 1173 a deed is witnessed by Ralph, Mayor of Lenn. In a history of Berks the family name Feens or Fienes undergoes the following transformations: Fynes, Fenys, Feins, Fennes, Fynnes, Finns, Fienles and Fiennes.
Shenfield has been Sinningfelda, Shynningfelda and Shyningfelda. That it was derived from an ancient owner and not from a Saxon word of beauty is obvious from its various forms. In Foster's "Yorkshire" the following beautiful induction appears: Sherd, Sherde, Sheerd, Shert, Sherte, Shirt and Shirte. One might argue that these were distinct, or that the Sherds form one family and the Shirts another, and that it is a crime to use them together. They are but variations of one family name. Bolton gives a Norfolk family as Scelton, Shelton and Sheltone. Polwhile presents a most interesting series of place and surnames in a halo of changes in the pedigrees of William de Schengham. "In the 10th year of Richard I. Walter de Schengham held lands in Shengham and Wells; Sara, daughter of William Scheiengham claimed these as her inheritance; Henry, son of Walter de Sengham, held a messauge in Shingham."
Blomefield and Parkins analyze "Shingham" somewhat differently from the orthoepists. They say: "Near to the Church is a Spring, and from hence flows a stream or rivulet that separates the hundred of Clacklose from that of South Greenhaw, and empties itself in the river, Wiffy; probably its ancient name was Schin or Shen; Shengay is a town in Cambridgeshire; Shenfield in Essex; Shenley in Hertfordshire." Blomefield was one of the most erudite of local historians, and has left a monument to his learning and judgment in his history of Norfolk. Shing ham is spelled in several other books Shyngham. And, by a strange metamorphosis, Luke Sheen according to one author, Luke Schene according to another and Luke Shyn according to another, was rector of Shingham parish in 1650. In Gage's "Somerset" we have the same surname under three forms‑‑ Theyne, Thynne and Thinn. Shenley Hall is analyzed by Charles Bowles, who uses it as interchangeable with Senley. He says that "ley" is an old English word, meaning pasture, from which the derivation of Shenley is obvious. It was a simple pasture of an old proprietor, Shen or Senn, and not a pasture of brilliant or beautiful proportions.
Sir Henry Chauncey, in his "Hertfordshire," says of Senley1 or Shenley: "These words were
doubtless taken from some ancient owner thereof, and the vill
1In Domesday Book it reads "Abbas Sancti Albani tenuit scenlai pro sex hidis
defendebat." And in the same book Shingham Manor was "Scingham." Both these
is about four miles from St. Albans." In the same way the Manor of Sheen or Shine is brought down to the level of common things.
Manning and Bray, in their history of Surrey, were called upon to give a reason for the dual name of the palace, Richmond and Maner of Shene. They say that Edward III built a palace there, and on account of its splendor named it "Maner of Shene." But historians agree that Edward built no palace there, and that Richmond was built by a later king. Other historians say that when Richmond was built that on account of the splendor of its location it was named by the king "Maner of Shene." All this labored effort resulted from the mistaken hypothesis of these gentlemen that Sheen, as a proper name, was derived from scena (beautiful).
The truth is that the Maner of Shene existed before Edward III was born, as appears from these same authors: "In the days of Edward II, 1313, Philip Burnet held Tuberville manor in capite as of the Manor of Shene by the service of 18œ per annum and suit of court to Shene." Edward III acquired this manor and died there (1377). Richmond palace was built upon it by Richard, his son. Stow says that when James IV died his body was conveyed to "Shien," a monastery in Surrey. And Rev. Mr. Lamb says:
"King James' body was embalmed sweet like a king, and then was sent to Shene in Surrey, where entombed, some say there is a monument."
Edward III issued several proclamations from this palace, spelling it "Sheen." Other authors spell the name of the priory near the palace, and which gained its name from the ancient manor, Sheen, Shene, Shine and Schene. And Blomefield spells the name of the Charter House of Shene as Schene, giving as his authority a book kept in the church chest of Brisingham rectory.
I might multiply these citations indefinitely, but I forbear. They establish two things: First, the same surname has, in different ages, been spelled differently, and the trend of these variations points to a single ancient root, a patronymic denoting a proprietor or leader. Second, the word "Sheen" is not a word created by royal order to meet the demands of a splendid environment created by him; nor given for any natural glory by which the place may have been surrounded; but simply and alone because some ancient Saxon, named Shine, Shene or Sheen, held it as a home in centuries before the Normans began their conquering march.
HISTORIC REFERENCES TO THE NAME SHENE, SHEEN OR SHINN.
In "History of Norfolk," Vol. V (Blomefield and Parkins), page 532, Robert Shene, Gent., of Eye, Suffolk, presented a living in Ickburgh Parish to John Sherwin, A. M.
Brisingham Parish, Norfolk, has a very ancient religious ceremony‑‑"The Pardon of the Beads"‑‑at the Charter House of Schene. Saxlingham Manor House belonged, in 1656, to Thomas Jermyn, Knight, who was father‑in‑law to one Shene, who married his daughter, Dorothy, and had one son, Jermyn Shene. In Wright's "Essex," Vol. I, page 484, another variation occurs in the Manors of Pelham and Sparrow Hall, owned by a family named Shaen of Witham. Manning and Bray, in their history of Surrey, give Shene, a chapel in Kingston Hundred.
But by far the most convincing piece of evidence is found in Chauncey's "Antiquities of
Hertfordshire," Vol. I, page 135. It reads as follows: "Hundred of Odsey. Coldridg. Hertfordshire; or Cotered, or Codred. This vill stands towering upon a high hill about a mile N. E. from Ardeley, which the Saxons places are in Hertford, near which the Shinns have been seated as a family from time immemorial, and from whose county gaol as a prisoner for conscience sake, John Sheen went to America to become the head of the "House of Shinn."
called, Coldridge. The Manor was divided under two lordships by 41 Edward III (1368). One moiety of this manor came to one, Sheine, from whom it had the adjunct 'Manor of Sheine,' to distinguish it from the other part thereof; for it bore this name when a court was held there Anno 13 R. II. (1390) (Rot. Custulorum Maneris 13 R. II). Sometime after this it was in the possession of Sir William Cheiny, Kt., who to perpetuate the memory of his name to posterity (as many did in that age) changed the adjunct of Sheine to Cheynyes, when the courts were held here (for this part) Anno 3 H V (1417) (Rot. Cus. Manorii 3 H. V.)"
This affords food for many reflections.
First. "Are we so soon forgotten?" Chauncey was not only an eminent. sergeant at law, but an antiquarian of eminence. His references to these ancient manor rolls show a love for research and accuracy rarely found in county histories. These old manor houses and parish churches, as described by him, and by that other eminent antiquarian of Norfolk, Blomefield, seem to be absolutely forgotten.
Blomefield exhumed ancient brasses and set out their content upon his historic page. Inquiry at present, although directed to learned men, brings a vacant stare, and the dismal ejaculation, "I never heard of it!" Into the old tomes at Washington I send a mattock of thought which unfolds a lead of ore; I pick up these priceless nuggets and send them over the ocean to learned men who live and move in the halls wherein these nuggets had place, and find that other soils have arisen to hide the rifts from whence these nuggets came. Mankind lives in the present and pauses not to note the wailing cries of the solitary man who tries to be a man of yesterday as well as a machine of today. He who stands with one foot in the cemeteries and the other in the m‘lstrom of life needs hope for little consideration. That which was is lost, and irredeemably forgotten; that which is will in turn be lost, despite the efforts of the eleverest antiquarians; a few bold facts, pyramidlike, will outlast centuries; but the myriad details‑‑the flesh and blood of existence‑‑will pass into oblivion, leaving but a skeleton to grin defiance at researeh and culture. The one giant fact of life is that "we shall be forgotten when we are gone."
Second. ??If, in 1368, one Sheine owned the "Manor of Sheine," and in 1417 it had passed to Sir William Cheiny, who changed its name, the history of the Manor of Sheine must be sought in a period antedating 1368.
Third: It is not unlawful to think, and one cannot be held to an indictment for a criminal offense, if he surmise that the knight who changed the adjunct, "of Sheine" to "Cheynyes" to perpetuate the memory of his name, changed also his surname, Sheine to Cheiny, for the same reason. The plebeian name, Smith, has been wrought upon by various proprietors, who desired to perpetuate their names to posterity, till the product took the finished form, "Smythe." In the same way "Bird" has come to be "Byrud," "Jonathan" "Jo Nathan" and "Dobbins" "D'Aubigne." The gamut of change from Sheine to Cheiny is not a diffieult one, and a man who desired a change, as did Sir William, would naturally take this path. But while one changed his name,, the remainder of the family held on to the pottage handed them by their ancestors. Certain it is that in this same Hertfordshire, three hundred years later (1662) John Sheen was sent to jail for not paying his parish fees; that John Sheen appeared in New Jersey, wearing the name Sheen (1678), sixteen years later; and that John Sheen died as John Shinn, in 1711.
In Sir R. C. Hoare's History of Wiltshire, we find that in 1412, during the mayoralty of John Becket of Salisbury, an account was rendered of the rents and tenements within the city held under the mayor and commonalty. The writer says: "A shop near the entrance of the Cemetery of St. Thomas, with a. bed chamber over the steps, which John Shinn holds at 20 shillings, among the highest rates paid."
Sir R. C. Hoare spells the name John Shinn. A glance at the other names on the roll suggests the suspicion that he spelled all names according to their modern rendering. If not, the word Shinn was in use in the 13th Century; if so, then the English concensus of opinion in Sir R. C. Hoare's day, was that Sheen, or Shene, should be rendered Shinn. In the pedigree of Lord Nelson, as given by Blomefield, we are told that William Nelson of Dunham Parva, married Mary, daughter of Thomas Sheen, the great grandmother of the Admiral. In other pedigrees of Nelson, the word Sheen is sometimes spelled Shene; and at other times Shinn. In Vol. 2 of Nash's Worcester it is said that John Shyen was rector, Feb. 14, 1387, of Edvin Loche, or Yedfen Loche, in the deanery of Burford, his patron being the king. (Gilbert Register f. 73.)
In A. D. 1300, John De Chyn was agent for Lord de Badlesmere in Wilts. (See Castle Combe, Vol. 1, Scrope 53.)
In 1610 Edward Sheen, by assignment of R. Beckham, father and son, came to be rector of Fransham Parva; and in 1652 William Sheen was rector of the same parish. (Blomefields Norfolk, Vol. V, page 1006.)
Blomefield states that, in the chancel of Castleacre, Priory Manor, Norfolk, is a Mural Monument: "In memory of Mary, daughter of Sir Thomas Gawfell, Kt. wife of John Shene, Clerk, who died in1653." The Gawfell pedigree, which begins in 1500, contains this marriage.
As an instance of mutability I make this exeursion. I have a very learned friend in Mildenhall, Suffolk, to whom I sent the above quotation, asking him to go over to Castle Acre. This gentleman is a model investigator. He takes his bicycle and rides forty or fifty miles a day, taking in indicated parishes. At first he had considerable difficulty in reading the old registers; but he has so far advanced in knowledge as to read the records, in many cases, more easily than the vicars, who have them in charge. Here is what he wrote concerning his trip to Castle Acre:
"Last Friday I left Mildenhall for the places you mentioned in Norfolk. Finding it necessary to stay the night in Swaffham, I looked in the registers there, and found Margaret and John Shinn, children of John and Margaret Shinn, baptized 1612, but no other entry. Next morn I went on to Castle Acre. The registers did not begin soon enough. There is no trace of a monument in the church, but there is a Shinn family, poor, still living in the village. I met a young man in the church whose uncle has worked up the history of the place, but he does not mention any tablet to a Shene; so if there was one it must have disappeared at some restoration in considerable time back. I wrote to this uncle, J. W. Bloom, Rector, White Church, Stratford on Avon, and this is a copy of his post card: 'I have not heard of the tablet you name. How about Shene in Surrey as an origin? Cheyne or Cheyney, so far as I know, never spelt Shene. The Shene equal splendor is grand.' This man is quite an authority upon names." This long extract from a very interesting gentleman is a model of correspondence and indicates the difficulties that surround historical problems. It also enforces the idea of the author that Shene of Surrey is a surname, and that in some way it connects itself with the House of Shinn. In my letter to England it was set out as an hypothesis that Sheen might equal Splendor. This was in turn transmitted to Mr. Bloom, who treats it as indicated in the extract.
In Vol. V Blomefield, p. 787, it appears that in the 2nd of King John William de Chaen was Lord of North Greenhaw Hundred and Wighton; and that in 1383 Ad. Schene was Rector of Waxham Parva, instituted by Sir Miles Stapleton.
Suckling in his History of Suffolk gives a list of subscribers to a church repair fund in 1750 at Kirkly, among which the name of "Widow Shin" appears. In Carter's, Cambridge, p. 269, Francis Shinn and Henry Shinn (so spelled) are put down as freeholders at Soham in 1722; also Thomas Shinn?? freeholder, at Sutton
in same year; also, John Shinn voted for a Member of Parliament at Witcham, 16 miles north of Cambridge at the same time. (Sheahan's Cambridge.) These spellings come from a habitat where the parish registers show Sheens, and indicate that the spelling, Shinn, began to be quite common in the early part of the 18th century.
In Suckling's Norfolk, Vol. II, p. 242, the author says: "Gardner gives a letter in his possession, with the autograph signature of Henry VI. It closed with the words: 'Given under our signet at our manner of Sheene the XXI day of Nov. (1422).'"
In Antiquities of Berkshire by Ashmole, p. 161, it is set out that the contents of a brass plate on a gravestone near the high altar of Shinfield Church were "Ellis of Sheynefyeld." If Sheynefyeld became Shinfield, then it is certain that one of the ancient forms of Shin or Shinn was Sheyne.
In Man's History of Reading, p. 274,, this same, Shinfield is rendered Shyningfield, which suggests the Saxon Sinninga; as Sinning(a); Shinning, Shynning.
Two seats or manor houses in Hertford, Shingey Hall, and Shenley, had those names at the Conquest, 1066, and hold them to‑day. Sir Henry Chauncey, Knight and Sergeant at Law, thinks they took these names from "some ancient owner, Shen, or Shin."
These historic readings show that the ancient seating places of the family were in South Eastern England. To enforce this statement I add that my course of reading embraced every County history of England found in the Congressional Library at Washington. Few books are quoted for the reason that the great body of the ancient histories do not contain the name. The most fruitful places were Hertford, Surrey, Norfolk and Suffolk.
THE PARISH REGISTERS OF ENGLAND AS TO SHINN.
Thanks to modern research and enterprise, hundreds of parish registers have been copied and printed. The Congressional Library at Washington, and the Newbury Library at Chicago are rich in these productions. But owing to the great number of parishes, it is fair to say that the number printed forms a very small part of the number in existence. Guided, however, by the experience gained in the County histories the principal investigation was made in parishes of South Eastern England. Every printed registry book on file in these libraries was looked at, however, and led to the conclusion that the proper habitat of the family was where the historic induction placed it. After exhausting the printed parishes, original research was made into the registers of other parishes. The contents of some of the printed books will be presented first.
Parish of Ellough, Suffolk.
2/26/1733 Jeffrey Ely and Dorcas Sheen of Beccles Parish, married.
The following entries show that Shine, Shiene and Sheene were interchangeable in the sixteenth century.
Parish of Birchington, Kent.
10/2/1578 Henricus Shiene married Johanna Staple.
8/25/1579 Joseph Shine, filius Henrici, bap.; ob. 12/30/1579.
9/10/1581 Agnes Shine, filia Henrici, bap.; ob. 11/20/1591.
8/9/1584 John Shiene, filius Henrici, bap.
3/27/1586 Johanna Shine, filia Henrici, bap.
3/29/1591 Eliz., filia Henrici Shine, bap.
1/1/1597 Henricus Shiene, pat. fam. ob.
1/12/1605 Lawrence Whatema married Anna Sheene.
This is a compact history of the married life of Henry Shinn, of Birchington, Kent. Of all that he did while living, this is the meager all that is left to history. But it is enough. It shows that he was a dutiful Christian citizen, living in a peaceful, happy home, and dying under the benedictions of the Church.
Parish of Carlton, Suffolk. (Sheen, Shean, Shine.)
4/30/1702 Davenish Sheane and Elizabeth Bradden married.
2/8/1703 Davenish Sheane, son of Davenish and Elizabeth, bap.
1/14/1714 John Symonds and Mary Sheen, of Kelsale, Stourton, Wilts, married.
11/26/1738 Mary, daughter of Joseph and Ann Shean, of Mere, bap.
2/22/1740 Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph and Ann Shean, of Mere, bap.
6/27/1743 James Shean and Sarah Ricks, of Mere, married.
4/21/1761 William Shine, of South Brewham, and Ann Odbar married.
These show that many of the name lived at Carlton.
Parish of Ipswich.
12/18/1686 Robt. Curtis married Elizabeth Sheen.
Parish of Lowestaft, Suffolk. (Sheen, Sheene.)
11/18/1739 Mary, daughter of Henry and Mary Sheen, christened.
5/7/1742 Owen, son of Henry and May Sheene, christened.
8/28/1743 John, son of Henry and May Sheene, christened.
9/18/1745 Henry, son of Henry and May Sheen, christened.
8/4/1747 Robert, son of Henry and May Sheene, buried.
9/25/1748 Rebecca Sheene born. Died same year.
9/29/1749 Kinberry Sheene born. Died same year.
Parish of St. James, Clerkenwell, London.
4/27/1629 Mary Shinn (Sic) buried from John Hand's House.
Parish of St. Dunstan's, Stepney, London.
3/6/1697 Samuel Needles married Elizabeth Sheen.
11/18/1718 John V. Francis married Mary Shin.
2/26/1628 George Shinn (Sic), of Wapping, mariner, married Thomassine Grosse,
Parish of Ledbury, Herefordshire.
1575 Joan Shynne a godmother at a christening.
3/16/1557 Margaret Shynne was buried. On same page the same name is written "Marg. Shyn."
3/5/1565 William Shynne buried. On same page written Shyne.
Parish of St. Peters, Cornhill, London.
1/29/1586 Wedding of Jeames Shene, bachelor, waterman, sonne of William Shene and Eliz.
Brigges, maiden, daughter of Harry Brigges.
Parish of St. Martin in the Fields, London.
7/6/1619 William Shene to Jane Wallis.
Parish of Christ's Church, Newgate, London.
1/29/1694 George Sheen buried.
Parish of St. Helens, Worcester.
1628, Isabel, wife of Thomas Shine, buried.
In advertisements of London papers seeking claimants to fortunes, George and Henry Sheen are requested to make their whereabouts known; a little lower down the same request is made of George and Henry Shinn. Similar calls are made for John, William, Susannah, Samuel, and Thomas Sheen or Shinn.
Westminster Abbey Register.
5/19/1565 James, son of Christopher Sheene, one of the bell ringers of the abbey, buried in the Cloisters.
The father, Christopher, is mentioned in the Chapter Book 12/11/1660.
These exhaust my printed references and show not only the varied spellings, but point to Suffolk and Kent as the home of the family. Through the kindness of a friend, Mr. W. G. Stockley, Head Master of Mildenhall School, Suffolk, England, I am enabled to supplement these printed registers by numerous others, which he has gathered from various parishes in Herts, Essex, Norfolk and Suffolk.
Parish of Mildenhall, Suffolk.
This register is very old; one of the oldest extant. It was copied from an older one in 1662 and the following note appended:
"Although this register will be found very imperfect by reason of the great division and confusion of these times until the year 1662, yet I thought it more than expedient to set down what names........(not without great difficulty) ........ and do now proceed in order. May 20, 1662, J. O. Watson, Vicar."
The dotted lines in the certificate are illegible, says Mr. Stockley. Extracts from this Register. (Shene, Sheene, Sheen, Shine, Shyn, Shyne, Shin.)
June 1578 Thomas Shene and J........ Bonet.
June 1588 John Sheene and Anne Che........
July 1589 Thomas Sheene and Maria Corkett.
May 1611 Thomas Wing and L........ Shene.
Jan. 1632 John Sheene and Ann Rolfe.
Sept. 9, 1639, John Avis and Elizabeth Shyn.
These complete the list of Mildenhall marriages from 1578 to 1671, a period of ninety‑three years. They give us the marriage date of John Sheene and Ann Rolf. This Ann was a descendant of an ancient family of Ralfs or Rolfs in Norfolk. Mildenhall was so??ed on Sir John Fitz Ralf in 1402. Another descendant of the same family formed an alliance in Virginia with the famous Indian princess, Pocahontas.
BIRTHS AND BAPTISMS.
July 1588 John Sheene, son of John Sheene, baptized.
Sept. 1589 Thomas Sheene, son of John Sheene, baptized.
April 1590 Anne, daughter of Thomas Sheen, baptized.
Nov. 1592 Nicholas, son of John Sheene, baptized.
Oct. 1595 Richard, son of John Sheene, baptized.
Oct. 1598 William, son of John Sheene, baptized.
Feb. 1604 Francts, son of John Sheene, baptized.
Sept. 1633 Rachel, daughter of John Sheene, baptized.
Oct, 1637 Richard, son of Richard Sheene, baptized.
March 1637 John, son of William Sheene, baptized.
March 1638 John, son of John Shyn, baptized.
Aug. 1640 James, son of William Sheen, baptized.
Nov. 1640 John, son of John Sheen, baptized.
Sept, 1640 William, son of Richard Sheen, baptized.
Oct?? 18/1646 Catherine, daughter of John Shin. baptized.
Feb, 2/1663 Elizabeth, daughter of John Shin, baptized.
July 22/1666 John, son of John Shin, baptized.
March 9/1669 Hannah, daughter of John Shin, baptized.
Feb. 4/1671 Hannah, daughter of John Shin, baptized.
May 1636 Francis Shyne buried.
May 1590 Anne, daughter of Thomas Sheen, buried.
Oct. 1607 John Shene, son of John Sheene, buried.
Jan. 1610 Thomas Sheene buried.
Feb. 1617 Widow Shine burled.
Feb. 28, 1638, Richard Shyn buried.
March 30, 1639, John, son of John Shyne?? buried.
July 24, 1644, William, son of John Shin, buried.
Aug. 10, 1662. Rachel, daughter of John Shin, buried.
Jan. 11, 1664, John Shin buried.
July ??, 1664, John, son of John Shin, buried.
Jan. 20, 1669, John, son of John Shin deceased. buried.
Aug. 27, 1679, Hannah, daughter of John Shin, buried.
Sept. 9, 167?? Amy Shin, widow, buried.
Parish of Little Fransham. (Shene.)
1610 Ed. Shene, rector.
1617 Elizabeth, daughter of Ed. Shene, baptized.
1623 L??cas, son of Ed. Shene, baptized.
1624 Henry, son of Henry Shene, baptized.
1627 Anne, daughter of Henry Shene, baptized.
1629 Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Shene, baptized.
1632 Edward, son of Henry Shene, baptized.
1641 Mary, daughter of John and Margaret Shene, baptized.
1647 John, son of John Shene, baptized.
1660 Anne, daughter of Ed. Shene, baptized.
1665 Marie, daughter of Ed. Shene, baptized.
Parish of Freckenham. (Sheene.)
1551 (???), daughter of Francis Sheene, baptized.
1564 Mary, daughter of Francis Sheene, baptized.
1593 Clement, son of John Sheene, baptized, Nov. 24.
1608 Anne, daughter of John Sheene, baptized.
1610 Margaret, daughter of John Sheene, baptized.
1614 John and Nicholas, sons of John Sheene, baptized.
1614 John, son of John Sheene, buried.
1615 Frances, daughter of John Sheene, baptized.
1615 Nicholas, son of John Sheene, buried.
1616 Elizabeth, daughter of Francis Sheene, baptized.
1617 Anne, wife of John Sheene, buried.
1618 Francis, son of Francis Sheene, baptized.
1619 Marie married John Sheene.
1619 (???), son of John Sheene, baptized.
1620 Marie, wife of John Sheene, buried.
1621 John, wid., married Marie Spatkes.
1621 Anne, of John Sheene, baptized.
1623 John, son of Francis Sheene, baptized.
1627 Thomas, son of Francis Sheene, baptized.
1628 Marie, wife of John Sheene, buried.
1630 Thomas, son of John Sheene, baptized.
1630 Thomas, son of John Sheene, buried.
1631 Joane, wife of Francis Sheene, buried.
1631 John, son of Francis Sheene, buried.
1642 Anne, daughter of William Sheene, baptized.
1645 Mary, daughter of William Sheene, baptized.
1633 John, son of Francis Sheene, buried.
1612 Margaret and John, children of John and Margaret Shinn, baptized.
Town of Barton Mills.
Thomas Shinn, post‑boy at Bull Inn in the days of travel by means of coaches.
Parish of Worlington.
1805 William Langham married Elizabeth Shin. (See Langham Pedigree.)
Parish of Albury, Herts.
1661 Walter Shenn buried.
The following matter was received after the preparation of this manuscript was completed, the same having been typewritten and delivered to the printer, too late to change the entire manuscript, but not too late to be inserted as an addendum. It does not change the conjectural Freckenham pedigree to any great extent; in fact, it enforces the views therein advanced. It was argued there that Clement Sheene, b. 1593. son of John, who was son of Francis, must have married. The following extracts from the register of Soham Parish show not only that he married, but also his wife and children. It also shows another Clement with a wife and children contemporaneous with Clement of 1593 and about the same age. Clement of 1593 married a woman named Grace (???); the register shows that he had a daughter born in 1624, and other children in 1627, 1630, 1634, 1637, 1640, in which year he died. The other Clement married a woman named Sarah (???) and had a son named Edward born in 1626. Now John Shinn of New Jersey was probably a son of the Clement who married Grace, and if so was born in 1632, between
the births of Thomas and Francis as they appear upon the register. This I think is the true line, and would make the Clement Sheen who appeared with him in New Jersey in 1680, having wife Eliza, his brother and not his father, as the conjectural pedigree asserts; this brother being younger, born in 1637 and dying O. S. P. so far as the records of New Jersey show. Of course John of 1678 in New Jersey could have been a son of the other Clement who married a Sarah. In that case I think the relationship would take this form. Clement of 1593, who married Grace (???), is known to be a son of John Sheene and grandson of Francis of 1520. The Clement who married Sarah (???) was also a grandson of Francis, in all probability, but not a son of John. The name of his father is not disclosed. It will be noticed that the spelling in this register is very peculiar. Beginning in 1571 with a plain Shinn, followed in 1580 by Shene, then by many spellings, Shin, and using Shyn only once. I think there is little room for doubt but that the Freckenham pedigree modified by the Soham register indicates the exact neighborhood in which John Shinn was born. Freckenham, Mildenhall, and Soham are parishes not far distant from each other. Soham in the 16th Century being quite a noted town. I subjoin an exact copy of the Soham register.
Parish of Soham. (Shinn, Shene, Shin, Shyn.)
1571 Marie Shinn buried.
1580 John Shene buried.
1624 Margaret, d. of Clement and Grace Shin, baptized.
1626 Edward, son of Clement and Sarah Shin, baptized.
1626 Margaret, daughter of Clement and Grace Shin, died.
1627 Henry. son of Clement and Grace Shin, baptized.
1630 Thomas, son of Clement and Grace Shin, baptized.
1634 Francis, son of Clement and Grace Shin, baptized.
1637 Clement, son of Clement and Grace Shin. baptized.
1640 Grace, daughter of Clement and Grace Shin, baptized.
1640 Clement Shin buried.
1657 Elizabeth Shyn. daughter of Henry and Elizabeth Shyn. baptized.
1663 Francis Shin and Alice Curtis married.
1663 John Howlett married Grace Shin.
1664 John, son of Francis and Alice Shin, baptized.
1665 Mary, daughter of Francis and Alice Shin. baptized.
1668 Francis, son of Francis and Alice Shin. baptized.
1668 Henry Shin born.
1673 Alice, daughter of Francis and Alice Shin, baptized.
1674 Henry Shin died.
1681 Francis Shin. yeoman, died.
WILLS OF ENGLAND BELATING TO SHENE, SHEEN, SHINN AND SHINNE.
Through the courtesy of Mr. Stockley, who not only put question marks to parish registers. but wrote to leading antiquarians and literary men of the Eastern Counties of England, I can present my readers with a very interesting letter from Mr. J. J. Murkett, Editor of the Eastern Counties Magazine, and some valuable extracts from wille, concerning the Manorial Families of Suffolk.
"II Talbot R'd., 8th. Tottenham, Apr. 3/01.
"Dear sir:‑‑I have much pleasure in sending you the Shinn, Shene, Sheene, etc., notes in my Suffolk Collection. They are none of them so early as 1560. but some, I trust, will prove of use to you. The real value of many of them is that they are taken from documents relating to families of other surnames, showing in some cases unexpected relationships, I shall be glad to hear that they are not‑‑at any rate‑all disappointing to you.
"You will notice that the name of the same person is occasionally spelled Sheene and Shinn. I am much interested to know that your researches show them to have
been at Mildenhall as far back as 1560. I find that Sheenes are mentioned in Suffolk Manorial Families in connection with the Corynobles, an old Essex Family of good standing. They are also connected with the Bolton family. These Boltons were the ancestors of the present Lord Nelson, whose real name, as you know, is Bolton.
"I am, dear sir,
"Yours truly, J. J. MURKETT."
This letter corroborates many of the ideas advanced in these chapters, and shows an unexpected relationship with the present Lord Nelson. The pedigree of Admiral Lord Nelson, Baron of Trafalgar, shows a relationship to the old Nelson family in Norfolk.
Extracts from J. J. Murkett's Collection Concerning the Manorial Families of
"Family of Shene, Shine, Shinn, etc.‑‑Gleanings.
"Will of Robt. Blosse of Roydon, Suffolk, P. C. C. 70, Leicester 1589. 'To John Shinne, sonne of John Shyne, my house called, Haggerel, after the decease of Amiable, my wife.'
"Will of Edward Sheene of Wymondham, Norfolk, Gent., proved 1658. Had son, Jermyn Shene. Lands in Suffolk, P. C. C. Wooten, 349.
"Will of Thomas Shene of Stowmarket, Worsted Weaver, proved 1711. P. C. C. Young 91.
"Will of Alice Blackbye of Multon, Suffolk, 1565, 24th of April P. C. C. 21 Morrison & Grimes. She did give to Jane Mynt of Freckenham her daughter; to Agnes Shynne her daughter; and her residence to Thomas Blackbie, her son and executor. Probate 6/24/1565 to Thos. Blackbie, the son.
"Will of Edward Sheene of Wymondham in Norfolk, Gent. P. C. C. 2/11/1657. To be buried in the church. To Dorothy, my wife, houses and lands in Norfolk, and also at Hoxene in Suffolk for life. Our three children; Jermyn Sheene my only sonne; Annie Sheene, eldest d.; Sarah Sheene, youngest d. Wife, executrix. Probate 5/27/1658.
This Edward was son of the Edward Sheen who was rector at Little Fransham in 1610; married Dorothy, daughter of Sir Thomas Jermyn, as the next will shows.
"Will of Thos. Jermyn, Esq., of West Tofts in Norfolk 11/5/1656 P. C. C. 172 Wooten. My sonne John Jermyn, etc.; my grandchild Jermyn Shene when 18; Mrs. Dorothy Shene mother of said Jermyn Shene, etc.
"Will P. C. C. 39 Wood, of Willie Haywards of Roydon, Suffolk 1611. To my grandchildren Thos. Bridge, John Bridge, Anna Browne, the wife of Willie Brown, and Ann Shinne. the wife of George Shinn, my daughter Marian Knopper of Newton, etc.
"Will P. C. C. 298 Nabbs, of Geo. Shen, of Woolington, Suffolk, Gent., 29 May 1660. To Geo. Shen, my son lands & etc. in Freckenham and Mildenhall purchased of Thomas Gee, Esq., for life; then to John Shen, my grandchild, youngest son of said, George; to Anna Alice and John Addes, when 21; to Edward Shen my grandchild, and Lydia Shen his sister when 21, or on the day of her marriage; son Geo. Shinn executor. Codicil: To my daughter, Margaret Fuller œ3.12.0 yearly for life; to Margaret Fuller, my grandchild, when 21. Probate 11/22/1660 by oath of Geo. Shen, the son. "Will of Geo. Corynoble of Mocha Stanbridge, Essex, 1570; to Benjamin Shene, my sister Stamen's child.
"Will of Katherine Warren of Woolington, Suffolk, widow, P. C. C. 85 Plymouth Aug. 1725, Alice Sheen my d. To be buried in Woolington Chancel‑‑diamonds, emerald ring, silver etc. Sankey, Godfrey, Beecroft, Eade, Costell etc named. Son of Dr. Robert Warren.
"Will of Elizabeth Eade of Woolington, Spinster, P. C. C. Buckingham, proved 1721; my sister, Catherine Warren, widow; sister Mary Chinnery Beecroft Shinne; Millicent etc.
"Will P. C. C. 405 Alchin 7 March 1653. Sarah Sheene of Alderston, Suffolk, widow; my brother Josle Bolton; my nephew Wm. Bolton; my sister Chittock, sister to my late husband, Sheene œ50; husband's nephew, Augustine Sheene œ20; to Josias Bolton my brother, my house in Alderstone, and to his heirs forever; brothers William Cary of Woodbridge and Thomas Filby of Niddenham to be executors. Good sums of money bequeathed. Probate 7/6/1653 to Thomas Filby."
The will of Nicholas Sheene, son of John of Mildenhall, Suffolk, is filed in the Prerogation Court, Somerset House, London.
Mr. Stockley wrote, 5/12/1901: "There was recently a family of Shinns at Soham, but I could not get any valuable information concerning them. Yesterday I was playing cricket at Eriswell. One of my opponents was a Peter Shinn. There were three generations of John Shinn before him, and the widow Shinn of Barton's Mill is a connection." This letter, taken in connection with the gradual changing in the registers and in the wills from Shene and Sheene, to Shyn, Shin, and Shinne, indicates that the same people to‑day in the old habitat of the family spell the name Shinn. The identity of all the variations named with the modern surname Shinn is, I think, clearly established.
WHO WAS JOHN SI?? OF BRIDLINGTON. NEW JERSEY (1678)?
In 1885 while employed as Chief Clerk in the Office of the Secretary of State at Little Rock?? Arkansas. I asked myself the question which heads this chapter. I then and there began the work of answering it satisfactorily, and have given all my spare time since to its elncidation. The first ten years of my labor were thrown away on account of stickling for orthography. My name was Shinn, and I wanted Shinn. and nothing else. Smith in his history of New Jersey said that John Shinn came with others to Nova C‘sarea. It was a full decade after my original determination before I crossed an entry in New Jersey Archives at Trenton. which informed me that John Shcen, and not John Shinn, entered New Jersey. The next original entry found was a signature of my ancestor to a document to Friend's in London. and there he was John Shin. and not John Shinn. Could I have had the knowledge I now possess concerning the vicissitudes of Surnames in their orthographieal dress. at the time I worked most laboriously upon the problem the results would have been far more satisfactory. In 1886 I was asked by Mr. Keltie, Editor of the Statesman's Mannal. London, to prepare a statistical article for that publication. This led to a friendly eorrespondence concerning my name, and a reference to William Collyer Shinn of London. whose portrait adorns these pages. I then wrote to Mr. Shinn. and led him astray, as I had myself wandored from the goal. He began a search for the Quaker. John Shinn, and as a matter of course never found him. Had I given the variations. Shin. Shene and She??ne. these pages would have been richer in gleanings from the old Quaker files. As it is I can present but his confession of failure. as a guide to others who may hereafter make a similar research.
On April 22, 1890. he wr??te from London, England:
"I beg therefore to say, that I have visited Somerset House: Her Majesty's Printing Office (where all Acts of Parliament are printed and published); the Public Record Office, and the Friend's Meeting House in Bishopsgate Street. The result of my inquiries is that on the passing of the General Registration Act. about fifty years ago, various records showing births and deaths of Quakers. extending over a considerable perlod, were lodged at Somerset House: but as they were not indexed, nor in any way digested, they are of little use for purposes of reference. It appears, however, that the Society of Friends, before parting with the documents, made a very careful digest and general index. It is, however, confined to births, deaths, etc., and is by no means a record of the personal position, movoments or proceedings of the Quakers. This index is kept at the Meeting House, 12 Bishopsgate Street. Without; and on my visits there the Secretary was kind enough to search. but no member of the name Shinn is to be found amongst the births or deaths in the London or Herefordshire books. I am afraid this information will be a disappointment to you, but trust that you will give us credit for having taken some little trouble to assist you in your difficult but most interesting pursult.
"WILLIAM COLLYER SHINN."
Four years later ??vi??ited London, and was the guest of this gentleman. Had all my correspondents of ??ulture and leisure been equally courteous my labor would have redounded more to their credit, as well as to that of the family. I found Mr. Shinn to be a High ??hurchman, and a worshiper at Westminster Abbey. His pedigree, which is presented elsewhere, began in 1757 in London. branching off into Herefordshire. It dealt with the word Shinn. as mine had, and led to an investigation of London and Herefordshire records. His father spent his whole life as cashier in an Army Agent Office: he, himself, spent fifty years in a large firm in London, as confidential clerk and cashier, retiring in 1883 on a small competency; his son. whose portrait is also found herein, was cashier. until his death, in
Her Majesty's Printing Office. Can there be a greater testimonial of the integrity of these three generations than is contained in the words, "three whole lives in confidential relationship with their fellows, and no stain upon the escutcheon?"
Beyond this simple narrative of life‑long service William Collyer Shinn would not go, saying: "For anything else you must try and read it in the photograph which I have much pleasure in sending you." Since then I have grasped his hand, and formed a part of his family life. He was a man to be honored, and for anything else I say, "You must read it in the engraving made from the photograph he sent to me." I subjoin another part of his letter to show the lack of courtesy that prevails in "officialdom."
"Your interpretation of the Saxon word 'Sinninga' interests us very much, as well as the general subject on which you are bestowing so much time and attention, and which we hope, in spite of all difficulties, will be attended with satisfactory results. When we think of the great energy you have displayed our little effort appears so insignificant as hardly to deserve attention. All public officers in London are anything but communicative, and only disposed to answer specific questions. They will not enter into a general subject, nor take any trouble to elucidate; and it is consequently very difficult to get information."
He died in January, 1903, being 88 years of age. A gentleman in London in March, 1903, wrote these words announcing his death. "He was a thorough representative of the Shinn family, with all the characteristics; one of the best and cleverest of men; a man devoted to his family, and whose first thought was for their interests; his next thought was for the good of others; his demise is deplored by many relatives and friends:
PEDIGREE OF WILLIAM COLLYER SHINN.
John Shinn (1).‑‑In 1757 was in business in Grosvenor Row, Chelsea, London.
Had a son, John (2), who in 1857 was in business in Lindsay Row, Chelsea.
Also another Benjamin (1) who was living in Hereford in 1810.
John Shinn (2).‑‑Succeeded to his father's business in Grosvenor Row. Had
three sons, John (3), Benjamin (4) and William (5).
John Shinn (3).‑‑In business for many years at Battersea, Surrey: Died in 1825.
Had one son, John (6).
John Shinn (6).‑‑In business at Smith St., Chelsea. Died in 1858. Had a family,
about whom little is known except that his only son, John (7), left
England probably for America.
Benj. Shinn (4).‑‑Died at Kensington in 1862. Had one son. Thomas (8), who
died in 1840.
Wm. Shinn (5).‑‑Died at Chelsea in 1859. Had two sons, William Collyer (9)
and Charles Gould (10), died in 1882. Had no sons.
Wm. C. Shinn (9).‑‑Died at New Wandsworth, London. 1903. aged 88. Has two
sons, Thomas (11) and William (12).
Thos. Shinn (11).‑‑Born in 1842. Chief Cashier at Her Majesty's Printers; died
1891; one daughter.
Wm. Shinn (12).‑‑Unmarried; resides in India.
William C. Shinn had two sisters who married and reared families. Besides the two sons named. he was the father of two daughters; one daughter married Charles Thomas; the other married a Whitehouse, who deceased. The son, William, is not married, and is the only one of this line bearing the name.
My next work in London was with Mr. George W. Shinn, Organist at Brighton Church. London, and a musical composer of great merit. In March, 1890, he wrote:
"My family have been settled in London about sixty years. My grandfather was born in Mildenhall. Suffolk. I have reason to believe that the family of Shinn came originally from Mildenhall. for several persons of the name. whom I have met in London, have referred to Mildenhall, or its neighborhood. as the homes of their ancestors. The name is not uncommon in Mildenhall, and I have met with it in the adjoining Counties of Cambridge and Essex. There are few, however, of the name in London. So far as my memory goes, none of the name have ever been distinguished. They have been mostly people of the middle class, and have led respectable and uneventful lives. I have a book of poems written by a Mildenhall man, and amongst the names of the subscribers is that of 'Captain George Shinn of the United States Navy.' This was in 1850. Probably he was on a visit to England.
"Yours truly, GEO. W. SHINN."
This letter turned my thoughts in a new direction, but did not lead to direct results. It was after I learned that John Shinn's name was originally spelled Sheen that I realized its full force. The trifling circumstance of a Mildenhall man writing a poem, which a naval captain named Shinn, subscribed for, fixed my attention. however, upon Mildenhall and its neighborhood.
This George W. Shinn of Brighton Church has made a name for himself in music. He has composed: "The March of the Israclites," a "Benedictus" and a "Nune Dimittis." Rev. Geo. Wolff Shinn, Rector of Newton Parish, Newton, Mass., is of the opinion that each of these productions is a work of very great merit. Musicians inform me that these productions give Mr. Geo. W. Shinn of Brighton the right to a distinguished place in the musical world.
Having been referred to John Shinn, Ledbury, Herefordshire, I addressed him a communication, which brought this reply:
"Ledbury, Jan. 15, 1890.
"I have no idea where the seat of the Shinn family formerly was. The most that I know is that my grandfather, John Shinn, Cooper, lived here. He died in 1846. My father's name was Richard Shinn. also a Cooper; he died in 1883. I had an uncle,
John Shinn, a Wesleyan preacher, who went to America about forty‑five years ago, and died at St. Louis in 1884. I can not go back further than my grandfather.
"Yours respectfully, JOHN SHINN."
The family referred to at St. Louis is a most respectable one. One son of the deceased preacher held a responsible position on the Globe Democrat for many years; other children are in good business relations there, and in Oregon. The grandchildren are intelligent and energetic people. This and two other families to be mentioned hereafter are the only ones I have found in the United States who do not form part of the army of John Shinn's descendants. The rector at Ledbury, England, wrote me in 1896 that the Shinns of that County were an eminently respectable family.
Turning to the history of Herefordshire, I came to the conclusion after reading it that the Shinns were not an old family in that County. The Chinns seem to have been there from the beginning, but the Shinns are first named about the beginning of the eighteenth century. But an examination of the Parish Register shows that the family there is as old as in Suffolk. The registers say:
3/16/1557 Margaret Shynne was buried.
3/5/1565 William Shynne buried.
1575 Joan Shynne a god mother at a christening.
An examination of Wm. C. Shinn's pedigree will show that John Shinn (1) had a son Benjamin, whose descendants are not traced.
For the last four years I have given my attention to the Eastern Counties, and will in the next chapter identify John Sheen, so far as the evidence in hand will warrant an opinion.
JOHN SHINN, OF ALBURY.
Besse's Suffering of Friends is a mass of facts, but being without an index, its reader is compelled to read everything within its compass to obtain the most trifling fact. I read the first volume and found nothing that would connect John Shinn with the hardships of the 17th century. The second volume was taken up and seemed to be as unpromising as the first. But is was not so. On page 205 of Vol. II, under the County Hertfordshire, I found this entry:
"At the Quarter Sessions on the 12th of the 11th Month, 1662, John Shinn of Albury and Jeremiah Deane of Hartford were committed to prison on a process against them for absence from their Parish Church and for not paying the Court fees."
In the same county I found this entry: "1663 Robert Dimsdale excommunicated for practicing chirurgery without the Bishop's license, was committed to Hartford Gaol and remained there some years." This is the only reference in Besse's Suffering to John Shinn, or to any one bearing that surname. The 12th of the 11th month, 1662, O. S., would be Jan. 12th, 1663. On that day at the shire town, Hertford, John Shinn was sent to jail for not attending the parish church; he was described as of Albury; in 1678‑1679 or 1680 a Quaker, John Shinn, master of a family, appears at the infant settlement at Burlington, N. J., and enrolls himself with Friends at that place, and died a member of that society thirty years later. That John Shinn of Albury, Hertfordshire, was a member in good standing in the Established Church of England is proved by the action of the Court of Quarter Sessions. Refusal to attend the Parish Church and to pay Court fees point to the conclusion that he had imbibed the principles of Fox, and was firm in claiming his right to worship where he pleased. In fifteen years we find John Shinn with a large family and considerable substance in the wilds of New Jersey, on Birch Creek, in a log house, which he called "Springfield Lodge." The first reference to the man in American history is in 1680, when the Court Minutes
of Burlington show "John Sheen" and "Clement Sheen," freeholders; the second reference is in the
same year, when John Sheen is noted as a "Grand Juror" for this settlement in the woods; the third reference is an attestation of the Clerk of Burlington Court that John Sheen had reported for record as required by law for hogs, cattle and horses the following device: ?? Clement Sheen appears in 1680 as a frecholder, but is never mentioned again in any church or court record. Salter in his history of Monmouth County states that Clement Shinn and Eliza, his wife, had a claim for land at Shrewsbury, and that George Shinn had a like claim. The most diligent search fails to show that either Clement or George Shinn were ever at Shrewsbury. Their names do not appear in the minutes of either Court or Church. These men bought rights to locate land at Shrewsbury, but never had the right surveyed. They remained in England in all probability until John Shinn emigrated, when they embarked with him, and Clement Sheen became a freeholder at the same time that John did. For thirty years thereafter John Shinn's name appears with remarkable frequency upon both civil and religious records. George appears at times, but as a son of John. Clement is never mentioned again, and was probably an old man, and the father or grandfather of John Shinn. And this man Robert Dimsdale who, as we have seen. was likewise incarcerated in Hertford gaol, appears several years afterwards in Burlington County, N. J., buys a large body of land on Dimsdale's Run, and returns to England. Before leaving, however. he selected John Shinn, of Birch Creek, to act as his agent for the sale of the land. This seems to warrant the conclusion that Robert Dimsdale and John Shinn were friends, and that their friendship began in Essex or Hertfordshire in England. In the parish of Essex, in which Dimsdale was reared, there was a "Springfield Lodge," and John Shinn named his wildwood home under that ancient title. The records show that he was a "Wheelwright," a "Millwright," and a "husbandman"; that he came as a "master of a Family," and not as a "Redemptioner"; that he becomes at once a "Freeholder," and is at once made a "Grand juror"; that Dimsdale entrusts him with the fiduciary relation, "Agent"; that he became a "Proprietor"; that for years he was "Overseer," at Springfield Mecting of Friends; that his children married sons and daughters of "Proprietors," "Assemblymen," and the "Elite," of New Jersey; that he died in a good old age, surrounded by children and grandchildren, having an abundance of means, and blessed with the friendship of the wisest and the best of early New Jersey days. If there is any certainty in historic relations, it would seem that John Shinn of Albury (1663), a prisoner for Conscience sake, was John Shinn of Burlington, N. J. (1678‑1711).
FURTHER IDENTIFICATION OF JOHN SHINN AS TO HIS IMMEDIATE ANOESTORS.
Albury is a name of two parishes in Hertfordshire, and the adjunct "of Albury," used in the Court records of 1663 in the trial of John Shinn for contumacy, do not distinguish between them. This necessitated the examination of both registers; one of them did not go back far enough to be of any use. The other was examined by Mr. Stockley from 1620 to 1680, but contained no reference to John Shinn, or any one of that surname, save "Walter Sheen buried 1661." This bore out my assumption that Albury was not the ancient seating place of the Shinns, although in a near neighborhood. The business relations of John Shinn called him into that parish, where he possibly resided a few years, and where he was arrested and sent to jail. Walter may have been a son; and the fact that the church registers contain a notice of his burial at a time so near to the day when proceedings were instituted at Hertford against John, and do not contain the name of Shinn in any other place, shows that the residence at Albury was temporary,
and that Walter was a member of the family. Could all the events of those days of religious fanaticism be known it might appear that John Shinn had been driven by persecution from some other place and was merely a denizen of Hertford seeking rest. But whether there as citizen in business, or refugee for conscience sake, he failed to find peace. The gates of a prison closed upon him, and Hertfordshire has left no other monument to his name. But rest came to him on the waters of the Assincunk, where a record of good deeds make a shaft more enduring than marble, and more honorable than an armory and crest.
I shall now present a conjectural pedigree of John Shinn (1678‑1711) as to his ancestry in England. The quotations from the many registers of Eastern England show that as early as the beginning of the16th Century the family was widely dispersed over many Counties. The recurrence of the word John burdens the investigation with difficulties almost insurmountable. But there were certain ear‑marks of the family in its early New Jersey history, that seem to indicate where our investigation should be made.
1. John Shinn of New Jersey was accompanied at his landing by Clement
Shinn. No register in England that has been examined yields a Clement
save those of Freckenham and Soham Parishes. This name stands there
alone, clear cut, and beacon like, as it stands alone in New Jersey history.
It seems to say: "Go to Freckenham or Soham for the ancestor of John."
2. John Shinn of New Jersey named his sons John, Francis, George, Thomas
and James. And one of his grandsons, son of John, was given the name
Clement, and another Francis. And in the pages which follow, showing
the American descendants, it will be seen that Francis and Clement recur
with remarkable frequency.
The Mildenhall register deals with John, Thomas, Richard and William. Francis and Clement do not appear. The Freckenham register not only presents the single case of Clement, but shows that he was the son of John. who was the son of Francis, born as carly as 1520. It also shows that John and Francis were favorite names. I present the Mildenhall pedigree of John Sheene, born 1550, as made up from the Mildenhall register to show that no one of that family bearing the name John could have gone to New Jersey in 1678. It is as follows:
THE MILDENHALL PEDIGREE OF JOHN SHEENE OF 1550.
John Sheene (b. 1550) married at Mildenhall (???) and had:
1. Thomas Shene (b. 1551; ob. 1610) married (1) at Mildenhall June, 1578,
J(???) Bonet; married (2) at same place, July, 1589, Maria Corkett;
she died 1617. The first marriage entry spells his name Shene; the
second Sheene. There is but one child recorded:
1. Anne, daughter of Thomas Sheen, b. April 1590; ob. May 1590.
2. John Sheene (b. 1553; ob. 1607), married June, 1587, Anne Che(???) and had:
1. John Sheene, b. July 1588; ob. 7/5/1664; married Jan. 1632 Ann Rolf
1. Rachel Sheene, b. Sept. 1633; ob, 8/19/1662.
2. John Shyn, b, March 1638; ob. 3/30/1639.
3. John Sheen, b. Nov. 1640; ob. 1/20/1669; married Amy (???)
1662 and had:
1. Elizabeth Shin, b. 2/2/1663.
2. John Shin, b. 7/22/1666.
3. Hannah Shin, b. 3/9/1669.
4. Catherine Shin, b. Oct. 1646.
2. Thomas Sheene, b. Sept. 1589; married and had:
1. Augustine Sheene. (See will, Chapter XI.)
3. Nicholas Sheene, b. Nov. 1592; married Sarah Bolton of the family of
the present Lord Nelson, whose father, upon the death of Lord
Nelson, Baron of Trafalgar, renounced his patronymic, Bolton, and
look the name of his uncle, Nelson, and the title, Lord Nelson. Nicholas
Sheene died before 1653, leaving a will (see Chapter XI); his wife
left a will dated 3/7/1653, naming her late husband, Sheene, his sister,
and his nephew, Augustine Sheene. No children.
4. Richard Sheene, b. Oct. 1595; ob. 2/20/1638.
5. William Sheene, b. Oct. 1598; ob. 7/24/1644.
6. ((???) Sheene), married (???) Chittock (see Sarah Bolton's will).
7. Francis Sheene, b. Feb. 1604; ob. May 1639.
8. Elizabeth Shyn (b. 1606), married 9/9/1639, John Avis.
Note.‑‑The words in parenthesis as to dates are conjectural.
I now set out the Freckenham pedigree of Francis Sheene, born 1520‑1525, as made up from the register. To my mind this is the line from which John Shinn of New Jersey sprang. There is always room for error in conjectural pedigrees, but in this case the conjecture is reduced to a minimum, viz., the marriage of Clement Shinn, who is recorded on the register as born 11/12/1593; the register says nothing of his marriage nor of his death. He evidently removed from the parish, married elsewhere, and had children; this view is strengthened by the fact that John Shinn, the emigrant to New Jersey, who was accompanied by a Clement Sheen, lived at Albury in Hertfordshire. Clement may have lived in Essex or Hertfordshire. The Soham register shows his marriage and death.
THE FRECKENHAM PEDIGREE OF FRANCIS SHINN (1520‑1525).
Francis Sheene (b. 1525); lived in Freckenham Parish. The register shows these births:
1. (???) (???), daughter of Francis Sheene; baptized 1551.
2. Mary Sheene; baptized 1564.
3. John Sheene; married (1) Anne (???), who died in 1617; (2) Marie (???),
who died 1620; (3) Marie Spatkes, who died 1628; (4) (???) (???), and
had by first marriage:
1. Edward Sheene, b. 1588; rector of Little Fransham 1610; had children:
1. Elizabeth Shene, b. 1617.
2. Lucas Shene, b. 1623.
3. Edward Shene, b. 1625; married Dorothy Jermyn, daughter of Sir
Thomas Jermyn (see will, Chapter XI); children:
1. Jermyn Shene. 2. Annie Sheene. 3. Sarah Shene.
2. Clement Sheene, son of John. Sheene, baptized 11/24/1593; m. at Soham.
Grace, and had children:
1. Margaret Shin, b. 1624; ob. 1626.
2. Henry Shin, b. 1627; ob. 1674.
3. Thomas Shin, b. 1630.
4. John Shin, b. 1632; m. Jane.
5. Francis Shin, b. 1634; m. Alice Carter, 1663, and had Mary, Francis and
6. Clement Shin, b. 1637.
7. Grace Shin, b. 1640; m. John Howlett, 1663.
This is a transcript of the Soham register, and shows the removal of Clement from Freckenham, and accounts for the fact that no mention of his marriage or burial occurs on that register. These items appear on the Soham record.
3. Francis Sheene, b. 1595; married Joan (???); she ob. 1631; had children:
1. Elizabeth Sheene, b. 1616.
2. Francis Sheene, b. 1618.
3. John Sheene, b. 1623; ob. 1631.
4. Thomas Sheene, b. 1627.
All noted on the register as children of Francis.
4. William Sheene, b. 1604; married (???) and had children:
1. Anna, b. 1642.
2. Mary, b. 1645.
5. Anna Sheene, b. 1608.
6. Margaret Sheene, b. 1610.
7. John Sheene, b. 1614; ob. 1614.
8. Nicholas Sheene, b. 1614; ob. 1615.
By the second marriage:
9. John Sheene, b. 1619.
By the third marriage:
10. Anne Sheene b. 1621.
By the fourth marriage:
11. Thomas Sheene, b. 1630; ob. 1631.
4 Francis Sheene, m. and had children:
1. Clement, b. 1592, who m. Sarah (???) at Soham and had:
1. John Sheen, of New Jersey, who m. Jane.
In every case where a child is placed in the above pedigree (save where enclosed in a parenthesis) the register shows that he or she was a son or daughter of the name under which the name is placed. A reference to chapter X, where the registers are printed verbatim, will make this evident.
THE ARMS AND ORESTS OF THE FAMILY.
In the Royal Book of Crests for Great Britain and Ireland, edited by Jos. McLaren, published by Knight & Butler, London, the family crest of the Sheen family in England is given as follows:
"Out of a mural coronet, a staff, raguly, vert."
The coronet is "obsidional."
The Crest for the family of Sheen in England and Ireland is given as follows:
"A sword crect, blade enfiled with a rebel's head, all ppr."
These crests are also given in Fairbairn's Crests and in Burke. The arms are:
"Or. three piles issuant from the chief gu. within a bordure, engr. erm."
Heraldry is a relic of the feudal ages, where it was employed to display the exploits of chivalry. Armorial bearings was the symbolic language of Europe. Exhibited on the shields and vestments of warriors, they adorned the most splendid apparel of peace, and were often transferred to more durable materials to perpetuate the memory of those who bore them. The volume of "Royal Crests" above referred to has this language:
"A crest is the uppermost part of an armory. The crest is deemed a greater mark of nobility than the armory, as it was worn at tournaments, to which none were admitted until they had given strong proofs of their magnanimity. Hence the word crest is, figuratively, used for spirit or courage. The original purpose of a crest was to make a commander known to his men in battle."
The crest was worn by the knight on his helmet and was sometimes adopted as the sole armorial bearing. "Vert, or green, signifies hope, joy, or loyalty in love." (Wade's Symbolisms of Heraldry.) Ragulee, raguly, or raguled, means jagged or notched irregularly, and signifies "difficulties which have been overcome." (Wade and Fairbairn.)
A mural coronet is one embattlemented on the edge of the circle. Embattled signifies fire. Nisbet and all ancient writers state that it denotes the walls of a fortress; the mural crown was applicable to the defenders of a fortress, or as a token of civic honor, following the Roman custom of giving a mural crown to him who first mounted the breach. When a head or any charge is placed on the blade of a sword it is enfiled with whatever is borne upon it. The human head stands for honor. The head of a rebel refers to deeds of prowess in the Civil Wars.
The Shanns of Tadcaster, York, whose pedigree begins 1726, have arms: Vair on a pile, or three escutcheons azure; each charged with an annulet of the second. Crest.‑‑In front of an annulet, gold, a hand erect holding a dagger, all proper. Motto, Fideliter.
The similarity of the crest would seem to indicate a family tie of some kind. The rebel's head enfiled upon a sword seems to set a value to a tradition of Germany that the "Scheins" were the fiercest knights in the Hussite Wars. It is said that they literally "skinned" their victims alive. I am not familiar with heraldry, and confess that I have not taken any great pleasure in writing this chapter. The prowess of our ancestry is worthy of remembrance, but a student of history cannot but feel aggrieved that many who in times past presented the most gorgeous armory had an ancestry whose prowess was not remarkable. Vanity on the part of the descendants enabled them to adopt any armory they chose, and in after years when the right to use a crest and armory was brought under some kind of regulation, the blandishments of these descendents were strong enough to overcome the scruples of the herald. In this way crests and armories came to be the exclusive furniture of a caste that had little else to recommend it to a thinking world. There is an element of nobility in heraldry which should be recognized. That element, however, seems to have been supplanted by vain glory and exclusive presumption. I leave this part of my work with no regret, and pass into the life of the Shinn family in America, where crests and armories have little place.
Before passing, however, I add a few lines of explanation. A manor was a landed property held by a lord or a great personage, who lived on a part of the land and sublet the remainder by what was called a copyhold, or lease. The Conqueror granted all Suffolk to a few of his great lords. They in turn created many copyhold estates. The extravagance of their descendants led them, or forced them to convert many of these copyholds into freehold, or fee simple estates. The Shinns acquired wealth by peaceful pursuits, and thus became freeholders in Essex, Norfolk, Suffolk, Cambridge, Herefordshire, Hertfordshire and Devonshire.
1. The Genealogical Numbers.‑‑These are the consecutive numbers from 1 on indefinitely, and are found on the left side of each page. They simply number the descendants of John and Jane Shinn, the emigrants to New Jersey, 1678.
2. The first five generations are treated so as to show the descendants, so far as found, of every descendant of John and Jane Shinn. The Generation numbers will be placed after every name in small type, and all these names will appear at the head of each separate article; the full name of every person whose history is being
studied, preceded by his genealogical number, and followed by the given name of his ancestors in a parenthesis, with their generation numbers. For example:
847. JOSLAH HAZEN SHINN (5).‑‑BRNJAMIN (4), SAMUEL (3), THOMAS (2),
This means that Josiah Hazen Shinn is the 847th name reached in the mechanical making of the book; that his father was Benjamin, of the fourth generation from John; his grandfather Samuel in the third, etc. If further knowledge concerning Benjamin is desired, one has but to turn back in the book until the genealogical number 847 is reached. He will find there Josiah H. Shinn under this head:
476. BENJAMIN SHINN (4).‑‑SAMUEL (3), THOMAS (2), JOHN (1).
By successive changes the history of Samuel may be reached; then Thomas, then John.
3. When the sixth generation is reached the plan changes. Under each name in the sixth generation are given all the descendants, so far as found, of each one in that generation. The generation number is then placed after the name, for example:
1024. John Shinn (6)‑‑James (5), John (4), George (3), Vincent (2),
His children were:
1857. (1) Mary Shinn (7), married Lewis Brown and had:
1858. (1) Thomas Brown (8).
1859. (2) John Shinn (7), married Ellen Kirk and had:
1860. (1) Mary Shinn (8), married Jay Cook and had
1861. (1) Louisa Cook (9).
1862. (2) John Cook (9).
1863. (2) John Shinn (8), o. s. p.
1864. (3) Lewis Shinn (7).
A little attention will make this clear. It means that Mary Shinn's number is 1857, that she is the first child of John (6) and therefore in the seventh generation. Number 1858 is the first child of Mary Shinn (7), and the grandchild of John (6), and therefore in the eighth generation. Each new set of children is set further to the right. The family numbers are in parentheses and immediately under each other. Thus, in the case above, the children of John (6) are (1) Mary (7), (2) John (7), (3) Lewis (7). The grandchildren are Thomas Brown (8) and John Shinn (8.) The great grandchildren are Louisa Cook (9) and John Cook (9). All 7s under a given 6 are brothers, sisters, or brothers and sisters; all 8s under a given 6 are brothers, sisters, or brothers and sisters, if they fall under the same 7; if they fall under different 7s, they are first cousins; all 9s under a given 6 are brothers, sisters, or brothers and sisters, if they fall under the same 8; if under different 8s, but the same 7?? they are first cousins; if under 8s and different 7s, they are third cousins; each 9 under a given 8 is second cousin to every other 8 under the same 6, except the 8s under its own 7; one 8 there is father or mother, the others his uncles and aunts.
5. There are a few technical words and abbreviations which may need some explanation: o. s. p. means died without issue; d., daughter or died; ob. infans, died in infancy; b., born; cum testamentum, with a will; B. M. M. R., Burlington Monthly Meeting Records; liber means book; circa, about; pat. fam., father of the family; ob. idem anno, died the same year; ob. vita patris, in the life of the father; W. J., West Jersey; ob., died; Mt. H. M. M. R., Mt. Holly Monthly Meeting Records; N. J. W., New Jersey Wills; M. L. R., marriage license recorded; intestate, without a will.
PART SECOND‑‑THE FAMILY OF SHINN IN THE UNITED STATES.
1. JOHN SHINN AND EARLY NEW JERSEY.
In the spring of 1677 two hundred and thirty Quakers left London on the ship Kent for West Jersey. Half of these were from London and the other half from Yorkshire. Smith, in his "History of Nova C‘sarea; or, New Jersey," gives a partial list of these emigrants, but the name of John Shinn does not appear therein. He also says that these chose as a landing place the spot where Burlington now stands, and there began a settlement, which they named New Beverley; this was afterwards changed to Bridlington, after a town in Yorkshire, from whence many of the settlers came, and subsequently to Burlington. Smith also gives partial lists of emigrants who followed these in the year 1678, and in a general way names others who came between 1678 and 1680. In this general list will be found the name of John Shinn. In the old records of Burlington now in the office of the Secretary of State at Trenton, showing the freeholders for the year 1680, the names of "John Sheen" and "Clement Sheen" appear. The same records show that in the same year John Sheen was a grand juror.
From the record of the Men's Monthly Meeting of Friends at Burlington it appears that on the 7th day of the 12th month (February), 1680, the Friends addressed a letter to the London yearly meeting, which Bowden transcribes in his history,1 with the remark that this was the earliest communication received by the London yearly meeting from any meeting in America.
As a matter of religious interest, the letter, as it appears upon the Burlington M. M. Records, now deposited in the fireproof safe of the Friends at Philadelphia, Pa., is given in full:
"Dear Friends and Brethren whom God hath honored with his heavenly Presence and crowned with Life and Dominion as some of us have been Eye witnesses (and in our measures partakers with you) in these solemn Annual Assemblies in ye Remembrance of which our hearts and souls are consolated and do bow before ye Lord with Reverent acknowledgments to him to whom it belongs forever.
"And dear friends being fully satisfied of your Love, care and zeall for ye Lord and his Truth and your Travill and desire for ye promotion of it: hath given us encouragement to address ourselves to you and Request your assistance in these following particulars being sensible of ye need of itt and believing yt itt will conduce to ye hounour of God and benefit of his people for ye Lord having by an overruling Providence cast our lots in this remote pt of ye world, our care and desire is yt he may be hounoured in us and through us, and his Dear truth which we profess may be had in good Repute and Esteem by those yt are yet Strangers to itt.
"Dear ffriends our first Request to you is yt in your severall countyes & meetings out of which any may transport themselves into this place, yt you will be pleased to take care yt we may have Certifycates concerning them for here are severall honest Innocent People yt brought no Certifycates with them from ye Respective Monthly Meetings not foreseeing ye Service of ym and so never Desired any which for ye future of such defect do Entreat you yt are sensiable of ye need of Certifycates to put ym in mind of ym for in some Caces where Certifycates are Required & yt have none itt ocations a great and tedious delay before they can be had from England besides ye Hazzard of Letters Miscarying which is not Necessary to ye Parties immediately & no wayes gratefull to Us yet in some cases necessity urgeth it or we must Act very Unsafely and pticularly in cases of Marriage in which we are often Concerned so if ye parties yt come are single and
1History of Friends in America.
Marriageable att their Coming away we Desire to be Certifyed of their clearness or unclearness from other pties & what else you think meet for us to Know, and if they have parents whether they will commit ym to the Care of Friends in Generall in ye matter or appoint ant pticular whome they can trust & if any do incline to come that pfess truth & yet walk disorderly & so become dishounourable to Truth and ye pfession they have made of it we do desire to be Certyfied of ym & it by some other hand (as there is frequent opportunities from London of doing itt) for we are sensiable yt here are severall yt left no good Savour in yr native Land from whence they came & it may be probable yt more of yt Kind may come thinking to be Absconded in ys obscure place. But blessed be ye Lord he hath a pple here whom he hath provoked to a Zealous affection for ye Glory of his name & are desirous yt ye hidden things of Easau may be brought to Light & in it be condemned for wch cause we thus Request your assistance as an advantage & Furtherance to yt Work for though some have not thought it necessary either to bring Certificates themselves or Require any Concearning others we are not of yt mind and do leave itt to ye wise in heart to Judge whence it doth proceed for though we Desire this as an additional help to us, yet not as some have surmised yt we wholly build upon it without exercising our own immediate sence as God shall Guide us some we know yt have been other wise deserving but have Unadvisedly denied this Impartial right of a certificate & very hardly could obtain it, merely through ye dislike of some to ye undertakings in their coming hether which we believe to be an injury & though we would not any should reject any sound advice or council in ye matter yet we do believe yt all ye faithful oughtto be Left to God's Direction in ye matter most certainly knowing by ye Shurest Evedence yt God hath a hand in ye Removall of some into this Place wch we desire yt all yt are inclined to come heither who know God may be carefull to know before they attempt itt at least their Tryals become unsuportable unto them but if this they know they need not fear for ye Lord is known by Sea & Land ye Shield & Strength of ym ht fear him.
"And Dear Friends one thing more we think needfull to Intimate to you to warn and advise all yt come pfessing truth yt they be carefull & Circumspect in their passage for itt is well known to some of you yt such as are imployed in sea affairs are commonly men of ye Vilest sort & many of ym use Great Diligence to betray ye Simple ones which if they can do they triumph in itt & spread it from nation to nation to defame truth theirfore Let all be warned of it especially Young Women that they behave themselves modestly & chastly yt they may not be corrupted in mind & so drawn to gratify ye wanton Luxurious inclination of any for many temptations may be met with some Times through short or Straight allowance for ye Enlargement of wch some have complyed wth that w??h hath Dishounoured God & grieved his people & though we Know yt true friends are never enabled ym to submit to any unrighteousness to gratify so mean an End yet all ye Professors of Truth are not of yt Growth & for their sakes it is intended yt all may be preserved & grow in truths Dominion.
"So Dear Friends this wth what further you may apprehend may tend to truths pmotion in this Place we desire your assistance which will be very kindly and gladly Received by us who are Desirous of an Amicable Correspondency with you and do claim a part wth you in yt holy Body & Eternall Union which ye bond of Life is ye Strength of in wch God preserve you & us who are your ffds & Brethren.
"Several friends not being present at ye sd meeting have since as a testimony of yr Unity with ye thing subscribed their names.
"From our mens monthly meeting in Burlington in West Jersey ye 7th of ye 12th Month 1680.
"To our dear Friends and Bretheren of ye Yearly Meeting of London."1
In this transcription, and upon the books of the Burlington meeting, among other names may be found that of John Shin. From these authentic facts it is certain that John Shinn was in New Jersey in 1680, and probably in 1678; it is also certain that he was a freeholder and a member of the Society of Friends. It is also certain, as will appear hereafter, that he was the head of the family, and brought that family with him to America.
In order to a clearer understanding of much that will be adduced hereafter, to show the general character of John Shinn and the esteem accorded to him and his children by the earliest settlers of New Jersey, it will be necessary to give a sketch of the reasons leading up to the settlement and a brief synopsis of the laws governing it.
In 1664 Charles II granted to his brother, James, Duke of York, by royal charter, a part of the territory wrested from the Dutch. On June 23d of the same year the Duke conveyed a portion of this territory to John Lord Berkeley, Baron of Stratton, and Sir George Carteret of Satrum, in the County of Devon. This instrument was the first one to define the boundaries of New Jersey, and gave it the name "Nova Cesarea, or New Jersey."
These two proprietors at once drew up a constitution for the colony, which gave equal privileges and liberty of conscience to all. This instrument was called "The Concessions and Agreements of the Lords, Proprietors of the Province of New C‘sarea, or New Jersey, to and with All and Every of the New Adventurers, and All Such as Settle or Plant There," and continued in force until the division of the province, in 1676. It appointed Philip Carteret Governor, and authorized the freemen of the province to choose representatives annually from among themselves, who, in conjunction with the Governor and Council, were to form the General Assembly for the enactment of laws. To hasten the growth of the province, lands were given under certain easy conditions to all who should transport themselves thither. In 1674 Lord Berkeley, being well advanced in years, gave notice that he would sell his share of the propriety.
1A careful perusal of the communication will satisfy any one familiar with a great
mass of modern caurch correspondence and records, that this body of Christians in
the wilds of New Jersey was fully equal to their modern brethren in bad orthography,
grammar, and prolixity of utterance, and superior to them in matter and zeal. In an
age when immigration was eagerly desired it is pleasant to contemplate a society
trying to keep its membership pure. The settlers of Burlington were men to whom
the creation of a sound society might safely be committed. And they discharged their
trust with honor to themselves and glory to the cause of purity, honesty, and truth.
This letter was quoted by Smith in his History of New Jersey, and referred to by
Proud in his History of Pennsylvania. The manuscript copy was owned by Smith
and was perused by Proud; it is now in the possession of the N. J. Historical Society.
It was undervalued by both Smith and Proud. In a letter of Col. Morris concerning
the state of religion in the Jerseys in 1700, the character of these signers is referred
to in the following language: "In West Jersey in the year 1699 there were 832 freeholders,
of which there were 266 Quakers. The Quakers in that Province are the men
of the best rank and estates. The rest of the province (generally speaking) are a
hotch potch of all religions." Col. Morris was a firm Church of England man.
The persecution of Quakers marked the reign of Charles II, and many of their evangelists had been driven to America. Two of these preachers‑‑William Edmunson and George Fox‑‑had passed through New Jersey, whose soil was said to be good, and, taken altogether, "A most brave country." It would be a useless repetition of well‑known facts to narrate the suffering of the Quakers during this period. Church and State united to make them miserable, indeed. But there appear to have been causes for suffering other than those of polities or religion. Miss Amelia Mott Gummere1 says: "If we consider the destruction of life occasioned by the terrible plague of 1665, when 1,177 persons, out of London meeting alone, were buried in Bunhill Fields;2 the destruction of property belonging to the survivors by the fire which swept over the city in the following year, together with the persecution so rigorously pursued during the troublous periods of the protectorship and restoration, we cannot wonder at the desire of Friends to escape and seek liberty of conscience in a free land." It was not long after Lord Berkeley's announcement of his determination to sell that a sale was made of his half of the province to two Quakers‑‑John Fenwick and Edward Byllinge. In 1675 Fenwick, with a number of settlers, established the town of Salem. Fenwick and Byllinge divided their half of the province, which came to be called West Jersey, into 100 parts, of which Fenwick received ten,3 and Byllinge the remainder. Fenwick's settlement was upon his tenth. Byllinge met with a ??crics of reverses and assigned his property to William Penn, Gawen Lawrie and Nicholas Lucas, all Quakers, for the benefit of his creditors. These trustees sold a number of shares of the undivided half of New Jersey to different purchasers, who thereby became proprietors in common with them. These proprictors, on the 3d day of March, 1676, agreed upon a form of government comprising many of the provisions of the instrument formed by Berkeley and Carteret, and called it "The Concessions and Agreements of the Proprietors, Frecholders and Inhabitants of the Province of West Jersey, in America."4 This instrument created, among other things, a set of commissioners, ten in number, to be elected from their own number by ballot annually on the 25th of March, whose duty it was to "govern and order the affairs of the province for the good and welfare of the said people," according to the concessions, and until a general free assembly should be elected. By this agreement each tenth of the original one hundred proprietors was entitled to one commissioner, and the inhabitants of each tenth were the electors upon whom was cast the election of these commissioners.
These Concessions and Agreements were signed by one hundred and fifty‑one persons, many of whom moved to New Jersey and became prominent in the affairs of the infant settlement. Although the name of John Shinn does not appear in the list, yet, as he became one of the proprietaries in a very few years, and lived among these men until his death, we extract the names of such as had to do with the habitat in which John Shinn was afterwards found.
EXTRACT FROM LIST OF SIONERS TO CONCESSIONS AND AGREEMENTS.
1Friends in Burlington, 1884, page 6.
2"Bunhill" is a corruption of Bonehill. A. J. C. Hare's Walks in London.
3These 100 parts came to be called "proprieties." These by a subsequent agreement
were divided into ten parts, designated as "Tenths." Fenwick's share was called
4Gordon's History N. J., Smith's History N. J., N. J. A., Barber and Howe's Historical
Collections, New Jersey.
On the 1st day of July, 1676, a division of the province was made by a deed between George Carteret, one of the parties, and the trustees of Byllinge, the other. Carteret took all east of a line from the east side of Little Egg Harbor, straight north, through the country, to the utmost branch of the Delaware River, and called it "East New Jersey." The rest of it, along the Delaware, fell to Penn and his associates, under the title "West New Jersey," and was to be divided into one hundred parts. Fenwick had already located his tenth in the southern part of West New Jersey. Purchasers were numerous, and in a short time two companies‑‑the first made up of some Friends in Yorkshire and the other of some Friends in London‑‑contracted for shares and received their patents. In 1677 the proprietors sent commissioners to purchase the land from the Indians, to inspect the titles of claimants and to lay off the lands. The commissioners1 representing the Yorkshire proprietors were Robert Stacy, Joseph Helmsley and William Emley. Representing the London proprietors were Thomas Olive, Daniel Wills, John Penford, Benjamin Scott, John Kinsley, Richard Guy and Thomas Foulke. These commissioners, with the exception of Richard Guy, who was already in New Jersey, formed a part of the passenger list on the ship Kent, which sailed for New Jersey in 1677, as has been stated. After their landing at what was afterwards called Burlington, the commissioners negotiated three purchases from the Indians, viz., (1) from Timber Lake to Rankokas Creek, (2) from Oldman's Creek to Timber Creek, (3) from Rankokas Creek to Assunpink. From this territory so purchased the Yorkshire commissioners chose from the Falls of the Delaware down, which was called the First Tenth. The London commissioners chose at Arwaunus (in and near Gloucester), and called it the Second Tenth. Both sets of men, however, united in settling Burlington, a surveyed street being made the dividing line. With this explanatory matter concerning the general history of New Jersey, we pass to the particular history of John Shinn, Senior, the head of the family in America.
Burlington Records, on file at Trenton, N. J., show "John Sheen and Clement Sheen" in a list of freeholders for Burlington in the year 1680. They also show "John Sheen" as grand juror in the same year.
JOHN SHINN,2 SENIOR.
On September 18th, 1680, John Shinn, Senior, bought of William Emley, one of the commissioners, 1‑15 of one of the one hundred shares of West Jersey. This is evidenced (1) by a deed, dated July 17, 1697, wherein John Shinn, of Springfield Township, Burlington County, wheelwright, conveys to his son, James
1Gordon's History of New Jersey, page 39.
Smith's History of New Jersey, page 92.
2Salter in his History of Monmouth and Ocean Counties says that Clement Shinn
and Eliza, his wife, had warrant for 160 acres of land in Shrewsbury in 1676, and
that George Shinn in the same year had a warrant for 60 acres. There is no record
of its survey, and the next reference to Clement Shinn is that of the text. After this
the name Clement disappears from all records, whether of church or state, until the
third generation, when it reappears in the line of John, Senior. The name "Eliza
Shinn" appears in no place save in the text of Salter. From what has already been
written concerning the English branch, it is probable that this "Clement Sheen" was
Shinn, 120 acres,1 being part of the 1‑15 of the propriety bought of William Emley, September 18,1680; Liber AAA, f. 368, N. J. Deeds; (2) by a deed, dated July 15th, 1711, from John Shinn, of same township, to John Shinn, Junior, of the same place, conveying the remainder of the 1‑15 of a share, bought as aforesaid; Liber AAA, f. 368 ??f.
At a meeting of proprietors and freeholders in the First Tenth on the 24th of June, 1684, assessors were chosen to value and list lands. These assessors were directed not only to receive the assessment, but "for ye giving in each persons quantity of land in ye said Tente(h), both of undivided and certain tracts." From the list prepared by said assessors, and headed "The Names of ye Proprietors and Freeholders, and ye Number of Acres They Possess," we gather that John Shinn had that year in the First Tenth "Undivided 300 acres. Located 100 acres."
The list shows eighty‑nine freeholders. Samuel Barker is the only one that shows 1,000 acres; twelve others show from 450 to 650; eight own 400 acres; the remainder had from 50 to 350.2 John Shinn at that early day stood among the well‑to‑do men of Burlington County.
On September 36, 1680, a survey was made for John Shinn of 200 acres on Assincunk Creek, adjoining Eleazer Fenton. (Revel's "Book of Surveys," p. 7.) Again, on February 1, 1681, another survey was made for him of 100 acres on the Brook of Assincunk, adjoining his own land and that of Thomas Budd. Daniel Leeds was the surveyor. (Revel's "Book of Surveys," p. 18.) On September 22, 1682, another survey was made for him of 120 acres between John Butcher, Eleazer Fenton and the West Branch of Assincunk Creek. (Revel's Surveys, p. 34.) On September 6, 1686, Eleazor Fenton sold John Shinn 1‑16 of a share of the original 100 shares of West New Jersey, a wharf lot in the town of Burlington and a house lot on Romb Street, in the same town. (Liber B, Part I, p. 247, Deeds of W. J.) Counting a share at 32,000 acres, as is done by Hon. John Clement, for thirty years a Judge of the Court of Error and Appeal of New Jersey3 this transaction gave John Shinn the right to locate 2,000 acres of land.
Judge Clement contributed an article to the Pennsylvania Magazine of Biography and History,4 from which the following document is extracted:
"On 'th of ye twelfth month 16(8)7.
"The Deputy Governor and Commissioners being then met at ye house of (Henry) Grubb in
Burlington, proposed to Governor Coxe's Agent to join ye
the brother of "John Sheen," and that "George Shinn" was either his brother or son.
We have seen that the Frecken ham Registers record the birth of "Clement Sheen, son
of John Sheen, baptized Nov. 24th, 1593." The age of Clement in 1680 would be
eighty‑seven, which makes it probable that he was the grandfather of John, and the
father of the Clement of the text. When it is remembered that his name appears
nowhere else in Burlington records; that it appears then as a freeholder merely; that
John was then a father of a large family of children, several of whom were of marriageable
age, the deduction is logical that this Clement was about his age; that he
bought lands in England in 1676, but did not go to them; that he actually came to
America when John and his family emigrated; and that he died at Burlington in the
year 1680, or shortly afterwards. This makes the pedigree of John Shinn of Burlington,
N. J., root back to Francis Sheene of Freckenham Parish, England, born 1520.
The spelling of the name "Sheen" connects the family with the English. In England
and New Jersey the spelling crystallized into its present form about 1700. Since
that time it has been uniformly spelled "Shinn" in England and America.
1The land conveyed was bounded W. by John Day; E. by John Butcher; S. by a
branch of Birch Creek; N. by John Shinn. N. J. A., Vol. XXI, p. 506. A survey of
land on Oct. 23, 1680, on Assincunk Creek at Mattacopenny describes the land as
adjoining John Shinn. Revel's Book of Assincunk describes it as adjoining Samuel
Jennings and John Shinn, Ibid. Also N. J. A., Vol. XXI. p. 347. This enhances the
probability of John Shinn being in New Jersey prior to the year 1680.
2Penn. Mag. B??og. and History, Vol. 15, p. 346.
3Surveyors' Association. West New Jersey, p. 123 (1880).
4P. M. B. and H., Vol. 7, p. 335.
proprietors (and) Commissioners in making as large a purchase from ye Indian natives (as can be) had on behalf of ye governor and proprietors of this province."
It was also proposed by the Governor's Agent "that a general warrant be granted to ye Deputy Governor and Commissioners for ye surveying of ye (said) lands belonging to ye first settlements for twelve proprieties." Warrant was issued calling all the proprietors together in order that "their minds may be further known" concerning the legality of the measure and their agreement thereto.
On the 13th of ye 12th month, 1687, the proprietors concluded and agreed as follows:
"That the proprietors find the proposals of the Governor contrary to ye former rules and methods for taking up land." Yet, being desirous to accommodate the Governor and the families from England who had given information of an intention to remove to this province, and the expectation of a great advantage accrning to the province by reason of "peopling the same,"1 agreed that the Governor "may take up ye shares belonging to him for ye (first) divident of twelve priprieties" and authorize the court to issue a warrant to the General Surveyor to survey and lay out the same.
"Ye agreement aforesaid subscribed by ye proprietors underwritten."
On December 14, 1687, John Shinn, of Springfield Lodge, deeded John Crosby, of the same place, millwright, husband of Mary, daughter of said Shinn, one‑half of a three‑hundred‑acre lot on Birch Creek. (W. J. R., Liber B, Pt. 1, pp. 167‑443.) This deed fixes the name of one daughter.
On April 10, 1693, John Shinn deeded to his son‑in‑law, Thomas Atkinson, and his daughter, Sarah, one hundred and ninety‑five acres of land. (W. J. Rec., Liber B, Pt. 2, p. 582.)
On May 25, 1687, John Shinn, Sr., and twenty‑three others, proprietors of several undivided shares of land in West Jersey, conveyed to Thomas Budd 15,000 acres, to be bought from the Indians; grantee to pay the debts of the province according to act of General Assembly for 1687. (W. J. R., Liber B, ff. 150‑231.)
On August 8th, 1686, John Skein, of Peachfield, N. J., sold John Shinn, Sr., 100 acres in the First or Yorkshire Tenth to be located. (W. J. R., Liber B, f. 196.)
On February 12, 1688‑9, John Shinn and other proprietors consent to the agreement made by Dr. Daniel Coxe with East Jersey concerning the partition line. (W. J. R., Liber B. f. 233.)
1The proprietors had issued a long advertisement for distribution in England and
Europe, which "after dwelling on the salubrity of the climate, the good temper of the
Indians, and the manner and costs of setting out from England, closed with the
following advice to the prospective immigrants: 'All persons inclining unto these
parts must know that in their settlement there they will find their exercises. They
must labor before they reap; and, until their plantations be cleared, they must expect
the mosquitoes, flies, gnats and such like, may in hot and fair weather give them some
disturbance, where people provide not against them.' The mosquitoes seem to have
been early recognized as among the most active of the inhabitants of the new country."
The above extract ??s taken from "The Story of an Old Farm," by Andrew D.
Mellick, Jr., a charming book from the writer's standpoint, and full of interesting matter
concerning the first century of New Jersey's existence.
On July 17, 1697, John Shinn, wheelwright, deeded to his son, James Shinn, 120 acres on Birch Creek. (W. J. R., Liber B, f. 619.) In 1707 John Shinn, with divers others of the proprietors and purchasers of West Jersey, sent a remonstrance to Edward Viscount Cornbury, Captain‑General and Governor‑in‑Chief of New York and New Jersey, and asked for the removal of certain prohibitions, in words as follows:
PETITION FROM PROPRIETORS AND PURCHASERS OF WEST JERSEY TO LORD CORNBURY.
(From original in Alexander West Jersey Papers, p. 149.)
To Edward Viscount Cornbury Captain Generale and Governour in Chief in and
Over the Province of New Jersey, New York and All the Territories and
Tracts of Land Depending Thereon in America and Vice Admirall of the
THE HUMBLE PETITION of divers of the proprietors and purchasers of the western division of New Jersey in all humility sheweth.‑‑
That whereas we are fully Informed that the Councill of Proprietors for the western division have received a Prohibition from the Lord Cornbury in Councill held at Amboy the fourteenth day of November Anno Dom: 1706 for granting any warrants for laying out lands &c by reason whereof no warrants can be obtained for that end, to the great prejudice of such as have (as they Conceive) a good and lawful right to take up their Just proportions of land In the division aforesaid haveing as good an undevided right as ony else can pretend to and have also bought the same of the Indians for a very valuable consideration.
WHEREFORE we humbly pray that such prohibition and Impediments may be removed and we evidencing our rights to such person or persons as the Proprietors have appointed to Inspect the same may be admitted thereto and we shall as in duty bound forever pray.
Samuel Lippincott, Junr.
Will Petty, Jr.
John Jones (his mark),
John Day (his mark),
(N. J. Archives, Vol. III, p. 164.)
On July 15, 1711, John Shinn, of Springfield, wheelwright, deeds John Shinn, Jr., one‑seventh of a share of a propriety. (W. J. R., Liber AAA, f. 368.) In the will of John Shinn, Sr., hereafter to be noted, this John, Jr., is identified as a son of John, Sr. On February 2, 1699‑1700, Robert Dimsdale,1 of Bishops
1This man and John Shinn were from the same county in England and by a
singular coincidence were confined together in the same jail at Hertfordshire. After
John Shinn had located in New Jersey Dimsdale removed thither and purchased a
large tract of land on what was afterwards called Dimsdale Run, a small stream that
flows into the Rancocas at Lumbertown. He was twice married, once in England, and
again in New Jersey to Sarah, the daughter of Francis and Mary Collins. He died in
England in 1718 and was buried in the church at Theydon Garnon, in Essex. Through
his descendants by the first wife the name became illustrious. His great‑grandson
was created Baron of the Russian Empire in 1769.
Starford, County of Hertford, England, gave a power of attorney to Francis Davenport, John Shinn and John Scott as land agents. (W. J. R., Liber B, Pt. 2, f. 669.) These records disclose the fact that John Shinn, Sr., between the years 1680, when he first appeared, and 1712, when he died, had been the owner of several thousand acres of land, the largest part of which he gave his children‑‑Mary, Sarah, Thomas, James and John, Jr. The greatest quantity conveyed at any one time was that of July 15, 1711, to John, Jr., of one‑seventh of a share, and raises the probability that John, Jr., was the oldest son. There were other children, as we shall see, who, so far as the records show, received no land from their father. The modern ideas of equity in the division of estates did not find favor with fathers of that time. Primogeniture was in high repute with all land owners, and the oldest son, without superior merit, enjoyed the greater estate, while the younger children, especially the females, were considerd lucky if they were remembered at all. John Shinn may have given his other children‑‑George, Francis, Martha and Esther‑‑land, or money wherewith to purchase it, for the boys Francis and George had estates and died before their father. And while the will of John Shinn, Sr., made John, Jr., and James his general residuary legatees, share and share alike, it is still true that John Shinn, Jr., received the greatest quantity of land, and, so far as the records show, the other children were satisfied with the parental distribution.
Burlington County at this period (1680‑1712) embraced not only its present area, but a large part of Hunterdon County and Nottingham Township, in Mercer County. It is a difficult matter to trace the boundaries of the townships of the county as they existed then, but it is certain that they were larger than they are at present. Springfield Township, in which the greater part of John Shinn's possessions were located, was settled before 1680, and within three years of the settlement at Burlington. The land along the Assincunk was very fertile, and abounded from the very first in superior meadows.1 The region abounds in marl and the farms of the township to this day are large, well adapted to the culture of grain and grass, and show substantial dwellings and barns. The immediate neighbors of John Shinn were men of wealth and of great political and religious influence. Some of these were Samuel Jennings, Eleazer Fenton, Thomas Budd, Robert Stacy and John Butcher. Having traced his land transactions historically, with their accompanying evidences of prosperity, good judgment and thrift, let us turn our attention to his standing and connection with the church.2 John Shinn was a member of Burlington Monthly Meeting of Friends. As we have already seen, John Shinn signed a memorial addressed to the London Yearly Meeting on the 7th day of the 12th month (Feb. 7, 1681), 1680. This establishes his connection with the Friends and raises a strong probability that he was a Friend in England, and brought his certificate of clearness with him.
The minutes of the Burlington Meeting, aside from the signature adduced, do not show any great activity on the part of our subject until 1684, when his name appears with frequency for a period of more than twenty‑five years. In 1683 it was resolved by the meeting to build a meeting house, and to that end it borrowed money of some of the wealthier members and began the work.
On the 5th of the 11th month, 1684,3 the minutes show that the meeting engaged to "pay the under money lent out of the first money received to buy boards for the meeting house." John Shinn subscribed and paid 5 shillings.
1Barber and Howe's Historical Collection of New Jersey, p. 120.
2In Vol. XX?? N. J. A., as a note to Thomas Shinn is appended a long and well
written article concerning the land transactions of John Shinn. It was written after
the one presented in this chapter and by a different hand.
3Wherever dates are adduced they refer to Minutes of Burlington M. M. Meeting
unless otherwise explained.
The accompanying cut shows the old structure after it was finished, and which continued in use until 1787.
On the 5th of the 2d month, 1686 (April 6), John Shinn, Jr., and Ellen Stacy proposed, in open meeting, their intention to marry. On the 5th of the 3d month they appeared the second time, when they were left at liberty to proceed1 On the 4th of the 8th month, 1686, and again on the 8th of the 9th month, John Crosby and Mary Shinn, daughter of John Shinn, appeared before the meeting and announced their intention to marry. On the 2d of the 11th month, 1687, John Shinn, Sr., and nine others were appointed on a committee "to visit a meeting in Pennsylvania, exhibit a complaint against a member of that meeting, and endeavor to bring about a reconciliation."
On the 6th of the 12th month, 1687, and again on the 5th of the 1st month, 1687‑8, "Thomas Shinn, son of John Shinn, and Sarah Shawthorne proposed their intentions of marriage." On the 6th of the 12th month, 1687, John Shinn and John Day were appointed to notify Daniel Leeds to bring in his paper to the Burlington Meeting before sending it to Philadelphia. Daniel Leeds had issued an almanac, which was the first publication ever made in New Jersey or Pennsylvania. Its title page ran thus: "An Almanac for the year of the Christian Account, 1687, particularly respecting the meridian and latitude of Burlington, but may indifferently serve for all places adjacent. By Daniel Leeds, Student in Agriculture. Printed and sold by William Bradford near Philadelphia in Pennsylvania, Pro Anno, 1687." This publication gave offense to the Friends on account of some of its "superfluities," and he was forced to make amends. The following paper shows the hold which the church had gained over the intellect of the man:
1 The rules of the Friends required the young people who proposed marriage to
appear publicly in meeting and make the announcement. The meeting then appointed
a committee to see whether the contracting parties were free from all engagements,
and that the parents consented. After one month the parties reappeared and made
a second announcement, when, if the committee reported them "clear," they were
permitted to consummate their intentions. This was generally done within a few
days at the house of the father of the bride, and with a ceremony which will be more
fally set out hereafter. To be married by a minister or by a civil officer was cause
for "disownment," or excommunication.
"To ye Men's Monthly Meeting at Burlington.
Dear Friends: Wheras, I do understand yt something in my Almanac hath given offonse to ffriends of truth‑‑Therefore I did look uppon myself as bound for satisfaction and vindication of ye blessed to condemn them as wrong and proceeding from a ground yt was out of truth. I being at a loss as to my incondition at ye time of writing thereof, during which loss I have been apt to let in hard thoughts and to pass a forward judgement of some proceedings of ye men's meetings, which I also do condemn, warning all others to have a care of letting in anything against ye good practices of ye Church of Christ in Men and Women's Meeting. Read in ye 5th of ye 12th, month 1687.‑‑Daniel Leeds."
When any of the modern Shinns finds himself wishing for "the good old times," let him read this inquisition of 1687. Daniel Leeds may have printed the signs of the zodiac; he may have called the planets after the fashion of the learned by names which commemorate heathen gods: he may have advertised patent medicines, for proprietary remedies were even at that day a source of revenue for money‑making quacks; he may have criticised the slow‑going pace of the Men's Meeting at Burlington‑‑all sins of enormous degree‑‑but he was at the head of a new enterprise; was forcing thought into the sphere of routine, and did not deserve the censure he received. Thomas I. Wharton, of Philadelphia, has called him "The first author in Pennsylvania or New Jersey in order of time," and all first authors have to stem tides of great opposition. The Quaker opposition in 1687 seemed to appall him, and to bring him closer to the peculiar style of the society. But continued opposition drove both Leeds and Bradford to New York, where Leeds issued a virulent manifesto against Quakerism.
As to the position of John Shinn in the matter, there is no recorded testimony. He executed the duty put upon him by the Society of Friends, and doubtless looked upon Leeds as a refractory member. The families of John Shinn and Daniel Leeds were intimate, and John Shinn, Jr., and Leeds married sisters, the daughters of Robert Stacy. This unfortunate occurrence drove a good man out of the church and a budding printing enterprise out of the colony.
On the 5th of the 9th month, 1688, John Shinn was sent as a delegate to the Quarterly Meeting; also placed on a committee to inquire into the clearness of a couple proposing marriage, and also to investigate an instrument of writing by which a part of a widow's estate was conferred upon her children. At the next meeting he was appointed to investigate a scandal, upon which he made report at the next meeting that he "found nothing of validity." On the 4th of the 12th month, 1688, he was again sent to Quarterly Meeting, and on the 2d of the 10th month, 1689, was appointed, with another Friend, to speak to a member "concerning his marriage contrary to the mind of Friends, both to the respect of the untimeliness of it, and also, to the order and manner of it." In December, 1690, the meeting considered the loss of James Silver by fire, and resolved to relieve him by subscriptions from several Preparative Meetings of the neighborhood. John Shinn, of Birch Creek, was requested "to promote the said subscriptions at their monthly meeting and to the respective meetings thereto belonging." Although Burlington Monthly Meeting was the earliest, it was not the only meeting of Friends in Burlington County. For convenience preparative meetings were held in many parts of the county.1 One of these meetings was held at John Shinn's house, Springfield Lodge, Springfield Township, for many years, and resulted in the building of a meeting house in that township in 1698‑9.
On the 2d of the 12th month, 1690, the following minute was made: "This day there was moved in our meeting the case of the Widow Beard, and Friends ordered John Shinn to view 'Ye Plantation and Concessions,' and give an account
1"One or more meetings for worship constitute a Preparative Meeting. One or
more Preparative Meetings constitute a Monthly Meeting. Several Monthly Meetings
constitute a Quarterly Meeting. Several Quarterly Meetings constitute a Yearly
of it to her husband's brother in England." When one at the present day reads the Concessions and Agreements he is somewhat bewildered with its scope and method of treatment. The strength and vigor of John Shinn's mind may be inferred logically from his appointment upon this committee; and these minutes, kept in the woods of New Jersey by the Friends, show a plan of government and a system of execution of governmental affairs that would do credit to any modern community.
On the 5th of the 4th month, 1691, and again on the 6th of the 5th month, George Shinn and Mary Thompson announced their intentions of marriage. At the November meeting, 1691, the books printed by William Bradford, the pioneer printer of New York and New Jersey, upon the order of the yearly meeting, were received, and six of them delivered to John Shinn, with instructions to bring their value to the next meeting. In February, 1691, he and three others were appointed to settle a controversy between two Friends; also appointed to attend the Quarterly Meeting, and, with three others, to inspect the new meeting house to see "whether it be built according to contract." Thus was John Shinn connected with the first meeting house of the Friends in the city of Burlington; (1) A lender of the under money; (2) A contributor to its payment; (3) A committee to receive and inspect it at its completion. Many books and articles have been written in honor of his friends and neighbors, commemorating their political and religious deeds, with scant reference to the Boanerges of private life, who seemed to be ubiquitous when a man of judgment was needed, and invisible when the flim‑flam of trumpets was sounded and glory awarded.
In 1692 he was continued on a committee to settle for the building, and also on another committee to investigate charges against a Friend.
In the 6th of the 1st month, 1692‑3 (March 6, 1693), and on the 7th of the 6th month, 1693, Thomas Shinn and Mary Stockton announced their intentions of marriage. Mary Stockton was the daughter of Richard Stockton,1 the founder of the Stockton house in New Jersey, and one of the wealthy men of the province. He was a slaveholder, as was Thomas Shinn.
During the same year John Shinn was sent three times to Quarterly Meeting. In 1695 it was determined to build another meeting house at Upper Springfield, in Springfield Township, and John Shinn and another were appointed to take subscriptions therefor. He and another Friend were also "appointed to take care that the order of the Yearly Meeting be looked after." Mr. Richard Cadbury, of Philadelphia, informs me that this was an appointment as "Overseer of Springfield Meeting." This was held at "Springfield Lodge," the house of John Shinn, as these minutes will hereafter disclose. On the 8th of the 12th month, 1695, he was sent again to Quarterly Meeting. In September, 1696, he and another were appointed to inquire about the distress of a Friend who had addressed the meeting by letter; œ5 having been raised in the meantime, its disposition was left to John Shinn and another. On the 3d of the 1st month, 1696‑7, Joshua Owen and Martha Shinn, daughter of John Shinn, proposed their intentions of marriage, and were "set at liberty to proceed." On the same day a committee was appointed "to give Restore Lippincott and his wife and John Shinn and his wife a visit and speak to them and their son and daughter concerning their marriage, there being an account given to this meeting of their intending to publish their intentions and not take notice of this meeting."
At the next meeting the committee reported "that the young people were willing to come to the meeting, provided they might have the consent of their parents." After consideration "their parents agreed to it." Then James Shinn and Abigail Lippincott declared their intentions the first time, and on May 3, 1697, the second time, and were "left at liberty to
1A more extended notice of the Stockton family will be given in connection with
the sketch of Thomas Shinn, the founder of the Southern line.
proceed." On the same day John Shinn was sent to Quarterly Meeting, and two months later was placed on a committee to raise money for the meeting. One month later a report was given to the meeting that George Deacon disbursed fifteen shillings, John Shinn seven and sixpence, and John Wills seven and sixpence for a book to be used by the meeting. The next month John Shinn was placed upon a committee to raise money to relieve a Friend who had suffered loss by fire. On the 4th of the 2d month, 1698, John Shinn and others were appointed to collect money to buy posts and rails to fence the meeting house ground, and seven months later he was made one of the trustees to hold the title for the new meeting house at Springfield. At the September meeting, 1698, he and eighteen others sign a long paper testifying against a Friend, and declaring him out of fellowship. The following minute was written on October 3d, 1698: "Whereas John Woolston, Sr., being taken out of the body, who was appointed to look after the keeping of the good order advised in the yearly meeting paper; Therefore this meeting hath appointed John Day to be assistant to John Shinn, Senior, in that place." A short time after this John Shinn and John Day were "appointed to visit the Widow Parker and her sons for their not coming to meeting." They were also directed to demand the return of œ5 loaned to a Friend by the meeting. On the 2d of the 11th month, 1698, the committee made report that it had performed its duty, and John Shinn, Sr., then brought in his account against Springfield Meeting House, showing a balance due him of œ7, 4 sh., 5 pence. The contractor for the building of the Springfield Meeting House was made to realize the value of promptness by the following order, passed by the meeting on the 8th of the 3d month, 1699: "John Shinn and John Day were appointed to see that the builder finish Springfield Meeting House by the next three weeks' meeting, or else get some other workman." This order had its effect, for on the 5th of the 4th month,1699, John Shinn and John Day reported "Springfield Meeting House is done."1 The minutes then say: "The removing of the Springfield Meeting from John Shinn's to the New Meeting House was on the 24th of the 3d month (May 24), 1699." For years the modest house of John Shinn had been the home of the church, and at this place had gathered such men as Thomas Jennings, the Quaker Governor of the province; Richard Ridgway, Thomas Olive, Daniel Wills, James Newbold and others of the infant colony to worship the Lord. Here had been solemnized many of the early marriages, prominent among which was that of Matthew Champion, in 1693. It was this house of John Shinn that was described in deeds of that period as "Springfield Lodge," in memory of the old lodges in England so recently abandoned and so well loved. The records of that day show John Shinn as a witness to scores of marriages, and his venerable presence at such affairs was a sure guaranty of its correctness.
In the probate records from 1686 to 1710 John Shinn's name stands prominent either as executor or administrator. It may be taken as a sure test of high integrity when an individual, through a long course of years, is repeatedly chosen to act in these fiduciary relations. And, judged by this test, John Shinn was above all reproach. Not only was he the executor or bondsman for the executor of his sons George and Thomas and of his son‑in‑law, John Crosby, who died possessed of fair estates, but he was successively chosen to manage the estates of those not of kin, and was repeatedly bondsman for others chosen in the same capacity. The largest estate of the period seems to have been that of Thomas Olive, of Willingboro, and upon the executor's bond, in clear relief, stands the name of John Shinn.
For twelve years after the removal into the new meeting house in Springfield Township, up to the day of his death, in 1711, John Shinn was retained as overseer, and at every meeting was appointed upon some committee connected with the affairs of the church. His wife, Jane, seems to have been a godly woman,
1Located near Mattacopany Bridge. Now called Copanny.
specially fitted for the work of the church. Wherever her husband appeared, there was she, and her influence for truth and righteousness was as widely extended as that of her husband.
On the 7th of the 2d month (April), 1712, John Day, the co‑worker with John Shinn for twenty years, arose in Springfield Meeting and announced the death of John Shinn, and asked that another Friend be chosen to act as overseer.
The will of John Shinn was dated "14th of the 11th month, 1711 (Jan., 1712), and was probated 30th of 12th month, 1711 (Feb., 1712). (Wills of New Jersey, Liber 1, p. 337.)
The exact date of his death is not recorded, but it must have occurred between the dates aforesaid. The following is a copy of his will and of the inventory of his personal estate:
LAST WILL OF JOHN SHINN.
"The fourteenth day of the Eleventh Month Called January Anno Domini one thousand seven hundred and eleven, I John Shinn Senior of ye Township of Springfield and county of Burlington In the province of West New Jersey (being sick and weak of body) but of sound disposing minde and memory praised be God doe make and ordain this my last Will and Testament in Writting in manner and forme following(???)first and principally of all I Give and Recommend my Soul and Spirit into the hands of Almighty God that gave and my body to the Earth to be buried In a Christian like & decent manner att the discretion of my Executors hereafter named And as touching the disposition of all such temporal Estate as it hath pleased Almighty God to bestow up mee I give and dispose thereof as followeth first I will that my Just Debts and funerall shall be paid and Discharged(???)Item I give to my son Thomas Atkeson and Sarah his wife and their Heirs for Ever one hundred pounds of good silver Money att nine Sbillings and two pense pr ounce upon these Conditions as followeth that is to say that the Sayed Thomas Atkeson Shall give good lawfull and Sufficient Security unto Richard Fenimore and Mary his Wife and there Heirs &c. forever of and from all manner of Charges burthens or Incombers whatsoever In Relation toward the Caire and Mentainance both for victals and Clothes and al other necessaryes for my grand child Mary Crosby being an Idiott and not capeble to take care of herself so long as she shall live which sd sort of an Agreement I made with my daughter Mary before she was Married for me to take the sayed Care of sayed Idiott Child in order thereunto I had my Daughter Mary's plantation Conveyed to mee for Sixty five pounds and Twenty five pounds more I Received in Money and bills for goods sould a?? a Vandue of my Daughter which made up the Sum of ninty pounds and ten pound more I gave out of my one Estate for to make up the sum of one hundred pounds as afore sayed. All the Rest of my Estate both Reale and personall I give to Jane my Dear and well beloved Wife duering her natural life and no longer and after her decease I give and bequeath as followeth Item I give to my Son John Shinn twenty pounds which he hath in his hand already upon bond to pay interest Item I give to my son James Shinn twenty pounds in Moneys which he hath in his hands already upon bond Item I give to my Son in law Joshua Owein and Martha his Wife twenty pound Item I give to my Son in law Thomas Atkeson and Sarah his Wife twenty pounds as al the littel House that I have built upon his land as also one bedd and al the furniture belonging to itt that is to bee under Shed as aforesayed after the decease of My Wife I give to my Son in law Richard Fenimore and Mary his Wife two shillings in moneys my sayed Daughter Mary being before this time advanced by mee Item I give to my grandson Thomas Shinn my boulting Mills and fifty pounds in Moneys and all the Rest and Remainder of my Estate both Reale and Personall that In left after the decease of my Wife She haveing a good Comfortable liveing out of the Same Wil??est She liveth and al our debt and funerall Charges is defrayed I give unto my two Sons John Shinn and James Shinn Equally to be divided between them and also to nominate and appoint my two sons John and James Shinn as aforeanyed to be my onely and Sole Executors of this my last Will and Testament Ratifying this and onely this to be my last Will and Testament. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal ye day and year above sayed.
"JOHN SHINN L. S."
INVENTORY OF JOHN SHINN'S ESTATE.
A True Inventory of the goods Chattels and Personall Estate of John Shinn of ye
Township of Springfield and County of Burlington and Province of West New
Jersey yeoman viewed taken and apraised this thirteenth day of the twelfth month
called february Anno domi one thousand and a Eleven‑Twelve by us whose names are hereunto subscribed.
Vis(???) lb. s. d.
Imp to his purse and Apparrel 16 10 0
to Moneys upon bonds 132 00 0
to Lonings 003 0 0
to one bed & furniture 14 0 0
to another bed and beding with bedstead 10 0 0
to pewtor 00 10 0
to one Iron Cettol a brass Cettol with a Scillit 02 10 0
to one fryin pan with Sum other Iron 00 16 0
to one Shovell and tongs and Tramels and grid Iron and other od things
05 0 0
to one Chest and Desk 00 6 0
to one Chest 00 18 0
to Sum ould tubs 00 06 0
to one box Iron and money Skails 00 6 0
to one glass and Hone 00 18 0
to one Chear 00 06 0
to four ould Chairs 00 06 0
to Trencher and dishiss 00 05 0
to one brass Cettel with ould Iron 00 15 0
to one ould Char and three Iron wedges 00 12 0
to one ould Cart 1 6 0
More money upon bond 105 0 0
Burlington the 20th feb 1711
I John Shinn doe sollemnly declare in the presence of Almighty God the witness of the truth of what I say that the within writing Containes the full and Just inventory of all and singuler the Goods Chattles and Credits of John Shinn deceased soe far as came to my view possession or knowledge or to the view possession or knowledge of any other person for my use.
Burlington 20th feb 1711
Every writer of early Jersey affairs credits the erection of the first bolting mill in Burlington County to Thomas Olive.1 However that may be, it is certain, from the provisions of the foregoing will, that John Shinn was the owner of a bolting mill at the date of his death, 1711, and that he bequeathed it to his grandson, Thomas Shinn. When this mill was erected it is not known, but it was in existence in1711, and was probably erected about the beginning of the century. John Shinn is frequently described in legal documents as a wheelwright, his sonin‑law, John Crosby, as a millwright, and his son‑in‑law, Thomas Atkeson, was at that time an owner of a part of the mill at Bridgton, while his grandson, Thomas Atkeson, owned five‑eighths of the same mill (Judge John Clement, in "The Atkinsons in New Jersey").
From all these facts, it is probable that the bolting mill described in the will, and which passed by devise to Thomas Shinn, was the same mill in which Thomas
1Thomas Olive established a water mill on Rancocas Creek in 1680. Mahlon
Stacy about the same time built one at Trenton. (Friend's in Burlington, p. 12.) The
following from the Penn. Gazette, No. 1418, A. D. 1756, very probably refers to the
identical bolting mill which John Shinn devised in his will: "To be sold‑‑seven
eighths of a good grist mill with two pair stones, two boulting mills for country
work, by Thomas Atkinson, Miller in Mt. Holly. Also, the whole of a good large
convenient merchant's boulting house with two good boulting mills which go by
water. Likewise a quarter of a saw mill with two saws, both situated in Mt. Holly
aforesaid, on a very constant and plentiful stream of water and attended with a very
good business." This Thomas Atkinson was a grandson of John Shinn, Sr., and the
increase in plant indicates thrift and good management on the part of the children
and grandchildren. But these qualities rarely remain in a family more than three
generations, and therefore the mills, as well as the lands of John Shinn, his children
and grandchildren, with a few exceptions, have passed into other hands, leaving but
a memory, which at times seems but the filmy fabric of a passing dream.
Atkinson, father and son, afterwards held an interest. Hon. Thomas B. Jobes, of New Egypt, N. J., before his death, wrote these words: "I think it certain that John Shinn, Sr., with others, erected the dam on the North Branch of the Rancocas at Bridgton, N. J. (Mt. Holly). A sawmill for lumber was necessary as soon as sawed lumber was used instead of logs. The 'boulting flour' mill at Bridgton receives water through a flume which again discharges itself into the main tideway of the stream. My opinion is that John Shinn, Sr., took the flour and manufacturing privileges as his share of of the water power. I also remember another old mill, the Brandywine, which was either owned or operated by the Shinns. That many of the Shinns of early times were millers is beyond all question. The Evesham Shinns were noted millers." (Private letter, 1892.) Hon. John Clement, in the book already referred to, has this to say about the mill at Bridgton: "In 1701 Samuel Jennings, as attorney for John Ridges, sold the land fronting on Rancocas Creek to Joshua Southwick and Edward Gaskill, who built a dam across the creek and erected a grist or corn mill there. He (Edward Gaskill) sold two‑eighths to Ebenezer Laige in 1737, who added a bolting mill, the first, excepting Thomas Olive's mill, at Burlington, in this part of the country."
The latter part of this statement is an error, for John Shinn devised a bolting mill in esse in 1711, and certainly earlier. Judge Jobe's hypothesis seems to be the better one, viz.: "As the burden of making a flume and of erecting mills, saw and bolting, was too great at that time for one man to assume, several men united their capital to accomplish the end. In the division John Shinn took the boulting mill as his share."
We may never be able to arrive at the exact truth, but it still remains that John Shinn, Sr., owned a bolting mill in 1711, and the probability is that it was located at Bridgton.
Thus the patriarch of the Shinns in America connects himself with the earliest manufacturing interest of New Jersey, by which we are enabled to see him as many‑sided in the constituent elements, industry, thought and enterprise.
Such was the life of John Shinn, the progenitor of nearly every Shinn in the United States. An Englishman born; reared within the fold of the Established Church; a follower of George Fox from choice; persecuted and imprisoned in Hertfordshire; an emigrant with a large family from the home of his birth; one of the first settlers of Nova C‘sarea in America; a freeholder and a proprietor; a man of affairs, chiefly within the Society of Friends; a man of thrift; a man of probity and honor, a man trusted and esteemed by all who knew him, a prince of peacemakers. There is no reason for a pride in ancestry unless that ancestry be worthy of all commendation, and the descendants have the virtues of the ancestry. John Shinn exemplified to the highest degree the remark of Rev. Sydney Smith:
"Quakers, it must be allowed, are a very charitable and humane people. They are always ready with their money, and, what is of far more importance, with their time and attention for every variety of human misfortune."
John Shinn did his part. He left the family name untarnished and gave his family place among the best of his time. He died a worker, with his armor girded about him. Have his descendants improved the talent he left them? Have they equaled him in character and vigorous life? If so, there is reason for the pride of birth, and genealogy ceases to be a vain chimera. If not, the voice of the dead speake from the tomb and charges us to imitate and surpass before we claim the glory of the line.
1. Francis Sheene of Freckenham Parish, England, 1520‑1525.
2. Clement Sheene. b. 1593; m. Grace (???).
3. John Shinn. b. 1632; m. Jane (???).
Descendants of John and Jane Shinn.
2. (1) John Shinn, Jr., b. in England; married (1) Ellen Stacy 3/3/1686. B. M.
M. R.; married (2) Mary (???) 7/1/1707. B. M. M. R.
3. (2) George Shinn, b. in England; married Mary Thompson 5/6/1691. B. M.
4. (3) Mary Shinn, b. in England; married (1) John Crosby 9/8/1686. B. M. M. R.;
married (2) Richard Fennimore 1691. B. M. M. R.
5. (4) James Shinn, b. in England; married Abigail Lippincott 3/3/1697. B. M. M. R.
6. (5) Thomas Shinn, b. in England; married (1) Sarah Shawthorne 5/1/1687.
B. M. M. R.; married (2) Mary Stockton 1/6/1692‑3. B. M. M. R.
7. (6) Sarah Shinn, b. in England in 1669; married Thomas Atkinson.
8. (7) Esther Shinn, b. in England; never married. B. M. M. R. A. A witness to
William Atkinson's marriage in 1686.
9. (8) Francis Shinn, b. in England; never married. W. J. Wills.
10. (9) Martha Shinn, b. in England; married (1) Joshua Owen 1/3/1696‑7. B. M.
M. R.; married (2) Restore Lippincott 1729. B. M. M. R.
2. JOHN SHINN, JR. (2).‑‑JOHN (1).
John. Born in England. Designated in records John, Jr. He appears upon the Records of West Jersey for the first time on the 6th day of the 10th month (December 6), 1683, when he and his father, John Shinn, Senior, signed the marriage record of John Woolston and Letitia Newbold as witnesses. Said ceremony was performed by Elias Pharo Justice. (Burlington Records, 1683.) Then, on May 13th,1685, John Renshawe, of Burlington, deeded John Shinn, Jr., of Birch Creek, Burlington County, for œ17, silver, two hundred acres of land, in the First or Yorkshire Tenth. John Shinn, Jr., is designated in this deed as "husbandman," and lived near the line between the First and Second Tenths. (W. J. R., Liber B, Pt. 1, p. 87.) Then came the momentous period of his marriage. Following the custom of Friends, of which society he was in all probability a member, he published his intention to marry Ellen Stacy before the Monthly Meeting of Friends at Burlington on the 5th day of the 2d month (April 5), 1686. Further following the requirements of the society, he and Ellen published their intentions of marriage by a second appearance before the meeting on the 3d day of the 3d month (May 3, 1686), 1686. Upon their first appearance a committee was appointed to inquire into the character of John and Ellen, and to see whether any hindrance or impediment existed which could lawfully and religiously bar the marriage. This committee reported at the second meeting that no impediment existed, and the meeting left them at liberty to consummate the weighty affair in the fear of God. These inquiries of the church into the clearness of candidates for matrimony deserve the commendation of prudent men. They not only prevented to a large degree the marriage of such as were within the canonical degrees, but also improvident and hasty marriages. For two young people to appear twice in open meeting at different times and publicly announce their intention to marry not only requires courage, but is conducive of proper thought with reference to this solemn contract. "To marry out of meeting," that is, to ignore the requirements of the society and be married by a "priest" or by an "officer of the law," although recognized by Friends as a lawful marriage, was a sufficient cause for excommunication from their membership, and resulted in "disownment."
John Shinn, Jr., and Ellen Stacy had "passed meeting" properly, and there remained nothing save the marriage ceremonial to be performed. Its simplicity will be seen from the following record, taken from the First Record Book of Marriages, Births and Deaths of Burlington Monthly Meeting of Friends:
"Whereas there hath been an intention of marriage dewly published at two several Monthly Meetings of the People called Quakers in Burlington (upon the river Dallaware in the province if West New Jersey in America) between John
Shinn, Jr., of Birch Creek, Husbandman, and Elin Stacy, daughter of Robert Stacy of Burlington, both inhabiting the Province aforesaid, Inquiry having been made for removing obstructions, and also ye consent of parents being had, ye meeting permitted their joyning together in marriage.
"Now this may certify ye truth unto all whom it doth or may concern on ye day of ye date hereof in our sight and hearing and in an Assembly of the Lord's People ye said John Shinn did take and declare ye said Elin Stacy to be his wife, and ye said Elin Staey did take and declare ye said John Shinn to be her husband according to ye example of ye Holy Men of God recorded in the Scriptures of Truth. Each of them consenting or proposing to be loving, faithful and true in ye capacity as husband and wife during the term of their natural lives together. In witness whereof the parties themselves have first of all subscribed their names, and we also as witnesses this third day of ye fourth month, 1686." Signed John Shinn, Ellin Stacy, John Shinn, Sr., Robert Stacy, Jane Shinn, Thomas Shinn, George Shinn, John Stacy, Elizabeth Stacy, Mary Shinn, and twelve others.
This young lady, Ellen Stacy, was the daughter of Robert Stacy, one of the principal men of the colony. The family in England was a most respectable one, and had borne with honor and distinction many important positions in the country. Robert Stacy was one of the original proprietors of New Jersey, and his signature appears on "The Concessions and Agreements;" he was also one of the First Commissioners sent over to the young colony by the proprietors. In New York Colonial Documents, Vol. XXI, page 635, he is set down as one of the first magistrates of West New Jersey, his commission being dated August, 1677. In the Pennsylvania Colonial Records, Vol. I, page 75, he appears as a mediator between the Province of Pennsylvania and East Jersey. The New York Colonial Documents, Vol. XII, page 614, show that on November 14, 1678, he leased Matiniconck Island from Sir Edmund Andros, Governor of New York. Soon after this he took up lands along Assincunk Creek, and in 1680 was the owner of one‑sixth of a propriety. In point of wealth and grasp of affairs, few men stood higher than he, and no one in West Jersey had a greater influence. He removed to Philadelphia in 1690, where he and his son, John, began the manufacture of leather. His will, dated 2/2/1699, was admitted to probate October 18, 1701. (Phila. Wills, page 147.) There is no record of the children of this marriage, and we are left to the recitals of wills and deeds to ascertain their names, but are without any material whatever to predicate an opinion as to the order or dates of their birth. The will of the father‑in‑law. Robert Stacy, gives a legacy to "Ellen and her son," but does not name him.
We shall now take up the land transactions of John Shinn, Jr., not so much to show his position as a landholder as to construct an authoritative line of descent. There is doubtless in some old book in some forgotten heap of rubbish an accurate family record of John and Ellen (Stacy.) Shinn, but as I cannot find it, I am driven to the next best thing to construct one from materials that are as authentic as a record, but not so orderly nor so comprehensive.
As early as 1685 John Shinn, Jr., had begun to acquire land, as is evidenced by the following conveyances, recorded in the records of Burlington County. We have already noted that on May 13, 1685, John Renshawe, of Burlington, conveyed two hundred acres, to be surveyed in the First Tenth, to John Shinn, Jr., of Birch Creek. (Liber BB, f. 87.) On January 6, 1706‑7, John and Mary Crosby conveyed to John Shinn, Jr., brother of said Mary, five hundred and fifty‑five acres, the land that had been given them by John Shinn, Sr. (Liber BBB, f. 215.) On May 17, 1716, Joseph mbler, of Philadelphia, sold John Shinn one hundred acres. (Ibid., f. 298.) On August 27, 1718, John Shinn conveved to John Ogbourne thirty acres. (Ibid., f. 348.) On January 11, 1713‑4, he sold braham Bickley, of Philadelphia, one hundred acres in Springfield Township. (Ibid., f.
414.) On June 30, 1722, he sold a meadow in Springfield Township to Thomas Budd, of Northampton. (Liber BB, f. 379.)
Hon. John Clement, of Haddonfield, furnished me with the following note, gleaned from records in the Surveyor General's office at Burlington: "In 1725 John Shinn and his four sons‑‑Clement, Joshua, Jacob and Caleb‑‑located land in Burlington County." (Rec. Sur. Gen. Office, Burlington, N. J.) On June 1, 1726, John Shinn, of Springfield Township, conveyed six hundred and eighteen acres on a branch of Raritan River, in Hunterdon County, to Widow Sarah Dimsdale. (Liber D, f. 189.) On May 11, 1726, John Shinn sold to his sons, William and Clement, several tracts of land. On October 20, 1736, William Shinn, of Springfield, brother and heir‑at‑law of Clement Shinn, late of same place, conveyed to John Shinn, father of William and Clement, the land which John Shinn, the father, conveyed to William and Clement on May 11, 1726. (Liber E, 202.) On October 21, 1736, John Shinn conveyed the same land to David Lewis, of Lebanon, Hunterdon County. The deed contains the recitals set out above. (Liber E, 205.) On the same day John Shinn deeded his son William 426 acres in Lebanon, Hunterdon County. (Liber E, 205.) John Shinn, Sr., died in 1711, and after that period the title senior passed to John, Junior, his son, and the title junior passed to another John, the on of the first John, Jr., as is evidenced by the following will:
WILL OF JOHN SHINN, JR.
I John Shinn Junr. of Springfield In ye County of Burlington & Western Division of ye Province of New Jersey Yeman being very sick and week in Body but of Sound and Perfect mind & memory Thanks be given to Almighty God Therefore calling to mind ye mortallity of my Body & Knowing that it is appointed for all men once to Dy Do make this my Last Will & Testament Utterly Revoaking & Disanulling all other former Wills & Testaments by me heretofore made and as Touching such worldly Estate wherewith it hath Pleased God to Bless me with In this Life I Give Devise and Dispose of ye same In manner following.
Imprimis‑‑I give Devise & Bequeath unto my two Brothers Clement Shinn & William Shinn ye Land & Plantation where I Live Lying in ye Township, County & Division obovesaid adjoining to my fathers Land on one side & Samuel Barker on another side & John Ogbourn on another side & Richard Ayre on ye other side‑‑To be Equally Divided Between my said Brothers Clement Shinn and William Shinn ye one halfe To be holden & Enjoyed unto & by my Brother Clement Shinn & his heirs & Assignes forever & ye other halfe to be holden & Enjoyed unto and by my Brother William Shinn & his heirs & Assignes for ever.
Item‑‑I Give & Bequeath unto my Sister Elizabeth Ruckel ye one halfe of all my Personall Estate In Goods Chattels & Credits to be paid by my Executers after my Just Debts & funeral Charges is paid. Item‑‑I Give & Bequeath Unto my Sister Mary Shinn ye other halfe of all my Personal Estate In Goods Chattels & Credits to be paid by my Executers after my Just Debts and funeral Charges is Paid. Item‑‑I Give & Bequeath unto my Brother Clement Shinn & Robert Ruckel whom I Likewise make, ordaine & Constitute my whole & sole Executers of this my Last Will & Testament all my Personall Estate in Goods, Chattels & Credits to ye Intent & purpose That my said Executors Shall & Do Pay all my Just Debts & Legacies & funeral Charges and I do hereby Rattif??e & Confirm this & no other to be My Last Will & Testament. In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this Eighth Day of February Anno ye Dominey one Thousand seven hundred & twenty seven Eight 1727‑8.
Memorandum ye word (& by) & (&by) was his
Enterlined before ye Ensealing & Delivery John Shinn
hereof Published Pronounced & Declared mark
by ye said John Shinn to be his Last Will
& Testament‑‑In the presence of us
John Shinn Abraham Marriott John Budd.
Be it Remembered that on the Seventh day of March Anno dom One thousand seven hundred and twenty seven personally came & appeared before me Samuel Bustill Surrogate and Register of the Western Division of the Province of New Jersey John Shinn Abraham Marriott and John Budd the three Witnesses Subscribed to the within Will. John Budd on his Solemn Oath wch he took on the holy Evangelist
of Almighty God and John Shinn and Abraham Marriott being of the People called Quakers on their Solemn affirmation according to Law do dispose and affirm that they were all present and saw the within named John Shinn sign and seal and heard him Publish Pronounce and Declare the within Writing to be his last Will and Testament and at the doing thereof the Testator was of sound mind, memory and understanding to the best of their knowledge and belief and that at the same time they did sign their names as Witnesses to the within Will in the presence of the Testator.
Affirmed and Sworn Before Me Sam'l Bustill Surr & Regr.
Be it remembered that on the Seventh day of March Anno Dom. One thousand seven hundred and twenty seven psonally came & appeared before me Sam'l Bustill(???)Robert Rockhill surviving Executor1 of the last Will and Testament within written he being one of the People called Quakers on his Solemn affirmation according to Law doth declare and affirm that the within writing contains the last Will and Testament of John Shinn the Testator therein names as far as he knows and believes.
And that he will well and truly pform the same by paying first the Debts of the dec'd and then the Legacys contained in the within Will &c‑‑&c‑‑
Affirmed Before me‑‑ Sam'l Bustill D Surr & Regr.
On January 29, 1736‑7, John Shinn, the father, executed his will, in which he names his wife, Mary; sons, Jacob and Caleb; grandson, John, son of son George, and cousin, Samuel Shinn. His sons Caleb and Jacob and cousin Samuel Shinn are named executors. This will was probated March 19, 1736‑7. (Wills, No. 4, p. 91.)
From these authentic records it is an easy task to construct the following table as the children of John Shinn, Jr., and Ellen (Stacy) Shinn:
George, named as son in will of the father.
John, Jr., named in his own will as brother to Clement and William.
Clement, named as son in several deeds.
William, named as son in several deeds.
Elizabeth, named as sister by John, Jr., in his will.
Mary, named in same will.
The will of John, in 1736‑7, names Mary as wife, and as we have introduced Ellen Stacy as wife, it will be necessary to take up the church records to clarify this seeming anachronism. And inasmuch as we have been designating John, who married Ellen Stacy, as John, Jr., we shall adhere to this fashion to avoid confusion; but it should be remembered that this title left him in 1711, upon the death of his father, and passed to his son, who died in 1727‑8, and then passed to John, son of George, grandson of John, Jr., and great‑grandson of the immigrant.
John Shinn, Jr., was not as consistent in his religious affairs as was his father, but the records disclose some activity in that direction; enough, at least, to enable us to clear away some of the perplexing mists of the family record. And if it shall do no more than this, it will outrank many other religious characters that cumber the church rolls.
Our first view of John Shinn, Jr., was made possible by the elaborate record which the Quakers at Burlington made upon the occasion of his marriage. The great worth of the father seemed to overshadow the son, and for many years we find him in the background of the picture, with his father as a central figure.
In 1697 he was appointed on the ubiquitous committee that adorns every church to raise money. In 1701 he and his father sign a "testimony" against some pretended "Friends."
In 1706 and again in 1707 he had gained sufficient prominence to be sent to Quarterly Meeting. On the first day of the seventh month, 1707, the church appointed two Friends to speak to John Shinn, Jr., to let him know that meeting expects that he should clear truth and Friends from the reproach he had brought upon them by his disorderly doings. He appeared before the meeting, 10th of the 9th month, 1707, and promised to attend to the matter at the next meeting. On the 1st day of the 10th month, 1707, he brought in a paper condemning his action,
1This shows that Clement Shinn died within a few weeks of his brother, John.
which was accepted by the society. His offense was taking a wife who was not a Friend, "and the disorderly way of taking her." The disorder consisted in being married by either a preacher of some other church, or by a heathen, Justice of the Peace. Thus the wiles of the great arch enemy of mankind, "lovely woman," led another good man astray. But for this little church record we should not have known of this second marriage of John, and even with it we are unable to tell the maiden name of his wife. To the Quakers she was Anathema Marenatha, and not for any consideration would they mar their records by giving her name. From it we infer that Ellen was dead, and from the will of John we know that her Christian name was Mary. Mary what? Not until all secrets are given up before the August Monarch of the Universe will this be known. Jacob and Caleb were certainly her sons, for the records show their birth to have been after this second marriage. The will of Robert Stacy furnishes evidence that there was one son at least by the first marriage. This son was, in all probability, George. He married Elizabeth Lippincott, daughter of Restore, in the month of June, 1712, as is shown by the records of the church. Elizabeth Shinn, sister of George, was also a child of the first marriage, for that she herself married Robert Rockhill in November, 1716, as appears from the Burlington records of that date. John Shinn, Jr., of 1727‑8, names Elizabeth, Mary, William and Clement as brothers and sisters, but does not mention George, Joshua, Caleb or Jacob. These were certainly alive at the date of the will, and the omission of all reference to them furnishes ground for the inference that Joshua, Caleb and Jacob were but half‑brothers. But why he should not mention George cannot be explained on this hypothesis. George lived then in Gloucester County, and, being the eldest son, was passed by his brother. It may be safely assumed that the children of John Shinn, Jr., and Ellen Stacy were George, Mary, Elizabeth, William, Clement and John. They (John Shinn and Ellen Stacy) were married in 1686, and she died before 1707, when John married the second time.
The children of the second marriage were certainly Caleb and Jacob, and very probably Joshua. There was one daughter by this marriage, whose Christian name was Jane, and there may have been one more. I have been aided in these deductions by Hon. John Clement, a man familiar with the law and well versed in genealogy. The property which William inherited as heir at law of Clement, deceased, was property bequeathed to William and Clement by will of the brother John, who died in 1727‑8. In any case the full blood brother relationship of William, Clement and John is established. George died in April, 1732, as is shown by his will probated in Gloucester County on April 14th of that year. Wills No. 3, p. 98. Clement died between that date and May 11, 1736, the date of William's deed to his father of the property inherited from Clement.
John Shinn, Jr., died in 1736‑7, a very wealthy man for the day and time. Not as conspicuous as his father in public and religious life, he inherited the bulk of his estate, and managed it frugally and well. Whoever the second wife may have been, it is safe to say that she was of the first families of the period, for the children of John Shinn, Senior, who married, had entry into this circle, and as will be seen hereafter married exceptionally well. Having established the line of descendants of John, Jr., we pass to the other children of John, Sr., whose genealogy will be easier to ascertain.
Children of John Shinn, Junior.
11. (1) George married Elizabeth. Daughter of Restore and Hannah Lippincott 2nd day 4th month 1712. (Burlington M. M. Records.)
12. (2.) Elizabeth married Robert, Son of Edward Rockhill Sr. 5th day 9th month 1716. (Bur. M. M. R. Chesterfield M. M. Records.)
13. (3.) Clement; ob, sine proli.
14. (4.) John; ob. sine proli.
15. (5.) William, married (1) Martha, daughter of Joshua and Jane (Budd) Shreeve, 2nd day, 11th month, 1728. (Chesterfield Monthly Meeting Record.) William married (2) Exorcise Corliss; 1739.
16. (6.) Joshua.
17. (7.) Jane, married Jonathan Gaskill 5/4/1732 (B. M. M. R.).
18. (8.) Caleb, married Mehitabel Curtis, 1739.
19. (9.) Jacob, b. 5/13/1715; married Hannah Lippincott (relict of Freedom Lippincott), nee
Rakestraw‑‑12th month, 1745‑6. (Burlington and Haddonfield M. M. Records.)
20. (10.) Sarah, married Thomas Atkinson, son of Thomas and Sarah (Shinn) Atkinson 6/12/1739. (B. M. M. R.)
21. (11.) Mary married Abraham Bunnell in 1731; they removed to Hunterdon Co. upon lands given her by her father in Lebanon. They reared a large family, one son, Abraham Bunnell, becoming Lieutenant‑Colonel of the Battalion raised by Somerset, Essex and Hunterdon, under an Ordinance passed by the Convention of New Jersey, 7/18/1776.
6. THOMAS SHINN (2).‑‑JOHN (1).
Thomas Shinn was born in England in Hertford County, in all probability, but the date of his birth cannot be asserted authoritatively. His first appearance in authentic history was in the little octagonal church of the Friends in Burlington, when, in company with a young woman of that town, he appeared and declared his intention to marry her. This was on the 6th day of the 12th month, 1687, (Feb. 6, 1688). Burlington Monthly Meeting Records contain this further entry; "5th of 1st month,1687‑8 (March 5, 1688), Thomas Shinn and Sarah Shawthorne came before the meeting the second time and declared their intentions of marriage, and the meeting finding all clear and nothing to impede the same, they are left to consummate the weighty affair as they in the fear of God shall see meet." This is all that can be known of Sarah Shawthorne. She must have died soon after her marriage without issue, for no reference is made to children of this marriage by Thomas, who himself died within seven years, leaving a will. Certain it is that Thomas Shinn and Mary Stockton appeared before the Burlington Meeting on the 2nd of the 7th month, 1692, and again on the 6th of the 1st month, 1692‑3, and announced their intention of marriage and were set at liberty to proceed. That this was the same Thomas that married Sarah Shawthorn is evidenced by the will of Thomas, which refers to Mary Stockton as "my now wife." That Sarah had died is inferred from the fact that the church which had given its consent to the first marriage consented to the second. Of Mary Stockton there is much more to be said than of Sarah Shawthorn. She was the daughter of Richard Stockton, who was a descendant of a noted family of that name in Durham on Tees, England. Her father was the first of the family to immigrate to America and settled in Flushing, L. I., where he bought two thousand acres of land March 10, 1692. Soon after this he purchased several thousand acres in Springfield Township, Burlington County, N. J., and removed thereto. He was a prominent man, of great wealth and influence. He died in 1707, leaving children, Richard, John, Job, Abigail, Sarah, Mary, Hannah and Elizabeth. N. J. A., Vol. X, p. 427. From Richard, the brother of Mary, who became very wealthy, was descended six sons, Richard, Samuel, Joseph, Robert, John and Thomas. John inherited the ancestral home "Morven" at Princeton, and became a warm friend of Princeton College. From this John was descended the famous jurist, and signer of the Declaration of Independence, Richard Stockton.
Thomas lived scarcely two years after this marriage. His will is dated November 4th, 1694, and was proven by John Shinn, Sr., on Dec. 15, 1694. The following is a copy of his will. It shows one child, Thomas, already born, and a posthumous child, which, we shall see, was called Samuel. It also shows that he had four brothers, and corroborates our tabulation of the male children of John Shinn, Sr. It also shows him to have been a freeholder and a slaveholder‑‑one of the earliest slaveholders‑‑if not the very earliest in New Jersey.
WILL OF THOMAS SHINN, SON OF JOHN SHINN.
IN THE NAME OF GOD AMEN.
I, Thomas Shinn of Springfield in the County of Burlington make this my last Will in Manner and form following, viz‑‑
First I bequeath my soule to God and my body to the clay.
Secondly I bequeath unto my son Thomas Shinn a peece of land Eastward containing about sixty five acres and about fifteen acres of Meadow lying on ye west of ye said land.
Thirdly I give and bequeath unto my Child unborn one equall shaire of land and Meadow that remains of my plantation.
Fourthly the other half of my plantation I give and bequeath unto my now wife Mary Shinn with all my building and orchading and all my movables.
It is also my will that if ye negro should outlive my now wife, then at her decease he shall return unto my son Thomas; also if ye child unborn should be a female then I would have my son Thomas to have ten acres more out of my other meadows to be given at ye west end of my meadow; Also it is my will that if this child unborn should dye before it is of age I would have its share fall unto my son Thomas. If both my children should dye before they be of age I would have that which I have given to them to return to my relations my fower brothers onely; It is also my will that if my wife dye before she marries again that then that shaire of land and meadows return unto my fower brothers, but if my now wife should live to marrie again that then that shaire of land and meadows I giver her to be at her disposing as she pleases forever.
Also I appoint Francis Deavenport, and John Wilston to be my trustees to see this my will to be performed according to my desire: This is my will and pleasure this fourth day of ye Eighth Month commonly called November Anno 1694.
Thomas Shinn (L. S.)
Signed, Sealed in ye presence of us(???):
John Shinn, Sr.
December 15th, 1694.
John Shinn sen'r (one of ye evidences to ye above written Testament under his solemne Attestation) then proved ye above named Testator signing, sealing & declaring ye above written to be his last Will & Testament. That Isaac Horner & Matthew Champion above written were also evidences to ye same, & did with him ye sd John Shinn subscribe their names as evidences thereto;1
In presence of us Edward Hunloke
Thos. Revell John Tabham Justices
Serey & Reg'r. Thos. Revell
On page 612, Liber B. New Jersey Deeds, in office of the Secretary of State at Trenton, we ascertain that on Dec. 28th, 1697, Mary Shinn, widow of Thomas Shinn, had consented to marry Silas Crispin of Pennsylvania, and before doing so arranged for the property which had descended to her from her husband to be held in trust and managed for the use and benefit of her sons, Thomas and Samuel Shinn. The trustees, as recited in the deed, were Richard Stockton, Jr., brother of said Mary, and John Shinn, Jr., brother‑in‑law of said Mary, and the property consisted of all the lands and a negro boy, "Jabby," given her by her late husband by will dated November 4, 1694.
This Silas Crispin to whom Mary Shinn was married in 1697 at Burlington, N. J., was the second son of Rear Admiral William Crispin of the English Navy by his wife Annie, daughter of William Jasper, an English merchant of Amsterdam, and Sister of Margaret, wife of Admiral Sir William Penn, and mother of William Penn, the founder of Pennsylvania. N. Y. Gen. & Biog. Rec., Vol. 29,p. 137; also p. 201.
By this marriage the following children were descended:
1. Joseph, b. 1698; m. Sarah Barrett.
1The Inventory of the Personal Estate was œ273‑9‑16.
2. Benjamin, b. 1699; m., 6/21/1722, Margaret Owen, daughter of Joshua and Martha (Shinn) Owen.
3. Abigail, b. Jan. 20, 1701; m. John Wright. Sp. Tp.
4. Silas, Jr., b. March 19, 1702; m., Nov. 9, 1724, Mary Wetherell.
5. Mary, b. March 12, 1705; m., Nov. 6, 1727, Thomas Earl Wetherell.
6. John, b. Dec. 11, 1707.
Silas Crispin died May 31, 1711, and Mary then married Richard Ridgway, Jr., by whom there were no children. This last marriage was celebrated in the new Springfield Meeting House in presence of Richard, Abigail and Job Ridgway, Benjamin Crispin, Abigail and Anna Stockton, Thomas and Samuel Shinn, her sons, and thirty‑one other people.
The two children, Thomas and Samuel Shinn, grew to manhood. In the record of births and deaths of the Burlington Monthly Meeting the following entries occur:
Thomas, son of Thomas and Mary Shinn, born 6th day 11 month, 1693.
Samuel, son of Thomas and Mary Shinn, born the 15th day 2nd month, 1695.
Thomas Shinn, Sr., lay down his life the day of the 9th month called November, 1694.
The eldest son, Thomas, married Martha Earl and became the head of a distinguished family in New Jersey and Pennsylvania.
The younger son, Samuel, married, first, Sarah Schooly; second, Provided Gaskell; third, Abigail Urie. The children by the first two wives became the heads of families in New Jersey, while the father and the third wife removed to North Carolina, and founded the House of Shinn in the Southern States.
Children of Thomas and Mary (Stockton) Shinn.
22. (1) Thomas Shinn, who married Martha Earl.
23. (2) Samuel Shinn, who married (1) Sarah Schooly; (2) Provided Gaskell;
(3) Abigail Ury.
5. JAMES SHINN (2).‑‑JOHN (1).
James was probably the youngest of the children of John Shinn and was born in England. He lived longer than any of his brothers and sisters and died in 1751 without a will. The same difficulty occurs in collating his children as happened in the collation of those of John, Jr.
There are some things certain, however, and from these authentic entities we shall be enabled to construct a solid foundation. On the very day that his sister Martha, accompanied by Joshua Owen, arose in meeting the second time and declared their intentions of marriage (3rd of the 1st month, 1696‑7, March 3, 1697), the membership was informed by some busy body that James Shinn and Abigail Lippincott had declared their intention to marry without coming before meeting. A committee was appointed at once to speak to John Shinn and his good wife, Jane; Restore Lippincott and his good wife. Hannah; and the obstreperous young people, James Shinn, and his fiance, Abigail Lippincott. This incident caused a great amount of talk throughout the community and led the committee to probe the matter to the bottom. On the 5th of the 2nd month, 1697, the Church was doubtless crowded to hear the result. The committee reported that the young people were determined to marry, but not having their parents' consent they could not pass meeting. Old John Shinn and old Restore Lippincott walked out under a stately beech and began a discussion of the question. Their wives soon joined them. and in a short time peace was restored and parental consent accorded. On the same day James and Abigail declared their intention to marry before the assembled
multitude and were applauded by the younger element who were in attendance. One month later they appeared the second time and were set at liberty by the Church. The marriage occurred shortly afterwards at the house of Restore Lippincott in the presence of a large assembly of the first people of the community.
Shortly after the wedding John Shinn conveyed to James one hundred and twenty‑one acres of land in what is now Nottingham Township (Liber B, 619) and the young people set up for themselves. During the same year he bought other lands of John Butcher (Liber B, 619), and in 1705 was made the sole legatce of the estate of his brother, Francis. (See Francis Shinn.) In 1709 he purchased lands of John Garwood (Liber R, 431), and in May, 1712, his father‑in‑law, Restore Lippincott, conveyed him two hundred and twenty‑three acres in Nottingham Township (Liber D, 97). He afterwards became seized of large bodies of land in New Hanover Township (Liber S, 147) and in Ocean County.
Abigail Lippincott, the wife of James, was a great attraction whether considered from the standpoint or birth or of wealth. Her father, Restore Lippincott, was the third son of Richard Lippincott, the ancestor of the Lippincotts in America. From John Clement's First Settlers in Newton Township we find that Richard emigrated from Devonshire, England, and that the family was one of the oldest in England. It has been traced authentically back to the Domeday Book, compiled in the days of the Conqueror.
Richard settled first at Boston, where he was made a freeholder in 1640. He afterwards moved to Dorchester and thence to England, where in 1653 his son Restore was born. In 1669 he moved from Plymouth, England, to Shrewsbury, N. J. He was the largest shareholder in the company that colonized on Shrewsbury River, and became an active officer of the colony. Restore Lippincott, his son, married Hannah Shattock of Boston in 1674 and removed to Northampton Township, Burlington County, where he became a wealthy and influential man. In 1703 and 1705 he became a member of the Governor's Council of West Jersey. John Clement says of him: "He was a useful citizen, exemplary in all the relations of life, and much respected by the community on account of his regard for truth and justice."
His children by Hannah Shattock were Samuel, Abigail, Hannah, Hope, Rebecca, James, Elizabeth, Jacob and Rachel.
James Shinn married Abigail, and George Shinn, son of John, Jr., married Elizabeth. The descendants of each of the other children of Restore married descendants of the other children of John Shinn, Sr., so that there are few of the Shinn family in America without some admixture of Lippincott blood. And, strange to say, after Joshua Owen died and Hannah Lippincott died, the widow, Martha (Shinn) Owen and Restore Lippincott formed an alliance and were married in 1729. From this match there were no children.
It now remains for us to gather up the details of evidence concerning the children of James and Abigail (Lippincott) Shinn, and tabulate them as accurately as may be. He left no will, which deprives us of one fruitful source of information. Turning to the church records we find a number of recitals which are invaluable.
1. BURLINGTON MONTHLY MEETING RECORDS.
First of 8th month, 1716, John Atkinson and Hannah, daughter of James Shinn, declared their intentions of marriage.
Second of 11th month, 1726, the overseers of the meeting reported that Joseph Shinn, son of James, had married a wife that was not a Friend. He married Mary Budd.
Fourth month, 23rd day, 1720, at house of James Shinn, Michael Atkinson, son of William, and Hope, daughter of James, were married. Witnesses, James
and Abigail, Joseph and Mary Shinn, John, Joseph, Thomas, Hannah, Sarah Atkinson and thirty
others. They passed meeting 4/6/1720.
Thirteenth of 8th month, 1729, Francis Shinn and Elizabeth Atkinson passed meeting. On Feb. 12, 1728, James Shinn of New Hanover deeded Francis Shinn, his son, the land he bought of Restore Lippincott in 1712. (Liber A. R., p. 97.)
Seventeenth of 3rd month, 1739, a certificate was recorded showing that Solomon Shinn, son of James, and Mary Antrim were married on that date. Witnesses, James and Abigail, Clement, Joseph and Mary (Budd) Shinn, James and Hannah Shinn, Elizabeth Shinn and Caleb Shinn.
Eighth of 10th month, 1739, report was made that James Shinn, Jr., and Hannah Shinn, being first cousins, had lately married. The parents disclaimed knowledge, excepting Elizabeth, the mother of Hannah. Elizabeth was the widow of George Shinn.
Ninth of 9th month, 1741, Clement Shinn of New Hanover, son of James, and Elizabeth (Webb) Shinn sent in a paper condemning their disorderly proceeding in marrying out of meeting.
In this list, by a strange fatality, three brothers and sisters of the name Atkinson, John, Michael and Elizabeth, married three brothers and sisters of the name Shinn, Hannah, Hope and Francis, and still another brother of the Atkinson line married Mary Shinn, but not the daughter of James.
From these facts it is hardly questionable that the children of James and Abigail (Lippincott) Shinn were:
24. (1) Hannah, who married John Atkinson, 9/21/1716.
25. (2) Hope, who married Michael Atkinson, 4/23/1720.1
26. (3) Francis, b. 8/25/1706; m. Elizabeth Atkinson, 8/13/1729.
27. (4) Joseph, who married Mary Budd, 1726.
28. (5) James, who married Hannah Shinn, 1739.
29. (6) Solomon, who married Mary Antrim, 3/17/1739.
30. (7) Clement, who married Elizabeth Webb, 1740.
From evidence not so convincing as that heretofore adduced, but sufficiently clear to warrant the conclusion, I add the following:
31. (8) Abigail, m. Henry Reeve, 1728.
32. (9) Susannah, m. Bartholomew West, 1727. He lived in Monmouth County, where he reared a large family. Three of his sons were in the Rev. Army.
33. (10) Marcy or Mercy, a witness in 1714‑‑ob sine proli.
James died in 1751 in New Hanover Township2 in his own house at a ripe old age. In Will Book No. 7, p. 104, an entry was made on Jan. 14, 1751, appointing Joseph Shinn administrator. James Shinn seems to have had very little to do with church affairs3 and still less with polities. His ambition seemed to be
1Judge F. B. Jobes of New Egypt informa me that he has seen the marriage certificate
of Hope and Michael. That the ceremony was performed at the house of James;
witnessed by Thomas Scattergood, James Shinn, Solomon Shinn, Restore Lippincott,
Marmaduke Coates, Jonas Cattell, William Budd and a long line of others whose
names he could not recall.
2Just when he moved into New Hanover Township is not known, but it is certain
that he had lived there a long time. In Will Book No. 4, p. 316, Burlington County
Wills, James Shinn of New Hanover (Wrightatown) was made Administrator of
William Cutler, on Nov. 4, 1741. And in Deed Book A. R., p. 97, James Shinn of
New Hanover gave his son Francis a tract of land. From all these facts it appears
that he was born in Springfield Township, lived for many years after his marriage in
Northampton Township, and all the later years in New Hanover.
3But that he was a member of the Friends Society in good standing is attested
by a paper drawn up by Burlington Monthly Meeting on 4/11/1704 during Queen
Anne's War, addressed to all captains and other military officers, atating that the
names on the list which followed had appeared at their last monthly meeting and
declared that they were of the Society of Friends and could not conscientiously bear
arms. On this we find:
to own land and to enjoy life. He gave large tracts of land to his children, who in turn seem to have inherited his land desires. Many of them became large land owners in New Jersey, and some of them became very rich. It was from the line of Thomas that the first migration Southward started in 1750, but the line of James furnished the next mass of adventurous spirits, and his hardy grandchildren soon entered Virginia, spread into West Virginia and were among the first into Ohio, Indiana and Illinois. Nearly every Shinn in the Southern states finds his ancestor in Samuel, the son of Thomas, the son of John. Four‑fifths of the Shinns in the Northern states from the Atlantic to the Pacific find an ancestor in either Clement or Joseph, sons of James, son of John. And many of the descendants of Clement, James and Joseph remained in the ancestral homes, filling honorable positions and living noble lives. Of all these we shall speak hereafter.
2. GEORGE SHINN (2).‑‑JOHN (1).
Where or when George was born we cannot say with greater certainty than that the event occurred in England prior to 1669. In Old Burlington Meeting House he passed meeting the second time on the 5th of the 6th month, 1691, and shortly afterwards was married to Mary Thompson, daughter of John Thompson, at the house of his father, John Shinn:
John Thompson was a frecholder and a man of public affairs. In the troubled administration of Lord Cornbury as Governor of New Jersey, John Thompson was chosen by Burlington County as one of its Assemblymen, and sat in the famous assembly of 1707. He was one of the proprietors and a signer of the "Concessions," N. J. A., Vol. I, p. 268; member of the General Assembly, 1698, N. J. A., Vol. II, p. 148; also member of the Colonial Council, 1701. Ibid, Vol. II., p. 381.
Mary, his daughter, was soon bereft of her husband, for on March 2nd, 1694, a will dated January 27th, 1694, was probated in Burlington County, which bore witness to the fact that George Shinn had died. The following is a copy of the will:
WILL OF GEORGE SHINN, SON OF JOHN SHINN.
I, George Shinn being weak of body but of good and sound memory praised be God do make and ordaine this my last will and testament in manner following.
First I committ my Soul unto Almighty God and my body to be buried at the discretion of Mary my loveing wife whom I make my Executrix of this my last will and Testament.
Secondly I give to Mary my Loveing wife Al my whole estate both real and personall fully and wholly at her own disposal upon condition that she shall discharge all my just debts and funerall charges and bring up my children & doe (as obovesaid) hereby make & ordaine her my sole executrix of this my last will & testament revoaking al other wills heretofore made in witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seall this 27th of the 11th month cal'd Januaru 1694.
Signed and sealed in the presence of us. George Shinn (Seal)
Surr & Regr.
At Burlington in ye Province of West New Jersey the second day of month of March, Anno Regina Gulliel im et Maria Angl. &c. Septimo Annoq Dom 1694. Exhibitted & proved ye above written to be ye last will & testament of George Shinn ye Testator above named according to law before us.
For Springfield‑‑George Shinn.
For Northampton‑‑James Shinn.
Mary Shinn qualified as executrix and gave bond on March 2, 1694, with John Shinn, Sr., and Daniel Leeds as bondsmen. (Unrecorded Wills, Trenton, N. J.)
The inventory of his personal property was œ124.4.3.
The names of his children are not given in the will, but they have been ascertained as follows. From a minute book of marriages solemnized in open court at Burlington, on file in the office of the Secretary of State at Trenton, it appears that Mary Shinn was married to Daniel Wills in 1695.1 That this was the widow of George Shinn is established as follows: In the year 1709 a census by households was taken in Northampton Township, Burlington County, and one of the tabulations is as follows:
Daniel Wills, age 50
Mary Wills 40
Elizabeth Wills 17 daughter by former marriage.
Daniel Wills 17 son by former marriage.
James Wills 15 son by former marriage.
Joseph Wills 11 son of Daniel and Mary.
Ann Wills 9 daughter of Daniel and Mary.
Margaret Wills 7 daughter of Daniel and Mary.
Hannah Wills 5 daughter of Daniel and Mary.
John Wills ‑‑ son of Daniel and Mary.
Levi Shinn 16 son of former marriage.
Martha Shinn 14 daughter of former marriage.
Mary Shinn 12 daughter of former marriage.
There are some apparent discrepancies, but they may all be reconciled by assuming 1709 to be an error in transcription. If the year 1707 be assumed every difficulty disappears. However that may be, the fact that Levi, Martha and Mary Shinn are enumerated immediately after the family of Daniel and Mary Wills seems to prove conclusively that the children of George and Mary (Thompson) Shinn were Levi, Martha and Mary. Daniel Wills, the second husband of Mary Thompson Shinn, was the son of Daniel Wills, one of the most prominent men of early Burlington County. The elder Daniel Wills was one of the proprietors, and one of the Commissioners sent from England to divide the lands. He came with a large family and many indentured servants, who afterwards became leading citizens in the Colony. As Commissioner, he with his fellow Commissioners purchased the Indian rights from the Rancocas to Timber Creek, laid it out in parcels suitable for purchasers, and administered the government of the Colony according to the Concessions and Agreements. As a Commissioner of the London Company he with three men located the London Tenth at Arwaumus, where Gloucester now stands. He was afterwards chosen a member of the Governor's Council, which position he dignified and adorned. He himself took up large quantities of land in Northampton Township, which was so named in honor of Northampton, England, from which Daniel Wills had emigrated. In 1681 he was Surveyor General of the Province. In 1698 he went to the Barbados upon business, where he died, leaving a will. The children named therein were James, Daniel, John, Mary, and Ann. Daniel married (1) Margaret Newbold, in 1686, by whom he had three children, Elizabeth, Daniel and James. Married (2) Mary (Thompson) Shinn in 1695, by whom there were five children, Joseph, Ann, Margaret, Hannah and John. Daniel, Jr., continued to reside on the paternal acres until his death. His descendants to the seventh generation still reside upon the original homestead of Daniel Wills, Sr.
The children of George Shinn married as follows:
Levi Shinn, b. 1692; m. Ann, youngest daughter of Daniel Wills, Senior, b. 1677. (Asa Matlacks Memoranda.)
Martha Shinn married Daniel Gaskill, 1735. Bur. M. M. Record.
1This marriage was solemnized by Edward Hunloke and witnessed by James and
John Wills, John Shinn, Thomas Atkinson and Mary (Stockton) Shinn.
Mary Shinn married Samuel, son of Thomas and Mary (Roberts) Eves, 1721. (Asa Matlacks Memoranda. Burlington Monthly Meeting Record.)
Thus happened one of the curious phases of matrimony; the mother, Mary, married Daniel, the son of Daniel, Sr., the son, Levi, married the daughter, Ann, of Daniel, Sr. Levi thus became a brother‑in‑law to his mother; Mary became mother‑in‑law to her sister‑in‑law; Daniel became father‑in‑law to his sister and grandfather to her children. There are many other curious combinations which are left to the ingenuity of the reader to solve during his leisure hours.
CHILDREN OF GEORGE AND MARY SHINN.
34: (1) Levi Shinn, who married Ann Wills, 1720.
35. (2) Martha Shinn, who married Daniel Gaskell, 1735.
36. (3) Mary Shinn, who married Samuel Eves, 9/6/1721.
9. FRANCIS SHINN (2).‑‑JOHN (1).
The following will contains all that is known of Francis Shinn.
WILL OF FRANCIS SHINN, SON OF JOHN SHINN, SR.
March ye 11th 1704.
Whereas Francis Shinn of Springfield in the County of Burlington in the Province of West New Jersey being very ill and weake of Body but in perfick Strength in mind and memory doth make this his last will and Testament that is first I doe Bequeath my Soul into ye Lord my maker to him that gave it.
Secondly my body into the earth from whence it came and theare to be decently buryed next my Will and Pleasure is that all my Just debts and funerall charges be payd and as to the hue performing of the same I doe apoint and authorize my well beloved brother James Shinn to be my whole and sole Exe'ter and as for the disposal of my worldly goods and Temporall estate it is as foloweth that is.
Item‑‑I give unto my brother James Shinn all my land being one hundred and twenty acres of land and meadow with all the building, fensing and improvements on the same It is bounding on John Bouchers line, John Antrom's line, John Dayes line, Eleazar Fentons line and John Shinn line.
Item‑‑I give unto my brother James all my personall estate that is all my cattle and horses all my swine all my emplyments of husbandry and all my wearing apparell and all things whatsoever that is mine and I doe order and apoint my brother James to pay all my just debts to the performing Wheareof I doe order him to sell and dispose o??my estate both reale and personall as he shall see convenient and the remainder to be and remaine to his own proper use.
Sineed and Sealed in the presence of us.
Jasper Moon And in Witness whearof I have hearunto subscribed
John Tonker. my name Sealled with my Seale.
Francis Shinn (L. S.)
Burlington ye 24th January 1705‑6
Personaly appeared before me Thomas Reavell Esqr'e Surrogate in & for the province of New Jersey James Shinn & tooke the Legal attestahen as Executor to the within written will.
Attested before me. Thos. Revell Surr.
Burlington the 24th Jan 1705‑6
Personaly appeared before me Thomas Reavell Esqr'e Surrogate Jasper Moore one of the evidences to the within written will who being duly attested according to law did declare that he was present att the signing & delivery of the within will & that at the same time the within named Francis Shinn was of sound & disposing mind and memory according to the best of the deponents knowledge as also that he saw John Tonkin signe the same as evidence thereinto.
Attested before me. Thos. Revell, Surr.
7. SARAH SHINN (2).‑‑JOHN (1).
Sarah was born in England in the year 1669, if the date of the census of Northampton Township be taken at the date of its purport, 1709, for in that enumeration she is recorded is being forty years of age. If, as is probable, the
census was taken in 1707, then she was born in 1667. There is no record of her marriage, but in a conveyance of John Shinn, Sr., on the 10th day of April, 1693, he gives his son‑in‑law, Thomas Atkinson, and his wife, Sarah, one hundred and ninety‑five acres of land in Burlington County. (W. J. Deeds. Liber B f, 532.) In the will of John Shinn, Sr. (1711) Thomas Atkinson is again named as son‑in‑law. It may have been that Sarah remained in England a number of years after the emigration of her father and was there married to Thomas Atkinson,1 or the marriage may have been performed by a Justice of the Peace, the record of which is lost. If the latter hypothesis be true, the Friends would have reprimanded them, and the records of the society would disclose the fact. But no such reprimand is to be found and the inference is that the marriage occurred in England. Their oldest child, Jane, was 14 years of age at the date of the Northampton Census. This would place the marriage in 1693, at about the time John Shinn gave them the land hereinbefore mentioned. The father of Thomas Atkinson is not disclosed by the records, but the Northampton Census places the age of the son at 46, so that he was born between 1661 and 1663. One William Atkinson located lands in 1683 in Burlington County on Birch Creek, in the neighborhood of John Shinn, and in 1686 married Elizabeth Curtis. In all probability this William Atkinson was a brother of Thomas, and were both from Lancashire, England. Hon. John Clement in "The Atkinsons of New Jersey" seems to believe that William Atkinson2 came from London or Yorkshire. In Besse's Sufferings of Friends it is recorded that on 11/24/1660, at Swartmore, Lancashire, William Atkinson was put in Lancashire gaol for religious dereliction. And that on 3/23/1660, at Newton Cartmell, Lancashire, Thomas Atkinson was arrested and sent to Lancashire gaol for the same reason. And on the same day at the same place Margaret Atkinson was arrested and sent to prison for reproving a priest. This Margaret Atkinson seems to have been a woman of rare intelligence and dauntless courage, for her arrests and incarcerations, although numerous, did not lessen her ardor nor bring her to silence. She was a Quaker of Quakers, and her stripes were many and severe. The towns named above are not far from Cambridgeshire and Hertfordshire, where John Shinn and his ancestors and relations had lived from time immemorial. The Lancaster Atkinsons had been residents of Lancashire for centuries, and men of that name had estates, and positions of honor and trust during all that time. Among the rectors of the established church in Norfolk, Cambridge, Hertford and Lancaster Counties during the 13th, 14th, 15th and 16th centuries the name frequently occurs. Thomas and William Atkinson, of Burlington County, were doubtless sons of either Thomas or William Atkinson, who were imprisoned in 1660. The young men were Friends and came to America to escape the persecution which had come to the family in their old home. Certain it is that the young men were in America and that Thomas married Sarah Shinn. Thomas took little interest in public affairs and was not prominent in religious matters. Business engrossed his entire attention and gave him a fortune. His trade was that of a bricklayer and stonemason, and his handiwork created a demand for his services. He was enabled to buy large tracts of land, mills and slaves. He lived in Burlington in 1695, but the latter years of his life were passed at Mt. Holly, or Bridgton, as it was then called. His son, Thomas, lived at the latter place and was a man of affairs. The Friends had a meeting
1This hypothesis cannot hold, for that Thomas, Sarah and Martha Shinn sign a
certificate for Thomas and Sarah Hood 7/10/1689. B. M. R., Liber I.
2The Atkinsons are a Scotch family, but they have long had a residence in England.
in a parish of Berkshire on a plate in the chancel is the usual "Hic jacet," followed by
the name and title, "William Atkinson, Professor of Divinity in the Chapel of Windsor
Castle." He was not a good man, apparently, for in Latin he commands all passersby
"Orate pro anima Will Atkinson" ("Pray for the soul of William Atkinson").
house at this place, of which Judge Clement says:1 "To this log building the Friends in that section
came for religious worship twice in each week. Here the philanthropist, John Woolman, worshiped regularly, and here his voice was first raised in opposition to slavery‑‑then so general among those of his own belief and practice. In this primitive building often sat Robert Dimsdale, Francis Collins, Benjamin Bryant, Edward Gaskill and Jonathan Southwick. Here also came Thomas Atkinson,2 father and son, with their families and others of the name, and sometimes their slaves as coachmen and attendants." Mr. Clement might have enumerated many other prominent men who attended this church, among whom was Thomas Shinn, one of its elders, and afterwards Judge of the Quarterly Sessions and for many years a member of the General Assembly. It is also true that the preaching of Woolman at this church divided families and started anew the migration to other fields. Samuel Shinn, brother of Thomas Shinn, accompanied by many other slaveholders, took their slaves and went to North Carolina. The children of Thomas Shinn, who inherited slaves, were at last driven by the public sentiment of their brethren into slave holding states to the South.
Thomas Atkinson, Sr., died in Northampton Township in 1739, being about seventy‑eight years of age. His wife, Sarah, survived him for many years. The will of Thomas Atkinson3 names all of the following as his children, save Mary and Martha:
37. (1) Jean or Jane, b. 1694, married Benjamin Jones, Jr. 1727.
38. (2) Martha, b. 1695.
39. (3) Francis, b. 1696.
40. (4) John, b. 1698, married Mary Smith. 1717.
41. (5) Thomas, b. 1700, married Hannah.
42. (6) Mary, b. 1702, married Caleb Shreve, Jr. 1718.
43. (7) Sarah, b. 1704, married (???) Harris.
44. (8) Christiana, b. 1706, married (???) Wilson.
4. MARY SHINN (2).‑‑JOHN (1).
It is quite probable that Mary was the eldest of John Shinn's children. On the 8th of the 9th month (November), 1686, she and John Crosby passed meeting the second time and were left by the society to accomplish their marriage in the fear of God.4 (Bur. Monthly M. Rec.) Of John Crosby prior to this date little is known. In 1683 he and his brother Francis took up five hundred acres of land on Northampton River, which they sold to James Budd on May 13, 1685. (N. J. Arch., Vol. XX.) That he lived in Burlington on the East side of High Street is proved by various deeds of that date. His occupation was that of a millwright. On Dec. 14, 1687, John Shinn, Sr., of Springfield Lodge, conveyed one‑half of a
1"The Atkinsons of New Jersey" is brimful of human interest and bears the earmarks
of that indefatigable worker, John Clement.
2Some amusing things occurred at this meeting house. The minutes show that at
one time Thomas Atkinson took off his hat at a religious meeting which he attended,
as a gentleman should; Restore Lippincott accused him of violating usage; Thomas,
like Peter of old, entered a denial. Restore, preflguring modern, hard‑headed Congressmen, demanded an investigation. A committee was appointed and reported that Restore Lippincott had not told a falsehood. Thomas Atkinson kept his hat on after that, as a good Quaker should, and Restore Lippincott grunted his satisfaction.
3The Northampton Census of 1709 gives the family of Thomas and Sarah (Shinn)
Atkinson and their ages as follows:
Thomas Atkinson 46
Sarah Atkinson 40
Jean Atkinson 14
Martha Atkinson 13
Francis Atkinson 11
John Atkinson 10
Thomas Atkinson 8
Mary Atkinson 6
Christiana Atkinson 3
4This certificate is recorded. The marriage occurred 10/21/1686. Crosby was
described as a millwright living near Northampton River, and Mary Shinn as daughter
of John Shinn of Burch Creek. The witnesses from the family were John, Sr., and
Jane, his wife, John, Jr., and Ellen, his wife, Thomas and George Shinn.
three‑hundred‑acre tract on Birch Creek to John Crosby, millwright, husband of Mary, daughter of the grantor. (W. J. R. Liber B, pt. 1, pp. 164‑443.) That he was a prosperous man is evidenced by the fact that on Jan. 6, 1706, he and Mary conveyed five hundred and fifty‑five acres in a body to John Shinn, Jr. (Liber BBB, p. 215.) And by his will, dated Dec. 22, 1707, he left his wife other lands, after providing for his children. His will was probated in August, 1710, and named two sons, Nathan and John. (New Jersey Wills, No. 1, 278.) The will of John Shinn, Sr., proves that there was certainly a daughter named Mary, and it is probable that there was another daughter named Rebecca. In the year 1711 Mary (Shinn) Crosby was married to Richard Fennimore; prior to that event, Dec. 2, 1710, she conveyed to her father, John Shinn, Sr., the land devised to her by her deceased husband, on the condition that he should maintain her idiot child, Mary, which condition John Shinn, Sr., performed by making it a charge upon his estate at his death. (Liber AAA, p. 266.) Just what the means of education were at that time is not known, but John Crosby certainly appreciated the advantages of culture, since he made his wife, Mary, his executrix, and gave her power to sell his lands for the purpose of educating his children. Richard Fennimore,1 the second husband of Mary, was a prosperous widower of Willingboro Township, whose father, Richard, was one of the original proprietors and who signed the original "Concessions and Agreements." Richard Fennimore, father and son, were prominent in early Jersey affairs and universally respected for their thrift and honesty and public enterprise. Mary outlived her second husband, who died in November or December, 1713, and so far as the records disclose was never married again.2 It is not certain that she had children by this marriage, but it is probable that there was a son, John, and a daughter, Mary. It is not known when she died. Surrounded by her own children and grandchildren, as well as by the children and grandchildren of Richard Fennimore by his first marriage, and well provided for by each husband, she doubtless lived a happy life, and in the evening of life passed to a Christian's grave.
Children of John Crosby and Mary Shinn.
45. (1) Mary Crosby, an idiot.
46. (2) John Crosby, who married Elizabeth Wilson at Burlington in 1737.
47. (3) Nathan Crosby, who married Elizabeth Garwood at Evesham in 1726.
48. (4) Rebecca Crosby, who married Samuel Garwood at Burlington in 1728.
Probable Children of Richard Fennimore and Sarah Crosby.
49. (1) Mary Fennimore, who married Abraham, son of Thomas and Rebecca
(Collins) Bryan in 1728.
50. (2) John Fennimore, who married Sarah, daughter of Thomas and Rebecca
(Collins) Bryan at Burlington.
10. MARTHA SHINN (2).‑‑JOHN (1).
This daughter appears upon Burlington Record of Marriages many times as a witness, and on the fifth of the twelfth month, 1696 (O. S.), she and Joshua Owen appeared before Burlington Meeting and declared their intention to marry. On the 5th of March, 1697, the Society set them at liberty and they were in all probability married that month. Joshua Owen was a respectable landholder of Burlington County and a native of Wales. He and Martha lived in Springfield Township for many years and passed uneventful lives. Joshua died before 1729,
1Richard Fennimore, Sr., was a grandson of Richard Fennimore, whose remains
are deposited in St. Lawrence, Reading, England. The Mayoralty of Reading was
held by members of this family in the sixteenth century. (Man's History of Reading.)
2Mary Fennimore was married to Abraham Bryan in 1728, but whether this was
Mary (Shinn‑Crosby) Fennimore cannot be known. It may have been. It is more
probable that she was her daughter.
for in that year Martha (Shinn) Owen married Restore Lippincott, one of the most prominent men of the period.
The Burlington Record of Births does not give us the children of Joshua and Martha Owen and we are forced to construct a list from the Record of Marriages.
On 4/4/1740 Thomas Evins and Rebecca Owen, daughter of Joshua, were married at Burlington Meeting House in the presence of Joshua, Rowland, Mary and Sarah Owen, Benjamin and Martha Marriott and forty‑one others.
On 7/29/1730 Joshua Owen, son of Joshua, and Mary Butcher, daughter of Samuel, were married at Springfield Meeting House in presence of Mary and Rowland Owen and thirty‑six others.
On 3/17/1738 Rowland Owen, son of Joshua, and Prudence Powell, daughter of John, were married in presence of Joshua, Mary and Sarah Owen and thirty‑six others.
On 6/6/1722 Margaret, daughter of Joshua, and Benjamin, son of Silas and Mary (Shinn‑Stockton) Crispin, were married.
In 1730 Benjamin Marriott married Martha Owen, daughter of Joshua.
From these recitals it is evident that the children of this couple were:
51. (1) Martha Owen, who married Benjamin Merriott. 1730.
52. (2) Joshua Owen, who married (1) Mary Butcher 7/29/1730; (2) Sarah
53. (3) Rowland (Roland) Owen, who married Prudence Powell 3/17/1738.
54. (4) Rebecca Owen, who married Thomas Evins 4/4/1730.
55. (5) Sarah Owen.
56. (6) Mary Owen, who married Henry Burr. 1736
57. (7) Margaret Owen, who married Benjamin Crispin 6/21/1722.
By the second marriage of Martha (Shinn) Owen to Restore Lippincott there was no issue.
11. GEORGE SHINN (3).‑‑JOHN, JR. (2), JOHN (1).
George Shinn was born in 1687, being the eldest son of John and Ellen (Stacy) Shinn. John Shinn, Jr., in his will, 1736, names his grandson, John Shinn, as son of son George, late deceased. As George Shinn died in 1732, naming his wife in a will, as Elizabeth, it may be safely concluded that this George Shinn was the one referred to by John as his son. He is first mentioned in Burlington Minutes in 1704, when he is certified as a member of Springfield Meeting. (See note to James Shinn.2) On the 7th of the 2nd month, 1712, he and Elizabeth Lippincott, daughter of Restore, declared their intentions of marriage. One month later the committee appointed to inquire into the matter reported that there was no obstruction to the marriage excepting the "straitness" of Restore Lippincott, the father of the young woman. The young people appeared the second time on the 2nd of June and again declared their intentions of marriage. The society declared that, as "those things which seemed a bar being removed," they were at liberty to proceed. They were married at the house of Restore Lippincott shortly afterwards. Restore gave the young couple a farm and they settled down to married life. Once after this we find George Shinn's name upon the minutes. In 1721 he was appointed to look after a marriage.
Shortly after this, he moved to Gloucester County, New Jersey. In the old musty records of
Woodbury he appears as a plaintiff in 1723; as Overseer of the Poor in 1725; defendant in a law suit in 1726; Overseer of Roads in 1727, and plaintiff in a law suit in 1729. In 1725 he located two hundred acres of land on Timber Creek, Gloucester County (now Camden County), and on April 14, 1732, at Greenwich, Gloucester County, made his will, making his wife, Elizabeth, his
executrix. Elizabeth desired to return to her old home in Burlington and renounced the executorship. On May 29th, 1732, Samuel Harrison was appointed in her stead. She with her younger children returned to the old home, leaving the elder children to become the heads of families in Gloucester, Camden, Cumberland and Salem Counties.
Her children are determined as follows: John is named in the will of his grandfather; Amos is named in Burlington Minutes as son of George of Gloucester on the occasion of his marriage, 9/25/1740. Hannah is named as daughter of Elizabeth Shinn, on 3/5/1740, when she married her first cousin. Jairus died in Gloucester County in 1768. Joseph was born in Burlington in 1713, reared in Gloucester County, and settled at Pilesgrove, Salem County. George was named as a son of George at his marriage in 1749. Zilpah and Elizabeth were born in Gloucester and are placed with George's children without further evidence.
Children of George and Elizabeth (Lippincott) Shinn.
58. (1) Joseph Shinn, b. 1713, married Ann Sydonia Shivers 8/19/1758.
59. (2) Amos Shinn, b. ‑‑, married Ann Carter 9/25/1740.
60. (3) John Shinn, married Lydia Carter 12/4/1744.
61. (4) Jairus Shinn ob sine proli.
62. (5) Hannah Shinn, married James Shinn 3/5/1740.
63. (6) Zilpah Shinn ob sine proli.
64. (7) Elizabeth Shinn, b. 1726, married Charles Ford 1768.
65. (8) George Shinn, married Sarah Owen 3/2/1749.
66. (9) Azariah Shinn, married Sarah Haines 1760.
67. (10) Isaiah Shinn ob sine proli 1763.
12. ELIZABETH SHINN (3).‑‑JOHN, JR. (2), JOHN (1).
Very little is known of this daughter of John, Jr. That she married Robert Rockhill is evidenced by Burlington Minutes of the 9th month, 5th day, 1716.1 The same minute notes that Robert Rockhill was from Chesterfield. He was the son of Edward Rockhill, who came to New Jersey from Yorkshire about the year 1686. He was the father of eleven children, of whom Robert was the sixth in order of birth. He was born 1/25/1692 in Burlington County, where he lived and died.
15. WILLIAM SHINN (3).‑‑JOHN, JR. (2), JOHN (1).
William Shinn appears first upon the church records in 1728, when he asked the Burlington Meeting to grant him a certificate on account of marriage, to Chesterfield Monthly Meeting. On the 5th of December, 1728, as is recorded on Chesterfield minutes, William Shinn, son of John of Springfield, and Martha Shreeve, daughter of Joshua, appeared before meeting the first time. They appeared again on Jan. 2, 1729, and the committee reported on the 6th of February that the marriage "had been orderly." William appears quite frequently in land transactions from 1726 to 1750. On May 11, 1726, John Shinn, father, sold to William and Clement, sons, several tracts of land. Clement died in1736 and William became his heir at law. On Oct. 29th, 1736, William conveved three hundred acres in Hunterdon County to his father; eight days before this the father conveyed to William four hundred and twenty‑six acres in Lebanon, Hunterdon County. Shortly after this he was made agent for the West Jersey Proprietors, and in that capacity had much to do with the affairs of that famous corporation. In 1739 he married Exorcise Corliss. The date of his death is not known.
Children of William and Martha (Shreeve) Shinn.
68. (1) William Shinn, b. 1729, married 6/4/1746. B. M. M. R.
69. (2) Hope Shinn, b. 1731, married Abner Rogers 1/4/1750.
1Chesterfield has this minute: "6th day 7th month 1716 Robert Rockhill asks for
a certificate on account of marriage with Elizabeth, daughter of John Shinn of Burlington."
70. (3) Mary Shinn, b. 1737, married Jonathan Bunn 1776, in Hunterdon Co. He
was a soldier in Captain Henry Phillips' Company, 1st Regiment from
Hunterdon; also in Captain Tucker's Company, same regiment.
Children of William and Exorcise (Corliss) Shinn.
71. 1 (4) Isaiah, b. 1740, married Mary Burr 1770.
72. 2 (5) Exorcise Shinn, b. 1743, ob sine proli.
73. 3 (6) Elizabeth Shinn, b. 1748, married John Alloways 1774.
74. 4 (7) Job Shinn, b. 1749, married Elinor Burns 1776.
16. JOSHUA SHINN (3).‑‑JOHN, JR. (2), JOHN (1).
But for the extract from the Surveyor General's office adduced in the life of John Shinn, Jr., and the traditions of the family, we should know nothing of this son of John. He is not named in the Friends' minutes nor in his father's will. The traditions of the family are that he married a Lippincott,1 and had at least one child. He had died in all probability before his father in 1736, as did his brothers, John and Clement. That he was a son of the second marriage is inferred from the fact that he does not appear in any of the land transactions of 1726 and 1736 between his father and John, Clement and William. Tradition says that he lived near the Cedar Swamp and that he died there.
Children of Joshua and (???) (Lippincott) Shinn.
75. (1) Uriah, who married Rebecca Ridgeway 1776.
18. CALEB SHINN (3).‑‑JOHN, JR. (2), JOHN (1).
Caleb's birth is not recorded, but he was named in the land transactions of his father, and made one of the joint executors of his will. He was a man of great wealth, and from the few traditions which have come down to posterity, was the most sociable of all the Shinns. He did not hold to the faith of his fathers, but kept companionship with the hilarity of the world. The following article from the Pennsylvania Journal of date Aug. 30, 1750, shows that he was a turfman of some note even at that early date:
"Notice is hereby given that there is to be given gratis, at Mt. Holly, in the County of Burlington, on Wednesday, the 19th day of September, twenty pistoles, to be run for by as many horses, mares or geldings as any person or persons shall think fit to put in. They are to put in twenty shillings for every horse, mare or gelding, and enter them four days before the day of running. They are to run three heats, one mile at a heat, on a straight course, and to carry weight for inches. A horse, mare or gelding to carry 140 pounds weight at 14 hands high; and for the first inch higher to carry 14 pounds, and for every inch above that 7 pounds more. And all horses that are under size to be equivalent to the same. Any one horse, mare or gelding that shall win two heats and save the distance, the third, shall win the prize. And the next day the bets to be run for; every one that saves his distance the first day is entitled to run, the horse that wins the prize excepted. The horses to be entered at John Budds or Caleb Shinns."
That Caleb Shinn appreciated the value of printers' ink is shown by the following advertisement, taken from the Pennsylvania Gazette of Nov. 2, 1749:
"Notice.‑‑Made his escape from the Burlington gaol, one David Dundorse, a Scotchman about 6 feet high, well set, square shouldered, broad faced, short curled brown hair. He had on when he went away, old trousers, ozenbrigs
1See "Uriah Shinn." It is very probable that it was Joseph and not Joshua who
married (???) Lippincott.
shirt, an old light colored coat and an old felt hat. He passed sometimes for a soldier and sometimes for a sailor. He stole from Caleb Shinn a likely gray horse, paces swift, has a very thin mane and foretop. Any person that takes up and secures the man and horse shall have five pounds reward and reasonable charges; and three pounds if taken without the horse??‑‑ John Hollinshead, Sheriff."
Caleb Shinn did not consult the Church when he married, but rode over into Monmouth County and was married by a preacher. This event occurred in 1739 and the woman he married was named Mehitable Curtis, a surname distinguished in early Jersey history. Burlington Meeting did not act on his case until 1750, when he was declared out of unity. He died in 1752 without a will and his large estate was administered on by Thomas Atkinson, his son‑in‑law, and Peter Bard, two of the most successful men of that period.
Children of Caleb and Mehitable (Curtis) Shinn.
76. (1) John Shinn, who married (1) Amy Griffith 1767; (2) Sarah Jones 1780.
77. (2) Henry Shinn, who married Anna Fort 1770.
78. (3) Caleb Shinn‑‑ob sine proli.
79. (4) Mehitable Shinn, who married Ebenezer Doty 1779.
80. (5) Mary Shinn, who married Jacob Lamb 1768.
19. JACOB SHINN (3).‑‑JOHN, JR. (2), JOHN (1).
Jacob is recorded in Mt. Holly Records as born 5/13/1715, and as having passed meeting on account of marriage regularly on 12/3/1745. He was married at Haddonfield in the same month to Hannah Lippincott, widow of Freedom Lippincott. (Haddonfield M. M. Records.) The minutes of that meeting show that Freedom Lippincott married Hannah Rakestraw some time before this, and we are thus enabled to know the woman's maiden name. Jacob is named in the Surveyor General's office of date 1725, in an entry which certifies that John Shinn and his four sons, Joshua, Clement, Jacob and Caleb, took up lands in Cedar Swamp. In the various deeds which passed between John, the father, and his sons, John, Clement and William, in 1726‑7 and 1736, he is not named. The inference is Joshua, Caleb and Jacob were children of the second marriage. Jacob was named in the father's will in 1736, and, in conjunction with his brother, Caleb Shinn, and his cousin, Samuel Shinn, was made an executor of the will. The probability is that he was a favorite son, and that he received a major part of the estate. It is certain that at his death he left one of the largest estates that had been probated up to that period. His family were called the "Silk Stocking Set," a title that did not well agree with his Quaker professions. He had considerable prominence in the Society of Friends, as is shown by the following extracts from Burlington and Mt. Holly Minutes: Burlington in 1765 made him an overseer of a meeting to be held near Shreeve's Mount. In 1767 he was sent to Quarterly Meeting, and twice in 1768. In 1770 he made an acknowledgment for misconduct. In 1774 he with others petitioned for leave to build a meeting house at Shreeves Mount. In 1779 he and his wife were transferred to Mt. Holly. In 1780 he submitted a matter for arbitration to the Mt. Holly Meeting, and its decision being adverse, he refused to be governed by the arbitrament. Although no complaint appears on the minutes from this time on to his death, in 1795, it is evident that he was not interested in Church affairs, and the Society with equal pugnacity ignored him. Wealth is frequently overbearing, and old age belligerent. The good things of life ought to sweeten its associations and old age should be as placid as a deep river. His will bears date 1/7/1792. It was probated 5/16/1795. (Liber No. 35, p. 203, W. J. Wills.) It names his wife, Hannah; sons, Jacob, Caleb and John; daughter, Mary, and son‑in‑law, Caleb Lippincott. Hannah did
not survive her husband many months. Her will, dated 10/17/1795, was probated 5/18/1796. (Liber No. 35, p. 466, W. J. Wills.) This will is more explicit than that of Jacob. It names, son, Caleb; grandchildren, Alexander Lippincott, Samuel Lippincott, sons of Abel Lippincott, dec.; granddaughters, Hannah Butcher, daughter of Benejah Butcher; grandson, Thomas Butcher, son of Benejah Butcher; grandson, Freedom Shinn, son of John; granddaughter, Hannah Shinn, daughter of son Jacob; granddaughter, Elizabeth Lippincott, daughter of Samuel; granddaughter, Rebecca Lippincott, daughter of said Samuel; granddaughter, Hannah Lippincott, daughter of said Samuel; granddaughter, Mary Ann Lippincott, wife of Jesse; granddaughter, Jemima Kay; granddaughter, Hannah Kay; grandson, Caleb Wright, son of Samuel, dec., four daughters, Hannah Kay, Elizabeth Lippincott, Mary Wright and Rachel Butcher.
The Mt. Holly Record of Births and deaths gives the following list of children with dates of birth, to which we have added the names of their husbands and wives.
Children of Jacob and Hannah (Lippincott) Shinn.
81. (1) Mary Shinn, b. 9/18/1746‑‑ob sine proli.
82. (2) Hannah Shinn, b. 1748, married Isaac Kay 1767.
83. (3) Jacob Shinn, b. 1/24/1750, married Hannah Fenton 1777.
84. (4) Elizabeth Shinn, b. 8/19/1753, married Samuel Lippincott 1776.
85. (5) Mary Shinn, b. 11/23/1755, married Samuel Wright.
86. (6) John Shinn, b. 11/25/1757, married Mary Norton 1780.
87. (7) Jemima Shinn, b. 2/26/1760, married Caleb Lippincott 1782.
88. (8) Rachel Shinn, b. 10/24/1762, married Benejah Butcher 1784.
89. (9) Caleb Shinn, b. 3/12/1764‑‑ob sine proli.
22. THOMAS SHINN (3).‑‑THOMAS (2), JOHN (1).
Thomas Shinn, son of Thomas and Mary (Stockton) Shinn and grandson of John, the immigrant, has his birth recorded in the Record of Births and Deaths of Burlington Monthly Meeting as having occurred on the 6th of the 11th month, 1694. The same record places his father's death in this wise: "Thomas Shinn lay down this life the (???) of the 9th month, called November, 1695." We have seen what disposition the father made of his estate by will, and have noted the final disposition of the estate by Mary (Stockton) Shinn in 1697, when she married Silas Crispin of Philadelphia. In the will and deed of trust Thomas is mentioned as a son of Thomas and Mary, and the will shows that Thomas was the elder of the two boys.
The subject of our sketch was born and lived throughout the greater part of his life in Springfield Township, Burlington County. Whether he lived with his mother after her marriage to Silas Crispin is not known, and we next meet him in authentic history on the 1st of the 10th month, 1718, when he and Martha Earl declared their intentions of marriage at Burlington Meeting. On the 5th of the 11th month, 1718, the minutes show that he and Martha appeared the second time, and were given liberty to proceed. Shortly after this the marriage occurred. The marriage certificate or record shows that Thomas Shinn, son of Thomas, and Martha, daughter of William Earl,1 were married at the house of William Earl in
1"The family of Earls, who now are and for several generations have been Lords
of Heydon Manor, is of great antiquity, and had its origin in the adjacent town of
Salle, which is very remarkable for giving rise to three of the ancient families of
Norfolk County, England, viz.: Fountaine, Briggs and Earl." Bloomfield's History
of Norfolk, Vol. III, p. 531. "Its greatest name was Erasmus Earl, baptized September
20, 1590, died September 7, 1667. He graduated from three schools and practically
monopolized the law business of Norfolk; was secretary for the English at the treaty
Springfield Township, on the 22nd day of the 11th month, 1718. It was witnessed by the mother of Thomas, Mary Ridgway, she having married Richard Ridgway after the death of Silas Crispin; by William and Elizabeth Earl, parents of Martha; by John, James and Abigail, his uncles and aunts; by Samuel and Sarah Shinn, his brother and his wife; by George and Levi Shinn, his cousins, and by twenty others. The bride was born in Portsmouth, L. I., but had lived in Springfield Township about all her life. The affair was one of considerable importance and was attended by some of the first people of the County. The solemn Quaker who was appointed by Burlington Meeting to attend reported back on the 12th of the 2nd month, 1718, that "These friends that are under our care and conduct are pretty orderly." The young people had successfully passed the committee report upon the declaration of intention, and likewise the Argus‑eyed committee on marriage, and were now ready to settle down to practical life. The possessions of Thomas were in Springfield Township and there he began his career. For eighteen years he is covered by an envelope of impenetrable obscurity, save for an occasional transfer of land which confronts us on the deed records at Trenton. In 1736 he was put on a committee to supervise a marriage, and on the same day was sent to Quarterly Meeting. The inference is that he had lived an honest Christian life and that now in his forty‑first year he had gained the confidence of his brethren. About this time he removed to Mt. Holly in Northampton Township,1 and on the 1st of the 6th month he was made an elder by the Burlington meeting. In 1748 he was made one of the Trustees to hold the Mt. Holly Meeting House property. In Vol. III. of the Burlington Minutes among the first items is placed a list of Ministers and Elders who have died since 1720. In this list we have the last notice of Thomas Shinn. He is ranked as an elder, and his death recorded as of date the 27th of the 2nd month, 1753, in the 58th year of his life. It was really the 59th year, but one cannot quarrel with venerable records and escape unscathed.
If we had nothing but the simple record of this man's life as given by the scribes of Burlington
Monthly Meeting of Friends, we should ascribe to him qualities
of Uxbridge; was granted the degree Serjeant at Law; was successively Steward
and Recorder of Norwich; was of Commission of Oyer and Terminer to Norwich and
afterwards to York; was a member of the Long Parliament from Norwich; was
Private Serjeant to Oliver Cromwell and afterwards to Richard and was Serjeant to
the Commonwealth. He was pardoned by Charles H, again granted the degree Serjeant
at Law and continued in great reputation to the end of his days. He is buried
in the East Chapel of the North Isle under an exceedingly large tomb, over which is
the mural monument with his arms and a long inscription." Bloomfield, Vol. II,
It is a tradition in the New Jersey family that it sprang from Norfolk County, but
the author of "Ralph Earl and His Descendants" holds that it is a tradition in the
Massachusetts family that it sprang from Somerset County, near Exeter. William
Earl of Springfield Township, N. J., was a grandson of Ralph Earle of Taunton, Mass.
William was a ship owner and carried on a trade for many years between Massachusetts
and New Jersey. In 1697 he removed to New Jersey and purchased land in
Springfield Township, upon which he lived until his death. One of his first acts after
his change of residence was to change the spelling of his name by dropping the final e,
a change which his descendants have respected and followed for more than two centuries.
Whether Ralph Earle migrated from Norfolk or Somerset is a matter of little
consequence. The Earles in England now have a habitat in nearly all of its southern
counties and run back into time when the Saxons were masters of the land.
William was a Quaker and never had much respect for Massachusetts, his birthplace,
on account of its narrow religious spirit.
1Then called Bridgeton Northampton Township. The Pennsylvania Gazette of October 25, 1739, shows that Thomas Shinn lived on High Street, Bridgetown, in 1739. And in Will Book No. 4, p. 83, Thomas Shinn of Bridgeton was made Administrator of Jonathan Sleeper 1/24/1736, and on the same day was appointed guardian of John Sleeper. He was living in Springfield Township in September, 1720, as appears from Will Book, D. D., p. 76.
of mind and soul above those of mediocrity. The spiritual superiority of the man is evidenced by his elevation to the eldership, the high spiritual qualities presuppose a hgher mentality. But we are not left to deduction in proving his superior mentality.
The American Weekly Mercury of Philadelphia, No. 14‑‑24, in 1742‑3, in its local says: "We have heard from Burlington that on Wednesday, the 16th instant, Thomas Shinn and William Cooke were chosen Representatives from the county." In Burlington Court Records it appears that Thomas Shinn was Justice in 1723, 1728, 1730, 1734 and 1738 of Burlington County. In New Jersey Archives, Vol. XV, p. 98, et seq., it will be seen that on December 1, 1739, he was appointed a Justice of the Quorum. In the same volume, p. 197, it appears that at a meeting of the Governor, Lewis Morris, and his Council, April 3rd, 1741, it was ordered that a supersedeas issue removing Richard Wright from the Commissions of the Pleas for the County of Burlington, and that Thomas Shinn be added to the Commissions of Pleas for said County. By appointment he became a member of the House of Assembly for November, 1742. By election he was a member of the Assembly which began October 10th and ended December 10, 1743. He was also a member of the General Assembly that met at Perthy Amboy in August, 1744, and of the adjourned session which met at Burlington in October of the same year. In all these assemblies he was characterized by the royalists as a "Professed Quaker." In Vol. XVI, N. J. A., it is shown that at a Council held at Burlington on the 28th day of March, 1749, his Excellency, Jonathan Belcher, Governor, by and with the advice of the Council of New Jersey, appointed Thomas Shinn Judge of the Inferior Court of Common Pleas for Burlington County, and also as Justice of the Quorum.
Shortly after this the General Assembly attempted to usurp the rights of the judiciary, and was opposed by Thomas Shinn and several other Judges. For this they were arrested and held to be contumacious by the Assembly. Some of the Judges recanted, but Shinn remained firm, and under a veil of sickness escaped the punishment which the high‑handed assemblymen desired to inflict. The principle involved the relative rights of the legislature and judicial powers, and Shinn had taken the right side‑‑the side which triumphed in the construction of New Jersey law. For such as desire to know more of this affair, see a long article in N. J. A., Vol. XVI, pp. 222 to 239.
In the Pennsylvania Gazette of June 7, 1750, we find this notice: "All persons indebted to the estate of Thomas Shinn, late of Mt. Holly, deceased, are desired to pay their respective debts; and those who have any demands against said estate are desired to bring in their accounts, that they may be adjusted by Henry Paxson and John Woolman, Executors."
Thus the political and secular authorities supplement and fortify the religious registers. Thomas Shinn was a man of note in the church and a man of power in the world. He was a student of human rights and an advocate of human liberty. He carried his Church Convictions into the world and made them the arbiter of his public conduct. He died well entrenched in the esteem of the Church and the confidence of the world. The following is a record of his children as taken from the Record of Births and Deaths at Burlington Monthly. Meeting.
Children of Thomas and Martha (Earl) Shinn.
90. (1) Susannah Shinn, b. 3/10/1721, married Thomas Atkinson 1739.
91. (2) Martha Shinn, b. 1/22/1722‑3, married Henry Paxton 7/12/1739.
92. (3) Thomas Shinn, b. 6/7/1725, married Mary Buddell.
93. (4) Mary Shinn, b. 10/22/1727, married (1) Thomas Allison 4/1745; (2)
94. (5) Elizabeth Shinn, b. 7/20/1733, married Samuel Lovett 9/2/1754.
95. (6) Earl Shinn, b. 10/27/1736, married Rebecca Monroe 9/1/1760.
96. (7) Gamaliel Shinn, b. 5/10/1738, ob at sea.
97. (8) Aquilla Shinn, b. 1/8/1739, ob sine proli, 1/5/1815.
98. (9) Postrema Shinn, b. 1/6/1744, married John Ridgway 1764.
23. SAMUEL SHINN (3).‑‑THOMAS (2), JOHN (1).
Samuel Shinn was the posthumous child of Thomas and Mary (Stockton) Shinn, and was mentioned in the will of his father, who died in November, 1695. Samuel is recorded in Burlington minutes as having been born 2/15/1695, or April 15th, 1695. That this was a mistake is evidenced by the fact that his father died in November, 1695, and in his will provided for Thomas, his living son, and for another child "then unborn." Samuel was born in April, 1696. Of his early life we know little; his name occurred for the first time in authentic history in 1697, when his mother, Mary (Stockton) Shinn, divested herself of the trust conferred upon her by her departed husband, and made her brother, Richard Stockton, and her brother‑in‑law, John Shinn, Jr., trustees for her children, Thomas and Samuel Shinn.1 The inventory of Thomas Shinn's estate in 1694 showed that his personal estate amounted to œ273 9s 06d, a very large property for that date. The deed of trust by Mary showed that her husband, Thomas Shinn, was a slave holder, and that as events will show hereafter, in the division of the estate, the slaves went to Samuel, the younger child. John Shinn, Jr., made a will in 1736, appointing his sons, Jacob and Caleb Shinn, and his cousin, Samuel Shinn, as his executors. From this I infer that Samuel was reared in the family of his uncle, John Shinn, Jr., and was thought by him worthy of a supervising control over his sons Jacob and Caleb, and so made him joint executor with them. And as Thomas, the elder son, is named in the will of John Shinn, Sr., 1711, I infer that he was reared in the family of his grandfather, John, Sr. Both were reared in Springfield Township and both were married there. We find Samuel on the records on June 11th, 1714, as a witness to his mother's third marriage to Richard Ridgway, a man who even at that day had made the name "Ridgway" synonymous with "Pounds, Shillings and Pence," a faculty which clings to the family to this day. Mary Stockton was born in an affluent family; she married Thomas Shinn, a man of wealth, as wealth was counted at that day; she then married Silas Crispin, a man of wealth and distinction, in Pennsylvania; and, again, Richard Ridgway, who made wealth the text of his daily life. It is but fair to presume that the early lives of Thomas and Samuel were spent among the best people of New Jersey and Pennsylvania, and that they were counted as good marriageable quantities by matrons who had daughters of grace and comeliness, though clad in the simplest of Quaker garbs. Love seems to have smitten the younger brother first, for we find that on the 5th of May, 1718, he asked the good people at Burlington to certify his clearness, as he wished to take a wife in Chesterfield. The grave Quakers appointed a committee to inquire into his habits, and on the 2nd of June this committee reported that the young man, Samuel Shinn, was clear on account of marriage, and that his conduct and conversation had been pretty orderly. The certificate was granted at that meeting. Samuel could now go to Chesterfield with a testimony that he was no bigamist, whether his orderliness was above suspicion or not. The young fellow had already been over to Chesterfield and had walked before the meeting the first time accompanied by Sarah Scholey of that place. This occurred on the first of May, 1718. Two days after the committee reported on his character at Burlington, he took his certificate to Chesterfield and gave it to the Society, and on the same day appeared before the meeting the second time. They were married the next week at the house of Thomas Scholey. (Chesterfield M. M. R., Vol. 1.) It is tolerably certain that although Samuel was a member of the
1She was then about to marry Silas Crispin of Pennsylvania.
Church at Burlington, that he was not prominent in spiritual affairs. He was never appointed on Committees and did not attain that degree of Christian eminence which fell to his brother Thomas. The silence of the church record, however, attests a blameless life, for had he been wayward to the slightest degree the minute book would have contained the indictment against him. He was what might be called in modern times "a paying pillar" of the Church and nothing more.
The wife of Samuel, Sarah Scholey, was an estimable woman. Chambers in his "History of the Early Germans in New Jersey," p. 480, gives a history of the Scholey family, from which it appears that Thomas Scholey, the first, came to New Jersey in November, 1677,1 in the ship "Willing Mind," and that he married in 1686 Sarah, daughter of Thomas and Sarah Parke, of New Jersey. Sarah was a daughter of this marriage. The apparently accidental union of the Englishman, Samuel Shinn, with the daughter of the German, Thomas Scholey, led to momentous conclusions in the life of Samuel Shinn, and will enable his descendants to understand many of the incongruous incidents which have puzzled them in their studies. Some of them in North Carolina still maintain that the Shinns are of German descent, and the habitat in which they lived, as well as the strong German characteristies of the descendants, would seem to prove the assertion. Another portion of the North Carolina branch, as well as many of the New Jersey and Virginia lines, maintain with dogmatic obstinacy the claim that the Shinns are Irish. The English paternity of the Shinns has already been established, and the marriage of Samuel Shinn to a woman of German descent enables us more clearly to perceive the influence of a mother upon the mental and physical organization of the children than would have been possible had she been English born. The first effect upon Samul Shinn was an enlargement of his social life. He had always known English manners and customs, and the rigor of the Quaker Church. He now learned something of the German manners and became acquainted with the German Reformed Church, and with many Germans who influenced his later life. That his English rearing was superior to his new surroundings in his earlier life is demonstrated by the fact that he and his wife Sarah remained in the Quaker Church throughout the life of Sarah, and that the children of this marriage remained within the fold. Samuel and Sarah began life in Springfield Township and remained there until her death, which occurred some time in 1733 or 1734. In 1721 his brother, Thomas, deeded Samuel the land which his father, Thomas, had willed the elder brother. (Deed Book G. G., p. 194.) Thomas again conveyed land to Samuel in the same year. (Deed Book G. G., p. 380.)
The custom of giving every child a vocation was characteristic of the 16th and 17th centuries. John Shinn, Sr., was a husbandman, wheelwright and millwright; Levi Shinn, husbandman and carpenter, and Samuel Shinn, husbandman, cordwainer and mason. The vocation of breeding fine horses was taken up by New Jersey people about 1730, and Caleb and Samuel Shinn embarked in this enterprise. The breeding of race horses almost invariably leads to racing, and racing is never in favor with the Church. Sarah (Scholey). Shinn must have died late in 1733 or early in 1734. The first church trouble of Samuel originated about this time. On the 4th of the 12th month, 1733 (Feb. 4, 1734), he sent a paper to the Burlington Meeting condemning his outgoings, and this was laid over for consideration.
1From the Deed of Records and Surveys of New Jersey it appears that Thomas
Scholey took up land as follows: "1680, Thomas and his brother Robert, 200 acres
along Delaware Run; 1685 Thomas Scholey 340 acres; 1684 Thomas Scholey of Mansfield
Woodhouse one sixty fourth of a share; 1685 Thomas Scholey late of Mansfield
Woodhouse 100 acres; 1690 100 acres; 1696 200 acres." He afterwards made large
entries on Scholey's Mountain and proved his ability to equal the English in feats of
land grabbing. He was a consistent Quaker and remained true to his faith, although
many of his countrymen became members of the German Reformed Church.
In May of the year 1734 his paper was taken up, and as his behavior had been orderly of late he was left for further probation.
Whatever his troubles may have been with the church they were not so flagrant as to call for severe discipline, nor did they affect his general character for probity and honor. John Shinn, Jr., selected him in 1736 as an executor of his large estate, and certainly estimated him as a man with sound judgment and exemplary character.
In April, 1737, Samuel was arraigned before Burlington Meeting for marrying within the time limit and with a license. Such cases were ordinarily dealt with summarily, but Samuel simply answered that he needed a helpmate for his family of small children and he was forgiven. He married Provided Gaskill, daughter of Edward,1 as the secular records show. This wife was of old English stock, and was at that time, as it is now, one of the most respectable in New Jersey. From this date, with a single exception, the church records are silent as to Samuel Shinn. The political records of Burlington County show that he voted at an election held at Burlington in 1738, and after that the Burlington records know him no more.
Provided Gaskell lived but a short time2 and became the mother of one child, who was given the name Samuel. The children of the first marriage were now approaching manhood, and as the Church was becoming more rigorous in its demands for the emancipation of slaves, Samuel began to think of changing his residence. The father of his first wife had gone into Hunterdon County and purchased lands on Scholey's Mount, which was named after him. (N. J. Historical Society, Pro. 2nd Series, p. 23. Molts 1st Contury of Hunterdon County, p. 8.) There Samuel went for awhile. He became acquainted with Abigail Urie, another woman of German descent, and in 1740 was married to her according to the ceremony of the German Reformed Church. He remained in New Jersey until the Southern Migration sentiment began, about the year 1750. Then, accompanied by many of his Quaker and German friends, he and Abigail, with their small children, started South, making the first migration of the Shinns from New Jersey, and about the first migration of people of any name from that colony. The region beyond the Alleghenies was not then open and the only inviting field was to the South. And as the South favored slavery, it was for this reason the Mecca of slave‑owning people leaving the Northern States.
Bernheim has given an account of the method of travel of these early immigrants from Pennsylvania and New Jersey into Rowan County, then nearly all of Western North Carolina:
"Immigrants to the South journeyed in covered wagons; every available article for house and farm use, capable of being stowed away in their capacious wagons, was taken with them; and then the cavalcade moved on, every able bodied person on foot, women and children on bedding, and cattle, sheep and hogs driven before them; they traveled by easy stages upon the roads
1The Northampton Census (1709) gives the family of Edward and Hannah Gaskill
with their ages as follows:
Edward Gaskell 46
Hannah Gaskell 33
Joseph Gaskell 14
Zerubabel Gaskell 11
Provided Gaskell 9
Samuel Gaskell 6
Hannah Gaskell 4
Braord Gaskell 3
Edward Gaskell is ranked by Judge Clement as one of the prominent men of that
2I infer that she was dead on Jan. 20, 1740, from the following fact: Samuel's
daughter Mary married on that date Thomas Stevenson and the marriage is recorded
in Burlington Minutes. In the space set apart for the family Thomas Shinn's name
appears. Two other Shinns, Thomas, his son, and Sarah, his daughter, sign; thirty
other witnesses sign the certificate, but no other Shinn. The marriage occurred at
Northampton Meeting House.
of the picturesque Shenandoah Valley until they reached the land of their hopes and desires."
Dr. Foote in his "Sketches of North Carolina" (page 20) says:
"As the extent and fertility of the beautiful prairies of North Carolina became known, the Scotch‑Irish, seeking for settlements, began to follow the 'Traders' Path' and join the adventurers in this Southern and Western frontier. By 1745 the Settlements in what is now Mecklenberg and Cabarrus (then Rowan) Counties were numerous. Some were born in Pennsylvania, some in New Jersey, and some had only been sojourners there for awhile."
Again on page 202 he says:
"Year after year were supplications sent to Pennsylvania and New Jersey for Missionaries."
The "Traders' Path" ran from Philadelphia to Winchester, Va., and thence southwest through the Shenandoah, through Evan's Gap, into North Carolina. Rumple in his "History of Rowan County," on page 36, says:
"There is a tradition that the first courts of Rowan County were held in the Jersey Settlement, not far from Trading Fork. Rumple also says that Rowan County was created in 1753 and that, at that time, the Jersey Settlement was more populous than the region between the Yadkin and the Catawba."
A settlement at Crystal Springs, ten miles south of Salisbury, was made in the year 1746, and the old graveyard at Crystal Springs Church contains the remains of the McPhersons, the Mahans, the Longs, and others. Rumple says that the members of Crystal Springs were transferred to Old Bethpage. Samuel Shinn was buried at Old Bethpage. Along with the Scotch‑Irish immigrants and settling side by side with them, went the Germans,2 or, as they were called, "the Pennsylvania Deutch." Thus "Old Rowan" as early as 1753 had three great classes of population:
1. The English from New Jersey, forming "the Jersey Settlement."
2. The Scotch‑Irish.
3. The Germans.
The names Bostain, Cline, Trexler, Rheinhardt, Barringer, Meisenheimer, Beard, Overcash, Harkey, Cress, Henkel and others attest the German occupation, while the McCulloughs, Grahams, Cowans, McKenzees, Osbournes and others show the Scotch‑Irish. Into these two great lines "the Jersey Settlement" merged by marriage, and in a short time became indistinguishable from them. Thus the Longs, Potts, Sloans, Bransons, Gaunts, Gaskells, Howells, Oliphants and Shinns from New Jersey were claimed by either the Germans or the Scotch‑Irish as parts of their original clans, to the great detriment of the genealogist who seeks to follow a given family through all its ramifications to a logical end.
The "Traders' Path" is identified by the "Constables' Beats" as outlined in the old records of the Rowan Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, for 1753‑4‑5‑6. Rumple says that the "Traders' Path ran to a point where Coldwater Creek runs from Rowan into what is now Cabarrus, then Rowan."
It was in this region on Coldwater in Old Rowan that Samuel Shinn migrated. Here he took up several hundred acres of land. Here he settled and opened up several large farms or plantations, and here he died in December, 1761, leaving his wife, Abigail, and several children to mourn his loss. The following is a list of children by each wife, as enumerated in his will dated 11/12/1761 and probated at the January Court, 1762, at Salisbury, N. C. (Will Book A, p. 144. Clerk's Office of Rowan County, N. C., and the Burlington Register of Births and Deaths, Burlington, N. J.)
1The German settlement was large and compact, so that it is said that the Rowan
negroes spoke the Dutch language.
Children of Samuel and Sarah (Scholey) Shinn.
99. (1) Mary Shinn, b. 3/16/1719, ob sine proli 1727.
100. (2) Alice Shinn, b. 1/20/1721, married Thomas Stevenson 3/10/1739.
101. (3) Sarah Shinn, b. 6/16/1723, married Philo Leeds 1740.
102. (4) Thomas Shinn, b. 5/2/1725, married Ruth Stratton 1743.
103. (5) Mary (2) Shinn, b. 12/3/1727, married William Taylor, Jr., 1745.
104. (6) Elizabeth Shinn, b. 4/14/1730, unmarried.
105. (7) Marcy Shinn, b. 10/31/1733, unmarried.
Children of Samuel and Provided (Gaskell) Shinn.
106. (1) Samuel Shinn, b. 1737, married Ann 1762.
The preceding children were given twenty shillings each by the father's will and remained in New Jersey. They had doubtless been provided for in vita patris.
Children of Samuel and Abigail (Urie) Shinn.
107. (1) Leah Shinn, b. New Jersey 1741, married George Crozine in N. C. 1758.
108. (2) Isaac Shinn, b. New Jersey 1743, married Agnes (???) in N. C. 1760.
109. (3) Silas Shinn, b. New Jersey 1745, married Elenor Overcash in N. C. 1768.
110. (4) Sarah Shinn, b. New Jersey 1747.
111. (5) Rachel Shinn, b. Hopewell, Va., 1749, married a Clay in Cabarrus Co., N. C.
112. (6) Joseph Shinn, b. Hopewell, Va., 11/27/1751, married Jane Ross 1774 N. C.
113. (7) Benjamin Shinn, b. Hopewell, Va., 1753, married Rebecca Carlock 1784
114. (8) Hannah Shinn, b. Hopewell, Va., 1755.
These children received large bequests of land and money by the will of the father. In the will of the mother (1775) the last eight children are named, but not the first. In the father's will there are two Marys and two Sarahs.
24. HANNAH SHINN (3).‑‑JAMES (2), JOHN (1).
As James Shinn left no will and the church failed to record the births and deaths of his children, we are left without an accurate guide as to the order of their birth. Hannah was probably the oldest, and we are introduced to her first at the old Burlington Church on the 1st of October, 1716, when she and John Atkinson declared their intention to marry. The record informs us that Hannah was the daughter of James Shinn. In "The Atkinsons of New Jersey," a very pleasant little book by a prominent descendant of this marriage, we learn that John Atkinson was the son of William Atkinson, who married Elizabeth Curtis in 1686. The next month the young couple appeared before the meeting the second time and were informed that they were at liberty to consummate the match at their pleasure. On the 21st of November the marriage occurred before forty‑eight witnesses. The little pioneer house of James Shinn was crowded to its fullest capacity and the sleek black slaves of the Atkinsons were happy to see how eagerly the guests devoured the puddings and cakes prepared for the occasion. William and Elizabeth Atkinson and James and Abigail Shinn affixed their names first to the record. John and Hope Shinn also sign. The other signatures were of friends, relatives and neighbors.
John and Hannah (Shinn) Atkinson were prosperous in their married life and honored by a large circle of friends. From the Burlington Record of Births and Deaths, and from the volume "The Atkinsons in New Jersey" we present the following list as the children of this union:
Children of John and Hannah (Shinn) Atkinson.
115. (1) Hannah Atkinson, b. 4/7/1719, married (???) Cowperthwait.
116. (2) Samuel Atkinson, b. 4/16/1721, married (1) Esther Evins; (2) Elizabeth
117. (3) James Atkinson, b. 4/20/1724.
118. (4) Abigail Atkinson, b. 10/22/1726, married Jonathan Eldridge 1750.
119. (5) Elizabeth Atkinson, b. 2/1/1731, married Eleazer Fenton 1753.
120. (6) Patience Atkinson, b. 4/1733, married (???) Conrow.
121. (7) John Atkinson, b. 8/2/1735, married Sarah (???).
122. (8) David Atkinson, b. 7/2/1737.
123. (9) Moses Atkinson, b. 3/9/1739.
25. HOPE SHINN (3).‑‑JAMES (2), JOHN (1).
On the 3d of May, 1720, Hope Shinn, daughter of James, and Michael Atkinson, son of William and Elizabeth (Curtis) Atkinson, appeared before the Burlington meeting the first time. On the 21st of June, 1720, the marriage occurred at the house of James Shinn, in the presence of William and Elizabeth Atkinson, James and Abigail Shinn, John, Mary and Joseph Shinn, John, Joseph, Thomas, Hannah and Sarah Atkinson, and thirty others. Thomas Scattergood, Restore Lippincott, Marmaduke Coates, Jonas Cattell and William Budd were out in their gala equipments, and the occasion was a happy one in every respect. ("The Atkinsons in New Jersey," p. 18‑35.; also letter of Judge Jobe, already referred to.) This couple was also a prosperous one, and their lives were peaceful and happy. Michael died in 1746 and Hope in 1761, each leaving a will.
From these documents we are enabled to give the names of their children, but not the dates of their birth.
Children of Michael and Hope (Shinn) Atkinson.
124. (1) Rachel Atkinson, married Abraham Kille (Kelly) 3/24/1739.
125. (2) Levi Atkinson.
126. (3) Job Atkinson.
127. (4) Elizabeth Atkinson, married William Jones 1747.
128. (5) Mary Atkinson.
129. (6) Jonathan Atkinson.
130. (7) Hannah Atkinson, married Shadock Pancoast.
131. (8) Michael Atkinson, ob 1772 sine proli, cum testamentum.
132. (9) Amos Atkinson.
26. FRANCIS SHINN (3).‑‑JAMES (2), JOHN (1).
This son of James seems to have been more prominent in church affairs than any of the children of James. He was born in Springfield Township, October 25, 1706. He passed meeting regularly for marriage on September 1st, 1729, but the certificate is not recorded. He married Elizabeth, daughter of William and Elizabeth (Curtis) Atkinson, being the third child of James Shinn to marry into that family.
On February 12, 1728, James Shinn conveyed to Francis the farm in New Hanover Township, which he (James) had purchased from his father‑in‑law, Restore Lippincott, May 7, 1712. Upon this farm Francis and his wife settled after their marriage, and remained upon it throughout their lives. Francis was a provident man, and gathered to himself a large estate. On the 2d of October, 1749, Burlington made him Overseer of a meeting held during the winter near Caleb Shreeve's house. In January of the next year he was appointed to co‑operate with the Overseer of Upper Springfield in visiting delinquents. In September of that year he was made Overseer of Upper Springfield Meeting, which position he held until August, 1757, when, at his request, he was relieved from further service. In January, 1758, he was replaced upon a committee to oversee a meeting in Springfield at the schoolhouse during the winter. In 1760 he was sent twice to Quarterly Meeting. In 1765 he was appointed to collect money in Upper Springfield for the Yearly Meeting, and was sent to Quarterly Meeting four times. In 1774 he, with Jacob Shinn, Restore Shinn, Samuel Shinn, and a number of others, asked leave to build a meeting house near Shreeve's Mount, which was granted. He did not live to see the completion of this building. He died in April, 1789, and his will was probated May 1st of that year. The will names his wife. Elizabeth; sons, Samuel, Restore, Vincent, George and Barzillai; grandson,
George, son of son George, now in Virginia; grandson, Isaiah, son of son Vincent; grandson, Francis, son of son Barzillai (minors). His wife died 3/29/1783, in her seventy‑fifth year. Francis lived to be eighty‑three. The instances of longevity among the descendants of this family are so numerous as to attract attention, and will be noticed more particularly hereafter. The Mount Holly Register gives the following list of children, to which we have added the marriage names:
Children of Francis and Elizabeth (Atkinson) Shinn.
133. (1) Lavinia Shinn, b. 8/24/1731, married Hezekiah Jones 6/9/1749.
134. (2) Restore Shinn, b. 1/26/1733, married Mary Biddle 11/1757.
135. (3) Samuel Shinn, b. 4/15/1736, married Hannah (???).
136. (4) Levi Shinn, b. 1/1/1737, ob sine proli.
137. (5) George Shinn, b. 6/8/1740, married Rachel Wright 1761.
138. (6) Israel Shinn, b. 5/2/1743, married Mary Budd.
139. (7) Vincent Shinn, b. ‑‑, married Elizabeth Budd 1772.
140. (8) Barzillai Shinn, b. ‑‑, married Hannah (???) 1783.
141. (8) Isaiah Shinn, b. (???), ob. unm. 1774.
27. JOSEPH SHINN (3).‑‑JAMES (2), JOHN (1).
In the burying ground attached to St. Andrew's Cathedral, Mt. Holly, a tombstone rears its modest head, and from whose time‑worn and weather‑beaten face these words have been deciphered: "Joseph Shinn. Died Feb. 11, 1759. Aged 56 years." This enables us to say that Joseph Shinn, son of James and Abigail (Lippincott) Shinn, was born in 1702 (O. S.,) and 1703 (N. S.). He was probably the oldest son, and the third child, Hannah and Hope, his sisters, being older than he. History is silent as to his early life, and the first authentic record of the man is found in the minutes of Burlington Monthly Meeting for the 2d of the 11th month, 1726, when it was recorded. "The overseers gave an account that Joseph Shinn, son of James Shinn, hath married a wife that is not of our profession." And at the meeting on the 5th of the 4th month he was disowned therefor. Thus ends, so far as Quaker records are concerned, all evidence concerning Joseph Shinn, for he never thereafter returned to the religion of his birth. We might be at a loss to determine the maiden name of his wife but for the fact that a very perfect genealogy of her family has been preserved, from which we learn that in 1726 Joseph Shinn married Mary, daughter of William and Eliza (Stockton) Budd. The genealogy of the Budd family, referred to above, was prepared in 1774 by a William Bradford, a descendant of the family, and who afterwards became Attorney General of the United States. At Bradford's death it passed to his nephew, John B. Wallace, whose son gave it, in 1880, to Charles R. Hildeburn, who presented it to the Pennsylvania Historical Society, in whose library it now rests. The writer has a wide acquaintance with libraries in Europe and the United States, but is nowhere so comfortable as in the library of the Pennsylvania Historical Society. Its whole atmosphere is conducive of thought and eminently favorable to meditation and investigation. From the time‑worn genealogical manuscript of the distinguished jurist I gleaned the following facts, which I here present, divesting them of the graphical method of presentation which makes the original so interesting and valuable.
William Bradford's maternal grandfather's father, William1 Budd, married Ann Clapgert. Son of William Bradford's maternal grandfather's father, William Budd, married Eliza Stockton, daughter of Richard.
1This man and his brother Thomas owned the lands on the East, North and West
of Hampton‑Hanover (Pemberton) for miles in each direction.
Children of William and Eliza.
1. Mary married Joseph Shinn.
2. William married Susannah Cole.
3. Abigail married John Fisher.
4. Susannah married Jacob Gaskell.
5. David married Catherine Allen.
6. Ann married Kendall Cole.
7. Thomas married Jemima Leeds.
8. Rebecca married Joseph Lamb.
We have been thus particular in giving the children of William and Eliza (Stockton) Budd, for they are the root stems of one of the most distinguished families in early New Jersey life. They were firm adherents of the Established Church, and consistent in their religious lives. Joseph married an Episcopalian, who held her belief as an inheritance to be prized, and to be transmitted unspotted to her children. Joseph was cast out by the Friends for marrying this woman, and she set about to carry him into the Episcopal fold. For many years silence rests unbroken upon their lives. Doubtless she attended divine service at St. Ann's, afterwards St. Mary's, Burlington, and was attended by her husband. In due course of time the great Colin Campbell was sent over from England to evangelize New Jersey and to oppose the steady growth of Quakerism. He preached at Burlington, and then went to Mt. Holly and established St. Andrew's. The Budds were among his most powerful and influential supporters. From the register of St. Mary's Cathedral, Burlington, in the handwriting of Colin Campbell, of date May 30, 1746, we extract the following: "Baptized to Joseph and Mary Shinn, adults, Patience, Rebecca and William; to the said Joseph and Mary Shinn, the same day, baptized children, Vestai, Joseph, Benjamin, John, Francis and Abigail." From this it may be logically inferred that Joseph and Mary Shinn were and had been members prior to this date. But when Joseph became a member is not stated, and may never be known. But May 30th should be held as an anniversary by his descendants to the remotest time. The baptism of nine children on one day was a momentous event for the family of Joseph Shinn, and equally momentous for Episcopalianism in Mt. Holly.
James Shinn, father of Joseph, died in 1751, and Joseph was appointed administrator. (Burlington County Wills, Liber 7, p. 104.)
Joseph was the owner of large tracts of land in New Hanover Township, Burlington County, and in Upper Freehold, in Monmouth County. He died in 1759, and administration was granted by the Probate Court of Burlington County on February 15th of that year to his son William, called William Jr., to distinguish him from his cousin, William, son of John, Jr.
Children of Joseph and Mary (Budd) Shinn.
142. (1) Patience Shinn, ob sine proli.
143. (2) Rebecca Shinn, married George Clapp 1761.
144. (3) William Shinn, Jr., married Sarah French 1756.
145. (4) Vestai Shinn, ob sine proli.
146. (5) Joseph Shinn, ob sine proli.
147. (6) Benjamin Shinn, married a woman whose surname is not known.
148. (7) John Shinn, married Mary Allen 1763.
149. (8) Francis Shinn, married Martha Shinn 1766.
150. (9) Abigail Shinn, married Joseph Budd 1778.
28. JAMES SHINN (3).‑‑JAMES (2), JOHN (1).
James Shinn married his first cousin, Hannah, daughter of George and Elizabeth (Lippincott) Shinn, the mothers of James and Hannah, respectively,
being sisters, daughters of Restore Lippincott. They were also second cousins on the paternal side; James, the father, being a great‑uncle of Elizabeth.
The Church of Burlington arraigned the young couple for marrying against the canons on January 8,1739. James and Abigail denied any complicity in the affair. Elizabeth, the mother of Hannah, acknowledged that she knew the intentions of the young couple, but the record does not show whether she discouraged these intentions or not.
The young people were disowned in March, 1740, and we are thus left without the church minutes to guide us as to their after hstory. Many of the descendants of James Shinn, Sr., married first cousins, as we shall see, and it would be an interesting contribution to sociology could we know the effect. It certainly did not decrease longevity nor the number of children. When the migration sentiment was in the heyday of its influence in New Jersey, Adam and Prudence, Ann and Israel Thompson, Robert Shinn, Sarah, Hannah and Elizabeth Shinn removed into Fairfax County, Virginia. The administration papers upon Adam's effects in 1784 show that he had gathered a small estate, which was administered on by his wife, Prudence. Robert was a witness to several marriages in Virginia, but there is no record of his own marriage. James married in Gloucester County, New Jersey, and resided there. The following contains a list of the children, as nearly as they can be known, but it may not be complete. It is tolerably sure that his daughters married in Stafford, Fairfax and Fauquier Counties, Virginia, and became mothers of large families carrying names other than Shinn. In this way the name has been lost in that region, notwithstanding the fact that the blood of James Shinn exists in the veins of many a Virginia family.
Children of James and Hannah (Shinn) Shinn.
151. (1) Ann Shinn married Israel Thompson 1771.
152. (2) Hope Shinn married Aaron Bech 1774.
153. (3) Adam Shinn married Prudence (???) 177‑‑.
154. (4) Robert Shinn; (5) Sarah Shinn; (6) Hannah Shinn; (7) Elizabeth Shinn.
155. (8) Mary Shinn; (9) James Shinn married Unity Bogcoe 12/13/1795 in
Gloucester County, N. J.
29. SOLOMON SHINN (3).‑‑JAMES (2), JOHN (1).
This grandson was born in Springfield Township, Burlington County, New Jersey, and was married at Springfield Meeting House on May 17, 1739, to Mary, daughter of Thomas, son of John Antrim, in the presence of their parents, Thomas Antrim, James and Abigail Shinn, and thirty‑eight others, among whom were Clement Shinn, Joseph and Mary (Budd) Shinn, James and Hannah Shinn.
The original marriage certificate was in the possession of his grandson, Shreeve Shinn, at the date of his death. Solomon lived for many years in New Hanover Township, where he was engaged as a farmer. He inherited lands in that township and in New Egypt, Monmouth County, and was a large purchaser at Evesham and in other parts of Burlington County. He married the second time in 1782, Mrs. Mary Bishop, a widow with children, by whom there was no issue. He died intestate in 1785. The original marriage certificate has endorsed upon the back of it the names of his children and the dates of their birth, which are here transcribed, with their marriages, as gathered from the minutes of various monthly meetings.
Children of Solomon and Mary (Antrim) Shinn.
156. (1) Thomas Shinn, b. Sept. 17, 1740, married (1) Sarah Vinacomb 1764; (2)
Merebah Warren 1812.
157. (2) Asa Shinn, b. Nov. 27, 1742, married Sarah Gaunt 1767.
158. (3) James Shinn, b. Jan. 23, 1744, married Lavinia Haines 1768.
159. (4) Sarah Shinn, b. June 10/1747, married Nathaniel Pope 1769.
160. (5) Unity Shinn, b. Feb. 9/1749‑50, married Joseph Pancoast 1767.
161. (6) Caleb Shinn, b. May 3/1752, married Mary Lucas 1771.
162. (7) Mary Shinn, b. Nov. 14/1754, ob sine proli.
163. (8) Mary Shinn, born August 29/1756.
164. (9) Abigail Shinn, b. April 9/1759, married David Johnson 11/31/1779.
30. CLEMENT SHINN (3).‑‑JAMES (2), JOHN (1).
This son of James and Abigail (Lippincott) Shinn first appears as a witness upon several marriage certificates. He married Elizabeth Webb, a woman not of Quaker faith, in 1740, as is shown by the secular register. Burlington Monthly Meeting records disclose the interesting fact that he made acknowledgments to the society at that place on November 3, 1741. Little is known of his life. From family records of his children in Harrison County, Virginia (now West Virginia), from other records of his descendants in Philadelphia and Ohio, and from Friends' records of Burlington, Mt. Holly, Chesterfield, and Evesham, N. J., we are enabled to present his children and their marriages:
Children of Clement and Elizabeth (Webb) Shinn.
165 (1) Hannah Shinn, b. 1742, married at Evesham, N. J., 1762.
166. (2) Peter Shinn, b. 10/20/1744, married Grace Gaskell June, 1779.
167. (3) Clement Shinn, b. 1746, married Ruth Bates 1774 in New Jersey.
168. (4) Levi Shinn, b. 1748, married Elizabeth Smith 1772 in New Jersey.
169. (5) Jonathan Shinn, b. 1752, married (1) Mary Clark 1778 in New Jersey;
married (2) Mrs. Edwards in Frederick Co., Va.
170. (6) David Shinn, twin of Jonathan, b. 1752, married (1) in New Jersey;
married (2) Mary (???) in Virginia.
171. (7) Elizabeth Shinn, b. 1754.
34. LEVI SHINN (3).‑‑GEORGE (2), JOHN (1).
That Levi was the son of George and Mary (Thompson) Shinn has been demonstrated in our life of George and Mary. He was reared in the family of his stepfather, Daniel Wills, Jr., as is shown by the Northampton Census, hereafter alluded to, and was married in 1720, as is told us in Asa Matlack's Memoranda, to Ann, the daughter of Daniel Wills, Sr.
He was apparently not a member of the Society of Friends, as he is not mentioned in any of their records. That he was a carpenter is proven by a deed of date June 13, 1729 (Liber EF, p.120, W. J. Deeds). This deed also shows that he was a man of means, for it conveys two thousand acres in Evesham Township to him, Thomas Budd and John Pritchett.
By another deed, dated 2/21/1744, he and John Pritchett acquired another large body of land in the same locality. (Liber EF, p. 540, W. J. Deeds.) Levi Shinn was doubtless the founder of a large family of Shinns at Evesham, although the facts are difficult to obtain. The church records show migrations of other Shinns at a later period to this locality. The town is now called Medford, but it was once called Nebo, and at an earlier period Shinnstown. In Howe's "Historical Collection of New Jersey" this fact is set out, and the reason assigned was the large number of Shinns that lived there.
That Levi was a man of probity and public affairs is assumed from the fact that he was selected by a court of chancery, in 1739, to act as auditor in an attachment suit of considerable magnitude. (Pennsylvania Gazette, Sept. 6th and 13th, 1739; N. J. A., Vol. XI, p. 579.) He is also recorded as voting at an election held in 1739. When and where he died is not known, nor have we any authoritative list of his children. There are Shinns in Camden and Salem Counties who know nothing whatever of their antecedents beyond the grandfather.
It is possible, if not probable, that some, if not all, of them are descendants of Levi and Ann (Wills) Shinn. The list subjoined is based upon prima facie evidence, and is believed to be correct:
Children of Levi and Ann (Wills) Shinn.
172. (1) Jonathan Shinn, who was a witness to several marriages between 1740
173. (2) Levi Shinn, who was also a witness, but who died ob sine proli.
174. (3) Mary Shinn, who married William Atkinson in 1739.
175. (4) Hope Shinn, who married Abner Rogers in 1751.
35. MARTHA SHINN (3).‑‑GEORGE (2), JOHN (1).
Martha Shinn is recorded in Burlington Minutes as having passed meeting regularly in the 10th and 11th months, 1735, on account of marriage to Daniel Gaskell. The Gaskells were a prominent family in the early history of New Jersey and North Carolina, and the intermarriages between the Gaskells and the Shinns in the seventeenth century were frequent. The Gaskills were of the gentry of England, and their pedigree may be found in "Famili‘ Minorum Gentium," Vol. I, p. 302. The certificate is not recorded, and I am unable to give their descendants.
36. MARY SHINN (3).‑‑GEORGE (2), JOHN (1).
Mary Shinn and Samuel, son of Thomas and Mary (Roberts) Eves, declared their intentions twice (October and November, 1721) before Burlington Meeting, and were married in an orderly manner in November of that year. Samuel Eves produced a certificate of character from Newtown Meeting, Haddonfield, to which place he removed his wife. The Eves family was among the early settlers of the province, and maintained a high place in respectability and worth.
37. JEAN ATKINSON (3).‑‑SARAH SHINN (2), JOHN (1).
Jean or Jane Atkinson, daughter of Thomas and Sarah (Shinn) Atkinson, married Benjamin Jones, Jr., in 1727. There were two children at least, and there may have been many more.
Children of Jean Atkinson and Benjamin Jones.
176. (1) Benjamin Jones, married Elizabeth Carter 1746.
177. (2) Joseph Jones, married Sarah Shinn 1764.
53. ROWLAND OWEN (3).‑‑MARTHA SHINN (2), JOHN (1).
The records of Burlington Meeting show that on 3/7/1738 Rowland Owen, son of Joshua, and Prudence Powell, daughter of John, were married in an orderly manner according to the usage of Friends. The marriage certificate was signed by Joshua, Mary and Sarah Owen and thirty‑six others.
Children of Rowland and Prudence (Powell) Owen.
178. (1) Naomi Owen, married Isaac Buzby.
179. (2) Mary Owen, married Jonathan Jones, son of William and Elizabeth (Atkinson)
58. JOSEPH SHINN (4).‑‑GEORGE (3), JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
The family Bible of Isaiah Shinn, son of Joseph Shinn, the subject of this sketch, places Joseph's birth in 1713. This would make him the eldest son of George and Elizabeth (Lippincott) Shinn, and at the death of his father he doubtless remained in Gloucester County, where he had been reared. Of his life
prior to 1758 we know nothing. In that year a license was granted to Joseph Shinn by the county authorities of Gloucester to marry Ann Sydonia Shivers, daughter of Samuel and Martha (Deacon) Shivers. This marriage is also disclosed in Asa Matlack's Mcmoranda, but Joseph is therein placed at Salem. Matlack, in all probability, took the place wherein he lived at a later period as the one in which he married. He was married, however, in Gloucester County.
In 1763 Samuel Shivers and Martha, his wife, made a conveyance of land to Joseph Shinn, of Pilesgrove, Salem County, New Jersey, for land in Salem County. (Liber T, p. 420.) The records after this show many conveyances to Joseph Shinn, of Pilesgrove. This township seemed to be a favorite one for Burlington and Gloucester County people, for here we find many families who trace their ancestry to Burlington and Gloucester. Joseph Shinn was undoubtedly a most prosperous man, and a man of note in Salem County. He lived at a time when strong‑minded and fearless men were needed in the Assembly of the State. Great Britain was in trouble with her colonies, and the air was laden with arguments favoring independence. Salem County chose for one of her representatives to the Convention of New Jersey (1776) Joseph Shinn, of Pilesgrove. We find him at his post at every session of that body, and in the roll‑call, where the "ayes" and "nays" were set out at length, his vote in every case is recorded on the side of independence and liberty. That body organized the New Jersey troops for the war; formed an independent State Government for New Jersey; appointed delegates to the Continental Congress, viz., Richard Stockton, Abraham Clark, John Hart, Francis Hopkinson, and Dr. John Witherspoon. Much has been written about the courage which was required for a man of property to vote at that time for an independent government, and all that has been written does not transcend the truth. Joseph Shinn sat side by side with John Hart, Charles Read, Frederick Freylinghuysen, Philemon Dickerson and Richard Stockton, men afterwards chosen by New Jersey for positions of place and power. He was in close touch with all the liberty‑loving people of that day; was judicious and fearless in his course; contributed his part to the Independence of his State, and, his descendants everywhere are entitled to the privileges, the highest privileges, of all patriotic organizations.
In 1768 Samuel Shivers leased a tract of land at the mouth of Timber Creek for ninety‑nine years, with remainder to the heirs of certain‑named children. Land at that time brought a good rental, but no one could see the tremendous changes which ninety‑nine years would produce. This land was not only alluvial, but located within easy distance of a town which grew into one of the great cities of the world. The heirs of Samuel Shivers' descendants, like Esau of old, sold their birthright for a mess of pottage. A little ready money for themselves was considered as of more importance than a great estate for the unborn children of the future. The leasehold estate expired by limitation in 1867, and the heirs of Samuel Shivers' children then living expected the remainder. But it was found that a far‑seeing speculator had bought up the claims of the intermediate heirs, and that the fee was in the hands of a stranger. There is a principle of which lawyers boast. That principle is that one may not sell something not in esse. There is no estate in esse until the particular estate expires by limitation. The remainder revives to the use and benefit of the living heirs at the time. If they had formally sold their right under the so‑called sale of an inchoate right, they violated the law; they sold something not in existence, and contravened not only the policy of the law, but overturned the intentions of their ancestor. The claim sharks who pit their rascally acts against the judgment of youthful heirs in expectancy should have no standing in court. The estate which Samuel Shivers designed for his heirs at the end of ninety‑nine years was, by a process of legal juggling, given to strangers, and the design of the grantor completely destroyed.
The heirs of Joseph and Ann Sydonia (Shivers) Shinn living in 1867 had an indefeasible right to their share of this land; their descent was unquestioned save by the interested sharks; they had not sold nor bargained their rights; if their fathers and mothers had done this, they had simply done an unlawful act, and by the illegality could not bar the living heirs in 1867. And yet they were barred, to the shame of law. If courts would lend their influence to the cause of innocence rather than to interested Shylocks the ermine of law would be unspotted and far more lovable. There was a "History of Rutlandshire," written in 1684 by a barrister named James Wright. He dedicates it to the nobility and gentry of Rutland. When he reaches Cromwell's glorious reign he leaves a blank, in which he writes, with great pomposity:
"Temporis hoc spatium detut oblivioni."
When the heirs of Joseph Shinn reach the judicial period, 1867, they may put James Wright's sentence to far more noble use by using it as an epitaph for the inglorious tombstones of the claim quacks and legal shysters who swallowed up their estates.
Joseph Shinn died in 1784, and his wife, Ann Sydonia, administered upon his estate. (Will Book No. 26, p. 109.) She ob. 8/19/1798. The Bible of Isaiah names three‑children, as does Asa Matlack's Memoranda.
Children of Joseph and Ann Sydonia (Shivers) Shinn.
180. (1) Isaiah Shinn, b. 12/15/1764, married Elizabeth Jenks 1788.
181. (2) Joseph Shinn, b. 8/5/1768, ob 11/2/1802. Thrown from his carriage and
182. (3) Elizabeth Shinn.
59. AMOS SHINN (4).‑‑GEORGE (3), JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
On the 5th of February, 1739, Amos Shinn asked Burlington for a certificate to Chesterfield on account of marriage. The Chesterfield minutes do not show the appearance of Amos, as the rules require, nor do the minutes of Burlington show its accomplishment. Amos seems to have gotten ready before his sweetheart was ready. At all events, on the 8th day of October, 1740, he and Ann Carter appeared the first time at Burlington, and on the 1st of December, 1740, the committee reported the accomplishment of the marriage. The certificate is recorded, and states that Amos Shinn, son of George Shinn, deceased, of the County of Gloucester, and Ann Carter were married on the 25th of November, 1740. Elizabeth Shinn, mother of George, James and Abigail Shinn; Zilpha Shinn, Caleb and Mehitabel Shinn, and many others sign the paper. Now, if this Amos who really married in 1740 was the Amos who wanted to marry in 1739, then we shall have no trouble. If not, then there is an Amos to account for, and no records to draw upon. The silence of Chesterfield Minutes leads me to assume that the two Amoses were one person. Amos married (2) Sarah Cunningham in 1774, and died in 1777. Administration was granted upon his estate to Sarah Shinn November 18, 1777. (West Jersey Wills, Liber 16, p. 516.)
Children of Amos and Ann (Carter) Shinn.
183. (1) Mary Shinn, b. 1741, married Richard Sinnett 1766.
184. (2) Samuel Shinn, b. 1743, married Elizabeth Starkey 1766.
185. (3) George Shinn, b. 1745, married Elizabeth Kelley 1769.
186. (4) Zilpha Shinn, b. 1747, married Caleb Lippincott 1775.
187. (5) Amos Shinn, b. 1751, married Ann Cunningham 1766.
188. (6) Nancy Shinn, b. 1754, married Hugh Mooney 1781.
60. JOHN SHINN (4).‑‑GEORGE (3), JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
John Shinn, of Northampton, and Lydia Carter were regularly married in February, 1745, as appears from the minute book of the Burlington Meeting. In
1771 he removed to Chesterfield, and in 1780 to Evesham, where he died. His will is dated at Evesham, November 9th, 1801, and was probated November 20th, 1801. (Liber No. 39, page 458, West Jersey Wills.)
In his will he names sons Uriah and John, son Esaiah's four sons‑‑Moses, Esaias, Aaron and Elijah (they to have land in Virginia)‑‑granddaughter, Lydia Stratton, daughter of Ephraim Stratton, and cousin Job Jones.
The Mt. Holly Register of Births and Deaths has preserved the record of his children, to which we add the names of the persons they married.
Children of John and Lydia (Carter) Shinn.
189. (1) Lydia Shinn, b. ‑‑, ob 3/20/1763.
190. (2) Esaias Shinn, b. 6/14/1745, married Hannah Brannan 1771.
191. (3) Ozias Shinn, b. 6/20/1747, ob sine proli.
192. (4) Noah Shinn, b. 1/28/1752, married in Dover Township, Ocean Co., N. J.
193. (5) John Shinn, b. 5/30/1754, married Martha Parker 1775.
194. (6) George Shinn, b. 1/5/1757, married Sarah Kelley 1776 at Swede's Church,
195. (7) Rachel Shinn, b. 1/1/1758, married Ephraim Stratton 12/12/1782.
196. (8) Ellis Shinn, b. 8/12/1760, ob sine proli.
197. (9) Urias Shinn, b. 6/6/1768, married (???).
198. (10) Nehemiah Shinn, b. 10/23/1769, ob sine proli.
65. GEORGE SHINN (4).‑‑GEORGE (3), JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
This son of George and Elizabeth (Lippincott) Shinn appeared twice before Burlington Meeting in 1749, and on the 5th day of June the committee reported that the marriage had been accomplished. His bride was Sarah Owen, described in the minutes as a widow. She was the widow of Joshua, son of Joshua and Martha (Shinn) Owen, and the daughter of (???). Branson. George followed the distiller's business, and lived near Georgetown, N. J.
Children of George and Sarah (Owen‑Branson) Shinn.
199. (1) Martha Shinn, b. 1750, married Francis Shinn 1766. See Francis4,
Joseph3, James2, John1.
200. (2) Postrema Shinn, b. 1753, married (???).
201. (3) Curtis Shinn, b. 1755, married Annie Merritt 1777.
202. (4) John Shinn, b. 1757, married Jane Herbert 1780.
203. (5) Susan Shinn, b. 1759.
204. (6) Elizabeth Shinn, b. 1761.
205. (7) George Shinn, b. 1763, married Charity (???).
206. (8) Mary Shinn, b. 1764, married John Irick 1781.
66. AZARIAH SHINN (4).‑‑GEORGE (3), JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
Azariah lived at Greenwich, Gloucester County. What his business was is not disclosed. The civil records show that he was married by license in 1760 in Gloucester County to Sarah Haines, a widow. This woman seems to have been a Friend, but transgressed the rules by her marriage according to civil law. Azariah, it is assumed, had forgotten the faith of his fathers, for he is never mentioned in their records directly. When his wife or children are named he is named as father or husband, but in no other way. The Salem M. M. Records show that Sarah Haines, the widow, was married in 1749 to William Haines. Her maiden name was Lippincott. Shortly after her marriage to Azariah her conscience urged her to make amends to the church, and in July, 1761, she sent a written acknowledgment to Haddonfield Monthly Meeting, but failed to have it considered. She seems not to have arranged for the children of her first marriage as her husband in his will had directed, and the church informed her that until such provision was made she could not be forgiven. The nice sense of justice which obtained in this primitive town among these Quakers is commendable. Sarah Shinn argued the matter, whatever it was, for several months, but could not regain her place
in the church. She would not do as they required, and they would not bend. She was disowned.
Azariah died in 1773. His will was dated at the town of Gloucester, and County of Gloucester, February 13, 1773, and was probated March 17, 1773. (Liber 16, p. 100, W. J. Wills.) The document names his wife, Sarah; wife's daughter, Mary Haines (who afterwards married Joseph Gibson); his three daughters, Sarah, Martha and Beulah, minors. Sarah (Haines) Shinn dated her will at Greenwich, County of Gloucester, on the 23d of November, 1781. It was probated December 19th of same year. (Liber No. 23, p. 351, W. J. Wills.) It states that she is a widow, and names son, John Haines; son‑in‑law, Joseph Gibson; daughters, Sarah, Martha and Beulah Shinn. "Life's fitful fever" is over for both of them, and they are at rest. From this couple descends some of the most respectable people of the twentieth century, among whom is the Mayor of Philadelphia, Hon. Samuel Ashbridge.
Children of Azariah and Sarah (Haines) Shinn.
207. (1) Sarah Shinn, married David Ware 1782.
208. (2) Martha Shinn, married Isaac Crines.
209. (3) Beulah Shinn, married Gibson Jones.
67. ISAIAH SHINN (4).‑‑GEORGE (3), JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
Of this son of George little is known. He died at Greenwich, Gloucester County, in 1763, and Jacob Spicer was made administrator of his estate April 20th, 1763. (Liber No. 11, p. 313, W. J. Wills.) There is no record of his marriage.
68. WILLIAM SHINN (4).‑‑WILLIAM (3), JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
William Shinn's life was very obscure. His disownment on account of marriage may be found recorded in Burlington Minutes, as follows:
"Northampton overseers report that William Shinn had married contrary to order, and that he refused to make satisfactory acknowledgment. He was therefore declared out of unity." So far as authentic history is concerned, he left the world at this instant, for this is the last notice anywhere that the most diligent investigation can bring to light. The traditions of the neighborhood seem to indicate the following children:
Children of William Shinn.
210. (1) Ann Shinn, who married Isaac Islow 1784.
211. (2) Rhoda Shinn, who married John Steward 1783; he was a member of the
State Militia of Burlington Co. in 1776.
212. (3) Sarah Shinn, who married John Myers 1775; he enlisted in the 2nd
Burlington Regiment in 1776 and was elected Captain.
71. ISAIAH SHINN (4).‑‑WILLIAM (3), JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
Of this Isaiah very little is known. The civil records show that in 1770 he was married to Mary, daughter of Joseph and Rachel Burr, by license. Asa Matlack's Memoranda confirms this. Of his children nothing whatever is known. No one of the name traces back to this marriage, so far as I have been informed, and the inference is that there was no issue.
73. ELIZABETH SHINN (4).‑‑WILLIAM (3), JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
The civil records show that Elizabeth was married to John Alloways in 1774. She must have been very popular with all the Shinns, for she is favorably mentioned in several of their wills. Rebecca Shinn left her a legacy in 1806 and Samuel Shinn in 1815.
74. JOB SHINN (4).‑‑WILLIAM (3), JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
The civil records show that Job married Elinor Burns in 1776. The Mt. Holly Records give him this notice: "Job Shinn, having gone out in marriage after being 'precautioned,' is disowned." Elinor, in all probability, died soon after the marriage, childless. Job died in 1793 without a will, and William Butterworth was made administrator.
75. URIAH SHINN (4).‑‑JOSHUA (3), JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
On the 5th of May, 1777, Uriah Shinn sent a paper to Mt. Holly meeting acknowledging he had committed a fault in being married by a magistrate, and asked forgiveness. The meeting ordered the paper to be read publicly at the Mount Holly Meeting, and granted the request. Uriah married Rebecca Ridgway, and lived near Vincentown. He and his wife separated, and Rebecca certainly married again. Uriah removed to Salem County, and was living there in 1814, as is shown by the following letter to his son, Isaac:
"Salem County‑‑March 16, 1814.
"I take this opportunity to write to thee that we are in as good health as is common and hoping these lines will find you all the same. If thee will come down thee may have a wagon and a cow. Bring horses to fetch the wagon. If thee comes, come as soon as convenient.
These lines from they father,
The second husband of Rebecca had a surname Hosier, and by this marriage there were two children.1 After Uriah's disownment he never returned to the Friends Society, although he maintained their peculiarities of speech. His descendants became members of the popular churches of the day, and one of them, George Wolfe Shinn, became a distinguished rector in the Episcopalian Church.
Notwithstanding the fact that Gideon Shinn, a grandson of Uriah, and Rebecca, a granddaughter, maintain that Uriah was the son of Joshua, and which has controlled me in his a lignment, I must be permitted to say that the matter is not altogether free from doubt. It is probable, I think, after mature consideration, that they are mistaken in their remembrance, for there is no record, and that Uriah Shinn was a son of Joseph Shinn by a wife prior to his marriage to Ann Sydonia Shivers. My reasons are:
1. Joseph was born in 1713, as an authentic Bible record in the possession of Isaiah Shinn, his son, at Salem, will sustain. He certainly married Ann Sydonia Shivers in 1758. He was then forty‑five years of age. The probability is that a man having lived single to that age would not marry at all. Hence I infer that he had been married before, and that the fruit of that marriage was Uriah Shinn, and possibly others.
2. This probable argument is strengthened by the fact that the descendants of Uriah Shinn to the last mature generation have all carried with them a tradition that they were entitled to an island somewhere in the Delaware River, or some of its tributaries, and that somehow, not explainable, and beyond their analysis, they lost their claim. The reason generally given is: "Inability to prove a legal descent from the original testator." This whole tradition, so widely prevalent among the descendants of Uriah Shinn, grew out of the ninety‑nine‑years lease of Tinicum Island by Samuel Shivers in 1758, already referred to. Joseph Shinn's descendants by Ann Sydonia Shivers were heirs to the remainder. And since all of the descendants of Uriah living at the time thought themselves heirs to the property, they must have been descendants of Joseph and not Joshua. They could claim nothing through Joshua, for he had no connection whatever with the Shivers estate. But, knowing themselves to be descended from Joseph, they at once leaped to the conclusion that they were heirs to whatever Joseph might have had. They had no right to Tinicum Island in reversion, not because they could not prove
1Their names were Gideon and Pearson Hosier.
descent from Joseph, but because they could not prove descent from Joseph and Ann Sydonia Shivers. Their mother was a different woman, and the estate was limited to the heirs of the four daughters of Samuel Shivers, of whom Ann Sydonia was one. The Shivers heirs lost the island through legal juggling; the heirs of Joseph Shinn by his first wife had nothing to lose, for they were not heirs of Samuel Shivers. Hence, on account of the undisputed fact that they all thought themselves heirs to the Shivers property, I argue not that they were entitled to the property, but that their ancestor was certainly Joseph and not Joshua.
3. There are certain mental peculiarities and attributes of many of the descendants of Uriah Shinn that would class them as descendants of Joseph Shinn. He was a fearless actor and thinker. His votes in the Assembly in 1776 place him among the first men of that day. These same traits show themselves in Dr. George Wolfe Shinn and to a lesser degree in several of the descendants of Uriah.
Opposed to this is the Bible of Isaiah Shinn, of Salem, and the positive averments of Gideon and Rebecca. As to the first, the Bible is that of Isaiah, and not of Joseph. In fact, this Bible is one of the earliest ones that contained a family record. In Joseph's day, that is, in the day of his marriages, such instrumentalities were not known. Bibles were read and not used as a record and day book, and the entries are, in all probability, those of Isaiah and not of Joseph. The entries are absolutely‑correct in what they state. The first marriage was not entered because Isaiah knew nothing about it, and if he did know it he was not required to enter it in a register which had to do with his descent alone.
As to the second objection, I have to say that it is a question of memory, and that the difference between Joseph and Joshua is so slight that no conclusion can be drawn from it which will be permitted to outweigh the reasoning hereinbefore set out. Out of deference, however, to these two members of Uriah's family, I have placed Uriah as a descendant of Joshua. Every descendant who reads this book may array himself where he likes.
Children of Uriah and Rebecca (Ridgway) Shinn.
213. 1. Lydia Shinn, b. ‑‑/‑‑/1775; unmarried.
214. 2. Zlba Shinn, b. 1/13/1777; m., 12/24/1800, Elizabeth, daughter of Robert and
215. 3. Isaac Shinn, b. 6/7/1779; m., 1/14/1805, Martha Jones.
76. JOHN SHINN (4).‑‑CALEB (3), JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
In Mt. Holly records there is a certificate of marriage in May, 1763, for John Shinn, son of Caleb and Mehitabel, and Amy Griffith, daughter of John Griffith, late of Darby, Pa., but now of Great Britain. In the same records in March, 1781, a committee reported the orderly marriage of John, son of Caleb and Mchitabel, both deceased, to Sarah, daughter of Benjamin and Elizabeth Jones. Benjamin Jones was a descendant on the maternal side from Sarah Shinn, daughter of John Shinn, Sr. There is no record showing the birth of children to John and Amy (Griffith) Shinn. In 1791 Burlington granted a certificate of removal to Mt. Holly to John and Sarah (Jones) Shinn and their son Benjamin. In 1798 John Shinn, his wife, Sarah, and son, Benjamin, presented a removal certificate from Mt. Holly to Upper Evesham. They afterwards removed to Haddonfield, where John died, January 10, 1819. He was buried at Haddonfield. Sarah died on September 10, 1808, and was buried at New Hopewell. Upper Evesham records show that Benjamin was born December 18,1786. He seems to have been a very prominent young man, having been placed on several important committees by Upper Evesham Friends.
Joseph Hinchman, in his journal, recites that Benjamin died January 11,
1819. The death of father and son within a day of each other indicates the presence of a contagious discase.
Children of John and Sarah (Jones) Shinn.
216. 1. Benjamin Shinn, b. 10/18/1786; ob. sine proli, 1/11/1819.
77. HENRY SHINN (4).‑‑CALEB (3), JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
Henry Shinn, son of Caleb and Mehitabel (Curtis) Shinn, born in Burlington County, New Jersey; married there, in 1770, Anna Fort, and removed to Gloucester County. He had several children, but I have been enabled to find but one.
217. 1. Henry Shinn, b. 1781; m. Hannah Warner at Tuckahoe, N. J.
82. HANNAH SHINN (4).‑‑JACOB (3), JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
Hannah Shinn, daughter of Jacob and Hannah (Lippincott‑Rakestraw) Shinn, is recorded in Mt. Holly Register of Births as the second child of the marriage, coming immediately after Mary and before Jacob, but no date is assigned to her, as is to the others. Mary was born in 1746 and Jacob in 1750, and I infer that Hannah was born near Arney's Mount in 1748.
In 1767 she and Isaac Kay were regularly married according to Friends' usage, as is disclosed by Burlington Minutes. Francis Shinn was appointed to attend the marriage, and he reported, on the 4th of July, 1767, that the marriage had been accomplished in an orderly manner. The minutes disclose the fact that Isaac Kay was from Haddonfield. From "A History of Newton Township," by John Clement, we learn that the Kays were a most respectable family at Haddonfield, being among the earliest settlers of that part of Gloucester (now Camden) County. The old court records of Woodbury show that this family was most prominently connected with the administrative affairs of the county, and exercised a powerful influence upon its early history.1 Hannah took up her residence at Haddonfield, where she passed the remainder of her life. She is mentioned in her father's will in1792, and in her mother's will in 1795. The latter will names two of her children, Jemima and Hannah. Her brother Caleb died in 1833, leaving a will which names his living brothers and sisters. Hannah is not named, nor is any of her children. Hannah died at Haddonfield.
Children of Isaac and Hannah (Shinn) Kay.
218. 1. Jemima Kay.
219. 2. Hannah Kay.
220. 3. Mary Ann Kay, m. Jesse Lippincott, 1793.
83. JACOB SHINN (4).‑‑JACOB (3), JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
Jacob Shinn was born near Arney's Mount, 1/24/1750. His father was a man of wealth, and, like many other rich men's sons, he had to sow wild oats. This brought him into trouble with the church, and led eventually to his disownment (3/4/1782). In 1777 the society gave him a certificate on account of marriage to Burlington. In Book of Burlington Marriages it is set out that Jacob Shinn, son of Jacob, and Hannah Fenton (5), daughter of Eleazer, were married 11/6/1777 at old Springfield Meeting House. The certificate is signed by sixty‑two persons, and the wedding was a notable one for the day. Armed soldiers were at this time at rendezvous in camps throughout the county, and general gloom hung over the country. Still, courtships went on with unwonted vigor, and marriages
1John Kay, grandfather of Isaac, represented Gloucester in the Assembly, 1708, 1709, 1710
occurred with unbroken regularity. As one reads the Friends' minutes covering the period of the
Revolutionary War he is apt to think he is studying a period of profound peace. Every now and then a wail of suffering "on account of the war" creeps into the record, but the general trend is that of perfect tranquillity.
Eleazer Fenton, father of Hannah (Fenton) Shinn, married Elizabeth Atkinson in 1753, and was the son of Eleazer Fenton, the son of Eleazer, the emigrant.1 Elizabeth Atkinson was the daughter of John and Hannah (Shinn) Atkinson. Hannah was the daughter of James and Abigail (Lippincott) Shinn. Thus Hannah Fenton, who married Jacob Shinn, the great‑grandson of John Shinn, Sr., was herself the great‑great‑granddaughter of the same person. Two years after the marriage (1779) Hannah took a letter of removal from Burlington to Mt. Holly. In 1782, as we have seen, Jacob was disowned at Mt. Holly, and his after life is lost in obscurity. He was alive in 1795 at the death of his father, but is not named in the will of his mother, who died in 1804. The probability is that he was dead at that date. Hannah, his wife, died in New Jersey.
Children of Jacob and Hannah (Fenton) Shinn.
221. 1. Hannah Shinn, b. 12/12/1778; m. Daniel Earle.
222. 2. Elizabeth Shinn, b. 3/20/1780; m. Dennis Heartt, September, 1804, at 2nd
Presbyterian Church, Philadelphia, Pa.
223. 3. Caleb Shinn, b. 1782; a soldier of the war of 1812; a justice of the peace,
but never married. He lived at Philadelphia, Pa.
224. 4. John Shinn, born 1784; married and left descendants near Jobstown, N. J.
225. 5. Lydia Shinn, b. 1788; m. William Heppard.
226. 6. Samuel Shinn, b. 1793.
227. 7. Rebecca Shinn, b. Springfield Township, Burlington County, New Jersey,
1801; m. Charles Harbert of Philadelphia, Pa., 10/31/1820.
84. ELIZABETH SHINN (4).‑‑JACOB (3), JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
This daughter of Jacob and Hannah (Lippincott‑Rakestraw) Shinn was born 8/19/1753, as is shown by Mt. Holly records. Burlington records show that she was married regularly in 1776 to Samuel Lippincott, and a report made to the church on the 3d of June of that year. The will of Hannah Shinn enables us to name the following children. There may have been others.
Children of Samuel and Elizabeth (Shinn) Lippincott.
228. 1. Elizabeth Lippincott, who married (???) Tucker.
229. 2. Rebecca Lippincott, who married John E. Woodard.
230. 3. Hannah Lippincott.
231. 4. Jesse Lippincott, who married Mary Ann (???).
85. MARY SHINN (4).‑‑JACOB (3), JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
This daughter of Jacob and Hannah (Lippincott‑Rakestraw) Shinn was born 11/23/1755. (Mt. Holly Records.) She was married to Samuel Wright in Burlington County in 1784 by a license, as is shown by the court records. The Friends do not appear to notice the irregularity of her marriage, and I infer that she was not a member of the society. Her children, as gathered from the will of her mother (1795) and her brother Caleb (1833), are as given below:
Children of Samuel and Mary (Shinn) Wright.
232. 1. Caleb Wright.
233. 2. Charles Wright.
234. 3. Thomas Wright.
1The emigrant, Eleazer, m. Elizabeth Stacy, 1690. The marriage was solemnized in
open court at Burlington, N. J.
235. 4. Jane Wright.
236. 5. Mary Wright.
237. 6. Louisa Wright, who married Job Horner of Jobstown.
86. JOHN SHINN (4).‑‑JACOB (3), JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
John, another of the children born to Jacob and Hannah (Lippincott‑Rakestraw) Shinn, was born in Burlington County, N. J., 11/25/1757. (Mt. Holly Records.) Like his sister, Mary, he was married according to civil law by a license regularly issued in 1780. (Court Records Burlington County.) As he was not disciplined for this act by the Friends, the inference is that he was not a member of the society. His wife was Mary, daughter of William and Susannah Norton. John Shinn died 2/13/1833.
Children of John and Mary (Norton) Shinn.
238. 1. Jemima Shinn, born 1780; m. George Woodard, 1/22/1800.
239. 2. William Norton Shinn, b. 10/24/1782; m. Sarah Budd, 1/25/1804.
240. 3. John Shinn, b. 8/19/1784; m., 6/2/1805, Mary, daughter of Dr. John and
Elizabeth (Stanley) White.
241. 4. Mary Shinn, b. 1786; m. Charles McLaughlin.
242. 5. Hannah Shinn, b. 1788; m. Samuel, son of Thomas and Ann (Palmer) Lawrence.
243. 6. Beulah Shinn, b. 1790; m. William Norton.
244. 7. Dr. Freedom Lippincott Shinn, b. 1792; m. (1), 11/15/1815, Hannah Ackley,
(2), 1846, Anna Imlay.
245. 8. Susannah Shinn, b. 1794; m. Benjamin Cox.
246. 9. Caleb Shinn, b. 1796.
247. 10. Abigail Shinn, b. 1798; m. Samuel Hartshorn.
248. 11. Elizabeth Shinn, b. 7/11/1800; m. Charles Ivins.
249. 12. Martha Shinn, m. Samuel Woolston.
250. 13. Edward Shinn, b. 1805; m. Mary Field, 5/5/1831.
87. JEMIMA SHINN (4).‑‑JACOB (3), JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
The records disclose that this daughter of Jacob and Hannah (Lippincott‑Rakestraw) Shinn was born 2/26/1760, and that she married Caleb Lippincott in 1782. From the will of her mother, Hannah, and her brother, Caleb, we form the following list:
Children of Caleb and Jemima (Shinn) Lippincott.
251. 1. Alexander Lippincott.
252. 2. Samuel Lippincott.
253. 3. Joseph Lippincott, who married.
254. 4. Caleb Arney Lippincott, who married (1) (???) (???), (2) Zilpha Shinn.
255. 5. Mary Lippincott, who married Joseph M. Morgan.
256. 6. Hannah Lippincott, who married James F. Hulme.
257. 7. Caroline Lippincott, who married (???) Smith.
258. 8. Mary Ann Lippincott, who married (???) Kelly.
259. 9. Isaac Kay Lippincott.
88. RACHEL SHINN (4).‑‑JACOB (3), JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
Rachel Shinn, daughter of Jacob and Hannah (Lippincott‑Rakestraw) Shinn, was a church‑loving woman, and her birth and marriage appear regularly upon the Mt. Holly Records. She was born10/24/1762, and married Benejah Butcher in 1784. Her children were:
Children of Benejah and Rachel (Shinn) Butcher.
260. 1. Hannah Butcher.
261. 2. Thomas Butcher.
262. 3. Benejah Butcher.
263. 4. Jacob Butcher.
264. 5. Mary Butcher, who married Isaac Fennimore.
89. CALEB SHINN (4).‑‑JACOB (3), JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
This, the youngest child of Jacob and Hannah (Lippincott‑Rakestraw) Shinn, was born 3/12/1764. He lived and died in Burlington County, and was a man of considerable wealth. He was never married, but by his will, dated December 12, 1833 (Burlington Records, Book D, p. 657), he appears to have left the greater part of his estate to his adopted daughters, Louisa Brognard Rossell and Mary Wright Rossell.
He also gave large bequests to his sisters, Jemima Lippincott, Rachel Butcher, and his brother Jacob. He also gave bequests to his nieces and nephews‑‑Elizabeth Tucker, Rebecca, wife of John E. Woodard; Thomas Wright, Charles Wright, Caleb Wright, Jane Lee (late Wright), Mary Wright, Louisa, wife of Job Horner; Caleb Lippincott, Mary, wife of Joseph M. Morgan; Hannah, wife of James F. Hulme; Caroline Smith, Mary Ann Kelley, Isaac Kay Lippincott, Benejah Butcher, Mary Fennimore, wife of Isaac Fennimore; children of nephew, Samuel Lippincott; two daughters of Joseph Lippincott, Hannah S. Butterworth and Elizabeth, wife of Restore Lippincott, and children of his brother, John Shinn, deceased.
90. SUSANNAH SHINN (4).‑‑THOMAS (3), THOMAS (2), JOHN (1).
Susannah, the oldest child of Thomas and Martha (Earl) Shinn, was born in Springfield Township, Burlington County, N. J., 3/10/1721 (Burlington Records of Births). She was regularly married according to Friends rite 4/4/1739 (Ibid.; also Asa Matlack's Memoranda) to Thomas, son of Samuel and Ruth (Stacy) Atkinson, who lived at Haddonfield. Ruth Stacy was the daughter of Mahlon Stacy, of the Commissioners, and a man of affairs. Samuel Atkinson was a prosperous contractor and builder in Newton Township. ("History of Newton Township," Clement.) The Quaker minutes above referred to have "Sarah" instead of "Susannah" as the one who married Thomas Atkinson, but Thomas' will and the Marriage Record agree upon "Susannah." The Atkinson genealogy also gives the name Susannah. The scribe who prepared the record in the second volume of Burlington Minutes was not very careful, as will more fully appear in the next article. I have not ascertained their children.
91. MARTHA SHINN (4).‑‑THOMAS (3), THOMAS (2), JOHN (1).
Martha, the second child of Thomas and Martha (Earl) Shinn, was born 1/22/1722‑3 (Burlington Records). She is next referred to in the Minutes of Burlington Meeting on the 6th day of the 6th month, 1739, as follows: "Henry Paxson and Mary Shinn, she being a widow with children, appeared the first time." This marriage is recorded, and the record shows the following certificate:
"Henry Paxson1 of Soulsbury in ye County of Bucks in ye Province of Pennsylvania, and Mary Shinn, widow, were married on the 12th of the 7th month, 1739," at Mt. Holly Meeting House. It was witnessed by James Paxson, brother of Henry; Thomas and Martha Shinn, parents of the bride; Jacob, Caleb and Elizabeth Shinn, and forty‑six others. This was a notable wedding, and it is most singular that the scribe should repeat the error of the minutes and transcribe the
1James Paxson, from the parish of Marsh Gibbon, in the vicinity of Stowe, England,
and a member of the Coleshill Society of Friends, came to Bucks County, Pennsylvania,
about 1700, and died there 1722. One of his children, Henry, married Ann Plumly in
1706 and became the father of twelve children, one of whom, Henry, Jr., married Martha
Shinn in 1739. (History Bucks County, Pa., p. 678.) The father of Henry, Jr., was a
member of the Pennsylvania Council in the years 1695, 1704‑5‑6‑7‑8, and 1709. William,
uncle of Henry, Jr., was also a member of the Council for fourteen years. (History
Bucks County, Pennsylvania.)
bride's name Mary, when it should be Martha. In the will of Thomas Shinn, her father, dated10/8/1751 (Will Book 7, p. 318), the children are named as follows: "Daughter Susannah Atkinson, sons Earl and Gamaliel, daughter Elizabeth Shinn, son Aquilla, daughter Postrema Shinn, daughter Mary Allison, son Thomas, son‑in‑law Henry Paxson, daughter Martha Paxson." He then names them in the order of their birth, as follows: Susannah Atkinson, Martha Paxson, Thomas Shinn, Jr., Mary Allison, Elizabeth Shinn, Earl Shinn, Gamaliel Shinn, Aquilla Shinn and Postrema Shinn; nine children, some under age at the date of the will. The scribe erred in the name, but it is hardly reasonable to suppose that he erred in the statement that she was a widow with children. If this be accepted as true, and there are no grounds for disbelief, then Martha had resumed her maiden name after the death of her husband. Who he was will never be known, for the records show no such marriage, and do not show the death of her husband. Henry Paxson was born 7/14/1719, in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, and died in Burlington County, 9/18/1778. Martha, his wife, died 2/23/1781. Henry Paxson, husband of Martha, represented Burlington County in the Nineteenth Assembly, 1754‑1761; in the Twenty‑first Assembly, 1769‑1772, and in the Twenty‑second Assembly, 1772‑1775. He gave his vote for the calling of a provincial congress in 1775 for the province of New Jersey, and was a friend of American liberty. His descendants, wherever they may be, are entitled to membership in any of the patriotic societies growing out of the Revolutionary War, except the Order of the Cincinnati.
Children of Henry and Martha (Shinn) Paxson.
265. 1. Thomas Paxson, b. 9/1/1743.
266. 2. Martha Paxson, b. 11/30/1745; m. (1) John Arney, (2) Joseph, son of
Joseph and Sarah Ridgway, 1/19/1791.
267. 3. Henry Paxson, b. 5/12/1749.
268. 4. Mary Paxson, b. 11/20/1751.
269. 5. Elizabeth Paxson, b. 8/19/1754.
270. 6. Samuel Paxson, b. 8/28/1761.
271. 7. Joseph Paxson, b. 10/30/1765.
92. THOMAS SHINN (4).‑‑THOMAS (3), THOMAS (2), JOHN (1).
Thomas, Jr., the third child and first son of Thomas and Martha (Earl) Shinn, was born 6/7/1725. He married Mary Buddell about 1750. In the second volume of Burlington Minutes, of date 1/8/1750, a report was made that Thomas Shinn, Jr., had gone out in marriage and given way to a libertine spirit, and for which he refused to make acknowledgments. At the next meeting he was declared out of unity. A few months before this he had been made overseer of the Northampton (Mt. Holly) Meeting, but he seems to have preferred his wife to the church, and never made overtures to return. At the beginning of the Revolution he owned the "Old Cross Kegs" tavern, in Mt. Holly. In 1776 this tavern was captured by the British, and a company of soldiers quartered within it. ("History of Burlington and Mercer Counties," p. 182.) This was very distasteful to Thomas, as he had a son in‑the American army, and his sentiments were in unison with his son. He died in 1777, as is shown in W. J. Wills, Liber 16, p. 496, where, on March 8, 1777, letters of administration upon his estate were granted to Buddell Shinn, his son. From a will made by his wife, Mary (Buddell) Shinn, on 7/8/1805 (W. J. Wills, Liber A, p. 91), we ascertain that the children of Thomas were:
Children of Thomas and Mary (Buddell) Shinn.
272. 1. Buddell Shinn, m. Sarah Bispham, 1781.
273. 2. Martha Shinn.
274. 3. Hannah Shinn, m. Frederick Toy, 1784.
275. 4. Mary Shinn.
93. MARY SHINN (4).‑‑THOMAS (3), THOMAS (2), JOHN (1).
Mary, the fourth child and the third daughter of Thomas and Martha (Earl) Shinn, was born
10/22/1727. (Mt. Holly Minutes.) She was married to Thomas Allison on the 3d day of the 4th month, 1745, and her descendants have always been prominent Friends. She afterwards married James Clothier.
Children of James and Mary (Allison‑Shinn) Clothier.
276. (1) Caleb Clothier (5) of Mt. Holly, N. J., who married Elizabeth Jones
of Burlington County, New Jersey, and had:
277. (1) Caleb Clothier (6), who married Hannah Fletcher Hallowell of
Abingdon, Pa.; removed to Philadelphia, and had:
278. 1. Elizabeth Hallowell Clothier (7), who married Jacob S. Bunting and
279. 1. Elizabeth Sellers Bunting (8), who married Charles William Pickering.
280. 2. Hannan Bunting (8), unmarried.
281. 2. Lucretia Mott Clothier (7).
282. 3. Isaac Hallowell Clothier (7), b. 11/5/1837; m. 9/1/1864, Mary Clapp
Jackson of Phliadelphia and had:
283. 1. Mary Jackson Clothier (8), b. 6/7/1865, who married William
Esher Heyl, 11/1/1892, at "Ballytore," Wynnewood, Pa., and had
two children, William Esher and Isaac Clothier Heyl.
286. 2. Elizabeth Jackson Clothier (8), b. 11/5/1866, who married F.
Henry Powers Sailer, 4/30/1895, at "Ballytore," and had children,
Josephine and Randolph Sailer.
289. 3. Morris Lewis Clothier (8), b. 7/24/1868, who married Lydia M.
Earnshaw, 4/26/1900, at Riverton, N. J., and had two children,
Emily Earnshaw and Lydia Morris.
291. 4. Hannah Hallowell Clothier (8), b 7/21/1872, who married Dr. William
I. Hull, 12/27/1898, at "Ballytore," and had one child,
Mary Clothier Hull.
293. 5. Walter Clothier (8), b. 7/16/1874, who married Ebith M. Ball,
4/2/1902, at Boston, Mass.
294. 6. Isaac Hallowell Clothier (8), b. 11/12/1875, who married Melinda
Knight Annear in 1903.
295. 7. Lydia Biddle Clothier (8).
258. 8. Caroline Clothier (8).
296. 9. William Jackson Clothler (8).
297. 4. William Penn Clothier (7), who married Jennie Drew of New York and
had children, Hannah, Fletcher, William Penn, and Caleb Clothier.
298. 5. Anna Burr Clothier, unmarried.
299. 6. Clarkson Clothier (7), who married Agnes Evans, 10/12/1875, and had
children, Marian, Edith and Robert Clarkson Clothier, living and
unmarried; another child, Florence Clothier, deceased.
94. ELIZABETH SHINN (4).‑‑THOMAS (3), THOMAS (2), JOHN (1).
Elizabeth, the fifth child, and the fourth daughter of Thomas and Martha (Earl) Shinn, was born 7/20/1733, and married on the 2d of the 9th month, 1754. She passed meeting and her marriage was reported regularly, but the certificate is not recorded. (Vol. II, Burlington Monthly Meeting, 8/5, 9/2, 10/7, 1754.) She married Samuel Lovett.
95. EARL SHINN (4).‑‑THOMAS (3), THOMAS (2), JOHN (1).
Earl, the sixth child and the second son of Thomas and Martha (Earl) Shinn, was born 10/27/1736. He passed meeting regularly and was married to Rebecca, daughter of John and Margaret (Mingen) Monrow. The marriage was reported on the 10th of the 6th month, 1760. (Burlington M. M., Vol. III.) He was an enterprising and intelligent man, as is shown by the following fact: The Bridgeton Library Company was granted a charter by the King on June 11, 1765, and
among the incorporators we find the names of the brothers, Earl and Thomas Shinn. Earl Shinn died February 16, 1803, and Rebecca died February 5, 1809. The children, as recorded in the Mt. Holly Record of Births and Deaths, are as follows:
Children of Earl and Rebecca (Monroe) Shinn.
300. 1. Elizabeth Shinn, b. 10/11/1762; ob. sine proli, 12/16/1841.
301. 2. Thomas Shinn, b. 6/1/1764; m. Lucy Worrell, 1788.
302. 3. John Shinn, b. 2/22/1766; m. (???) Ridgway.
303. 4. Gamaliel Shinn, b. 1/18/1768; m. Beulah Easelwood, 7/2/1797.
304. 5. Samuel Shinn, b. 9/30/1770; m. Hannah Simpson, 3/18/1795.
305. 6. Mary Shinn, m. (1) Samuel Berry, 1789; (2) Joseph Jordan.
306. 7. Margaret Shinn, b. 12/21/1774; m. William Hugg.
307. 8. Susannah Shinn, b. 2/15/1777; ob. 5/12/1840, unmarried.
308. 9. Buddell Shinn, b. 5/27/1779; ob. 6/10/1782.
309. 10. Rebecca Shinn, b. 7/15/1785; ob. sine proli, 1817.
96. GAMALIEL SHINN (4).‑‑THOMAS (3), THOMAS (2), JOHN (1).
Gamaliel, the seventh child and third son of Thomas and Martha (Earl) Shinn, was born 5/10/1738, and was never married. He was drowned at sea in the year 1765.
97. AQUILLA SHINN (4).‑‑THOMAS (3), THOMAS (2), JOHN (1).
Aquilla, the eighth child and the fourth son of Thomas and Martha (Earl) Shinn, was born 1/8/1740. He was a man of deep religious convictions and great public spirit, but was never married. In 1770 he was sent as a representative to Quarterly Meeting, and again in 1772. From this time on this duty was devolved upon him with unflagging regularity, attesting not only his Christian character, but also his capacity for business affairs. In 1774 a movement was set on foot by Jacob Shinn, Samuel Shinn, Francis Shinn, Restore Shinn and others to build a meeting house near Shreeve's Mount, as the schoolhouse, which they had been using for that purpose, was too small. In March, 1776, Burlington Meeting placed Aquilla on a committee to labor with those who held slaves, with those who neglected attendance of meetings, and violated the Friends' testimony against the taking of oaths. Mt. Holly Monthly Meeting was established by Burlington on the 7th of December, 1776, and Aquilla became a member thereof, Mt. Holly being his home. The new monthly meeting began its career with a large number of members and a goodly service of elders. Among the latter we find the name of Elizabeth Shinn, who was appointed by Burlington to that office in 1763. She was a first cousin of Aquilla Shinn. Under the direction of the Yearly Meeting of New Jersey Friends each Monthly Meeting was to appoint a committee to reason with such as held slaves. Aquilla and his cousin, Samuel Shinn, were placed on this committee by Mt. Holly Monthly Meeting at its first session, 4th day of the 12th month, 1776 (Feb., 1777). In 1784 he was appointed to record the marriage certificates, births and deaths when the same should be handed him. He performed the duties of this office for about twenty years, and it is to his fidelity and zeal that much of the ancient history of the neighborhood, as revealed by Mt. Holly church records, is to be ascribed. All through the Mt. Holly Minutes, from 1776 to 1793, the names of Samuel and Aquilla Shinn are very frequently named on committees. Mr. Samuel Cadbury, a distinguished Friend, of Philadelphia, after reading the volume, made this annotation: "Some of these committees were very important, and these two men appear to have been among the most active members." It is recorded upon the record of births and deaths that Aquilla Shinn died 5/10/1815 (Dec. 5, 1815). So much for his church relations.
In the "History of Burlington and Mercer Counties" we are told that Aquilla Shinn lived in the "Washington House," Mt. Holly, the same having
been formerly occupied by Adam Farquier. In the first volume of the New Jersey Gazette (Feb. 28, 1778), and in the first volume of the Rural Visitor (1778) the following advertisement appears, and is introduced to show the difference between the new and the old styles:
"Dillon and Shinn, Mt. Holly, N. J.‑‑A General Store: Wholesale and retail. West India Rum and some Choice old Jamaica Spirit by the Gallon, or by the Barrel."
The old bachelor, Aquilla Shinn, for I am told that he was an importer and merchant, had a queer notion of the meaning of the word "choice." Jamaica rum is next to Russian vodka, and this is the most villainous drink known to man.
Aquilla Shinn, in common with many property holders of New Jersey, thought that the General Assembly of New Jersey, in 1775, was going too rapidly towards revolution and danger, and issued the following protest:
November 23, 1775.
"The petition of divers freeholders of Burlington County respectfully sheweth:
"That your petitioners are deeply impressed with a sense of the calamitous state of public affairs, in the unhappy contest which at present subsists between Great Britain and her colonies. * * * That your petitioners are greatly alarmed at the sentiments of independency which are openly avowed by too many people at this time. * * * That in the opinion of your petitioners an effectual opposition may be made against the measures now pursuing by the Ministry and Parliament of Great Britain without changing the Constitutional form of government in the British Empire established; and that your petitioners have not the least desire that the Union of the Colonies in that opposition should be broken, which they think the establishment of an independency would effect. * * * Your petitioners hereby make a solemn protest against the change in the form of government, as by law established, declaring that it is not and never was their intention to vest any Congress of body of men whatever with that power."
Ch. Ph. Hughes,
and 23 other men of landed estates.
To Provincial Congress & Council of Safety.
98. POSTREMA SHINN (4).‑‑THOMAS (3), THOMAS (2), JOHN (1).
Postrema, the ninth child and fifth daughter of Thomas and Martha (Earl) Shinn, was born 1/6/1744. She was married to John Ridgway, Surveyor General of New Jersey, in 1764. William John Potts, of Camden, N. J., in Vol. 17, "Pennsylvania Mag. of Hist. and Biog.," page 381, says:
"The writer is acquainted with the various outline genealogies of the Ridgway family, as given by Major E. M. Woodard, and the fragmentary account by Mr. Edwin Salter, as well as the unpublished manuscript pedigree of the late Gideon De la Plaine Scull, which gave the descent of the Scully, Ridgway and other families from the De la Plaines and De Bellange families, as far as could be ascertained. That there were several intermarriages between these old Huguenot names, De la Plaine and De Bellange, and the Ridgways is certain. The Bible record of one family (Ridgway) is here given, in the earnest hope that some one will make the affiliation with the earlier members."
1John Ridgway died 3/4/1809, and his wife, Postrema, died 9/23/1831.
Children of John and Postrema (Shinn) Ridgway.
310. 1. Thomas Ridgway, b. 8/17/1761; ob. sine proll, 9/14/1761.
311. 2. John Ridgway, b. 12/20/1762; m. Elizabeth Wright.
312. 3. William Ridgway, b. 11/6/1765.
313. 4. Aquilla Ridgway, b. 10/16/1767; m. Martha Lippincott.
314. 5. Anna Ridgway, b. 9/24/1769; m. William Hudson Burr, Associate Justice,
Mt. Holly, N. J.
1As one link in the chain suggested by Mr. Potts, it may be said that the John Ridgway
whose record is here given was a son of Job Ridgway.
315. 6. De la Plaine Ridgway, b. 10/9/1772.
316. 7. Mary Ridgway, b. 11/24/1774; m. Daniel Knight of Philadelphia, and became
the ancestress of the Philadelphia artist of that name.
317. 8. Martha Riagway, b. 8/5/1777; m. Aaron Bowker.
318. 9. Thomas Shinn Ridgway, b. 11/4/1779; m. Mary Joy.
319. 10. Elizabeth Ridgway, b. 7/21/1782; m. Robert Evans, Chester County, Pa.
320. 11. Edmund Ridgway, b. 2/13/1786; ob. sine proli, 1805.
100. ALICE SHINN (4).‑‑SAMUEL (3), THOMAS (2), JOHN (1).
Alice, second child of Samuel and Sarah (Scholey) Shinn, born 1/20/1721; married, 3/10/1739, Thomas, son of Elnathan and Sarah (Cornell) Stevenson, at Northampton Meeting House. (Burlington Minutes and Marriage Record.) Elnathan, father of Thomas, was son of Edward Stevenson, who married Charity Jennings, and grandson of Thomas Stevenson, of London, who married Maria, widow of William Bernard, and moved to Newton, L. I., about 1690. The certificate is recorded, and besides the signatures of the parents of the young people, there appear thirty other names. Dr. Stevenson, of Haddonfield, a descendant of this marriage, has supplied me with a Bible record of the descendants of Alice and Thomas, which is transcribed.
Children of Thomas and Alice (Shinn) Stevenson.
321. 1. Samuel Stevenson, b. 1741; m. Mary, daughter of Joseph Siddon, of Bucks
County, Pa., 1761.
322. 2. Sarah Stevenson, m. Elton Kemble, 9/14/1761.
323. 3. Thomas Stevenson, m. Isabella Hunt.
324. 4. William Stevenson, m. Rachel Griffith, 11/5/1770.
325. 5. Elnathan Stevenson, b. 10/25/1767; m. Bathsheba Norcross.
101. SARAH SHINN (4).‑‑SAMUEL (3), THOMAS (2), JOHN (1).
Sarah, third child of Samuel and Sarah (Scholey) Shinn, born 6/16/1723, in Springfield Township, Burlington County, N. J.; married under civil law to Philo, son of Daniel and Ann (Stacy) Leeds. Daniel Leeds was the maker of the first almanac ever printed in New Jersey. He left a will, dated June 27, 1720, naming seven children, Philo being one of them.
102. THOMAS SHINN (4).‑‑SAMUEL (3), THOMAS (2), JOHN (1).
Thomas, fourth child of Samuel and Sarah (Scholey) Shinn, born 5/2/1725, was married in 1743 to Ruth Stratton. Thomas lived at Evesham in after years, and is named in Friends' records as "Thomas Shinn, wife Ruth." His descendants, one of them being a professor of Latin and Greek in Philips‑Exeter Academy, and later of Washington and Jefferson College, Pa., have been puzzled to know where to place Thomas and to name the woman he married.
The following matter will solve both questions. The name of the wife was ascertained after the matter was in print, by one of her descendants, Mr. William B. Stackhouse of Medford, N. J. In 1682 John Roberts, William Matlack and Timothy Hancock settled at an Indian town called Penisaukin, on the south branch of Cemissick Creek in Burlington County; they established a Friends' Meeting called "Adams," which was afterwards called "Chester," near Moorestown. Timothy Hancock was from Brayles, Warwickshire, England; came to New Jersey in 1681 in the ship "Paradise"; m. (1) Rachel Firman in New Jersey; she died before 1690; m. (2), 1690, Susanna Ives; by the latter marriage among other children there was Ann, b. 7/30/1691, who, in 1713, m. Mark Stratton, son of William of Stratford on Avon, England; that Ann was a daughter of the latter marriage is proved in this way: The date of her birth is recorded; in W. J. Deeds it appears that Daniel Wills conveyed, on 5/1/1690, a tract of land to Timothy Hancock and
wife, Susannah; by the marriage of Mark and Ann (Hancock) Stratton, among others, there was a daughter, Ruth, who m. Thomas Shinn.
As to the father of Thomas, I had two avenues of escape from a serious dilemma:
First‑‑Samuel had a son, Thomas, born at a time when he could have become the husband of Ruth. He was duly recorded in Friends' Registry of Births, and is not recorded as to marriage or death. He was a living, authentic quantity to be dealt with.
Second‑‑Levi Shinn bought large tracts of land at Evesham, and married Ann Wills in 1720. Thomas might have been his son. But there is no record of the fact.
I chose the first assumption, and have so placed Thomas, who married Ruth, in this pedigree.1
In Evesham Records of Marriage Certificates Thomas and Ruth Shinn sign one in 1763. In 1762, nearly twenty years after his marriage, Thomas Shinn produced an acknowledgment for himself and wife condemning their marriage against the order of the society. The minutes show that his wife was named Ruth. The acknowledgment was received and ordered published. In 1777 he was reported for long neglect of attendance, but as he showed penitence, he was held for further trial. These scant records contain his entire church history. He was a miller and a man of large business capacity. He was High Sheriff of Burlington County in 1760 and 1762, and was appointed guardian of John Hollinshead in February, 1776. (Burlington Wills, Liber 16, page 496.) His will bears date12/5/1781, and was probated 1/7/1782. (Ibid, Liber 24, page 180.) This instrument places his residence at Evesham, and names sons Thomas, Samuel, daughters Mary, Elizabeth, Ann, Lucretia, son Levi and grandson William, son of Samuel. His wife Ruth is not named, and had probably died before this time. From this document, the family records of Thomas, Levi and Mary, three of the children, and the Burlington County Marriage License Record, we are enabled to present the following:
Children of Thomas and Ruth (Stratton) Shinn.
326. 1. Sarah Shinn, b. 8/22/1743; ob. 1744.
327. 2. Mary Shinn, b. 1/21/1744; m. Jonathan Oliphant, 6/25/1764.
328. 3. Samuel Shinn, b. 6/19/1747; m. Christiana Wait, 1769.
329. 4. Elizabeth Shinn, b. 3/8/1749; m. John Armstrong, 1764.
330. 5. Enoch Shinn, b. 8/8/1751; ob. 1766.
331. 6. Jane Shinn, b. 11/11/1753; ob. in vita patris, sole.
332. 7. Levi Shinn, b. 10/3/1755; m. Hannah Reeve, 1776.
333. 8. Thomas Shinn, b. 11/3/1758; m. Jane Austin, 1782.
334. 9. Alice Ann Shinn, b. 4/16/1761; m. John Davidson, 1778.
335. 10. Lucretia Shinn, b. 1/7/1764; m. Abraham Proud, 1784.
106. SAMUEL SHINN (4).‑‑SAMUEL (3), THOMAS (2), JOHN (1).
Samuel, the only son of Samuel and Provided (Gaskell) Shinn, was born in Burlington County in1737. Upon the removal of his father to North Carolina, in 1750‑54, the children of the first two marriages elected to remain in New Jersey.
1Trifles have their weight. Levi, son of Thomas and Ruth, left a complete record
from his father down. The older descendants of Levi speak of the youngest daughter of
Thomas and Ruth as Alice Ann Shinn, and say that she was named after a sister of the
father, Thomas. Levi had a daughter, Alice, whom he named in honor of his sister,
Alice Ann. Now Alice Shinn nowhere appears in the older Shinn records except among
the children of Samuel and Sarah (Scholey) Shinn. Hence I infer that Thomas, who
married Ruth, was a brother of Alice, and that in this way the name Alice perpetuates
itself for three generations in Samuel's line. Thomas also named his eldest son, Samuel,
presumably in honor of his father; his next son, Levi, in honor of his kinsman at Evesham,
and his youngest son, Thomas, after himself. This is not conclusive reasoning, but,
taken with the other facts in the text, obtains respectable place.
Samuel was left with Thomas at Evesham, where he remained until 1762, when he asked the Society of Friends at that place for a certificate of removal in order to settle at Hopewell Meeting, at Opukoneu, Va. This was a meeting of Friends on the Opequan, near Winchester, Va., which Kircheval, in "History of the Valley," says was established in 1739. The name "Hopewell" connects its creators with New Jersey. Thus affection rears its monument to distant places. The Hopewell Monthly Meeting records show that Samuel Shinn lodged his certificate from Evesham with the meeting at Hopewell, Va., in 1762. He was then about twenty‑five years old, and far away from his relatives and friends. It was but natural that he should fall in love. We know that he did so from the Hopewell records, which set out that on 5/5/1764 Samuel Shinn had been married at Crooked Run by a hireling priest, and refused to make acknowledgments. He was disowned. All we know of the young woman is that her name was Anna. This couple remained for a few years in Frederick County and then followed the other Shinns into Harrison County. In what part of the county he located I do not know. Some traditions say on "Simpson's Creek," others on "Rock Camp." All traditions agree that there were several Samuels from 1780 to 1800 in Harrison County. There was a Samuel, son of Benjamin, on Rock Camp; and Samuel, son of Clement, on Simpson's Creek. Then there was a Samuel, older than either of these, called "Old Samuel Shinn." This must have been Samuel, the subject of this sketch. Again, all traditions agree that the Jackson County Shinns originated in Harrison County, on Simpson's Creek. The Jackson County people trace to Samuel from Harrison, who had a son Samuel, born in 1807. From this son the Jackson County Shinns originate. The question to determine is who was his father, Samuel?
1. He could not have been Samuel, son of Isaac and Agnes (Drake) Shinn, on Simpson's Creek, for although Isaac had a son Samuel, he was born in 1802, and could not have been the father of a Samuel born in 1807; and even though the time were sufficient, he did not go to Jackson County, but to Ohio.
2. He could not have been a son of Samuel, son of Benjamin, for the reason that we have his Bible record to exclude the hypothesis.
3. He could have been a son of Samuel, son of Clement, born 1793, but it is highly improbable; and, then, the Bible record of Samuel, son of Clement, is that he died unmarried.
The only avenue of escape is that he was a son of Samuel, who married Ann, otherwise called "Old Samuel Shinn, of Simpson's Creek." There were probably other children than the ones herein deduced, but I have not found them.
Children of Samuel and Ann Shinn.
336. 1. Samuel Shinn, who married and moved to Jackson County, Va., and became
the head of that family.
104. ELIZABETH SHINN (4).‑‑SAMUEL (3), THOMAS (2), JOHN (1).
Elizabeth, sixth child of Samuel and Sarah (Scholey) Shinn, was born 4/14/1730, and was never married. She was of a highly religious nature and favored with the gifts which are demanded by the eldership in the Quaker Church. On the 7th of January, 1764, she was made an elder by the Burlington Society of Friends. At the first monthly meeting at Mt. Holly after its creation as a separate meeting, February 4, 1777, Elizabeth Shinn was reported as an elder of Mount Preparative Meeting. In the little volume "Friends at Burlington," page ‑‑, she is put down in the lists of ministers.
109. SILAS SHINN (4).‑‑SAMUEL (3), THOMAS (2), JOHN (1).
Silas, the third child of Samuel and Abigail (Urie) Shinn, was born in New Jersey in 1745, and was named in his father's will. (Rowan County, N. C., Wills,
Liber A, p. 144.) This will gave each child of the former marriages twenty shillings, and raises the inference that these children were all provided for in New Jersey in vita patris, and before his removal to North Carolina. Silas was given the farm upon which he then lived on Coldwater, containing two hundred and fifty acres, including the improvement that one Richard Lewis then lived on. Also two black mares, one of which was a natural pacer. He married Elinor Overcast in 1766 at the German Reform Church on Coldwater. He was a surveyor and a farmer. I have found plats of his surveying in many parts of North Carolina and in one county of South Carolina. The records of Mecklenburgh and Cabarrus Counties show that he was a large purchaser of lands and operated extensively in mills.
Children of Silas and Elinor (Overcast) Shinn.
337. 1. Catherine Shinn, b. 1769 on Coldwater; m .Peter Shank; two sons.
338. 2. Silas Benjamin Shinn, b. North Carolina, 1770; m. Elizabeth Little, 4/28/1800,
at Old Coldwater.
339. 3. Isaac Shinn, b. 1772; m. Kate (???), at Old Coldwater, 1790.
340. 4. Margaret Shinn, b. 1776; m. Frederick Criminger.
341. 5. John Shinn, b. 1780; m. Margaret Moore; no descendants.
342. 6. Joel Shinn, b. 178‑‑; moved to Putnam County, Indiana.
107. LEAH SHINN (4).‑‑SAMUEL (3), THOMAS (2), JOHN (1).
Leah, first child of Samuel and Abigail (Urie) Shinn, was born in New Jersey in 1741, and removed with her parents to North Carolina. In the will of her father she received, as did her sisters, certain gifts of personal property, but no land. She married John Crozine in North Carolina in 1758, and lived and died on Coldwater. John Crozine died in April 1776, intestate, and Leah, his wife, and Isaac Shinn, her brother, were appointed executors by the Probate Court of Mecklenburg County. The lands of Samuel Shinn were first in Rowan, then Mecklenburg, and finally in Cabarrus. Concord stands upon a part of the old Shinn tract. Leah and John left ten children, three sons and seven daughters. I have not found them all.
Children of John and Leah (Shinn) Crozine.
343. 1. Rachel Crozine.
344. 2. Abel Crozine.
345. 3. Levi Crozine.
346. 4. George Crozine.
347. 5. Lydia Crozine.
348. 6. Abigall Crozine, named in her grandmother's will.
113. BENJAMIN SHINN (4).‑‑SAMUEL (3), THOMAS (2), JOHN (1).
Benjamin, the seventh child of Samuel and Abigail (Urie) Shinn, was born at Hopewell, Va., 1753. He was named in his father's will, 1760, and received a tract of land containing two hundred and fifty acres, being the remainder of a five‑hundred‑acre tract on Coldwater, about six miles from Concord. Silas received the other half. He joined the North Carolina militia in 1779; was surrendered with the American Army at Charleston, S. C. In 1782 he was a Grand Juror at Charlotte, and was styled in the minutes as Captain Benjamin Shinn. The County Court Minutes at Charlotte show that from 1782 to 1790 he was in continuous command of a hundred, or "Command," in Mecklenburg County. He held many positions of honor and trust. He married Rebecca Carlock at Old Bethpage in 1780, and at his death, 1801, was buried at that place. He left an estate of nearly one thousand acres of land and several negroes. The Minutes of the Probate Court of Cabarrus County, N. C., show that he left a will, but it and its record were destroyed with the courthouse in Concord, N. C., in 1800. This will
was proven in open court by the oath of Frederick Meister, a subscribing witness; in it he nominated as executors his brothers, Joseph and Silas, and his nephew, Samuel, son of his brother, Isaac, and letters testamentary were granted to them. Upon the death of Joseph the executor ship fell to Silas and Samuel, and upon the death of Silas to Samuel. Samuel and Silas were also made guardians of Josiah Carlock Shinn, one of Benjamin's sons, and at the death of Silas this trust fell upon Samuel, who made his final settlement in 1815. In this way Josiah Carlock Shinn, a minor, became a part of the family of Silas and Samuel, and accounts for many ideas of the descendants of Silas and Samuel as to their relationship to Benjamin. They found Josiah Carlock Shinn in the families of their ancestors, and as he descended from Benjamin, as is conclusively proven by the records, they, too, claimed the same line.
Children of Benjamin and Rebecca (Carlock) Shinn.
349. 1. Solomon Shinn, b. 1781; ob. sine proli.
350. 2. Catherine Shinn, b. 1783; m. (1) a Mr. Hunt, (2) David Coulter.
351. 3. Sarah Shinn, b. 1785; m. Eli P. Dennis and moved to Kentucky.
352. 4. Benjamin Shinn, b. 1788; married and moved to Georgia.
353. 5. Moses Shinn, b. 1790; removed to Indiana; ob. sine proli.
354. 6. Joseph Shinn, Jr., b. 1792; ob. sine proli.
355. 7. Josiah Carlock Shinn, b. 9/21/1794; m. (1) Elizabeth B. Humphreys, 10/4/1827;
(2) Melissa Ann Baker, 2/6/1844; (3), Elizabeth Frances Gilpin,
356. 8. Abigail Shinn, b. 1796; married a man named Graham.
357. 9. Mary Shinn, b. 1800; married, at Paris, Ky., at her sister's house.
108. ISAAC SHINN (4).‑‑SAMUEL (3), THOMAS (2), JOHN (1).
Isaac, second child of Samuel and Abigail (Urie) Shinn was born in New Jersey, 1743. He received by the will of his father one‑half the homestead, which was where Concord, N. C., is now located. He married Agnes (???) prior to the Revolution, and died in January, 1777, intestate. The Charlotte records show that Agnes Shinn, his wife, administered upon the estate. The personal property was appraised at œ258. He owned five hundred acres of land, which finally passed into the hands of Joseph. His mother in her will names Samuel as a son of Isaac. And a deed made by John Shinn, 3/10/1794 (Cabarrus Co. Deeds) recites that he was the eldest son of Isaac, and inherited the land conveyed. The father purchased it, 7/28/1767. I have found no other children.
Children of Isaac and Agnes Shinn.
358. 1. John Shinn.
359. 2. Samuel Shinn, who marrled Polly Little.
112. JOSEPH SHINN (4).‑‑SAMUEL (3), THOMAS (2), JOHN (1).
Joseph, sixth child of Samuel and Abigail (Urie) Shinn, born at Hopewell, Va., 11/27/1751. He, like Benjamin, was a man of affairs; a soldier of the Revolution; Captain of the Militia Command, Mecklenburg County, 1782‑1788; juror and grand juror in that county from 1775 to 1790; presiding judge, Cabarrus County, for eight years; Commissioned Lieutenant Colonel of the militia by the Governor of North Carolina in 1803; given by his father one‑half the homestead at Concord; the depot at the latter place is on the old farm; married in Mecklenburg County, 1774, Jane Ross; ob. December, 1804, leaving a will. His personal valuation was œ754. He owned about one thousand acres in Cabarrus County, several thousand in Tennessee, and several Negroes. His descendants have an old trunk and rocking chair which Samuel brought with him into Carolina, and from certain papers pasted in the top of the trunk, it has been identified as one of the seventeenth century. This trunk and chair were in all probability brought from
England by John, Sr., in 1678, and now rest at the country home of Mrs. Mary Jane Ross Graham, near Salisbury, Rowan County, N. C. Joseph and Jane are buried in the Presbyterian graveyard at Concord, N. C. His will, and the recitations of four deeds of the heirs relinquishing title of the western lands to Richard Anderson, name eight children. The eldest, Abigail, was dead at the date of these instruments and was therefore not named.
Children of Joseph and Jane (Ross) Shinn.
359 1/2.(1) Abigail Shinn, b. 1775; m., 1/10/1796, John Still.
360. (2) Isaac Ross Shinn. b. 1777; m. (1) 3/24/1806, Ann Plunkett; (2) 1833,
361. (3) Jean Shinn, b. 1780; m., 9/1/1801, Richard Anderson.
362. (4) Elinor Shinn, b. 5/20/1782; m., 6/4/1801, Jacob Hudson.
363. (5) Sarah Shinn, b. 1785; m., 11/17/1803, William Hudson.
364. (6) Leah Shinn, b. 1787; m. (???) Allemong.
365. (7) Joseph Shinn, b. 1789; m., 9/26/1806, Margaret Caruthers.
366. (8) Benjamin Shinn, b. 12/18/1791; m., 7/12/1809, Nancy McAhren.
367. (9) John Shinn, b. 1793; ob. unmarried, 4/29/1829.
116. SAMUEL ATKINSON (4).‑‑HANNAH ATKINSON (3), JAMES SHINN (2),
Samuel, second child of John and Hannah (Shinn) Atkinson, was born 4/16/1721, in Springfield Township, New Jersey. He married Esther Evins and had the following children (Atkinsons in New Jersey and Burlington Records):
Children of Samuel and Esther (Evins) Atkinson.
368. (1) Caleb Atkinson; m. Sarah Champion.
369. (2) Empson Atkinson; m. Sarah Ridgway.
370. (3) John Atkinson; b. 8/1/1756; m. Elizabeth Borton, 3/15/1798.
371. (4) Esther Atkinson; m. Joseph Rogers.
372. (5) Hannah Atkinson; m. Samuel Hiliard.
373. (6) Josiah Atkinson; m. Priscilla Ballinger.
374. (7) Samuel Atkinson; m. Miriam Norton.
Esther (Evins) Atkinson died, and Samuel Atkinson married Elizabeth Conrow, leaving the following children:
375. (1) 8. Kezlah Atkinson; m. Benjamin Atkinson.
376. (2) 9. Mary Atkinson; m. John Atkinson, brother of Benjamin.
377. (3) 10. Hope Atkinson; m. Clement Rockhill.
378. (4) 11. Isaiah Atkinson; m. Sarah Eldridge.
379. (5) 12. Elizabeth Atkinson; m. Salathiel Townsend.
380. (6) 13. Ann Atkinson; ob. sine proli.
119. ELIZABETH ATKINSON (4).‑‑HANNAH ATKINSON (3), JAMES SHINN (2),
Elizabeth, fifth child of John and Hannah (Shinn) Atkinson, was born 2/1/1731. She married Eleazer Fenton at Burlington, 1753, and left the following children:
Children of Eleazer and Elizabeth (Atkinson) Fenton.
381. (1) Hannah Fenton; m. Jacob Shinn, Jr., 1777.
382. (2) Eleazer Fenton; married.
133. LAVINA SHINN (4).‑‑FRANCIS (3), JAMES (2), JOHN (1).
Lavina, the eldest daughter of Francis and Elizabeth (Atkinson) Shinn, was born 8/24/1731, passed meeting regularly at Burlington in 1749, and the marriage was reported on December 4th of that year as having been accomplished in an orderly manner. She married Hezekiah Jones.
Children of Hezekiah and Lavina (Shinn) Jones.
382 1/2. (1) Job Jones.
134. RESTORE SHINN (4).‑‑FRANCIS (3), JAMES (2), JOHN (1).
Restore, second child of Francis and Elizabeth (Atkineon) Shinn, was born 1/26/1733. He married regularly, Mary, daughter of Joseph Biddle1 of Springfield Township, Burlington County, New Jersey, November, 1757. For a complete history of Joseph and William Biddle, the reader is referred to the pamphlet published by Hon. John Clement, entitled "A Sketch of William and Thomas Biddle," reprinted from Penn. Mag. of Biog. and Hist. Also autobiography of Charles Biddle. This family was one of the oldest in New Jersey, and was prominently identified with the growth of Burlington County, and the City of Philadelphia. Restore Shinn was a thrifty man and acquired a large estate. He died 2/3/1801, and Mary, his wife, died 6/18/1804. (Mt. Holly Register of Births and Deaths.) Mary Shinn and Wm. Fox were appointed administrators of Restore, 3/23/1801. The Church Record of Mt. Holly gives the following children:
Children of Restore and Mary (Biddle) Shinn.
383. (1) Elizabeth Shinn, b. 10/6/1758; m. Jacob Lamb, 1777.
384. (2) Rebecca Shinn, b. 1/13/1760; ob. sine proli, cum testamentum, 6/26/1806
(Liber A, p. 121).
385. (3) Lavinia Shinn, b. 2/6/1762; ob. sine proli, cum testamentum, 8/3/1829
(Liber D, p. 167).
386. (4) Stacy Shinn, b. 2/29/1764; m. Annie Earl, 1795.
387. (5) Restore Shinn, b. 4/30/1766; m. Sarah (???), 1791.
388. (6) Mary Shinn. b. 2/23/1768; m. (???) Hayes, 1790.
389. (7) Biddle Shinn, b. 4/17/1771; ob. sine proli.
390. (8) Lydia Shinn, b. 9/20/1773; m. Bowyer Brooks, 7/17/1794.
391. (9) Beulah Shinn, b. 11/25/1776; m. Joseph Bolton, 4/11/1805.
135. SAMUEL SHINN (4).‑‑FRANCIS (3), JAMES (2), JOHN (1).
Samuel Shinn, third child of Francis and Elizabeth (Atkinson) Shinn, was born 4/15/1736 and was a prominent man in Burlington County. He did not marry until late in life, and being possessed of a fair estate was free to go and come as he pleased. The minutes show that he made a trip to Fairfax, Va., in 1769. His brother, Isaiah, had been to Fairfax two years before on "business," and the inference is that Samuel went there on the same errand. George, another brother, was residing at Hopewell, near Winchester, at the time, but his visit was not to him. Alexandria at that time was a bustling business village in the shipping line, and Samuel, no doubt, had interests at that place, which we cannot discover at this time. James Shinn, an uncle, was residing in Fairfax County. Samuel was one of the foremost agitators of the establishment of a monthly meeting at Mt. Holly, and upon its creation was made one of the trustees to hold the property. (Bur. Record, 12/5/1774.) He and Jacob Shinn were appointed in September, 1775, to raise money for Burlington. In 1777 he was appointed with others at Mt. Holly to consider what was best for the good of the members, in view of the calamity of war. In 1786 he was made an overseer and in 1787 an elder. In 1793 he was smitten with the charms of his housekeeper and married her. He was then fifty‑seven years of age, and too old to marry, as seems to have been the opinion of the sedate brethren at Mt. Holly. At all events he was disowned and all we know of the woman is that her name was Hannah. It was a childless marriage. Samuel
1Mary Biddle (4), daughter of Joseph Biddle (3), son William Biddle (2), son
William Biddle (1). Autobiography Charles Biddle, Phil., p. 367. Great‑granddaughter
of one of the proprietors and members of the Governor's Council. (Simpson's "Eminent
died in 1815, leaving a will, which disposed of his large estate and disclosed a long line of kin. He named him wife, Hannah; Grace Shinn, widow of Peter Shinn, his cousin; Elizabeth Alloways; Mary, widow of Joseph Haines; Sarah, daughter of Stacy Shinn; Martha, daughter of Samuel Bennett; Vincent Shinn; Martha, wife of William S. Prosser; Barzillai and William Prosser, sons of William Prosser; Aschah Herbert, daughter of Barzillai Shinn, deceased; Elizabeth and Samuel Shinn, children of Isaiah; Esther and Mary Shinn, daughters of Francis, son of Barzillai; John and Mary Herbert, children of Aschah, daughters of Barzillai; Abraham, son of William, son of Israel; Samuel Shinn Bennett, son of Samuel Bennett, husband of Susannah, daughter of Vincent Shinn; and his nieces and nephews in Virginia, children of George and Rachel (Wright) Shinn, viz., Mary Holloway, Ann Duffy Baily, Rachel Lupton, Abigail McKay, George and Francis Shinn. (Burlington Wills‑‑Liber B, p. 412.)
137. GEORGE SHINN (4).‑‑FRANCIS (3), JAMES (2), JOHN (1).
George Shinn, fifth child of Francis and Elizabeth (Atkinson) Shinn, was born in Hanover Township, Burlington County, N. J., 1/1/1737. He was married in Burlington County, New Jersey, in 1761. Whether married by a preacher or a justice of the peace is not known, but that he was not married according to Friends' usage is attested by the fact that six years later he sent a paper to the Burlington Monthly Meeting of Friends acknowledging his fault in marrying contrary to order and was forgiven. (Burlington Monthly Meeting Minutes, 10/5/1767.1) At the same meeting a certificate was granted to Isaiah, a brother of George, to Fairfax Monthly Meeting of Friends in Virginia, as he, Isaiah, intended to travel there on business. On the fourth day of the first month Isaiah returned the above named certificate to Burlington Meeting. His account of the Virginia region must have made a serious impression upon George, for on the second of the first month, 1769, he applied for a certificate of removal from Burlington Monthly Meeting to Hopewell Monthly Meeting, Hopewell, Va. This meeting had oversight over the preparative meetings at Crooked Run, Fairfax, Warrenton, Pipe Creek, Monallen, and other Virginia meetings. The certificate was granted on the sixth of the second month, 1769, to George Shinn, his wife Rachel and three children, Elizabeth, Mary and Israel. George moved to Virginia during that year and settled in Stafford County, near the line of Culpeper County, and in the jurisdiction of the Crooked Run Preparative Meeting. He presented his certificate during that year to this meeting and was received into fellowship. Shortly after this Rachel Shinn made application to the Woman's Meeting at Crooked Run for admittance to membership, which was granted. For the next eleven years George and Rachel Shinn appear prominently on the important committees of Crooked Run Meeting. The great questions of education and slavery were dealt with at these meetings, and George and Rachel seem to have been leaders in the discussion. Some very valuable state papers may be found in the Minutes of the Goose Creek, Crooked Run and
1Prior to this, on the 4th of the 9th month, "Rachel Shinn laid before this meeting
(Chesterfield Monthly Meeting) an acknowledgment condemning her marriage contrary
to good order, which was received." This minute from the Chesterfield Minutes shows
that Rachel Wright was reared a Friend, and that her home was within the boundaries
of Chesterfield Meeting of Friends, probably at what is now Chester. On the 1st of
the 12th month, 1768, Rachel was granted a certificate of removal from Chesterfield to
Burlington Monthly Meeting. There is no record in Burlington Minutes of the presentation
of this certificate to that meeting, but as Burlington Meeting granted George and
Rachel a certificate of removal to Virginia one month later, the legitimate inference
is that she was received into membership at Burlington during the month of February,
1768‑9, and left New Jersey in good standing with the church. Her after life would
indicate a deeply spiritual nature, as well as a thrifty, intelligent housewife.
Fairfax Minutes of the Friends' Meetings.1 The Revolution was at hand and its principles shook the faith of the sterling Quaker, George Shinn. In 1781 he joined the Company of Lieutenant John Swearingen's Frontier Rangers, and thus gave his sanction to military opposition to tyranny. Whether he was killed in service, or died from the effects thereof may never be known, but on the 23rd of August, 1782, he passed away. He had gathered some property in Virginia and administration upon his estate was granted to Rachel Shinn by the Probate Court of Stafford County in 1782. Rachel (Wright) Shinn afterwards married Jacob McKay, 7/7/1784. (Crooked Run Minutes and Goode's Cousins in Virginia.)
Children of George and Rachel (Wright) Shinn.2
392. (1) Elizabeth Shinn, b. in New Jersey, 1762; m. a man named Biddle, of
393. (2) Mary Shinn, b. in New Jersey, 1764; m. John Holloway in Stafford County,
394. (3) Israel Shinn, b. in New Jersey, 1766; ob. sine proli.
395. (4) Ann Shinn, b. in Virginia, 1769; m. George Duff Baily, 11/8/1787.
396. (5) Rachel Shinn, b. in Virginia, 1771; m. John Lupton, 3/5/1797.
397. (6) Abigail Shinn, b. in Virginia, 5/3/1776; m. Moses McKay, 6/3/1793.
398. (7) An unnamed child, that died in infancy.
399. (8) George Shinn, b. 11/15/1778; m. Elizabeth Woodrow, 1808.
400. (9) Francis Shinn, b. 12/24/1781; m. Mary Ann Woodrow, 1808.
138. ISRAEL SHINN (4).‑‑FRANCIS (3), JAMES (2), JOHN (1).
Israel Shinn, sixth child of Frances and Elizabeth (Atkinson) Shinn, born 5/2/1743. He married Mary Budd and left no descendants.
139. VINCENT SHINN (4).‑‑FRANOIS (3), JAMES (2), JOHN (1).
Vincent Shinn, seventh child of Francis and Elizabeth (Atkinson) Shinn, was born in 1745, but his birth is not recorded in the Mt. Holly Register. He was Wagon Master under James Thompson, Wagon Master General in the Revolutionary War, and his descendants are eligible for membership in all patriotic orders. (Stryker's New Jersey Soldiers in the Revolutionary War.) He married Elizabeth Budd in 1772 and died 10/6/1784. His death appears upon the Register of Deaths of the Mt. Holly Monthly Meeting of Friends. In Deed Book 1, page 100 and 101, Burlington County Deeds, the following children are recited; the Marriage License Register shows the marriage of all but Vincent; the family Bible of Vincent, Jr., gives a complete record of the children and their marriage.
1Two monthly meetings in 1778 subscribed œ202 for school purposes; two others
provided lots and erected several school houses. Fairfax Monthly Meeting (now
Culpeper) manumitted slaves in 1776. Selling grain to distillers was forbidden, as well
as the buying or selling the spirits thereof. No Friend was permitted to keep tavern,
a beer or dram shop. There were no charges made against members for taking oaths,
payment of priests' wages and church rates, so called. But the grave Friends feared
that all the members were not so careful about assisting in military services as the
purity of their principles required. (See minutes on file with Penn. Hist. Society,
Philadelphia, Pa.) The report of the committee on the "Suffering of Friends" rises
at times to the dignity of eloquence.
2The father of George died in the year 1789, in Burlington County, N. J., and by his
will devised "his son George and his grandson George, son of George," a part of
his estate. (See will of Francis Shinn, dated May 14th, 1779, probated May 1st, 1780,
Liber No. 31, p. 303, Burlington County Wills.) The eldest son, Israel, is not named,
and as he is not found elsewhere in any record, the logical inference is that he was
dead at the date of his grandfather's will. Francis, the youngest child, is not named
in this will, for he was not born at the date of its making, although in existence at
the date of its probate. None of the granddaughters is named.
Children of Vincent and Elizabeth (Budd) Shinn.
401. (1) Susannah Shinn, b. 3/2/1773; m. Samuel Bennett.
402. (2) Isaiah Shinn, b. 3/11/1775; m. Margaret Rogers, 4/27/1798.
403. (3) William Shinn, b. 6/12/1777; m. Elizabeth Jones, 8/16/1797.
404. (4) Abigail Shinn, b. 7/16/1779; ob. sine proli.
405. (5) Israel Shinn, b. 9/28/1781; m. (1) Hannah Haines, (2) Sarah Wright,
406. (6) Vincent Shinn, b. 3/23/1784; m. (1) Ruth Brown, 4/20/1810; (2) Mary
140. BARZILLAI SHINN (4).‑‑FRANCIS (3), JAMES (2), JOHN (1).
Barzillai Shinn, the eighth and youngest child of Francis and Elizabeth (Atkinson) Shinn, was born in1747‑48. Like his brother Samuel, he married a woman whose surname is not given. He was disowned at Mt. Holly 6/11/1783 because he was not willing to condemn his outgoing in marriage. In the deeds of settlement of his own and of his father's estate she is called Hannah. The will of Francis, the deeds above named, and the family records enable us to write the names of the children of this marriage, but not the dates of their birth. Barzillai died in 1789 and Hannah afterwards married a man named Herbert.
Children of Barzillai and Hannah Shinn.
407. (1) Francis Shinn, who married Mary Haines, 9/13/1801.
408. (2) Martha Shinn, who married William Stephenson Prosser.
409. (3) Aschah Shinn, who married (1) Richard H. Herbert, (2) a Mr. Brown.
410. (4) George Shinn, b. 1789; m. Grace Thomas, 3/13/1805.
144. WILLIAM SILINN (4).‑‑JOSEPH (3), JAMES (2), JOHN (1).
William Shinn, the third child of Joseph and Mary (Budd) Shinn, was baptized as an adult at the Episcopal Church in Mt. Holly by Rev. Colin Campbell in 1746. (Dr. Mill's "History of the Episcopal Church," Burlington.) The civil registers show that he married Sarah French in 1756 in Burlington County. He received lands from his father February 4, 1756. (Burlington Deeds, Liber X, p. 311.) In May of the same year he was a grantee in a deed from David Budd. (Ibid. X, p. 314). He is described as of Hanover Township. He was made administrator of his father's estate 2/15/1759. (Liber No. 9, p. 177.) He moved into Springfield Township and died there, in May, 1767, leaving a will, which names wife Sarah and his children. (Burlington Wills, Liber 13, p. 179.) He was buried at St. Ann's Episcopal Churchyard, Burlington, N. J.
Children of William and Sarah (French) Shinn.
411. (1) Mary Shinn, b. 5/22/1757.
412. (2) Lydia Shinn, b. ‑‑/‑‑/1759; m. Caleb Arney Lippincott.
413. (3) Eli Shinn, b. ‑‑/‑‑/1761; ob. 11/9/1776; buried at St. Andrew's, Mt.
Holly, N. J.
414. (4) Aaron Shinn, b. ‑‑/‑‑/1763; m. (???).
415. (5) Joseph Shinn, b. 1765; m. Mary Lippincott, 1783.
147. BENJAMIN SHINN (4).‑‑JOSEPH (3), JAMES (2), JOHN (1).
Benjamin Shinn, the sixth child of Joseph and Mary (Budd) Shinn, was born in New Jersey, and was baptized as a minor by Rev. Colin Campbell in 1746. He married, but the family name of his wife is lost. He removed to Hampshire County, Va., in 1772, and from there to Harrison County. In "Border Warfare" Benjamin is described as a scout during the Revolution, and in the Indian wars that followed. He died intestate in Virginia.
Children of Benjamin and ((???)) Shinn.
416. (1) Isaac Shinn, b. New Jersey; m. Agnes Drake, 2/16/1785, in Virginia.
417. (2) Samuel Shinn, b. New Jersey; m. Sarah Davidson, 1785, in Virginia.
418. (3) Lucretia Shinn, b. Virginia; m. Samuel Davidson, 6/17/1785.
419. (4) Amy Shinn, b. Virginia; m. Josiah Davidson, 2/25/1788.
148. JOHN SHINN (4).‑‑JOSEPH (3), JAMES (2), JOHN (1).
John Shinn, seventh child of Joseph and Mary (Budd) Shinn, was baptized at Mt. Holly in 1746 by Rev. Colin Campbell. He married Mary Allen in 1763 in Burlington County, N. J., and died in 1766. Administration was granted to Mary, his wife, 1/17/1766. (Burlington Wills, Liber 12, p. 291.) He was described as of New Hanover.
Children of John and Mary (Allen) Shinn.
420. (1) Tacie Shinn, b. 1764; m. (???) Clapp.
421. (2) Job Shinn, b. 1765; m. (1) Rachel Grimes, 1783; (2) Nancy Cross, 1794.
149. FRANCIS SHINN (4).‑‑JOSEPH (3), JAMES (2), JOHN (1).
Francis Shinn, eighth child of Joseph and Mary (Budd) Shinn, was born in Burlington County, baptized by Rev. Colin Campbell, married Martha, daughter of George and Martha (Branson‑Owen) Shinn, in 1766. He moved into Upper Freehold, Monmouth County, and remained there until his death. He was a very prosperous farmer, and owned a very large body of land in Monmouth and Ocean Counties. Judge Jobes has sent me an abstract of his land transactions, taken from the records of these counties, with the remark, "He was a shrewd trader and a good farmer."
Children of Francis and Martha (Shinn) Shinn.
422. (1) Vashti Shinn, b. 1767.
423. (2) Martha Shinn, b. 1771; ob. sine proli.
424. (3) Jacob Shinn, b. 1775; ob. sine proli.
425. (4) Benjamin Shinn, b. 9/28/1778; m. (1) Rebecca Shinn, 1814; (2) Mary
151. ANN SHINN (4).‑‑JAMES (3), JAMES (2), JOHN (1).
Ann Shinn, the eldest daughter of James and Hannah (Shinn) Shinn, was born in Hanover, N. J., and married Israel Thompson at that place. She comes into authentic history in Fairfax County, Va., when, in 1792, she and her husband, Israel Thompson, and her cousin, Mary Shinn, ask the Friends of that place to take them under their care, which was done. The birth register shows no children. The cousin, Mary Shinn, was afterwards regularly married at Fairfax, Va., to George Canby, after which no further records have been found.
153. ADAM SHINN (4).‑‑JAMES (3), JAMES (2), JOHN (1).
Adam Shinn, son of James and Hannah (Shinn) Shinn, was born in Hanover, N. J. No further record appears until his death, in 1797, in Fairfax County, Va., when administration was granted upon his estate to Prudence Shinn, his wife. He was not a Friend, and does not appear upon any of their records at Fairfax, Warrenton or Crooked Run. If he had children they are not disclosed.
154. ROBERT SHINN (4).‑‑JAMES (3), JAMES (2), JOHN (1).
Robert Shinn, son of James and Hannah (Shinn) Shinn, was born in New Jersey. He appears as a witness at several marriages at Crooked Run, Va., and then disappears. He was probably an old bachelor.
156. THOMAS SHINN (4).‑‑SOLOMON (3), JAMES (2), JOHN (1).
Thomas Shinn, the eldest child of Solomon and Mary (Antrim) Shinn, was born 9/17/1740. He passed meeting regularly at Burlington and was married in June, 1764, to Sarah, daughter of Francis Vinacomb.1 In 1775 Solomon Shinn bought of William Hendrickson four hundred and fifty‑five acres of land in Upper Freehold, Monmouth County, which he deeded in equal shares in 1777 to his two sons, James and Thomas. Thomas built a house upon his land and removed thereto. He bought adjoining tracts, until he was the owner of about eight hundred acres of land. He retained his membership in the Upper Springfield Meeting of Friends, and seems to have been an active member. He was frequently placed on important committees and sent to Quarterly Meeting. In 1798 he was placed on a committee "to draw a line for the government of preparative meetings with regard to permitting the interments of those not in membership with Friends in their burying grounds." Strong drink was then, as now, a great drawback to the church. In 1799 Thomas and Caleb Shinn, brothers, were added to the standing committee on spirituous liquors. On July 14, 1812, Thomas married the second time, at Upper Springfield, Mrs. Meribah (Taylor) Warren, daughter of Thomas and Ann Taylor, By this marriage there were no children. Thomas died in 1814, leaving a will, in which he names his wife, Meribah; sons, Vinacomb, Solomon and Thomas, and daughter, Sarah Sexton. (Burlington Wills, Liber C, p. 13.)
Children of Thomas and Sarah (Vinacomb) Shinn.
426. (1) Rachel Shinn, b. 2/14/1765; m. Israel, son of Robert and Amy Kirby,
427. (2) Vinacomb Shinn, b. 8/21/1766; m. Sarah Middleton.
428. (3) Unity Shinn, b. 1/21/1768; m. Apollo Meirs.
429. (4) Solomon Shinn, b. 7/15/1771; m. (1) (???), 1798; (2) Jane Scattergood,
430. (5) Anna Shinn, b. 4/2/1773.
431. (6) Elizabeth Shinn, b. 2/2/1776; m. (???) Lloyd.
432. (7) Thomas Vinacomb Shinn, b. 9/23/1777; m. Abigail Haines, 1/9/1806.
433. (8) Sarah Shinn, b. 11/27/1779; m. Joseph Sexton.
434. (9) Mary Shinn, b. 9/30/1781; m. Samuel Croshaw, 11/31/1803.
435. (10) Zilpha Shinn, b. 11/17/1783; m. Daniel Burtis, 1809.
157. ASA SHINN (4).‑‑SOLOMON (3), JAMES (2), JOHN (1).
Asa Shinn, second child of Solomon and Mary (Antrim) Shinn, was born 11/27/1742, and married, according to Friends' rite, in 1769, Sarah, daughter of Samuel and Sarah (Black) Gaunt. Samuel was a son of Zebulon2 and Sophia (Shourds) Gaunt, and Sara, the daughter of William and Sara (Rockhill) Black. The marriage was a notable one, and the dignified Quaker overseer reported to Burlington that the marriage was consummated in an orderly manner, "except an appearance of too great lightness on the part of some young people." Asa was a strong churchman and possessed of many excellent parts. In 1791 he was made an overseer, and 1792 an elder by Burlington. No charge of any kind was ever presented against him, and he lived a blameless life. His wife died November 25th, 1824, and the record informs us that she was then a widow. The date of Asa's
1The will of Francis Vinacomb was dated 9/5/1785. It gave lands in Mt. Holly to
each of his five daughters‑‑Robert Haines and Rachel, his wife; Joseph Campion and
Mary, his wife; Benjamin Bispham and his wife, Zilpha; Thomas Shinn, of Upper
Freehold, and Sarah, his wife; Isaac Lippincott and Elizabeth, his wife. (Liber A R,
2In Leah Blackman's Memoir, page 287 (Proceedings Surveyors' Association of
New Jersey), we find the following statement: "Zebulon Gauntt married, in 1716,
Sophia Shourds, of Germantown, Pa. Children: Samuel, who married Sara Black;
Zebulon, Jr., married Esther Woolman; Israel, Hannah, married Robert Ridgway,
of Little Egg Harbor. Zebulon, Jr., and wife, Sophia and husband went to the Carolinas."
death is not noted. Sarah left a will, which named Asa, son of son Israel; two granddaughters, Sarah H. and Anna, daughters of Israel; two grandsons, Joseph and Solomon, sons of Solomon; granddaughter Mary, daughter of Solomon; four grandchildren, Stacy, Ann, Rebecca and Eliza, children of son Joshua; daughter Sarah, sons William, Samuel, Isaac and Asa. (Burlington Wills, Liber C, page 495.)
Children of Asa and Sarah (Gauntt) Shinn.
436. (1) Hannah Shinn, b. 1/12/1770; m. Samuel Craft, 5/5/1803.
437. (2) Israel Shinn, b. 1/25/1772; m. Ann Curtis.
438. (3) William Shinn, b. 2/6/1774; m. Ann Forsyth, 2/16/1815.
439. (4) Isaac Shinn, b. 11/2/1775; m. Frances Van, 1827.
440. (5) Samuel Shinn, b. 10/6/1777; m. Frances (Van) Shinn, 1840.
441. (6) Solomon Shinn, b. 9/8/1779; m. Mercy Lamb, 7/15/1805.
442. (7) Joshua Shinn, b. 4/4/1781; m. Ann Gaskell, 11/17/1803.
443. (8) Asa Shinn, b. 4/2/1783; m. (1) Hannah Gaunt, 1828; (2) Elizabeth
444. (9) Sarah Shinn, b. 10/30/1784; unmarried; ob. 2/12/1826.
445. (10) Joseph Shinn, b. 3/30/1786; ob. unmarried.
446. (11) Anne Shinn, b. 2/17/1789; m. Stacy Haines, 7/14/1813.
158. JAMES SHINN (4).‑‑SOLOMON (3), JAMES (2), JOHN (1).
James Shinn, third child of Solomon and Mary (Antrim) Shinn, born 1/23/1744, and was married to Lavina Haines 3/7/1768. The license was issued by Governor William Franklin and the ceremony performed by Samuel How. A copy of Mr. How's attestation is before me. On the 5th of November of that year James and Lavina made acknowledgments for marrying out of order and were forgiven by Burlington. Although James Shinn was a man of sound business judgment and upright character, he was never prominent in church affairs. In 1776 he removed to Chesterfield, and in March, 1776, when his father, Solomon, gave him one‑half of four hundred and fifty‑five acres in Upper Freehold, Monmouth County, he moved to that place and built a house, with the date 1776 upon the gable. This land was in the possession of one of his descendants, Adelaide, wife of Judge Thomas B. Jobes, of New Egypt, in 1899. James added to the paternal acres until he owned about one thousand acres. Judge Thomas B. Jobes, of New Egypt, abstracted the land transactions of Thomas, James and Francis Shinn for me, and this abstract shows that each of them was a large land holder. He also built a house in New Egypt, to which he removed, and in which he died in 1810. He sold the land upon which the splendid residence of Prince Bonaparte was erected. His personal estate was appraised at his death at $10,000. This was quite a fortune for a farmer in those days, and indicates not only thrift and good management on the part of James, but industry, sobriety and honor. May the tribe of thrifty farmers never decrease. He married the second time, in 1785, Hannah Hart, a daughter of John Hart, the signer of the Declaration of Independence for New Jersey, and was disowned by Burlington 12/5/1787. He died in 1810. In 1820 his widow, Hannah (Hart) Shinn, with her six children, started for the West. She was leaving a house that had sheltered her for many years to make a place of greater proportions for her children in the mighty wilderness towards the setting sun. Loved and honored by the neighborhood, she could not say "Farewell" to her relatives and friends. The spirit of her father invested her with strength, and at midnight she marshaled her sons and daughters and, with a caravan of wagons, marched away. By noon the next day she was in Philadelphia; she passed one night there with Rachel Miller, the mother of her stepson, James; Ezra, her son, was a merchant in Philadelphia, but sold out his possessions to go with his mother. On horseback the next morning, followed by their wagons, the mother and her children pursued their journey. For six weeks they kept on, over rivers and mountains, and set down at last in Montgomery County, Ohio. This journey
today would occupy one day, and would hardly give fatigue. That journey, however, was heroic, while ours, to say the least, would be a very passive activity. That journey required resolution, courage, activity and purpose; our journeys require nothing but money to pay the bills; that stirred every quality of the human soul; ours stifle the soul and breed luxurious indolence and masterly inactivity. All hail to the ancestry that cleared the forests and dug up the teeming wealth of a slumbering earth to become dividends and interest for the most remorseless money kings of all the ages‑‑the corporate owners of railroad franchises in the mighty West. Not to them as "Captains of Industry" should the anvils ring their resounding notes, but to the "Hannah Harts," the unselfish pioneers who bared their arms and entered the lists to kill swamps, drain lands, hew timbers and turn wilderness and waste into plantations of thrift and plenty, let the praise be given now and evermore.
Children of James and Lavina (Haines) Shinn.
447. (1) Miriam Shinn, b. 1769; m. William Burtis.
448. (2) Margaret Shinn, b. 1771; m. John Lawrence.
449. (3) Abigail Shinn, b. 1773; m. William Hankins.
450. (4) George Shinn, b. 1775.
451. (5) Eleanor Shinn, b. 1778; ob. infans.
452. (6) James Shinn, b. 11/17/1782; m. (1) Elizabeth Allen, 10/4/1809; (2) Mary
Children of James and Hannah (Hart) Shinn.
453. (1) 7. Lavina Shinn, b. 9/‑‑/1787; m. Thomas Branson.
454. (2) 8. Mary Shinn, b: 9/29/1790; ob. infans, 8/25/1791.
455. (3) 9. Ezra Shinn, b. 7/7/1792; m. Mrs. Annie (Lane) Barkalow.
456. (4) 10. Hepzibah Shinn, b. 12/13/1794; m. John Cox, 1820.
457. (5) 11. Hannah Shinn, b. 5/13/1797; ob. unmarried.
| | m. Hannah Conover. He
458. (6) 12. Aaron Burr Shinn |b. 7/23/1801 | died 2/18/1829.
459. (7) 13. Thomas Jefferson Shinn | | m. Elenor Cox, and died at
| | Franklin, Ohio.
460. (8) 14. Elam Shin, b. 9/‑‑/1804; ob. 6/30/1817.
461. (9) 15. Charles Shinn, b. 5/5/1807; ob. 9/7/1807.
462. (10) 16. Emily Shinn, b. ‑8/12/1808; m. John White, 2/2/1826.
159. SARAH SHINN (4).‑‑SOLOMON (3), JAMES (2), JOHN (1).
Sarah Shinn, fourth child of Solomon and Mary (Antrim) Shinn, was born 6/10/1747, and married Nathaniel Pope, of Philadelphia, according to Friends' rite, in December, 1769. He was the son of John Pope, a merchant of Burlington County and a prominent man.
Children of Nathaniel and Sarah (Shinn) Pope.
463. (1) Mary Pope, b. 3/3/1771; ob. 8/7/1771.
464. (2) Samuel Pope, b. 12/21/1772; ob. 2/9/1775.
465. (3) John Pope, b. 2/15/1774.
466. (4) Nathaniel Pope, b. 7/6/1778.
467. (5) Morris Pope, b. 6/19/1780.
468. (6) William Pope, b. 3/31/1782.
469. (7) Richard Pope, b. 8/3/1784.
470. (8) Sarah Pope, b. 7/31/1786.
160. UNITY SHINN (4).‑‑SOLOMON (3), JAMES (2), JOHN (1).
Unity, fifth child of Solomon and Mary (Antrim) Shinn, born February 9, 1749‑50; married by license in 1767, in Burlington County, Joseph Pancoast. An old document in the possession of Henry Pancoast, of Mesopotamia, Ohio (a descendant of Joseph and Unity), shows the origin of the Pancoasts in America.
Following is an exact copy:
"Joseph Pancoast, son of John and Elizabeth Pancoast of Ashen, five miles from Northampton Town, in Northampton Shire (Eng.) born 1672, the 27th of eighth month, called October and in the year, 1680, Oct. 4th came into America in the ship, "Paradise," William Evelyn, Master; and I settled in West New Jersey, Burlington County, and on the 4th of the eighth month, October, 1696, I took to wife Thomasine Scattergood, daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Scattergood, of Stepney Parish London, who also transported themselves into Burlington County in America." The marriage herein recited is of record in the Minutes of Friends' Meeting at Burlington, as are the several that follow. This Joseph died in 1749, leaving a will. The quoted record has these addenda: "Benjamin Pancoast, son of Joseph and Thomasine Pancoast, was born the 24th of sixth month, 1719. Joseph Pancoast, son of Benjamin and Sarah Pancoast, was born the 12th day of 11th month 1746."
The records of marriages in the Secretary of State's office at Trenton show the marriage of this Joseph Pancoast to Unity Shinn in 1767. The Minutes of the Convention of New Jersey, held at Burlington, beginning on June 10th, 1776, has the following statement: "July 3d, Wednesday: Ordered that Joseph Pancoast be commissioned as Captain of a company of foot militia in the township of Mansfield, in Burlington County." The following oders are of interest:
"Mr. Sergeant Higgins: You are hereby required to warn in all the persons mentioned in the under list (except those marked which I have warned) to meet at Colo. Hoaglands on Tuesday the 11th inst at 10 o'clock in forenoon well equipped in order to march to Monmouth.
"By order of Colo. William Shreeve.
"Mansfield, May 5th, 1779.
JOSEPH PANCOAST, Capt."
"To Ensign Samuel Applegate:
"You are ordered to call the above class immediately. You must be particular in giving them prompt notice to parade at the Black Horse (Columbus) by Thursday next the 26th inst to receive orders to march the Saturday following. Fail not. Given under my hand this 23d day of Feb. 1778.
JOSEPH PANCOAST, Captain."
When Captain Pancoast died is not known; nor is it known when his widow married the second time, nor are all their children known. That one child was named Unity is established by the fact that the record of her marriage to Aaron Branson states that she married a cousin, and Aaron Branson was a grandson of James and Lavinia (Haines) Shinn; James Shinn being a brother of Unity (Shinn) Pancoast. Other children are proved as follows: The record first quoted in this article states: "Solomon Pancoast, son of Joseph and Unity (whose paternal name was Shinn) Pancoast, was born the 16th day of the 9th month, 1769." Unity (Shinn) Pancoast married, the second time, a man by the name of Everingham, and outlived him. In 1815, being then widowed the second time, she wrote a letter from Philadelphia to Aaron Baker and wife, of Cayuga County, N. Y., and addressed them as "Dear Son and Daughter." The family records show that Aaron Baker married Sarah Pancoast the16th day of the 2d month, 1800, and had the following children: Mary Ann, Sarah Thomasine, Stephen and Joseph W. Baker. The letter of Unity (Shinn) Everingham refers to Benjamin and Samuel, who were sons. It also informs her children that "William Shinn has taken him a wife a very worthy young woman." She asks Aaron to direct his letters to "Blackhorse," now Columbus, which aids in the identification of Captain Joseph Pancoast. Unity was then living near Blackhorse, where she married Captain Pancoast. Another letter, dated 10/19/1804, written from "Ninepartners," starts with the address "My Dear Hannah," and closes "Thy Mother, Unity Everingham." Unity was at that time an assistant matron at a Friends' school at Ninepartners (about twenty miles from Poughkeepsie, N. Y.), and was addressed to "Hannah Pancoast, Charlotte Street, Corner Bedlow, N. Y." Another letter, from Sarah Pope, a sister of Unity (Shinn‑Pancoast) Everingham, to Aaron Baker, corner
Charlotte and Bedlow streets, N. Y., dated 6/4/1805, from Mansfield, not only shows the correct ramification of the kin, but shows that Sarah (Shinn) Pope was alive at that date. The descendants of Solomon Pancoast have records which show another son of Joseph and Unity (Shinn) Pancoast, named Joseph, which agrees with Joseph Pancoast's will of 1749. This Joseph removed to Scipio, N. Y., where he married Susannah Cook, and died at Auburn, N. Y., 9/13/1852. The sons Solomon and Joseph, together with Hannah, removed to New York City; then co Cayuga County, N. Y., and were pioneer settlers of that county. Benjamin, Samuel and Unity remained in New Jersey, where they reared families. Unity (Shinn‑Pancoast) Everingham was buried at the Howland Burying Gound, Cayuga County, N. Y.
161. CALEB SHINN (4).‑‑SOLOMON (3), JAMES (2), JOHN (1).
Caleb Shinn, the sixth child of Solomon and Mary (Antrim) Shinn, was born 5/3/1752, and married out of meeting 11/2/1771. In December, 1772, he laid a paper before Burlington condoning his fault, and on the same day Mary (Lucas) Shinn asked the Women's Meeting to be taken under their care. After mature deliberation Caleb's paper was accepted and Mary was received. The Lucas family was among the gentry of England, and its descendants in New Jersey were respectable and worthy. Caleb Shinn was a high‑minded, generous fellow, and like many other young men of prosperous families, took life easily. He was a good companion, but did not acquire property as did his brothers. There is a law of compensation, however. What he lacked in material wealth he made up in a vigorous mentality. The depreciation of the colonial currency immediately after the war caused him to lose heavily from investments he had made. This also swept away the estate given him by his father, and made him a renter of other people's land.
In 1793 he removed from Burlington to Upper Springfield. In 1794 it is recorded that Caleb Shinn returned the Book of Discipline. Nine years later he and his wife asked Upper Springfield for a certificate of removal to Westland, Pa., which was granted. The great West was beckoning him thitherward, and two of his descendants for years sent the Overland Monthly from the utmost limits of our Western limits to the land of his birth, showing that Caleb's call was for the best. From Westland, Caleb and his wife, with his sons, Thomas and Kedar, crossed the Allegheny Mountains, and settled in Goshen Township, Columbiana County, Ohio, where (1804) they took up a section of land. They started a town on a part of this, which they named "Salem," after Salem, N. J. A Friends' Meeting was established, and Caleb and his sons became influential members. He died at Salem in 1810, and was buried there.
Children of Caleb and Mary (Lucas) Shinn.
471. (1) Thomas Shinn, b. in New Jersey, 1772; m. (1) Abigall Gaskell, 1797; (2)
Rebecca Daniel, 1806; (3) Sarah Sebrel, 1816.
472. (2) Kedar Shinn, b. 1774; m. Miriam Willets, 11/11/1798.
473. (3) Sarah Shinn, b. 1777; m. (???) Middleton.
166. PETER SHINN (4).‑‑CLEMENT (3), JAMES (2), JOHN (1).
Peter Shinn, a son of Clement and Elizabeth (Webb) Shinn, was born in New Jersey, 10/20/1744, and was regularly married at Mt. Holly, on 6/‑‑/1779, to Grace, daughter of Joseph and Grace Gaskell. In 1792 he removed to Upper Springfield. Four children were born while he lived at Mt. Holly, viz., David, Hannah, Rachel and John. Another child was born at Upper Springfield, who was named Mahlon. In 1794 he and Mary, with their five children, moved back to Mt. Holly. Three years later he was certified by Mt. Holly to Upper Evesham,
now Medford. Here he died, about 1820. In 1825 his widow, Grace, with two sons, removed to Haddonfield; in 1826 to West Frankford, Pa., and in 1827 to Upper Springfield, Columbiana County, Ohio. Thus Upper Springfield and Salem, N. J., had their names perpetuated by two Friends' Meetings in Columbiana County, Ohio. Thus do we carry the things we love to distant places, there to reinvest them with life and give the historian clues by which he may unravel the knotty problems of time. On the 7th of July, 1832, Burlington made a minute disowning Grace Shinn, of Upper Springfield, Columbiana County, Ohio, for joining the Separatists. The Friends at that time seem to have had the inquisitorial notions of the Jesuits and much of their machinery. There were no railroads, but they got the news. This is the last record of Grace (Gaskell) Shinn. She was born in 1755, as the Evesham records show, and at the date of her disownment was seventy‑seven years of age. How much longer she lived I do not know, but she sleeps the sleep of the righteous in a town far removed from her girlhood home.
The Evesham records give the following children, and records most of their marriages. They all sleep the everlasting sleep in Pennsylvania or Ohio.
Children of Peter and Grace (Gaskell) Shinn.
474. (1) Elizabeth Shinn, b. 5/14/1780; ob. 2/19/1783.
478. (2) David Shinn, b. 10/13/1782; m. Hannah Wilson, 3/‑‑/1808, at Upper
476. (3) Hannah Shinn, b. 3/24/1785; ob. in vita patris.
477. (4) Joseph Shinn, b. 1/29/1787; ob. infans.
478. (5) Rachel Shinn, b. 3/25/1789; m. Ezra Branan, 8/‑‑/1811.
479. (6) John Shinn, b. 3/19/1791; m. Sybella Collins, 1814, at Upper Evesham.
480. (7) Mahlon Shinn, b. 11/12/1794; m. Sarah Church, 10/15/1816.
481. (8) Abraham Shinn, b. 3/19/1798; m. Margaret Wilkins, 12/28/1820.
170. DAVID SHINN (4). |
165. LEVI SHINN (4). |
|CLEMENT (3), JAMES (2), JOHN (1).
169. JONATHAN SHINN (4). |
167. CLEMENT SHINN (4). |
We now come to another great migration‑‑that of the four sons of Clement and Elizabeth (Webb) Shinn‑‑David, Levi, Jonathan and Clement, and Benjamin and his two sons, Isaac and Samuel, into Virginia.
From this great line, which may appropriately be called the "West Virginia Branch," the name Shinn was carried mainly into every part of the great West.
The vitality of the family seemed to die, so far as the old habitat, New Jersey, was concerned, to take newer and stronger hold in Virginia. There were other minor migrations from New Jersey direct to Ohio, from which many families of the West trace their lineage, but the far greater part of these transplantations emerge from this colony in Virginia (now West Virginia).
It is a strange commentary on families that they spring up in given community, have a glorious youth, a ripe maturity, and then dwindle and die, to be reproduced in distant places, and to decay and die there as they did before. Families seem to wear out in any one locality in less than a hundred years. New Jersey no longer knows the name Shinn as a great and flourishing family; North Carolina held the family in great numbers for eighty years, when the great law of destruction set in upon its inexorable work, and the rame is rarely met at present within its boundaries. The same remark applies to Virginia, but not so generally as to New Jersey and North Carolina. Large numbers of Shinns are still seated in Harrison County, where their ancestors located one hundred and twenty years ago.
In the earlier history of a family in a given place the number of male births is equal to, if not greater, than the number of female births; but as the years go on the ratio changes, and the females outnumber the males. Thus the family, as
distinguished by its name, decays and dies. And even though the ratio remains the same, the vitality of the males leads to migration, and name decay follows.
It appears to be true in all families that there comes a time when the land that once knew them well knows them no longer. The supreme power of William the Conqueror transferred the Saxon estates to henchmen following the fortunes of the conquering lord; the supreme finesse of ignoble land barons, supported and reinforced by the refinements of law, chicanery and fraud, transfers the hard‑earned estates of father and son from the hands of grandson and great‑grandson to other names, to be in turn lost to them by processes similar in principle, though differing in form. And if to all this is added the individual weakness of the descendant, as evidenced by extravagance, idleness and drunkenness, and the absence of laws of primogeniture to centralize and hold the estate, the besom of destruction sweeps all away, and that which once added glory to a family name is lost in the shadows of obscurity and decay.
The successful issue of the Revolutionary War and the Treaty of Paris carried the boundaries of the United States westward to the Mississippi River, and opened for settlement a region of almost inexhaustible fertility. But prior to this the French and Indian War, Bouquet's Expedition (1764) and the Treaty of Ft. Stanwix (1768) had fixed the title to the vast regions of Pennsylvania and Virginia in Great Britain, which led adventurous spirits over the Allegheny Mountains into the regions beyond. Old lines of travel changed and new roads were made. No longer was the migration southward into the Carolinas, but westward, into Kentucky and Ohio.
The region around Winchester, Va., had been the Mecca of migratory spirits from New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Maryland. The Monthly Meeting Records of the Friends at Hopewell, Frederick County, Va., disclose events of great historic importance. An enterprising Quaker by the name of Ross obtained warrants for the survey of forty thousand acres of land, and these surveys were made along the Opequon and up to Apple Pie Ridge, about ten miles north of Winchester. Kercheval says that numerous immigrations of the Quaker profession removed from Pennsylvania and settled on the Ross surveys. Great numbers of immigrants followed from New Jersey and Maryland. These Quakers had a regular Monthly Meeting at Hopewell in 1738. But not only to Hopewell, Va., did these Quaker immigrants go in large numbers, but also to Culpeper, Stafford, Loudoun, Fairfax, Warren, Fauquier and Madison Counties. Preparative meetings were held at a very early date in each of these counties, with a central authority vested in Hopewell. So great and rapid was the migration that the Monthly Meetings were established by the parent society at Westland, in the Rappahannock Valley; Crooked Run, in Stafford; Fairfax, at Warrenton, in Fauquier; Apple Pie Ridge or Winchester, Frederick County; Woodlawn, in Fairfax, and Goose Creek, in Loudoun. Pushing westward, Jackson Monthly Meeting was set up in either Hampshire or Harrison, while Bush Creek and Back Creek Preparative Meetings find place in Hampshire. The records of these meetings show the dismissal of scores of Quakers for the back parts of Virginia and soon for distant Ohio. The Quakers were good citizens, and the thoughtful historian is led to ask why they should leave so fair a country as Virginia for the wilderness to the west? The answer is to be found in the spirit of the age, and not in the peculiarities of the Virginians or of the Quakers. That spirit was eminently martial, and found no excuse for a set of people who refused to bear arms. In Pennsylvania a number of prominent Quakers were seized by the authorities and banished to Winchester, Va. In 1650 the House of Burgesses of Virginia passed a law of more than ordinary severity. During Lord Dunmore's War and afterwards during the Revolutionary War the legal and social status of the Quakers in Virginia was almost
execrable. They refused to bear arms and to pay taxes to carry on a war. Their estates were confiscated under legal warrant, and they looked to the great West for relief. Speculators look advantage of the law to gain by stealth what had cost the thrifty Quakers years of diligent effort to obtain. Warlike glory was in the air everywhere, and the partisans of non‑resistance fell into disrepute. The Quakers were eager to leave, and the Virginians were glad to see them go. It is not an easy matter to pass judgment on either party. In many essential points each was wrong, but it is certain that as the age was constituted neither party could have done other than it did. But the historian, as he views the trend of affairs through the centuries, cannot avoid the conclusion that in the long run Virginia lost more than did the Quakers. Thrift, honor, honesty and enterprise are qualities that a State can ill afford to lose, and that these qualities belonged to the Quakers of Virginia is beyond all controversy. We shall see some of these Quakers of Virginia transplanted to Ohio, where their thrift and enterprise changed that vast solitude into centers of civilization and refinement.
Levi Shinn was the pioneer of the westward movement, so far as the family of Shinn was connected with it. The records do not disclose the place of his marriage, his wife's name, nor his dismissal from any New Jersey meeting of Friends. Neither do the records show when he reached Hopewell nor how long he remained there. Tradition and the records say that he lived for awhile on Apple Pie Ridge, in Frederick County, Va., where others of the family and others from New Jersey had taken residence. In 1778 we find him in Harrison County, Va., blazing with his ax the domain which was to be his under "Tomahawk Right," and near which the town of Shinnston now stands. The accompanying picture shows the log house built by him at this time.
After this he returned to Hopewell for his family. His description of the county so pleased his friends and relatives that many of them determined to move. Some time during the year 1779 Levi, with his family, his brother Clement and his family, his cousin Benjamin and family, viz., Samuel, Isaac, Amy and Lucretia Shinn, and some of the Clarks, Antrims, Earls, Drakes, Herberts and others, set out for Harrison County. Arriving there, they took up such lands as pleased them, and began their improvement. Levi Shinn had already made his selection. Clement located on Middle Creek, about one mile from where Shinnston was afterwards
laid out. Isaac Shinn went about six miles away and chose a location on Simpson's Creek, while Samuel Shinn made a selection on Ten‑Mile Creek, about fifteen miles away. Clearing and house building kept them busy, and the Indians troubled them so frequently as to make them forget their peaceable doctrines and fight for their lives. The necessity for a fort soon presented itself, and upon a prominent location about three miles away they erected a stockade. They were pleased with their settlement, however, and sent word back to Hopewell and to New Jersey inviting other friends and relatives to join them in the West.
The family record discloses six sons of Clement and Elizabeth (Webb) Shinn. Two of these, Peter and Solomon, remained in New Jersey until a later period, when they, too, removed to the West. The traditions and family records agree that Levi, Jonathan and Clement married in New Jersey at or near Salem. Levi Shinn married Elizabeth Smith, 1772; Clement Shinn married Ruth Bates in 1772; Jonathan Shinn married Mary Clark, 1778. The Hopewell Record shows that David Shinn presented a certificate from Mt. Holly, dated 8, 5/1790, and lodged it at Hopewell, Frederick County, Va., 1/3/1791. This certificate names Samuel, David and John as children of David Shinn, but does not refer to his wife. His marriage in New Jersey is thus proved, but I cannot give the name of his wife. David and Jonathan were twin brothers. Referring to Mt. Holly Minutes, 7/8/1790, we find this note: "David Shinn sends an acknowledgment for bearing arms and marrying by a hireling priest, which was accepted and a certificate of removal to Hopewell Monthly Meeting (Virginia) granted." The minute also contains the words, "where he had long resided," and shows that he had been in Virginia for a number of years. Whether the "bearing arms" referred to the Revolutionary War, I cannot say, but the family have always claimed that David was a Revolutionary soldier, and his son was a distinguished soldier from Virginia in the War of 1812, besides being a noted militia officer in Hampshire County. David lived a most exemplary life after his settlement at Hopewell. His home was in Hampshire County, and the particular meeting to which he belonged was styled "Middle Creek." His name frequently appears upon the Hopewell Minutes upon important committees, and on 8/6/1792 that meeting made him an elder. In reading these minutes the names Branson, Shreeve Stratton, Wright, Fenton, Earl, Antrim and Lupton suggest the fancy that you are not at Hopewell, Va., but back at Mt. Holly and Burlington. David died in 1815 in Hampshire County, leaving a will, dated 3/7/1815, and probated 4/17/1815. It names Samuel and Lydia as children, son‑in‑law Samuel Busby, and directs his property to be divided among all his children. Wife Mary.
Children of David and Mary ((???)) Shinn.
482. (1) Samuel Shinn, b. 4/22/1786; m. 1814, Fairfax County, Va.
483. (2) David Shinn, b. 1788; m. Mary Shinn at Fairfax, Va., 4/‑‑/1810.
484. (3) John Shinn, b. 1790; m. Mary Dalby, Hopewell, Va., 10/5/1810.
485. (4) Lydia Shinn, b. 1796; m. Amasa Shinn, Hopewell, Va., 12/7/1820.
486. (5) Mary Shinn, b. 1794; m. Capt. Joel Reese, Hopewell, Va., 8/4/1814.
487. (6) Esther Shinn, b. 5/‑‑/1793; m. Samuel Busby, Hopewell, Va., 12/9/1813.
Clement Shinn does not appear on any of the records, and was content to live an obscure life. He was in Harrison County as early as 1779, with a wife and children. He took up a farm near where Shinnston now stands, cleared it and lived upon it until he died. His adventures with the Indians would be interesting, but he did not commit them to writing, and his descendants have nothing but the traditions common to pioneer life. His children are taken from the family Bible and their marriages from the court records of Harrison County.
Children of Clement and Ruth (Bates) Shinn.
488. (1) Joseph Shinn, b. 9/23/1775; m. Mary Mathis in Virginia, 7/3/1800.
489. (2) Moses Shinn, b. 2/10/1779; m. Sarah Kyle, 4/5/1799, in Virginia.
490. (3) Daniel Shinn, b. 1/10/1781; m. Mary Whiteman, 1801.
491. (4) Hepzibah Shinn, b. 4/25/1784; m. Levi Shinn, 7/2/1800.
492. (5) Clement Shinn, b. 11/24/1786; m. Lucretia Shinn, 1808.
493. (6) Edward Shinn, b. 1788; m. Hannah Shinn. daughter of Isaac and Agnes
494. (7) Reuben Shinn, b. 9/26/1789; married.
495. (8) Aschah Shinn, b. 1792; m. David Earl.
496. (9) Samuel Jonathan Shinn, b. 10/7/1793; ob. sine proli.
497. (10) Eli Shinn. b. 1797.
Levi Shinn lived and died near Shinnston, W. Va. He married in New Jersey, and several of his children were born in that State. He was born in 1748, and married Elizabeth Smith in 1772. He was a Virginia pioneer, and suffered the usual hardships. He is buried near Shinnston, and his descendants point out his grave.
Children of Levi and Elizabeth (Smith) Shinn.
498. (1) Clement Shinn, b. 1773, in New Jersey; m. Mary Thompson, in Virginia,
499. (2) Solomon Shinn, b. 1775; m. (???) Walmsley; (2) Mary Ann Kirksey.
500. (3) Sarah Shinn, b. 1777; m. Dire Waldo.
501. (4) Anna Shinn, b. 1780; m. Jonathan Whiteman.
502. (5) Aaron Shinn, b. 1782; m. Mary Piggott, 5/23/1811.
503. (6) Levi Shinn, b. 1783; m. Sarah McDole, 1816.
504. (7) Elizabeth Shinn, b. 1785; m. Joseph Wilson, 1838.
505. (8) Moses Shinn, b. 5/21/1791; m. (1) Esther Busby; (2) Elizabeth Hall;
(3) Mary Irvin.
506. (9) Isaiah Shinn, b. 5/14/1794; m. Nancy Robey, 4/17/1816.
Jonathan Shinn was born in New Jersey, and married Mary Clark, in that State. On 5/7/1787 he produced a certificate at Hopewell, Va., from Burlington Monthly Meeting, dated 8/7/1786. His wife appears to have been dead at that time. On 12/1/1788 he was disowned at Hopewell for marrying out of meeting. He never made acknowledgments, but his wife, Mary, on 6/2/1792, sent a very touching paper to Hopewell Meeting, which is here produced, that the reader may form an estimate of the woman who reared, as stepmother, Asa Shinn, one of the greatest preachers that Methodism has produced, and a thinker worthy of any age or clime. The following is Mary (Edwards) Shinn's acknowledgment:
"Whereas I have had my birthright and education among Friends, but for want of due regard to the manifestation of truth in my heart hath so given way to the temptation of the enemy, as to bring sorrow to myself and disgrace on the society, and for which I was justly disowned; and from my‑‑sense of sorrow do desire that Friends may pass by my misconduct and‑‑receive me under their Christian care as my future conduct may deserve.
(Signed.) MARY SHINN."
The stepmother has been derided in all climes and in every age, but the woman who could pen such an acknowledgment merits universal praise. Jonathan Shinn made a wise selection, and his children, whether by the first or by the second marriage, had a wise and safe counselor in Mary Shinn. The stepmother had two of her husband's first children to foster and educate. These two boys, Levi and Asa, inherited religious inclinations, and Mary Shinn was a proper person to foster the inheritance.
Much sport has also been made of the backwoods,1
1Why has the United States taken a leading position in inventive genius? May
not this bent of mind owe its existence to our backwoods life? Doddridge has truly said:
"Every family was under the necessity of doing everything for itself." Did they
need mills? They invented the hominy block and hand mill. When the toil of pounding
the grain became excessive they invented the sweep. And in Greenbrier County these
sweeps were soon turned into pounding saltpeter into gunpowder. And what better
utensil was ever made for soft corn than the backwoods grater? Then came their
tub mills, with sifters of deer skin stretched over a hoop and perforated with a hot
wire. They made their own looms, and were always improving them. They were
tanners, and the substitutes they were compelled to use for the regular tanning formula
quickened their inventive power. They were tailors and shoemakers, and the shifts
they were put to when a lack of materials or tools presented itself kept their minds
but in this little Harrison County cabin there was the refinement that comes from subdued desires, and its occupants were models in purity of life and elevated thought. From this rude hut went the man‑‑Asa Shinn‑‑who was to charm vast audiences in Cincinnati, Pittsburg, Philadelphia and Baltimore with his charming manners and polished oratory, and who was to chain the thought of churchmen everywhere with his profound sermons and published reasoning.
Jonathan had moved to Harrison County prior to his disownment and purchased a farm where Shinnston now stands. Although disowned by Friends, he was a God‑fearing man, and his wife was an earnest Friend. His house was open to traveling preachers at all times, and the Bible was an open book in his house. Two of his sons, Levi and Asa, became Methodists at a very early age, and both became preachers. Levi lacked the ability of Asa, but was a great pioneer preacher in Virginia and Ohio. Asa became a famous man and belonged to the world.
Children of Jonathan and Mary (Clark) Shinn.
507. (1) Levi Shinn, b. 5/11/1779, in New Jersey; m. Hepzibah Shinn, his cousin,
at Shinnston, Va., 7/1/1800.
508. (2) Asa Shinn, b. 1781, in New Jersey; m. (1) Phebe Barnes, in Wood
County, Va.; (2) Mary Bennington Gibson, at Pittsburg, Pa.
509. (3) Ann Shinn, b. 1783; m. Daniel Whiteman, 4/11/1799.
510. (4) Jonathan Shinn, b. 1785; ob. sine proli.
511. (5) Elizabeth Shinn, b. 1787; m. Samuel Clark, 1/18/1807.
Children of Jonathan and Mary (Edwards) Shinn.
512. (1) 6. Amasa Shinn, b. 1789; m. his cousin, Lydia Shinn, 12/7/1820.
513. (2) 7. Ruth Shinn, b. 1791; m. William Harey.
514. (3) 8. Hannah Shinn, b. 1793; m. her cousin, David Shinn, 4/‑‑/1800.
515. (4) 9. Sarah Shinn, b. 1796; m. (???) Earl.
176. BENJAMIN JONES (4).‑‑JEAN ATKINSON (3), SARAH SHINN (2).
Benjamin Jones, son of Benjamin and Sarah (Atkinson) Jones, was born in Burlington County, N. J., in 1728, and was married in 1746 to Elizabeth Carter. I have only found one child, but there may have been more.
Children of Benjamin and Elizabeth (Carter) Jones.
516. (1) Sarah Jones (5), who married Uz Gaunt, son of Zebulon. Her descendants
517. (1) Samuel Gaunt (6), who married Hannah, daughter of Aden Atkinson,
and had Aden, Sarah, Job, Mercy, Israel, Ridgway and Walter.
525. (2) Benjamin Gaunt (6), who married Susan, daughter of John Stokes, and
had Elizabeth, Louisa, Uz, Asher, Susan, Franklin, Charles, Anna,
Benjamin and Nathan.
538. (3) Israel Gaunt (6); ob. unmarried.
539. (4) Hannah Gaunt (6), married Asa Shinn, and had Sarah Gaunt.
542. (5) Elisha Gaunt (6), married Drusella, daughter of Simeon Norcross, and
had Lewis, Sophia, John F., William, Martin and Caroline.
543. (6) Lewis Gaunt (6), ob. sine proli, 1834.
544. (7) Jefferson Gaunt (6), married Mary, daughter of Joseph Harrison, and
had Theodore, Edward, Josephine, William, Lewis, Frederick, Ella,
E. Pluribus and Unia.
178. NAOMI BUSBY (4).‑‑ROWLAND OWEN (3), MARTHA SHINN (2), JOHN (1).
Naomi, daughter of Rowland and Prudence (Powell) Owen, upon reaching the age of womanhood, married Isaac Busby in New Jersey, and had the following children: Rachel, Prudence, Mary, Isaac, Martha, Joseph and Rebecca. The alert upon lines which favored mechanical invention. Doddridge truly says: "The state of society which existed in our country at an early period of its settlement was well calculated to call into action every native mechanical genius."
fifth child, Martha Busby, married Smith Bell, son of Thomas and Thamer (Smith) Bell, of Delaware, and had children‑‑Sarah, Hiram, Smith, Mary, Robert and Martha. The second child, Hiram Bell, was a prominent man in Columbiana County Ohio, and was at one time Commissioner of the county. He married Martha Freed, daughter of George Freed, 5/30/1849, and had Sydney, Lewis, Naomi, Rebecca, Elizabeth, Mulford, Anna, Clifton and Norman. (See Chapman's "History of Vermillion County, Illinois," p. 575.)
180. GENERAL ISAIAH SHINN (5).‑‑JOSEPH (4), GEORGE (3), JOHN (2),
Isaiah Shinn, second son of Joseph and Ann Sydonia (Shivers) Shinn, born December 15th, 1764, at Pilesgrove, N. J.; died July 25th, 1822; married, January, 1788, Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph Jenks, born October 21st, 1768, and died December 4th, 1827; prominent in Salem County; Justice of Quarter Sessions; frequently nominated for high sheriff; Commander of the New Jersey Militia in 1812; his commission and epaulettes are in the possession of his granddaughter, Martha Woodnutt Clawson. The following were children of Isaiah and Elizabeth (Jenks) Shinn;1
1These dates, etc., were taken from the old family Bible of Isaiah Shinn (printed
and sold by Isaac Collins. Trenton, N. J., MDCCXC; price 30 shillings). The date of
the death of Elizabeth Shinn was in the handwriting of William J. Shinn; also the
date of the death of Samuel S. Shinn. Isaiah Shinn wrote his mother's name "Hannah";
a memorandum made by Dr. I. D. Clawson states that Hannah Shinn was Anna
Sydonia Shivers, daughter of Samuel Shivers.
603. (1) Joseph Shinn, b. November 17, 1788; ob. August 31, 1795.
604. (2) William Jenks Shinn, b. September 2, 1790; m. Margaret Carpenter
Woodnutt, February 13, 1817.
605. (3) Maria Shinn, b. March 22, 1792; ob. October 16, 1793.
606. (4) Eliza Shinn, b. October 10, 1794; ob. October 20, 1797.
607. (5) Charlotte Shinn, b. August 19, 1796; m. Israel R. Clawson, 12/6/1815.
608. (6) Samuel Shivers Shinn, b. October 18, 1798; ob. January 17, 1828.
609. (7) Jenks Shinn, b. June 16, 1800; ob. April 9, 1802.
610. (8) Joseph Jenks Shinn, b. January 1, 1803; ob. July 31, 1803.
184. SAMUEL SHINN (5).‑‑AMOS (4), GEORGE (3), JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
Samuel Shinn, son of Amos and Ann (Carter) Shinn, was born in Burlington County, New Jersey. His early life is obscure; but he projects himself into authentic history in 1777, when the following minute was made at Mt. Holly Monthly Meeting: "Samuel Shinn, son of Amos, was reported for training in the military service and for marrying a woman that is not of our order and for neglect of attendance upon meetings, the truth of which he acknowledged." Striker, in his list of Revolutionary soldiers of New Jersey, names Buddell Shinn and Vincent Shinn. His silence as to Samuel, son of Amos, is not to be taken as a negative. There were many soldiers in the Revolutionary Army that have failed to be recorded, and Samuel Shinn belongs to that number. If there was any one thing for which Friends stood, it was the sinfulness of bearing arms, and when they deliberately note upon their minutes that Samuel Shinn had been training in the militia, and then disown him (as they did on 11/9/1777), it is conclusive evidence that he was a soldier. He appears to have been a cooper, and to have married Elizabeth Starkey in 1766. After the war he went to Philadelphia, where he plied his trade for awhile, when he removed to Vincentown, where he died.
Children of Samuel and Elizabeth (Starkey) Shinn.
576. (1) Amos Shinn, b. 1768.
577. (2) Nathan (or Nathaniel) Shinn b. 1770; m. (1) Margaret Baxter, 4/6/1797;
(2) Hannah Doren, 3/2/1800; (3) Mrs. Annie Lippincott, nee Warren.
578. (3) Samuel Shinn, b. 1772.
579. (4) George Shinn, b. 1779.
186. ZILPHA SHINN (5).‑‑AMOS (4), GEORGE (3), JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
Zilpha, daughter of Amos and Ann (Carter) Shinn, was born in 1747. She married according to Friends' rites, at Evesham Monthly Meeting, in October, 1775, Caleb, son of Nathaniel and Mary (Engle) Lippincott. Caleb was a widower, having married Ann Vinacomb in 1764, and lived at Haddonfield, to which place Zilpha took a removal certificate from Evesham in January, 1776. Asa Matlack, in his Memoirs, notes the second marriage, and gives the following children:
Children of Caleb and Zilpha (Shinn) Lippincott.
580. (1) Ann Lippincott; ob. sine proli. (2) Caleb Lippincott, ob. sine proli.
581. (3) Joshua Lippincott, b. 1780; m. Jane Moore.
582. (4) Grace Lippincott; ob. sine proli.
187. AMOS SHINN (5).‑‑AMOS (4), GEORGE (3), JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
Amos, fifth child of Amos and Ann (Carter) Shinn, married Ann Cunningham in 1766. The following
595. (1) Ann Shinn.
596. (2) William Shinn.
597. (3) Curtis Shinn, who married in Burlington County, N. J., and had one son,
Owen Louis Shinn, b. 3/2/1817; m., 3/10/1839, Sarah Pancoast Heavland,
and had one child, Frederick Shinn, b. 6/2/1842, who married
Ann Slater McCabe, 5/15/1866, and had children:
598. (1) George Shinn; ob. infans.
599. (2) Edgar Shinn; ob. infans.
600. (3) Clara Shinn; ob. unmarried.
601. (4) Helen Matilda Shinn; m. Mr. McCabe.
602. (5) Owen Louis Shinn; b. 7/30/1871; m. Edith May Stringer, 11/9/1897,
and had Eleanor Anna Shinn, b. 7/20/1900.
190. ESAIAS SHINN (5).‑‑JOHN (4), GEORGE (3), JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
Esaias Shinn (otherwise Isaiah), second child of John and Lydia (Carter) Shinn, was born 6/14/1745; died in vita patris 2/16/1791. (Mt. Holly Records.) He married Hannah Branan according to Friends' rite in 1771, and had the following descendants. (Burlington and Mt. Holly Records and John's Will):
1. Lydia Shinn (6); b. 2/16/1772; ob. unmarried.
2. Sarah Shinn (6); b. 12/16/1773; 10/‑‑/1794.
3. Moses Shinn (6); b. 3/4/1775; m. Hester Devault, 6/11/1799.
4. Abigail Shinn (6); b. 5/15/1777; ob. 2/14/1807.
5. Esaias Shinn (6); b. 12/20/1778; m. Mary Gaskell, 3/17/1800.
6. Miriam Shinn (6); b. 3/20/1782.
7. Aaron Shinn (6); b. 3/20/1782; ob. 8/28/1805.
8. Hannah Shinn (6); b. 12/28/1785; m. (???) Page, 1807.
9. Elijah Shinn; b. 3/10/1789; ob. 3/3/1807.
Of these children I have only the following notes: Hannah, the mother, asked Mt. Holly, in 1793, for a certificate of removal for her son Moses to Evesham, which was granted. Moses is named in his grandfather's will, and Burlington County marriage registers show his marriage. He was a shoemaker; moved to Philadelphia in 1803, and was at work there in 1806. Burlington Minutes show that Abigail and Hannah had been residing in Philadelphia, and that they placed their certificates of removal with Burlington in May, 1805. Burlington and Mt. Holly registers agree upon the date of Abigail's death. Burlington Minutes show that Hannah was disowned in the 8th month, 1807, for marrying out of meeting, giving her husband's name as above.
Esaias is named in his grandfather's will, and Burlington County records show his marriage. Miriam was disowned at Evesham in 1801. Of the land in Virginia bequeathed by the grandfather, John, to his "grandsons Esaias, Moses, Aaron and Elijah, sons of his son Esaias," I know nothing. It was sold, in all probability, by the heirs, as I find no family in Virginia tracing its pedigree to any of these children. The descendants of Moses, Esaias and Hannah are in South Jersey or Philadelphia, but I have not found any of them. I have addressed many Shinns now living in Salem County and in Philadelphia, who are not placed in this genealogy, but from indisposition, churlishness, cupidity, ignorance or some other cause, have not been answered. Some of these may be the descendants of these three marriages. If so, I have given them an easy starting place for their researches. as well as a pungent introduction to their other kinsmen.
193. JOHN SHINN (5).‑‑JOHN (4), GEORGE (3), JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
John Shinn, son of John and Lydia (Carter) Shinn, was born in Burlington County, 5/30/1754. (Mt. Holly Record of Births and Deaths.) Being a young man of some spirit and of a generous nature, he frequently transgressed the church rules, and was once reprimanded for dissipation. He made an open acknowledgment and was forgiven. In his seventeenth year he made application to Burlington Monthly Meeting for a certificate to Evesham on account of marriage, which, after deliberation, was granted. But as there is no record at Evesham of the marriage, and as the family have no minute of it, it is presumable that it never occurred. He may have changed his mind, or the young woman may have changed hers; at all events, the records and tradition say nothing further of the marriage. In 1771 be was granted a certificate of removal to Chesterfield Monthly Meeting from Burlington. (Burlington Minutes, 7/1/1771; Chesterfield Minutes. 5/9/1771.) He remained at Chesterfield until 1778, when he took a
certificate to Mt. Holly. (Chesterfield Minute, 1778; Mt. Holly Minute, 1/6/1779). During his residence at Chesterfield, in the year 1775, he was married to Martha Parker, as is disclosed by the marriage license record at Trenton. The minutes of Chesterfield are silent upon the question of this marriage. He may have married with the usual formality of Friends; or he may have made acknowledgments afterwards.. Certain it is that he was in good standing in 1778, when he was dismissed to Mt. Holly, which church not only received him, but‑kept a record of his children, who are recorded as follows:
Children of John Shinn, Jr. and Martha (Parker) Shinn.
1. Elizabeth Shinn; b. 1/30/1776.
2. Miriam Shinn; b. 10/7/1777.
3. Ellis Shinn; b. 11/19/1779.
4. Daniel Shinn; b. 11/30/1781.
Martha must have died in 1781 or 1782, for in 1783 the characteristic minute was made in Mt. Holly Minutes: "John Shinn, Jr., reported for marrying out of meeting" and "neglecting attendance upon meetings." John made the usual acknowledgments, and was retained in the fold. From this time on he viewed life with different eyes. He became steady and eminently useful. His second wife was from the Evesham neighborhood, and his sphere of religious activity dates from his removal to Upper Evesham Meeting. In 1800 he was placed upon committees, and in 1804 was sent to Quarterly Meeting. In 1807, at Upper Evesham, he was recommended by his brethren for the ministry.1 (Upper Evesham M. M., Rec. 1800‑4‑7.) For years he had been a patient teacher of children in the schools of the neighborhood. About 1800 Friends built a schoolhouse near New Hopewell, on the old Egg Harbor road. The children belonged in part to the districts Tansboro and Pump Branch, Camden County, N. J. Its size was thirty‑six by eighteen, and the first teacher was John Shinn. In December, 1807, he and Samuel Leidy, Jr., were released to pay a visit to the Friends in Salem Quarterly Meeting. From this visit followed the migration of many of his children to Salem County.
In April, 1811, John Shinn, Jr., was again released to visit Salem, and in September he was sent to Little Egg Harbor, Bass River, Barnegat and thereaway. In 1813 we find him at Philadelphia and Abingdon Quarterly Meeting.. Just when he moved to Berlin, Camden County, is not known, but there he lived for many years, teaching school as a regular occupation and performing the sacred duties of a Friends minister as the spirit and the rules of the society suggested and required. He died about 1820, universally respected for his character and works, and was buried in New Hopewell graveyard. Daniel, his youngest child by the first marriage, followed his footsteps, and adhered to the Quaker faith. (See sketch of Daniel Shinn.) His children by the second marriage were Mary, Caleb, Joab, Asa, John, Rachel, Mary Ann and Lydia. These and Daniel all moved to Pike County, Illinois, and identified themselves permanently with the growth and development of that great State.
Children of John and Martha (Parker) Shinn.
621. (1) Elizabeth Shinn (6), b. 1/30/1776, who married in New Jersey.
622. (2) Miriam Shinn (6), b. 10/7/1777; d. at Medford.
623. (3) Ellis Shinn (6), b. 11/19/1779; ob. sine proli.
1In a popular history of Burlington County the following language occurs: "Elizabeth
Collins was the minister at the time of the organization of the society at Upper
Evesham, or Medford, in 1759. Other preachers soon followed, among whom was John
Shinn." (Hist. Bur. Co., p. 366.) This shows how history is written. Evesham held
its first meeting in 1760. Upper Evesham, or Medford, or Shinnston, or Nebo held its
first meeting in 1794. John Shinn did not follow Elizabeth Collins. She preached for
Evesham and he for Upper Evesham. He was made a minister by Upper Evesham, and
was a child of that church. (Upper Evesham Minutes, Vol. L.)
624. (4) Daniel Shinn (6), b. 11/30/1781; m. in Gloucester (now Camden) County,
N. J., Mary Hacket, 1806.
Children of John and Mary ((???)) Shinn.
625. (5) Caleb Shinn (6).
626. (6) Joab Shinn (6), to Illinois in 1830, and settled in New Salem Township.
627. (7) Asa Shinn (6), moved to Illinois, where he married and reared a family.
628. (8) John Shinn (6), b. 1790; m. Rebecca Lippincott.
629. (9) Rachel Shinn (6), b. 1792; married and reared a family.
630. (10) Mary Ann Shinn (6), b. 1794; married and reared a family.
631. (11) Lydia Shinn (6), b. 1796; married in New Jersey.
201. CURTIS SHINN (5).‑‑GEORGE (4), GEORGE (3), JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
Curtis was of a wandering nature, and had a tempestuous life. The civil records of Burlington County show that he married in 1777, while the British and American armies were striving for supremacy in New Jersey. He married Ann Merriott. The Friends Society was almost on the verge of dissolution at this time on account of the calamity of war. Mt. Holly was in turn held by both British and Americans, and the younger Quakers were tiring of the policy of non‑resistance. They were looked upon with suspicion by both sides because of their conscientious scruples against bearing arms. In the year 1777 many of the younger men joined the army, and among them was Curtis Shinn. In June, 1777, the Friends appointed Samuel Shinn, son of Francis, with others, to devise some plan to present the truth clearly and to say what was best for the good of the members. The result is not known. In 1786 Curtis Shinn asked to be received into membership at Mt. Holly for himself and children. The committee made a report that "there appeared to be something hopeful in him, but let his request rest for the present." His wife, Anna, was then, and continued to be, a member at Mt. Holly. She was born 9/5/1758, lived at Mt. Holly, died 10/15/1824, and was buried at the Mount. Where and when Curtis died is not known, nor have I been enabled to find all his children. Jane Shinn died in 1824, leaving a will, which recites that she is a daughter of Curtis and Anna Shinn, and mentions brothers and sisters, but does not name them. (Burlington Co. Wills, Liber C, p. 458.)
Children of Curtis and Anna (Merriott) Shinn.
583. (1) Jane Shinn; ob. sine proli, cum testamentum.
202. JOHN SHINN (5).‑‑GEORGE (4), GEORGE (3), JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
The date of John's birth and marriage is lost to mankind, as far as my investigations lead. He married Jane Herbert in Burlington County. He was a distiller, and lived near Georgetown, N. J. He was not affiliated prominently with the Friends, and does not appear upon their records, and the records of other churches at that date are not very helpful to a student of genealogy. The records and traditions of the family enable me to give the following list of children:
584. (1) Sarah Shinn, who married William Nutt; ob. sine proli.
585. (2) Nancy Shinn, who married Anthony Logan.
586. (3) John Shinn, b. 12/8/1785; m. Elizabeth Asay, 11/1/1809.
587. (4) Benjamin Shinn, who married Sarah Burtis; ob. sine proli.
588. (5) William Shinn, who married Elizabeth Reed.
589. (6) Joseph Shinn, who married Catherine Burtis, 7/5/1812.
590. (7) Curtis Shinn; ob. unmarried.
205. GEORGE SHINN (5).‑‑GEORGE (4), GEORGE (3). JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
George, seventh child of George and Sarah (Owen) Shinn, was born about 1761, and married in Burlington County, a woman whose Christian name was
Charity. Her surname is unknown. He was a farmer in Springfield Township, and left four children:
591. (1) John Shinn, b. 1800; m. Elizabeth Anderson, 12/27/1823.
592. (2) Sarah Shinn, b. 12/6/1801; m. James Read, 7/7/1825.
593. (3) Elizabeth Shinn; m. John B. Thompson.
594. (4) George Shinn.
207. SARAH SHINN (5).‑‑AZARIAH (4), GEORGE (3), JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
Sarah Shinn, daughter of Azariah and Sarah (Haines) Shinn, born in Gloucester county, N. J.; member of the Haddonfield Monthly Meeting of Friends. On the 12th of the 8th month she and David Ware, son of John Ware, of Salem, declared their intentions of marriage the first time before the Haddonfield Meeting. On the 9th of the next month they appeared the second time, and on the10th of the 12th month the marriage was reported back as accomplished in an orderly manner. It occurred on the 13th of the 9th month, 1782, and the certificate is recorded. The only witnesses of the name Shinn were Sarah, her mother, and Martha, her sister. (Haddonfield Monthly Meeting Record.) In the 11th month she took a certificate of removal to Salem. (Ibid., ‑‑.) David Ware inherited a fine farm in Salem County, which he sold shortly after his marriage and removed to Darby, Pa., where he died. (Shourd's "History of Fenwick Colony.")
Children of David and Sarah (Shinn) Ware.
632. (1) Sarah Ware; m. Aaron Ashbridge.
214. ZIBER SHINN (5).‑‑URIAH (4), JOSHUA (3), JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
Ziber (spelled Ziba, Ziber and Zibah) Shinn, son of Uriah and Rebecca (Ridgway) Shinn, was born 1/13/1777, was married 12/24/1800 in Burlington County, N. J., to Elizabeth, daughter of Robert and Mary Colkitt. The family Bible spells the name Colkitt, but the marriage license record at Burlington spells it Cleutt.
I take it that the family record is more worthy of credence than is the marriage license record. Ziba lived and died near Retreat, Burlington County. He was a prominent member of the Baptist Church at Vincentown.1 Elizabeth died in 1830, leaving a will, dated 6/1/1830. (Burlington Wills, Liber D, p. 229.) She mentions her own son Isaac and Allen, son of her brother Samuel. Ziba died in 1834, leaving a will. It names daughter Mary, wife of Thomas Letchworth; son Richard, daughter Rebecca, daughter Elizabeth, wife of Isaac Worrell, and granddaughter Camelia Shinn. Husband and wife are buried at Vincentown.
Children of Ziba and Elizabeth (Colkitt) Shinn.
633. (1) Isaac Shinn, b. 4/3/1801; m. Frances Vaughn, 12/1/1825.
634. (2) Mary Shinn, b. 8/4/1803; m. Thomas Letchworth, and had one daughter,
at least, who married Mark Branin, of Mt. Holly, N. J.
635. (3) Richard Shinn, b. 10/4/1805; m. Eliza Bunford.
636. (4) Samuel Shinn, b. 12/4/1807; ob. unmarried.
637. (5) Sarah Shinn; b. 2/5/1811.
638. (6) Ziba Shinn, b. 12/9/1813; m. Hannah Estelle, at Vincentown, N. J., and
had one daughter, Cornella, who died unmarried.
639. (7) Rebecca Shinn, b. 3/17/1816; unmarried; lived at Philadelphia, Pa., to a
very old age.
640. (8) Elizabeth Shinn, b. 7/9/1818; m. Isaiah Worrell.
641. (9) Hannah Shinn, b. 9/9/1822.
642. (10) Ruth Shinn, b. 10/11/1826.
1Dismissed from Pemberton Baptist Church to form Vincentown Baptist Church,
September 19, 1834.
213. LYDIA SHINN (5).‑‑URIAH (4), JOSHUA (3), JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
Lydia Shinn, daughter of Uriah and Rebecca (Ridgeway) Shinn, born 1775; married in her sixteenth year. She resided at Evesham, and was a member of the Baptist Church. She had one daughter, Miriam, born 1793, who died unmarried 3/17/1868 at Moorestown, N. J., and was buried in the Baptist cemetery. This young lady was a member of the Baptist Church at Evesham, N. J., and in1835, when the family moved to Moorestown, she prevailed upon Rev. Peter Powell, of Burlington, to conduct a meeting at that place. This meeting resulted in the formation of an Independent Baptist Church. Miriam attached herself to the new organization, as did her cousin Isaac, and Amy, his wife. In December, 1837, Miss Miriam, with Ann Creely, Hannah Walker, Mary Hewlings, Mary Shinn (her cousin by marriage), Martha Jones, Elizabeth Wisham and Elizabeth Wright, formed a "Female Mite Society," which met regularly to devise ways and means for the betterment of the church and the relief of the needy. This was one of the first organizations of this kind in New Jersey history. Miriam lived to be seventy‑five years of age, and was always an active, consistent Christian.
215. ISAAC SHINN (5).‑‑URIAH (4), JOSHUA (3), JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
Isaac Shinn, son of Uriah and Rebecca (Ridgeway) Shinn, born 6/7/1779; married, 2/14/1805, Martha Jones. (Burlington County Marriage Licenses.) The marriage certificate, as set out in an old family Bible at Haddonfield, is a departure from the ponderous documents of the Friends, and is printed in full: "To all whom it may concern: This may certify that Isaac Shinn and Martha Jones by their own mutual consent are lawfully married together. Witness February 14, 1805, Alex. M. Groard." I suppose the latter was a civil officer, authorized to solemnize marriages, collect fees, and make short records. This marriage was a happy one, and fruitful of children sound in mind and body. Martha died 3/24/1832 and Isaac 7/20/1860, being four score and one. He lived at Moorestown.
Children of Isaac and Martha (Jones) Shinn.
643. (1) Allen Shinn, b. 9/25/1805; m. Mary Ann, daughter of William and Hannah
644. (2) Isaac Shinn, b. 2/18/1807; m. Amy King.
645. (3) Gideon H. Shinn, b. 12/26/1808; m. and lived to be an octogenarian.
646. (4) Urias Shinn, b. 7/8/1812; m. Elizabeth, daughter of Benjamin and Mary
Bispham, 10/7/1832, Gloucester County, N. J.
647. (5) Charles P. Shinn, b. 3/10/1814; m. Margaret Green; ob., 12/17/1845,
648. (6) William Hooten Shinn, b. 1/30/1816; m. Sarah Wolfe.
649. (7) Martha Shinn, b. 12/15/1818; m. John Armstrong; ob., 3/24/1832, childless.
650. (8) Miles J. Shinn, b. 10/3/1820; m. Annie C., daughter of Thomas Newman,
9/18/1849, Richmond, Ind.
651. (9) Joseph H. Shinn, b. 6/30/1822; m. Louisa Kreuger.
652. (10) Emeline Shinn, b. 9/17/1824; ob. sine proll, 5/8/1846.
653. (11) Benjamin H. Shinn, b. 11/6/1827; ob. 12/2/1827.
654. (12) James S. Shinn, b. 10/21/1829; m. Mary S., daughter of Godfrey and Ann
Hancock, 10/21/1852, Camden, N. J.
217. HENRY SHINN (5).‑‑HENRY (4), CALEB (3), JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
Henry, son of Henry and Ann (Fort) Shinn, born 1781; married Hannah Warner, of Tuckahoe, N. J., where he lived for many years, engaged in teaming; moved to Ohio, but did not like the new country; returned to Winslow, N. J.; purchased a farm and lived upon it until his death, in April, 1858. The children were:
655. (1) Ann Shinn (6), b. 1801, in New Jersey; m. James Southard, and had one
child, Mary, who married a Mr. Rhubart.
656. (2) Solomon Shinn (6), b. 1810, in New Jersey; m. Margaret Ann Miller, in
Pennsylvania, at Cumberland Furnace, 1833; she was born at Hagerstown,
Md., in 1817, and died 8/31/1902; moved to Quincy, Ill., 7/4/1852;
died there December, 1891; his children were:
657. (1) John Shinn (7), b. Oak Grove, Pa., 1834; ob. unmarried.
658. (2) Ann Shinn (7), b. Oak Grove, Pa., 1836.
659. (3) Sarah Jane Shinn (7), b. at Dillstown, Pa., 1838; m. William H.
Winters, of Quincy, Ill.
660. (4) Mary Shinn (7), b. at Dillstown, Pa., 1840.
661. (5) Matilda Shinn (7), b. Dillstown, Pa., 1842.
662. (6) William H. Shinn (7), b. Cumberland County, Pa., 1844; reared in
Quincy, Ill.; superintendent Channon Emery Stove Co.; married,
1868, Harriet, daughter of Andrew Wood, and a relative of ex‑Governor
Wood, of Illinois; and had children:
663. (1) Anna May Shinn (8); m. William Eull, insurance agent, at
664. (2) Fannie Shinn (8); m. Wilfred Amburn, general agent Wells‑Fargo
Express Co., Oelwein, Iowa.
665. (3) Sadie Shinn (8); m. E. Percy Brown, druggist, at Quincy, Ill.,
666. and had one child, Edwin Brown (9), b. 1899.
667. (4) Alva Shinn (8).
668. (7) Charles W. Shinn (7), b. 9/20/1845; m. Mary M. Burrows, of Hannibal,
Mo., 4/3/1884, a traveling salesman for the Quincy Stove Manufacturing
Company; formerly Superintendent Bonnet‑Nance Stove
Company. Had children:
669 670. (1) Charles Thomas Shinn (8); (2) John Cabot Shinn (8).
671. (8) Margaret Shinn (7), b. 1847.
672. (9) A babe died at birth (7).
673. (10) John C. Shinn (7), b. 1850.
11, 12, 13, 14 and 15 died at birth (7).
679. (16) Addie F. Shinn, b. 1860; m., 1876, at Quincy, Ill., Joseph P. Johnson.
680. (3) Elizabeth Shinn (6), b. in New Jersey; m. Enoch Mason, in Ohio.
681. (4) Joseph Shinn (6), b. in New Jersey; m. Margaret Shiles, in Pennsylvania,
where he lived for several years; returned to New Jersey and took up
his residence at Winslow; purchased a farm in Salem County, where
he remained until his death. Children:
682. (1) Ann Shinn (7); m. (1) (???); (2) Richard Farnsworth. One child,
683. William, by first wife, took his mother's maiden name, and married
Annie B(???). William died, leaving his wife and one child, who
reside at Newfield, N. J.
684. (5) Jason Shinn (6), b. in New Jersey; m. Susan Wiltsee, of Winslow, N. J.
He was a glass workman, and lived alternately in Pennsylvania and
New Jersey, as his business required.
685. (6) Charles Shinn (6); ob. unmarried.
221. HANNAH SIUNN (5).‑‑JACOB (4), JACOB (3), JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
Hannah, eldest child of Jacob and Hannah (Fenton) Shinn, born 12/12/1778; married Daniel Earl1/10/1798. He was the son of Tanton and Mary (Haines) Earl; Tanton Earl was a son of Thomas and Mary (Crispin) Earl; Mary (Crispin) Earl was a daughter of Silas and Mary (Stockton‑Shinn) Crispin. Daniel Earl was in the sixth generation from Ralph Earl, the emigrant. Daniel and Hannah lived in Philadelphia, Pa. Hannah died 1/26/1853. Children of Daniel and Hannah (Shinn) Earl were:
686. (1) Elizabeth Earl, b. 9/10/1798; m. William B. Heppard.
687. (2) Abigail Earl, b. 9/10/1798; unmarried.
688. (3) Caroline Earl, b. 5/29/1800; m. Robert Smith.
689. (4) Mary Earl, b. 6/27/1802; ob. 1/8/1817.
690. (5) Hannah F. Earl, b. 1/14/1805; m. George Farr.
222. ELIZABETH SHINN (5).‑‑JACOB (4), JACOB (3), JOHN (2), JOHN (1)
Elizabeth, second child of Jacob and Hannah (Fenton) Shinn, born 3/20/1780; m. Dennis Hearit September, 1804, at the 2nd Presbyterian Church, Philadelphia, Pa.; his father was an English sea captain, who settled in New England.
Here in the village of North Branford, Conn., November 6, 1783, Dennis Heartt was born; apprenticed in 1783 to Read & Morse, printers; removed to Philadelphia, Pa., and began life for himself; was one of the invited guests of Robert Fulton on the trial trip of the "Clermont," in 1807; in 1810 commenced the publication of the Philadelphia Repertory; in 1820 migrated to Hillsboro, N. C., and on February 20th issued the first copy of the Hillsborough Recorder. By indomitable energy and constant application he won a reputation in the State second to none. "He never selected an article or wrote a line for his paper which, dying, he could wish to blot." As a man he was ever temperate, honest, above suspicion, and habitually truthful. For many years a member of the Presbyterian Church; was a good scholar and wrote well; he generally wrote his editorials two and even three times before giving them to the press; his personality was seen through the columns of his paper. There was never a time when, in spirit, the Recorder was not Dennis Heartt, or the editor the living soul of the paper. In January, 1869, he sold his paper to C. B. and T. C. Evans; from the Evans men the Recorder passed to Col. John D. Cameron, who removed the paper to Durham, the name being changed to Durham Recorder. He died 5/13/1870. His death cast a gloom over the whole town; every store, even the saloons and shops, were closed the day of his funeral, that all might attend it. He was greatly beloved by all the citizens of Hillsboro, and his name will long be cherished among the people of Orange County. Only four of Mr. Heartt's children lived to be grown. His two daughters never married. Leo married and had six children; now only two sons survive. Edwin married and had four children; two daughters and his widow are still living. Elizabeth Heartt, consort of Dennis Heartt, died 2/25/1825. The children were:
691. (1) Dennis Heartt (6), b. Philadelphia, Pa., 1/31/1808; ob. 2/4/1808.
692. (2) Caroline Elizabeth Heartt (6), b. 5/30/1809, at Philadelphia, Pa.; ob.
693. (3) Henrietta Maria Heartt (6), b. 4/1/1812, at Philadelphia, Pa.; ob. unmarried.
694. (4) Leopold Eugene Heartt (6), b. 10/19/1814; m. Mary Louisa Cosby, and
had six children and eleven grandchildren.
711. (5) Emily Augusta Heartt (6), b. 3/16/1817; ob. infans.
712. (6) Edwin Adolphus Heartt (6), b. 9/27/1819; m. Elizabeth Wilson, and had
four children, one of whom, Mary, married a son of Governor Bragg.
717. (7) Emily Augusta Heartt (6), b. Hillsboro, Orange County, N. C., 4/1/1822.
718. (8) William Augustus Heartt (6), b. Hillsboro, N. C., 10/23/1824; ob. May,
225. LYDIA SHINN (5).‑‑JACOB (4), JACOB (3), JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
Lydia, fifth child of Jacob and Hannah (Fenton) Shinn, born 1788, in Springfield Township, Burlington County, N. J.; married Joseph Heppard, of Philadelphia, Pa.
227. REBECCA SHINN (5).‑‑JACOB (4), JACOB (3), JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
Rebecca, youngest child of Jacob and Hannah (Fenton) Shinn, born 1801, in Springfield Township, Burlington County, N. J.; her mother dying when she was in infancy, she went, with her sister, Elizabeth Heartt, to Hillsboro, N. C., where she lived until her marriage, in 1820; she then removed to Philadelphia, Pa., where she passed the remainder of her life, dying 3/18/1874; married Charles, son of Isaac and Martha (Berryman) Harbert (b. 3/25/1799; ob. 4/25/1884); lumber merchant at Philadelphia, Pa. The descendants were:
719. (1) Emma Harbert (6), b. 9/2/1822; m. May, 1840, Jeremiah Mayburry
Brooks, dry goods commission merchant, Philadelphia, Pa., and had
720. (1) Elizabeth B. Brooks (7), b. 2/5/1841; m., 4/7/1864, William Worrell
Sloan, of Philadelphia, Pa.; graduate of the University of Pennsylvania;
Republican; for a short time in 1862 went to the front with the
Reserves; belonged to the Hamilton Rifles, of West Philadelphia; in
the cotton business for twenty‑five years; though a Presbyterian,
went with his wife to the Episcopal Church for twenty‑eight years;
was elected immediately a member of vestry at St. John, Concord;
when he moved to Philadelphia, in 1874, was elected a member of
the Trinity vestry; served four years as rector's warden; entered into
rest in 1897. Children:
721. (1) Caroline Worrell Sloan (8), b. 1/22/1866; m. Thomas Ellicott, 1884,
who died 1888, leaving one daughter, Elizabeth Sloan Ellicott; she
married second Horace Clifton Beitzel, 1896, and had two children‑‑Caroline
Worrell Beitzel, b. April, 1899, and Horace Clifton Beitzel,
b. June, 1900.
722. (2) Charles Brooks Sloan (8), b. 3/26/1869; m. Jane Bartram Wilson,
great‑great‑granddaughter of John Bartram, in August, 1897, and
had one daughter, Mary Bartram Sloan, b. December, 1898.
723. (3) Emma Brooks Sloan (8), b. 2/22/1873; m. Samuel Babcock Crowell,
1894, and had three children‑‑William Sloan Crowell, b. 1896; Elizabeth
Eyre Crowell, b. 1901; Samuel Babcock Crowell, b. 1902.
724. (4) William Herbert Sloan (8), b. 12/6/1883.
All except Caroline Worrell were born in Philadelphia. All the
married ones are living in West Philadelphia, Pa.
725. (2) Charles Harbert Brooks (7), b. 7/2/1843; ob. June, 1893; m., 6/6/1867,
Fannie Everly, of Philadelphia, Pa., and had children:
726 727. (1) Mary D. Brooks (8); (2) Charles Mayburry Brooks (8).
728. (3) Elwood Wilson Brooks (8).
729. (3) Emma Mayburry Brooks (7), b. 9/9/1845; m., 6/4/1863, William Mellor,
of Philadelphia, Pa. Children: (1) Emma Brooks Mellor, (2) Mayburry
Brooks Mellor, (3) Martha Mellor, (4) Gertrude Mellor, (5) Bancroft
Mellor. The eldest child, Emma Brooks Mellor (8), b. 6/7/1864,
m., 10/2/1885, Albanus Longstreth Smith, and had three children‑‑Mayburry
Meilor Smith, Lloyd Mellor Smith, Elizabeth Pearsall
Smith. The second child, Maryburry Brooks Mellor (8), b. 12/2/1865,
m. 2/1/1893, in Providence, R. I., Louise Miller, daughter of John B.
Anthony, and had two children‑‑De Forest Anthony Mellor and Duncan
McLaren Mellor. The third child, Gertrude Mellor (8), b.
4/29/1869, m., 5/11/1898, Charles Beamish, and had one child‑‑Douglas
741. (4) Sallie Perot Brooks (7), b. 10/8/1849.
742. (5) Anna Carver Brooks (7), b. 3/28/1854; m., October, 1873, Meredith Bailey,
of Philadelphia, Pa., and had one child‑‑Meredith Bailey.
744. (6) Henry Hudson Brooks (7), b. 2/26/1856; m., April, 1895, Ada Robertson,
of Chicago, Ill., and had three children‑‑Adelaide Robertson Brooks,
Beatrice Brooks and Mildred Brooks.
748. (7) Caroline Elliott Brooks (7), b. 12/23/1857.
749. (8) Mary Bartlow Brooks, b. 2/2/1862.
750. (2) Edwin Harbert (6), b. 1824; m. (1) Agnes Winburn; (2) Irene B.
Stout; moved to Nashville, Tenn., and then to Bayfield, Wisconsin,
where he died; children by the first marriage were:
751. (1) Charles Harbert (7), who married Anna Page.
Children by the Second Marriage.
752. 1 (2) Virginia Harbert (7), who married Edward Wilson Couper.
753. 2 (3) James Harbert (7), b. 12/11/1868, at Nashville, Tenn; moved to Bayfield,
Wis., 1871; educated at Lake Forest University, Lake Forest Ill., and
Macalester College, Macalester, Minn.; in the fall of 1888 moved to
St. Paul, Minn., where he was engaged in various business enterprises
until fall of 1899, at which time he moved to Kalispell, Mont., and has
since been running a large department store, in which he has been
very successful; Presbyterian; Republican; married Ella D. Dorsey,
of St. Paul, Minn., in 1893; she is a daughter of Robert Allison and
Anna C. Dorsey; on March 12th, 1887, a daughter‑‑Dorris D. Harbert‑‑was
754. (3) Virginia Harbert (6); ob. sole in Baltimore, Md., 1895.
755. (4) Martha Berryman Harbert (6), b. 6/14/1830; ob. 6/21/1859; m.,
1860, Henry Clay Smith, of Georgetown, D. C.; he died in Baltimore,
Md., in January, 1885. On the day that Martha married Mr. Smith,
her sister, Laura, married John MeLoud, making a double wedding
in the household. Children:
756. (1) Rebecca Harbert Smith (7); m. John Hillen Jenkins, and had two children‑‑Elsie
Hillen Jenkins and Henry Clay Smith Jenkins.
757. (2) Emma Brooks Smith (7); m. (1) Wesley Albert Tucker; (2) John Pemberton
758. (3) Margaretta Smith (7); m. Carter G., son of Joab Osburn, of Loudon
County. Va.; he was born in Bluemont. Loudon County, Va.; cashier
Farmers and Merchants Bank, Baltimore, Md. Children:
759 760. (1) Carter Gibson Osburn (8); (2) Margaretta Norton Osburn (8).
761. (5) Charles Harbert (6); ob. young.
762. (6) Helen Harbert (6), b. 1834; m. Johnty Jenks and removed to St. Paul,
Minn.; she died at Philadelphia, Pa., a few years after her marriage,
leaving no children.
763. (7) Laura Potter Harbert (6), b. 1837; m. John McLoud and removed to
St. Paul, Minn., where she has since resided.
764. (8). Isaac Duffield Harbert (6), b. 1840; m. Anna Kirkbride at the Church
of the Holy Trinity, Philadelphia, Pa., 10/20/1870; they have always
lived in Philadelphia and suburbs; now reside at Overbrook. He
was a member of the firm Harbert, Russell & Co., lumber merchants,
until 1890. when he retired from business. He has always been a
Republican, and attended the Protestant Episcopal Church. They
had four children:
765. (1) Helen Kirkbride Harbert (7), b. 10/9/1871; m. George Gale Brooke, of
Radnor, Pa., 9/28/1891; she died 3/20/1902, leaving four children:
766. (1) Helen Harbert Brooke (8), b. 10/9/1892.
767. (2) Lewis Trimble Brooke (8), b. 3/24/1896.
768. (3) Constance Cale Brooke (8). b. 12/5/1897.
769. (4) George Gale Brooke, Jr., b. 3/20/1899.
770. (2) Mary Kirkbride Harbert (7). b. 3/24/1873.
771. (3) Charles Harbert (7). b. 12/19/1874.
772. (4) Howard Percival Harbert (7). b. 1/2/1877.
773. (9) Howard Harbert (6); d. of yellow fever.
774. (10) Percival Harbert (6); ob. infans.
775. (11) Elizabeth Harbert (6); ob. infans.
776. (12) Mary Roberts Harbert (6); m., 10/15/1874, Kingston Goddard Whelen,
in Philadelphia, Pa., and have since resided there; he was born
in Philadelphia, 10/5/1851; son of the late Townsend Whelen, of the
firm of Townsend Whelen Co., one of the oldest banking firms in Philadelphia;
he entered Harvard, 1870, and graduated as a civil engineer;
later he adopted the profession of expert accountant; member
of First Regiment, Pa. Veteran Corps; Republican; both he and his
wife are members of the Protestant Episcopal Church. The Whelen
family have for many years been prominent in Philadelphia society.
(Also of roval descent. See "Americans of Royal Descent," pp. 10
and 362.) The following is a list of their children:
777. (1) Sarah Yates Whelen (7), b. 12/21/1875, In Philadelphia, Pa.; m., 2/6/1902,
Holden Bovee Schermerborn, of the old Knickerbocker family of that
name; he graduated from College Department of U. of Pa., class 1890.
degree of Ph. B.; class 1893, Law Department, B. L.; present residence.
778. (2) Rebecca Harbert Whelen (7), b. 5/25/1877, in Philadelphia, Pa.
779. (3) Virginia Harbert Whelen (7), b. 10/19/1879; m., 4/23/1902. William Wilberforce, son of John and Frances (Watson) Farr; graduate of U. of Pa. Medical Dept.; also of Johns Hopkins Hospital, with degree M. D.; present residence. Mt. Airy, Philadelphia. Pa.
576. AMOS SHINN (6).‑‑SAMUEL (5), AMOS (4), GEORGE (3), JOHN (2),
Amos, first child of Samuel and Elizabeth (Starkey) Shinn, was born in New Jersey and married there. His children were:
839. (1) Margaret Shinn (7); ob. infans.
840. (2) Elizabeth Shinn (7); ob. sole.
841. (3) Nathan Shinn (7); ob. sole.
842. (4) Benjamin Shinn (7), married at Granville, Licking County, O., when the
country was a wilderness, then went to Cincinnati, where he died in a
few years, leaving two children, whose names are unknown.
845. (5) Stacy Shinn (7), moved to Licking County, Ohio, with his brother, Benjamin,
and married there; he reared the following children:
846. (1) Amos Shinn (8), b. 12/22/1822; moved to Corning. Iowa, and had the
847. (1) Orrie Shinn (9), who married Mr. Salts of Corning, Ia.
848. (2) Benjamin C. Shinn (9), of Odell, Neb.
849. (3) William P. Shinn (9), of Parkville, Mo.
850. (4) Frank Shinn (9), of Denver, Colo.
851. (5) Amos Shinn (9); (6) Stacy Shinn (9); (7) Mary Shinn (9).
854. (2) William Shinn (8), b. 1824.
855. (3) Stacy Shinn (8), b. 1826.
856. (4) Rachel Shinn (8), b. 3/4/1829; m. Timothy Rose of Urbana, O.; her
father died when she was seven years of age, leaving the care of
seven young children in a new country to the mother. Mrs. Rose
says that her mother frequently told her that her great grandfather
was a soldier in the Revolutionary War. She had an old chest that
they preserved for years, which the ancestor used for carrying
arms; she also had a quantity of Continental Currency, which he
obtained as a soldier. All this agrees with the Quaker record that
Samuel, son of Amos, "had been guilty of training with the militia."
857. (5) Nathan Shinn (8), b. 9/10/1831; moved to Huron, Erie County. O.,
and had children:
858. (1) Charles Stacy Shinn (9); (2) George P. Shinn (9).
859. (3) Louisa Shinn (9); (4) Mary Shinn (9); (5) Stella Shinn (9).
860. (6) Elizabeth Shinn, who was named, so Mrs. Rose says, after Elizabeth
861. (7) Isaac Shinn (8), b. 7/26/1836; married; moved to Elkhart, Ind., and
862. (1) Amos Shinn (9), b. 6/26/1858.
863. (2) Kate Shinn (9), b. 10/7/1860.
864. (3) Celia Shinn (9), b. 12/20/1862.
865. (4) William Shinn (9), b. 9/3/1868.
866. (5) Nettie Shinn (9), b. 11/14/1869.
577. NATHAN (NATHANIEL) SHINN (6).‑‑SAMUEL (5), AMOS (4), GEORGE (3),
JOHN (2), JOHN (1).
Nathan, or Nathaniel, second child of Samuel and Elizabeth (Starkey) Shinn, born, according to an old Bible in possession of Miss Allie N. Shinn of Mt. Holly, N. J., on March 11, 1770. The entries in this Bible are: (1) "Nathan Shinn, his Bible, bought at Philadelphia on the 6th of the 2nd month, 1788"; (2) "Nathan Shinn, son of Samuel and Elizabeth Shinn, was born the 11th of the 1st month,1770." This seems to settle the question as to his name. It is recorded Nathan. The marriage license register in the Surrogate's office at Mt. Holly has this entry; "Nathan Shinn married Margaret Baxter, 4/6/1795." The Bible above referred to has this entry: "Margaret Baxter, daughter of Robert Baxter and Mary, his wife, was born April 24th, A. D. 1775. Departed this life the 25th of March, A. D.1798, at ten o'clock in the morning. Aged twenty‑two years, eleven months and one day." Miss Allie N. Shinn wrote: "We have often wondered who this Margaret Baxter might be." The Court records above referred to have this further entry: "Nathaniel Shinn married Hannah Doren, 3/2/1800." As Miss
Shinn is a lineal descendant of this Nathaniel and Hannah Doren, it is fair to presume that Nathan and Nathaniel are the names of the same person. Some leaves were cut from the Bible before the father of Miss Shinn received it, and it may be that these leaves would have given the record of the two marriages above referred to. Nathan Shinn afterwards married a third wife, Mrs. Annie Lippincott, whose maiden name was Warren. There is no record of any children by the first marriage. Of the second marriage there is a record of two children; of the third marriage there were no children. Clayton Shinn of Mt. Holly, N. J., was a first cousin, blood relationship, of Thomas Doren Shinn, son of Nathan and Hannah (Doren) Shinn. The father of Mrs. Ogburn was also a first cousin of Thomas Doren Shinn; this makes it certain that Samuel and Elizabeth (Starkey) Shinn had other children than Nathan. Elizabeth Shinn died, as the Bible referred to plainly sets forth, "on the fifth day of April, 1788, at two o'clock in the afternoon." The records at Trenton show that she married Samuel Shinn, son of Amos, in 1766. Samuel died after his wife. The father of Clayton Shinn of Mt. Holly, N. J., is a son, and the father of Mrs. Ogburn another, but I have not ascertained their names. Amos, Samuel and George were three others.
Children of Nathan and Hannah (Doren) Shinn were:
780. (1) Sarah Shinn (7), who married Job Rogers at Vincentown, N. J., and had
several children, among whom was Hope Rogers, who married John
Naylor and had one child, Allie Rogers, who died young.
783. (2) Thomas Doren Shinn (7), b. Vincentown, N. J., in October, 1803; d. at
Mt. Holly, March, 1881; he was a carpenter; m. Lydia Gaskell and
moved to Bridesburg, Pa.; there his wife died; returned to Vincentown,
and married Theodosia Johnson; moved to Mt. Holly, where he died;
children of the first marriage, all born at Bridesburg, Pa., were as follows:
784. (1) Elwood Shinn (8), b. January, 1829; mason by trade; married at Vincentown,
N. J., Mary J. Estell, 12/22/1852; enlisted in Co. C, 23rd
Regiment N. J. Vol. Inf., and served throughout the Civil War.
785. (1) Joseph Estell Shinn (9), b. 4/2/1854; ob., unmarried, 1888.
786. (2) Allie Naylor Shinn (9), b. February, 1863; stenographer at Philadelphia;
unmarried. A very intelligent and courteous woman.
787. (2) Albert Shinn (8), b. 1831; ob. infans.
788. (3) John B. Shinn (8), b. 1836; ob. infans.
789. (4) Wilbur Shinn (8), ob. unmarried.
Children of the Second Marriage were:
790. 1 (5) J. Howard Shinn (8), who married Jennie Lewis.
791. 2 (6) Sarah Shinn (8); 3 (7) Emma Shinn (8); 4 (8) Lydia Shinn (8).
792. 5 (9) Thomas Shinn (8); 6 (10) Annie Shinn (8), who married Harry
All these died in infancy except the first and last.
578. SAMUEL SHINN (6).‑‑SAMUEL (5), AMOS (4), GEORGE (3), JOHN (2),
Samuel, third child of Samuel and Elizabeth (Starkey) Shinn, born at Burlington, 1768; he married about 1794 and had five children:
793. (1) Thomas Shinn (7), who died unmarried.
794. (2) Clayton Shinn (7); (3) Nathan Shinn (7); (4) Mary Shinn (7).
797. (5) Samuel Shinn (7). This son at the age of sixteen left New Jersey and
entered the State of Ohio, settling near Eaton; he was a pioneer; never
talked much about his family except to speak of his grandfather, Samuel,
and his uncles, Thomas, Nathan and Clayton. Thomas visited him
once; he married (1) Charity Throckmorton at Eaton; (2) Mary (Hudlow)
Zeek, and had children:
798. (1) Job Shinn (8), born near and married near Eaton, Ohio, where he
always resided, as has his large family. Children:
799. (1) William E. Shinn (9), a soldier in Co. D, 156th O. Vol. Inf.,
U. S. A.
800. (2) Jacob L. Shinn (9), a soldier in Co. D, 156th O. Vol. Inf., U. S. A.
801. (3) John M. Shinn (9), a soldier in Co. D, 156th O. Vol. Inf., U. S. A.
802. (4) James L. Shinn (9); (5) Hiram Shinn (9). This son was a machinist;
patented an "Automatic Car Coupler," a "Railroad
Gate" and other inventions; Hiram married and has children,
who reside at Eaton, Ohio.
803. (2) Jane Shinn (8), who married Daniel Cox and lived at Dayton, Ohio.
804. (3) Amos Shinn (8), married and settled at Richmond, Ind.; was a soldier
in the Union Army; had one son, William E. Shinn (9).
806. (4) John Shinn (8), married; moved to Wabash, Ind., and had children,
Wilber, Walter, Wilhelmina and Annie, who reside in Indiana.
811. (5) David Shinn (8) married and settled at Xenia, Ind.; children, Ollie,
Tillie and Hester.
815. (6) Jonathan Shinn, married; when last heard from was in Randolph
County, Indiana; has a son, Charles Shinn (9).
817. (7) Jefferson Shinn (8); shoemaker; married in Preble County, Ohio,
Catherine Hudlow; moved to Miami County, Indiana; farmer; Republican;
United Brethren; ob. 1884; had children:
818. (1) George W. Shinn (9), m. Susan Pence and had:
819. (1) Addie Shinn, m. Mr. Jackson at Marion, Ind.
820. (2) Hettie Alice Shinn, m. Charles Lemons.
821. (3) Isaiah Shinn, Mier, Ind.
822. (4) Jason Wilson Shinn, unmarried.
823. (5) Jacob Shinn, unmarried.
824. (6) Walter Shinn, deceased.
825. (7) Oran Shinn.
826. (2) Temperance Shinn (9), m. Simon Walls.
827. (3) Charity Shinn (9), m. James Wolfe and had:
828. (1) Earl Wolfe; (2) Albert Howard Wolfe.
830. (4) Leander Melton Shinn, m. Mary S. Comer and had one child,
Maud Eliza Shinn.
832. (5) An infant.
833. (6) Martin Ezra Shinn (9), b. Miami County, Indiana, in 1861; married,
1881, at Peru, Melissa Pettit; moved to Chicago, Ill:;
patternmaker; inventor with George S. Lloyd & Co.; invented